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attention. Had they been so, Sorel did not show it much; and soon made it might have kept more faithfully to his his business to remind his friends how post, and adhered more undeviatingly disinterested he and his girls had always to his accustomed respect and vigilance. been. Lady Bell and Lady Kitty found He was getting rather vain now, and nothing they could particularly cavil at. sometimes lost his temper. When Mary Sorel was not mentioned. All were next saw Lord Harry, he told her, almost surprised : more surprised than he showed with tears, that he had been neglected. himself, though he looked very pale. She could not suppose he alluded to his There was a general impression that he serrant, and understood him to be com- had been rather unhandsomely overplaining of herself and her sister. She looked. Nobody knew whether he was hurt, and said a little in self-defence. thought so himself. He said nothing more; but as she left And so this was the end of Lord Harry. him, it struck her that he looked very, The girls wore mourning for him, and very sad. That look haunted her after- increasingly felt pride and complacence in wards; and occasioned self-reproach. having been so closely connected with

The next day, the house was closed. him. It was just when this feeling was All the houses on the green were closed, strongest, that Mary was deeply wounded out of respect to one who had been, in by a letter from Dalmayne, upbraiding some sort, their sovereign; for Lord her for having her head still so full of her Harry was dead. Nobody could give any old admirer that instead of writing my account of his last moments.

dear Dalmayne,' she had addressed him resented him to have gone off quite as “my dear Lord Harry.' Mary was peacefully; but it could not be satis- confounded: she could not believe it of factorily ascertained that Sorel was herself, till she recalled the circumstances actually present at the last moment; and under which her letter had been written. certainly no one else was.

Then, being angry with herself, she proThe Beauforts were unaffectedly sorry. ceeded to be angry with him, telling him It was a great shock to them, though that his reproofs read strangely when his they had so long expected it. Mary and innocent, involuntary object of suspicion Laura found that they had really cared was dead; and boldly expressing her refor him very much: they recalled to one gret for him and dwelling on his kindanother his many kindnesses; and shed genuine tears. Captain Beaufort told Mary felt relieved when she had thus everybody he had the satisfaction of asserted herself. But if her temper was thinking he had been a great comfort to relieved, her conscience was disturbed, him to the last. There were newspaper when the letter which she knew and summaries of his character and conduct; meant should give pain, was beyond soine of them entirely panegyrics; others recall. as uncompromising as if dictated by “Oh, what a temper is mine," thought Minos and Radamanthus. There was a she despairingly. “And his is yet worse; very grand funeral.

so that we never shall get on together." Afterwards the will was read. There There the correspondence ceased. She were kind remembrances to a great many was more unhappy than ever; and defriends, very judiciously apportioned: served considerable praise for showing it kindest of all, to the Beauforts; without so little. But her manner was becoming drawing any envy and animadversion on hard and gloomy—there was no one she them by disproportioned munificence; now cared to please, except her father and but expressing gratitude to them for Laura; and she could not please herselt. having cheered his declining years, which With sadness rather than pleasure, she they most certainly had.

prepared to accompany them abroad Captain Beaufort hardly knew what to again. She afterwards thought she had think of it. He was disappointed; but had a presentiment something was to


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happen. That something was Captain the ground;' but 'looks communing with Beaufort's death. He had a very short the skies;' and, now and then, a few illness; was hardly supposed in danger words dropped from one or the other, told before he became insensible. That was a of an inner spiritual life; but this was great shock to the daughters. It troubled very seldom; for it was then considered depths in Mary's heart that she knew not bad taste, except among a certain sect, to of. Love disappointments seemed very make any reference to the world to come. trivial in comparison. There is scarcely One day, Mary went to call on her anything that can equal the loss of a dear friend Mrs. Forsyth. On entering father. And the girls had a certain noble her, pretty morning-room, she found, not instinct which made them vividly and her friend, but Dalmayne! She had permanently retain the remembrance of hardly time to utter an exclamation, all the good traits of those whom they when she found herself in his arms. bad loved and lost; while all that was Yes, here I am,” said he at length; unworthy and unamiable faded out of “and now reproach me as much as you sight,

will." “Only time can heal,” say some. “Reproach you? What for?” "Only religion can heal,” much more 'Nay, Mary, you ought to know best," sensibly say others. Mary now felt a said he, smiling. "Your last letter was great void in her heart which only God full of nothing but reproaches, except a could fill. Happily for her, Mrs. For- very little bit of

something that syth was at hand, and also the good gave me as much encouragement for hope clergyman who had been summoned as a drowning man finds in a straw. So, unavailingly to Captain Beaufort's death- my three years' exile being ended, I bed. These two were privileged to be thought I would come and judge for my. of the greatest benefit and comfort to the self whether there really were anything sisters.

for a rational man to anchor on or not; As Laura's nature was neither as deep and now we'll go into explanations as as Mary's nor had been as deeply stirred, long and as many as you like." religious truth did not affect her as "Oh, I want no explanations," said deeply; but yet, she too began to appre- she joyfully. hend a more excellent way than that she "Most certainly, then, I don't," said had hitherto followed.

Dalmayne. “My poor Mary,” looking at When, after a lengthened stay on the her with wistful tenderness, “ you have continent, the sisters returned to London had some sad losses since we parted.” and reappeared in society, people were • They have truly been sad, Dalmayne; sensible.of a change in them, without but, thank God, Laura and I have drawn being able to say what it was. They good out of evil, and found blessings in were older; but they were as lovely as disguise. You may say the same,'' said ever. Care had certainly not thinned she smiling, “for there is no one them nor clouded their brows; they were left for you to be jealous of—to claim as conversant with the public affairs and even a daughter's affection.” best literature of the day as ever; were And will you forsake your gay friends as intelligent in conversation and as to return with me?—for I have been reready at repartee;, but both of them, appointed." Mary especially, seemed, in the midst of "Forsake Laura ?" it all, to maintain a steadfast gaze on “Laura must go with us." something beyond and above them. "O, thank you, Dalmayne!"- She Theirs were not leaden looks that loved gave him her hand.



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No. IV.

THE LAKE AND THE RIVER OF PALESTINE. Safed is a city set on a hill, which not labor or trade to any extent, but prelooks down upon Tiberias and the Sea offer to live on the charitable contributions Galilee, and is one of the four holy cities of their co-religionists in Europe and of the Jews in Palestine. It is not men- America. The Jew in his exile finds that tioned in the Bible. The Moslem quar- the whole earth is his home, so far as he ter is on the north side and opposite the can feel himself at home anywhere, and principai fountain; its houses are of generally a grave in the sacred soil is the modern construction and made of stone utmost object of his desire, but the Jews brought from the ruins of the Castle of of Safed, Tiberias and Jerusalem wish to the Knights Templars that crowns the live, as well as die, in the Promised Land. hill; and the red doors and windows and The different views in vogue as to the the lively appearance of its population, return of the Jews, led me to ask a very had nothing suggestive of the destruc- intelligent French Jew, my neighbor one tive earthquake of 1837. The Jews, how- day at the table d'hôte at Jaffa, his idea ever, though not so numerous, have the of the subject. He was a wealthy winebest location. Their quarter is larger in grower, and probably an infidel, but his extent and commands a finer view, over- reply is worth repeating: “The Jews,” looking upper Galilee, Mt. Tabor, the said he,“ are a trading, not an agricultulake, and the hill country of Judea. These ral people, they could do nothing in PalJews are bigoted and fanatical, and un- estine if they did return, in the commerclean in their dress, streets, and dwell- cial line; and although the Jews have ings. German Jews predominate, but all maintained a distinct existence in all wear the Seknaji costume, which consists countries, they have also acquired the of the Arab dress, with a broad-brim black nationality and the prejudices of those felt hat, and shaved heads, with the ex- countries. It would be impossible thereception of a long curl hanging over each fore for English and French Jews to live temple.

together in Palestine, for they would We walked through the Jewish ba- have no more in common than do the zaars, in which were many shops not English and French people, who have unlike that described in Bleak House. never loved each other. It would reAmong the thousand Jews who reside quire as much of a miracle to bring the here we saw many curious types of faces, Jews back to Palestine and keep them but they had one quality in common- there, as it did originally to accomplish all were dirty. Our sunset walk was full their dispersion.” of interest, especially after we passed We packed up our movables, and, with from the filthy lanes to the pure air of our houses on the backs of the mules, we the mountain, where we could look down left Safed at 10 o'clock, April 20, 1865, upon the waters of Genesareth and off and soon reached the wonderful cliff of towards Jerusalem.

Achbera. From the road we looked upon Next morning I visited the Jewish the bare perpendicular face of the rock, quarters again and found the derotees at 500 feet high, and full of caves, natural prayer in their principal synagogue, which and artificial. The interior grotto was is a fine structure in comparison with the once fortised, and the entire place was buildings around it. The men were read- held by robbers, who made their retreat ing and bowing with great rapidity, while inaccessible by barricading its only apthe women were praying in the next proach, up a steep and most difficult pass. apartment. The condition of the Jews They commanded the road from Safed seems to be improving everywhere, ex- south to Tiberias, Jerusalem and Egypt, cept in the Holy Land, where they do and no doubt drove a paying trade in


their mountain fastnesses, until they were lake, and the buckthorn and haw bushes driven out by soldiers let down in great contained myriads of birds' nests—some boxes suspended from the summit by trees being literally full, and their occuderricks and iron chains.

pants filled the air with their chirping, Passing south we saw what a trick had and rose in clouds around us. These wild been played on the landscape. The field-sparrows are full of song and activimountain rises gradually on its eastern ty and seem filled with electricity—tirslope to the height above mentioned, and ing the eye in the attempt to follow their one walking on the table land at the top rapid movements. would look forward with uninterrupted We lunched on the shore of the lake, vision, until his steps would be arrested about 700 feet below the level of the by this immense precipice. It is not a Mediterranean. The water at the "foungorge or a chasm, for there is no corre- tain of figs" is not good, and we were sponding bluff on the other side of the obliged to use the water-skin filled in the road, 500 feet below; and the ground morning at Achbera. Wild fig trees stretches gradually upward and outward grow out of the fountain, and hawthorn for many miles. The country around is trees cast their shade upon it. One of quiet and not ambitious, and seems meek these afforded us protection from the sun, and overawed by the awful face of the while we opened our canteen, near some cliff, which, with its cavernous eyes, is straggling Bedouins, who were encamped ever staring it out of countenance. Na- by the water. The peasants ploughing ture, in fact, seems to have dropped a in the field near us, said they were from stitch in knitting up the landscape, for Ramah of Naphtali, back on the hills. all the strata of the rock come abruptly Kadesh-Naphtali, a place I have not to an end as if bitter squarely off. A yet visited, was recently offered for sale. lateral section of the hill is thus present. Some two years ago I was on the point ed and its hidden mysteries revealed. of purchasing this district for an AmeriWe waded through the clover and pop- can friend, who, for less than $10,000 py and malva, that grew high as our might have become the possessor of a horses' heads, and through mustard bush- very fertile estate, rich in Scriptural ases and thistle and buckthorn that grew sociations. The conditions of the sale higher still, as we passed this ancient were examined, but my friend concluded haunt of the robbers. Bears, and some that, although the price was small, and say lions, infest this region, but we saw the title, resulting from a sale of crown none, and my breech-loader did nothing lands by the provincial government, to illustrate the natural history of the pretty good, the care of its administraBible. My friend the Doctor tells me that tion and the necessity of keeping on good he saw a female lion here some years terms with the Bedouins, would make it ago, which, roused from sleep, after hav- a dear bargain in the end. ing gorged itself on a sheep, bounded Heretofore the tenure of land held by away in fright, but remained visible for foreigners in Turkey has not been of a ten minutes while rushing up the moun- character to inspire confidence. Theotain.

retically, foreigners were not allowed to This charming country abounds in sur- hold land, although this rule had been prises. Mountains, high and well wood- relaxed in many places and at different ed, embosom great basins of rich wheat times. At best it was only by the sufand rank vegetation, with innumerable ferance of the local authorities that subviews of land and water scenery. We jects of foreign powers could get land descended a thousand feet from Safed, to titles written in their own names--and reach the base of Achbera, and then a this for the reason that foreigners are not thousand more to Ain Tineh, the sup- subject in non-Christian countries to the posed site of Genesareth. Wild pigeon local jurisdiction. It was customary howwere numerous as we drew near the ever for foreigners to hold land under fic

titious titles, with the consent of the rangement, on the ground, principally, Ottoman officials and with the knowledge that their citizens and subjects would be of the central government. Land could brought too much under the control of be purchased in the name of an Ottoman the local officials. The terms on which this subject, and the transfer made by this na- right is granted, are, in substance, these: tive, though, not entered of record by the Foreigners may hold property in the Ottocadi, was recognized as vesting the pro- man empire, upon the same conditions perty in the person who supplied the and subject to the same taxes, restrictions money for the purchase. All questions and courts, as Ottoman subjects—except concerning the land were examined in in the province of Hedjaz, where they the name of the nominal native owner are not admitted. Their rights, as reby the Ottoman tribunals, regard being gards their persons and personal properhad however to the interests of the real ty, guaranteed to them by treaty, are nou proprietor, whose name did not appear. touched, but the regulation of the sucThe authorities thus escaped the dilemma cession and alienation, of the land, is subof a conflict of jurisdiction over any ject to the provisions of the Ottoman law; portion of Turkish soil. Another fictitious and all questions arising out of the postitle was resorted to for the same purpose, session or transfer of real estate are to be of a still more singular character. Wo- adjusted by the Ottoman courts. men are not regarded in Turkish law as The right thus granted has not been having any nationality, and consequently availed of to any considerable extent, and any woman of whatever country may this is partly owing to the fact that the hold land in her own name. Hence many Ottoman law concerning real estate has foreigners have purchased and still hold not been codified, and is not accessible to lands in the name of a wife, sister or would-be purchasers, who are reluctant daughter. My friend thought it would to place themselves in subjection to the be a nice bit of property-a principality lex non scripta of the Moslem judges. in the Holy Land, but not being able to Under this new regulation the domicil of hold it at that time in his own name, he the foreign landholder cannot be entered preferred not to make an investment that by the local police, unaccompanied by a would involve female proprietorship on consular delegate, in case the said domione hand, with Bedouin contestants for cil is within nine hours distance from the black mail on the other. The rumored consulate; but if the consul fails to reinsalubrity of the climate in that district spond within 24 hours from the time the confirmed him in his decision. Yet it notice is served, the local functionaries would have been a profitable speculation; may force an entrance in pursuit of crimiand the administration of an estate on the nals or for proper cause, if accompanied hills of Naphtali would have been a novel by three of the elders of the community. change for a retired millionnaire, from the This may also be done where the domicil busy world of Wall street.

is located outside of the limit of 9 hours But now among the many reforms in- distance. itiated by the government of the present Although the subjects of the Powers Sultan, we have in actual existence, the who have accepted this arrangement right of foreigners to hold real property have made objections to its provisions, it in their own names. This right is at is understood that the Porte does not present restricted to the subjects of those propose to offer any better terms, and is Powers, whose ambassadors have signed not anxious that the conditions offered the protocol drawn up at the Porte. It should be availed of. Doubtless, under is understood that England, France and the provisions of any agreement that Anstria have agreed to the proposed basis could be made, there would be many of foreign proprietorship. The United complications between natives and forStates and Russia, with some other na- eigners, and between consular tribunals tions, have declined to adhere to this ar- and those of the local government, and

Vol. IX.-9

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