Nostratic: Sifting the Evidence
The Nostratic hypothesis positing a common linguistic ancestor for a wide range of language families including Indo-European, Uralic, and Afro-Asiatic has produced one of the most enduring and often intense controversies in linguistics. Overwhelmingly, though, both supporters of the hypothesis and those who reject it have not dealt directly with one another s arguments. This volume brings together selected representatives of both sides, as well as a number of agnostic historical linguists, with the aim of examining the evidence for this particular hypothesis in the context of distant genetic relationships generally.
The volume contains discussion of variants of the Nostratic hypothesis (A. Bomhard; J. Greenberg; A. Manaster-Ramer, K. Baertsch, K. Adams, & P. Michalove), the mathematics of chance in determining the relationships posited for Nostratic (R. Oswalt; D. Ringe), and the evidence from particular branches posited in Nostratic (L. Campbell; C. Hodge; A. Vovin), with responses and additional discussion by E. Hamp, B. Vine, W. Baxter and B. Comrie.
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THE CONVERGENCE OFEURASIATIC AND NOSTRATIC
EXPLORING THE NOSTRATIC HYPOTHESIS
SOME FURTHER COMMENTSA RESPONSE TOEXPLORING THE NOSTRATIC HYPOTHESIS
A PERSONAL ASSESSMENT
PROBABILISTIC EVIDENCE FOR INDOURALIC
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ablaut affricates Afroasiatic Altaic Altaic languages Bomhard borrowing branches clusters cognate sets comparison daughter languages dictionary discussion Dolgopolsky Dravidian Dybo etymologies Eurasiatic evaluation evidence example ﬁnd Finnish Finno-Ugric ﬁrst ﬁve Gamkrelidze genetic relationship glosses glottalized stops Greenberg historical linguistics Illich-Svitych Indo Indo-European and Uralic initial consonants involved IS’s Ivanov Janhunen Japanese jazykov Kartvelian language families laryngeal lexical list-comparison lists Literary Manchu Manaster Ramer matches meaning medial morphemes Moscow Nauka Nostratic hypothesis Nostratic languages Nostratic reconstruction Nostratic theory Nostraticists Oswalt pair personal pronouns phonetic phonological phonotactic probabilistic probability problem proposed Proto Proto-Altaic Proto-Indo-European proto-language Proto-Nostratic Proto-Tungus-Manchu Proto-Uralic random Rédei reﬂect reﬂex regular sound represented Ringe Ringe’s root Sammallahti score semantic Semitic Shevoroshkin signiﬁcant similar sound change sound correspondences speciﬁc Starostin statistical stem Turkic University Uralic form Uralic Languages Vitaly Shevoroshkin voiceless stops Vovin vowel word Yukaghir