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67-69-71 EAST 59th STREET

COPYRIGHT, 1920,

BY PAUL B. HOEBER

348

CONTENTS

PAGE
PORTRAIT OF DANIEL TURNER

Cover
SCULPTURE AND PAINTING AS MODES OF ANATOMICAL
ILLUSTRATION

FIELDING H. GARRISON AND
EDWARD C. STREETER

305 THE QUINTESSENCE IN RABELAIS

DOUGLASS W. MONTGOMERY

330 THOMAS PHAER

JOHN RUHRAH

334 STATEMENTS OF MEDICAL INTEREST FROM THE LIFE OF BENVENUTO CELLINI

JACOB ROSENBLOOM
DANIEL TURNER AND THE FIRST DEGREE OF DOCTOR

OF MEDICINE CONFERRED IN THE ENGLISH
COLONIES OF NORTH AMERICA BY YALE COL-
LEGE IN 1723

JOHN E. LANE

367 A NEGLECTED NAME: DR. ISAAC SENTER

WILLIAM ABBATT.

381 ON A LATIN TRANSLATION OF THE COMPLETE WORKS

OF GALEN BY ANDREA LAGUNA, M.D., THE
SPANIARD, STRASSBURG, 1604 .

D. FRASER HARRIS

384 EDITORIALS A GROUP OF Books DEALING WITH THE HISTORY OF MEDICINE IN ENGLAND

391 DR. GEORGES CLÉMENCEAU

392 EDITORIAL NOTE .

393 HISTORICAL NOTES A NOTE ON THE HISTORY OF VARIOLATION

394 THE LEGAL CONTROL OF THE SALE OF NOSTRUMS AND POISONS IN FRANCE

DURING THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY
Book REVIEWS
Nias. DR. JOHN RADCLIFFE, A SKETCH OF His LIFE, WITH AN ACCOUNT OF His
FELLOWS AND FOUNDATIONS

400 RockwELL. RAMBLING RECOLLECTIONS, AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY

400 BOUTAREL. LA MÉDECINE DANS NOTRE THÉÂTRE COMIQUE, DEPUIS SES ORIGINES JUSQU'AU XVI SIECLE.

402 ROBINSON. The Don QuixotE OF PSYCHIATRY

403

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396

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Original articles are published only with the understanding that they are contributed exclusively to the ANNALS OF MEDICAL HISTORY. Manuscripts offered for publication, books for review, and all correspondence relating to the editorial management should be addressed to the Editor, Dr. Francis R. Packard, 302 South 19th Street, Philadelphia, Pa.

Communications regarding subscriptions, reprints, and all matters regarding the business management of the ANNALS OF MEDICAL HISTORY should be addressed to the Publisher, Paul B. Hoeber, 67-69-71 East 59th Street, New York City.

The ANNALS OF MEDICAL HISTORY is published quarterly, the four issues comprising one volume. The subscription price is $8.00 per year. Single numbers $2.50. Entered as second class matter, June 2, 1917, at the Post Office, New York, New York, under the Act of March 3, 1879.

Copyright, 1920, by Paul B. Hoeber.

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FIELDING H. GARRISON, M.D. & EDWARD C. STREETER, M.D.

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HE earliest known the concept “artistic anatomy” should be hand drawings in replaced by “artistic morphology,” its true manuscript represent- content being physiology and external paing details of human thology, rather than the science of musculaanatomy, from the ture. Our problem is: Did art in the sense of twelfth century down sculpture and painting, do anything for to the time of Leonar- anatomy? What such processes as free

do da Vinci, are of the hand drawing and engraving did for anatomost rudimentary and diagrammatic charac- my has already been exhaustively conter and, for several centuries, reveal nothing sidered by Choulant himself. but servile adherence to tradition. Before Detailed investigation of this subject is of the advent of Leonardo, the finest figura- recent date. It has two aspects: (1) anatomitions of anatomical structure were by- cal illustration without (didactic) intention; products of the advancement of the plastic (2) anatomical illustration with intention. and graphic arts. The question, “Did Most artistic productions bearing upon our anatomy do anything for art?” has been subject fall into the former class. conclusively answered by the late Dr. From prehistoric time onward, early man Robert Fletcher, in two essays of unrivalled seems to have concerned himself with descholarship, viz., “Human Proportion in lineation of the surface anatomy of the Art and Anthropometry,” (1883) and “An- human body, particularly during the glacial atomy and Art” (1895). In Fletcher's view, periods, when increased cold confined him 1 Supplementary section to Dr. Mortimer Frank's translation of Ludwig Choulant's History of Anatomical Illustration (University of Chicago Press). By permission of the publishers. Read at a meeting

at the College of Physicians of Philadelphia (Historical Section), November 13, 1919.

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