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man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle 3 the whole body.
3 Behold, we put f bits 4 in the horses' mouths, that they may obey us; and we turn about their whole body.
4 Behold also the ships, which though they be so great, and are driven of fierce winds, yet are they turned about with a very small helm, whithersoever the governor 5 listeth.
5 Even so the 5 tongue is a little member, and b boasteth great things. Behold, how great a matter 6 a little fire kindleth!
6 And i the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity : so is the tongue among our members, that it k defileth the whole b y, and setteth on fire the
stame. Co. Ma. Cr. *bridles. Ham. Pu. 5 steersman. Dod. 6 wood. A. V. fuel. Pu.
How should a man be just with God? PRO. xx. 9: Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin ? Eccles. vii. 20: There is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not. John, i. 8: If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.
d Pro. xiii. 3: He that keepeth his mouth keepeth his life : but he that openeth wide his lips shall have destruction. See on JAMES, i. 26.
• Mat. xii. 37 : By thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.
Ps. xxxii. 9: Be ye not as the horse, or as the mule, which have no understanding: whose mouth must be held in with bit and bridle, lest they come near unto thee.
8 Pro. xii. 18: There is that speaketh like the piercings of a sword : but the tongue of the wise is health. do. xv. 2 : The tongue of the wise useth knowledge aright: but the mouth of fools poureth out foolishness.
Ps. xii. 3: The LORD shall cut off all flattering lips, and the tongue that speaketh proud things. do. lxxiii. 8, 9: They are corrupt, and speak wickedly concerning oppression : they speak loftily. They set their mouth against the heavens, and their tongue walketh through the earth. .
· Pro. xvi. 27 : An ungodly man diggeth up evil : and in his lips there is as a burning fire..
* Mat. xv. 19, 20 : For out of the heart proceed eril
course of nature;& and it is set on fire of hell.
7 For every kind of beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed of mankind : 10
8 But the tongue can no man tame; it is an unruly evil, full of deadly poison.
9 Therewith bless we God, even the Father ; and therewith curse we men, which are made m after the similitude of God.
10 Out of the " same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.
11 Doth a fountain send forth at the same place 11 sweet water and bitter ?
12 • Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear olive berries ? either a vine, figs ? so can no fountain both yield salt water and fresh.
13 P Who is a wise man and endued with
' wheel. A. V. the circle. Dod. 8 of affairs. Ham. Gr, nature. A. V. 10 Gr. nature of man. A. V. 11 hole. A. V. opening. We.
thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witnesses, blasphemies. These are the things which defile a man. MARK, vii. 15, 20, 23 : There is nothing from without a man, that entering into him can defile him : but the things which come out of him, those are they that defile the man. And he said, That which cometh out of the man, that defileth the man. All these evil things come from within, and defile the man. See on JAMES, i. 26.
See on Rom. iii. 13. m Gen. i. 26 : Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. do. v. 1 : This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him. do, ix.,6 : Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed : for in the image of God made he man.
n Ecclus. xxviii. 12: If thou blow the spark, it shall burn; if thou spit upon it, it shall be quenched : and both these come out of thy mouth.
• Mat. vii. 16: Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles ?.
p Ps. cvii. 43: Whoso is wise, and will observe these things, even they shall understand the lovingkindness of the LORD.
knowledge among you ? 4 let him show out of a good conversation - his works with Smeekness of wisdom.
14 But if ye have + bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth.
. 15 This wisdom descendeth not from above, but is earthly, " sensual,12 devilish.
16 For where * envying and strife is, there is confusion 13 and every evil work.
17 But they wisdom that is from above is first ? pure, then a peaceable, gentle, and easy to be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits, ' without partiality, 14 and without hypocrisy.
12 natural, Jude, 19. A. V. 14 without wrangling. A. V.
13 Gr. tumult, or, unquietness. A. V.
9 GAL. vi. 4: Let every man prove his own work, and then shall he have rejoicing in himself alone, and not in another.
Phi.i.27 : Only let your conversation be as it becometh the Gospel of Christ. JAMES, ii. 18.
s See on 2 Tim. ii. 25. t See on Rom. xiii. 13.
u Rom. ii. 17, 23: Behold, thou art called a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast of God. Thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking the law dishonourest thou God?
Phi. jii. 19: Whose end is destruction, whose God is their belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who mind earthly things. See on 1 Cor. iv. 7.
w See on 1 Cor. ii. 14. * See on Rom. xiii. 13.
y 1 Cor. ii. 6,7: We speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor of the princes of this world, that come to nought; but we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world unto our glory.
2 Phi. iv. 8: Whatsoever things are pure-if there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things.
a See on MARK, ix. 50.
b Gal. v. 22: But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith.
CRom. xii. 9: Let love be without dissimulation. Abhor
18 And the fiult of righteousness is sown in peace of them that make peace.
CHAP. IV. 1 We are to strive against covetousness, 4 intemperance, 5 pride,
11 destruction, and rashi judgment of others : 13 and not to be confident in the good success of worldly business, but mindful ever of the uncertainty of this life, to commit ourselves and all our affairs to God's providence.
FROM whence come wars and fightings among you? come they not hence, even of your lusts 2 that a war in your members ?
2 Ye lust, and have not : ye kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain : ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not.
3 Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume it upon your lusts."
"brawlings. A. V. 2 pleasures : So ver. 3. A. V. 3 desire. We. Pu. ' envý. A. V. 5 pleasures. A. V.
that which is evil; cleave to that which is good. I Pet.i. 22: Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervently. do. iji. 1: Likewise, ye wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, if any obey not the word, they also may without the word be won by the conversation of the wives. 1 John, iii. 18: My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue ; but in deed and in truth. . ..
d Phi.i:11: Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God. See on Gal. vi. 8..
e Mat. v. 9: Blessed are the peacemakers' : for they shall be called the children of God. HEB. xii. 11: No chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous": nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness.
CHAP. IV. a Rom. vii. 23 : I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind. Gal. v. 17" : The flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh : and these are contrary the one to the other. 1 Pet. ii. 11: Abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul.
• See on John, ix. 31. ° See on John, ix. 31.
* 4 Ye d adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the e friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a 'friend of the world is the enemy of God.
5 Do ye think that the Scripture saith in vain, & The spirit that dwelleth in us6 lusteth to envy ??
6 But he giveth more grace. Wherefore he saith, God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble.
7 Submit yourselves therefore to God. i Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.
8 k Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse your hands, ye sinners;
6 In you. Co. Ma. Rh. ? enviously. A. V.
& Ps. Ixxiii. 27 : Lo, they that are far from thee shall perish: thou hast destroyed all them that go a whoring from thee.
e See on Mat. vi. 24.
f John, xv. 19: If ye were of the world, the world would love his own : but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you. do. xvii. 14 : The world hath hated them, because they are not of the world. Gal. i. 10 : For do I now persuade men, or God? or do I seek to please men? for if I yet pleased men, I should not be the servant of Christ. .8 ĠEN. vi. 5 : Every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. do. viii. 21: The imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth. NUMB. xi. 29 : Moses said unto him, Enviest thou for my sake? Pro. xxi. 10 : The soul of the wicked desireth evil. Eccles, iv. 4: Again, I considered all travail, and every right work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbour. This is also vanity and vexation of spirit.
Ps. cxxxviii. 6: Though the LORD be high, yet hath he respect unto the lowly : but the proud he knoweth afar off. Pro. iii. 34 : Surely he scorneth the scorners : but he giveth grace unto the lowly. See on Mat. xxiii. 12.
i See on Eph. iv. 27.
k 2 Chr. xv. 2: The LORD is with you, while ye be with him; and if ye seek him, he will be found of you; but if ye forsake him, he will forsake you.
Isa. i. 16 : Wash you, make you clean ; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes. :