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“ Doctor of Divinitie, Dean of Pawle's, and the only Founder of Pawle's Schole, who departed this lyeffe Anno Domini 1519; the Son of Sir Henry Colette, Knyghte, twyse Lord Maior of the Cyttie of London, and free of the Compayne and Mysterie of the Mercers." The school referred to is that still existing, at the east end of the Cathedral, which, though called St. Paul's, is dedicated to the child Jesus, and entirely unconnected with the cathedral establishment.

There are several tablets on the walls of the crypt, and a few altar tombs, to the memory of distinguished architects and artists. The most interesting objects of curiosity, after the monuments and crypts, are the whispering gallery, celebrated for the transmission of the slightest sound along the walls, and not less deserving of note for the impressive view which it affords of the interior of the dome; the library, which, after having been long neglected, is now restored to a state of decent order; the model and trophy room; the clockwork and great bell, the latter of which weighs 11,470 lbs ; and the ball and cross. The ascent to the ball is difficult, attended by some danger, and encountered by few. Its interior diameter is six feet, and eight persons may sit within it. Open daily from ten till dusk. The following are the charges of admission :

8. D. To view the Monuments and Body of the Church 0 2 To the Whispering Galleries and the two Outside

Galleries . ..... To the Ball .

::::: i . : : To the Library, Great Bell, Geometrical Staircase,

and Model Room . . . . . . . . . 1 0 Clock · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · 0 2 Crypt, or Vaults ...........1

Total . . 4 4


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WESTMINSTER ABBEY. Westminster Abbey may not inaptly be called the pantheon of the glory of Britain, for it is its monuments and remains which render the Abbey so precious to Englishmen and the whole civilised world. Here lie nearly all our kings, queens, and princes, from Edward the Confessor to George II. Here lie most of our statesmen and warriors; and here also lie the mortal remains of our poets, writers, and philosophers, from Chaucer to our own times; together with hundreds of other persons eminent for their rank, patriotism, or talents.

This truly noble specimen of Gothic architecture was originally founded in the seventh century, by Sebert, King of the east Saxons, in the year 610; but it was subsequently destroyed by the Danes, and long continued a mere mass of ruins. Edward the Confessor rebuilt the abbey and cathedral on a more extended scale, in 1066, when Pope Nicholas II. constituted it the place of inauguration of the kings of England, and gave it the form of a cross, which thenceforward became the pattern for cathedral building in England. Henry III. greatly enlarged the abbey in 1245, but the most remarkable addition made to it was the chapel of Henry VII., which, though in itself an architectural gem, unequalled in England, does not harmonize with the origin 1 design. In the general plunder of monasteries and church pro perty, which distinguished the reign of Henry VIII., Westminster Abbey suffered severely; but it was still worse treated by the Puritans in the great civil war, who left it in a most dilapidated condition. The task of repairing this great national edifice was intrusted to Sir Christopher Wren, who performed his task with such ability, that the building was greatly improved, both in solidity of structure and majesty of effect, he having added the two towers at the west end. During the progress of this re-edification, several curious and ancient monuments were brought to light, which may still be seen: among others, the Mosaic pavement, executed under the directions of Robert de Ware, abbot of Westminster, in 1560.

The best external view of the abbey is obtained from the open space in the front of the western entrance, where the two great towers have a most sublime and imposing effect: passing round thence, by the north side, the buttresses, of which the repairs have been completed, will enable the visitor to form some notion of the richness belonging to the details of early Gothic archi. tecture; the contrast of the more elaborate tracery and delicate working on Henry VII.'s Chapel is, however, very great: but passing this over, we come round to the eastern entrance, at Poets' Corner.

The best view of the interior is obtained from the great Western door the body of the church presents an impres

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