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FIELDING H. GARRISON AND
305 THE QUINTESSENCE IN RABELAIS
DOUGLASS W. MONTGOMERY
330 THOMAS PHAER
334 STATEMENTS OF MEDICAL INTEREST FROM THE LIFE OF BENVENUTO CELLINI
OF MEDICINE CONFERRED IN THE ENGLISH
JOHN E. LANE
367 A NEGLECTED NAME: DR. ISAAC SENTER
381 ON A LATIN TRANSLATION OF THE COMPLETE WORKS
OF GALEN BY ANDREA LAGUNA, M.D., THE
D. FRASER HARRIS
384 EDITORIALS A GROUP OF Books DEALING WITH THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE IN ENGLAND
391 DR. GEORGES CLÉMENCEAU
392 EDITORIAL NOTE .
393 HISTORICAL NOTES A NOTE ON THE HISTORY OF VARIOLATION
394 THE LEGAL CONTROL OF THE SALE OF NOSTRUMS AND POISONS IN FRANCE
DURING THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY
400 RockwELL. RAMBLING RECOLLECTIONS, AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY
400 BOUTAREL. LA MÉDECINE DANS NOTRE THÉÂTRE COMIQUE, DEPUIS SES ORIGINES JUSQU'AU XVI SIECLE.
402 ROBINSON. The Don QuixotE OF PSYCHIATRY
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Copyright, 1920, by Paul B. Hoeber.
FIELDING H. GARRISON, M.D. & EDWARD C. STREETER, M.D.
HE earliest known the concept “artistic anatomy” should be hand drawings in replaced by “artistic morphology,” its true manuscript represent- content being physiology and external paing details of human thology, rather than the science of musculaanatomy, from the ture. Our problem is: Did art in the sense of twelfth century down sculpture and painting, do anything for to the time of Leonar- anatomy? What such processes as free
do da Vinci, are of the hand drawing and engraving did for anatomost rudimentary and diagrammatic charac- my has already been exhaustively conter and, for several centuries, reveal nothing sidered by Choulant himself. but servile adherence to tradition. Before Detailed investigation of this subject is of the advent of Leonardo, the finest figura- recent date. It has two aspects: (1) anatomitions of anatomical structure were by- cal illustration without (didactic) intention; products of the advancement of the plastic (2) anatomical illustration with intention. and graphic arts. The question, “Did Most artistic productions bearing upon our anatomy do anything for art?” has been subject fall into the former class. conclusively answered by the late Dr. From prehistoric time onward, early man Robert Fletcher, in two essays of unrivalled seems to have concerned himself with descholarship, viz., “Human Proportion in lineation of the surface anatomy of the Art and Anthropometry,” (1883) and “An- human body, particularly during the glacial atomy and Art” (1895). In Fletcher's view, periods, when increased cold confined him 1 Supplementary section to Dr. Mortimer Frank's translation of Ludwig Choulant's History of Anatomical Illustration (University of Chicago Press). By permission of the publishers. Read at a meeting
at the College of Physicians of Philadelphia (Historical Section), November 13, 1919.