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Drach;-4. A new and corrected Atlas, on thirty-seven plates, con- 20. Commentarius Grammaticus, in Vetus Testamentum in sisting of maps and other engravings, to illustrate the Scripture usum maxime Gymnasiorum et Academiarum adornatus. ScripHistory ;-and, 5. A notice of the best works treating on the Bible sit Franc. Jos. Valent. Dominicus MAURER. generally, and on each book in particular. And as M. Drach in his
3 Fasciculi formnotes often refers to his “Letters d'un Rabbin Converti aux Israelites ing one volume. Lipsiæ, 1832–1834, 8vo. ses Frères" (Paris, 1825–1827, 8vo.), it will be desirable to add This is strictly a grammatical commentary, the author of which these letters to the work itself. An Italian translation of M. Drach's has a strong leaning in favour of those neologian interpretations edition of the Bible de Vence was published at Milan in 1830 and which explain the Messianic Prophecies of any one rather than the following years.
Messiah himself. Dr. Maurer has so perpetually referred his rea15. Chais.—La Sainte Bible, avec un Commentaire Littéral, ders to the valuable Hebrew Grammars of Gesenius and Ewald et des Notes choisies, tirées de divers Auteurs Anglois, &c., par that his work is of comparatively little use, except to those who
(expressly in order that they may familiarize themselves with them), Charles Chais. Hague, 1743–1790, 7 vols. 4to.
may happen to possess those Grammars. Besides a French translation, which in general is judicious, this learned and elaborate work contains a valuable comment on the
21. La Sainte Bible, en Latin et en François, suivie d'un DicOld Testament as far as the end of the historical books. The tionnaire Etymologique, Géographique, et Archéologique. Paris, seventh volume was posthumous, and was edited by the late Rev. 1828–1834, 13 tomes, 8vo. Dr. Maclaine. “It is much to be regretted that the learned and The principal recommendation of this beautifully printed but pious author did not complete the whole. What he has published costly edition of the French Version of the Scriptures, is the Etymohowever, at long intervals, is excellent. His notes are chiefly logical, Geographical, and Archäological Dictionary, which was taken, as he professes, from the best English commentators, to whom announced as being compiled by M. Barbier du Bocage, under he gives a decided preference above ihe foreign, Houbigant, Cal. whose direction an Atlas, possessing more than ordinary claims 10 mel, &c.; all of whom he appears to have carefully studied. It may attention on account of its accuracy, was to be designed and entherefore be justly considered as a considerable and valuable im- graved. The version is that of De Sacy, which is printed in provement upon his predecessors, of every description, as far as it columns, and below it is given in smaller characters the Latin Vulgoes." (Dr. Hales.)
gate. The first volume contains a Dissertation on the Authenticity 16. HOC BiGANT.-Caroli Francisci HOU BIGANTI Notæ Cri- of the Books of the Old Testament; and to each book of Scripture ticæ in Universos Veteris Testamenti Libros, cum Hebriace, tum
is prefixed a short preface explanatory of its contents. The work Græce scriptos. Cum integris ejusdem Prolegomenis. Franco- guished French artists, after the designs of Deveria. The thirteenth
is adorned with sixty-four engravings, executed by the most distinfurti ad Mænum, 1777, 2 tomis, 4to.
volume contains the Chronology of the Bible, together with an inA neat reprint of the Prolegomena and notes annexed by Houbi- dex of the matters contained in the Scriptures, an explanatory Dicgant to his Critical Edition and Version of the Old Testament, tionary of the Hebrew, Chaldee, Syriac, and Greek names occurwhich has already been noticed in p. 36. of this Appendix.
ring therein, and an archæological and philological Dictionary of the
Bible. This last is for the most part derived from Calmet's well17. Jo. Aug. Datan Libri Veteris Testamenti, ex Recensione known Dictionary: those articles, which are not designated by his Textûs Hebræi et Versionum Antiquarum, Latine versi, notis phi- name, have been compiled from the most recent authorities. lologicis et criticis illustrati. Halæ, 1773--1789, 6 vols. 8vo.
This work is in high repute on the Continent: see a notice of Daihe's Latin version in p. 32. of this Appendix. The difficult and [ii.] British Commentators on the whole Bible. obscure passages are illustrated by notes placed at the bottom of the page. Alier M. Dathe's decease, Rosenmüller edited a collec.
1. THE REFORMER's Bible.— The Holy Bible, containing zion of his Opuscula ad Crisin et Interpretationem Veteris Testa- the Old and New Testaments, according to the Authorized Vermenti spectantia, 8vo. Lipsiæ, 1795. These should be added to the sion; with short Notes by several learned and pious Reformers, above work, as they contain critical disquisitions on some ancient | as printed by Royal Authority at the time of the Reformation, versions, &c.
with additional Notes and Dissertations. London, 1810, 4to. 18. Interpretatio Sacræ Scripturæ per omnes Veteris et Novi The notes on the Old Testament in this edition are reprinted Testamenti Libros, ab Joanne Nep. Alber, Clerico Regulari e from those appended to the English version of the Bible, published Scholis Piis, S. Theologiæ Doctore, Linguarum Orientalium et at Geneva by Coverdale, Sampson, and other reformers, who fled Sacræ Scripturæ in Archiepiscopali Lyceo Professore. Pesthini to that city during the reign of Queen Mary: whence their trans(Pesth, in Hungary), 1801--1804, 16 large vols. 8vo.
lation is generally known by the appellation of the Geneva Bible.
An account of this is given in p. 36. of this Appendix. The annoThough published upwards of thirty years since, this exposition tations on the New Testament are translated from the Latin of was unknown in England until the year 1827, when a few copies Theodore Beza. Although in this edition the orthography is mowere imported. Professor Alber dedicated it to the clergy of the dernized, and the style has in some few instances been inproved, Romish church in Hungary, for whose use he undertook its compi. the editor (the Rev. Thomas WEBSTER, B.D.) states that the utmost lation. There are three maps, and to each volume there is a list caution has been observed, that no alteration should be made in the of numerous errata, besides a copious supplementary list in the last sentiments of the reformers, whose “notes and illustrations” the volume, all of which ought to be corrected before the work can be late eminent Bishop Horsley (no mean judge of biblical literature) consulted. To the first volume are pretired about fifty pages of has pronounced to be " very edifying, except that in many points preliminary observations on the various aids for the interpretation they savour too much of Calvinism.” The notes on the Apocaof Scripture, which are not characterized either by novelty or depth lypse are selected by the editor from various commentators : he has of information. The following is the method pursued by the au- also occasionally supplied arguments to the different books of the thor. At the beginning of each book are placed a short preface, Old and New Testaments : his dissertations on which, though concise, treating on its author, and a synopsis of its contents. The text of are sufficiently comprehensive for those readers who have not leithe Latin Vulgate is then inserted : and when any passage occurs sure to consult more expensive commentaries. A few useful maps which appears to be either difficult or obscure, he endeavours to and tables accompany the work, which is further ornamented with elucidate it,-more in the way of exposition than of concise critical some neatly executed vignette engravings. annotations. Dr. Alber professes to have consulted the various exe- 2. Hall (Bishop).-Contemplations on the Old and New getical labours, both of Protestants and Romanists ; and that he has Testaments. London, 1808, 2 vols. 8vo. endeavoured to state the various points of difference between them without asperity and with Christian candour. In this endeavour,
These have been reprinted at various times and in different truth requires it to be stated, that the author has succeeded. Wher forms; the edition now noticed was published by the Rev. Josiah ever an occasion presents itself, he fails not to impugn and to refute Pratt, B.D., and is very correctly printed. Bishop Hall's Contemthe notions of the antisupernaturalist divines of Germany, as well plations are incomparably valuable for language, criticism, and as of the enemies of divine revelation. The profoundest reverence devotion.". (Dr. Doddridge.) The Bishop also wrote a “ Paraphrasto the opinions of the fathers of the Christian church, and to the tic Exposition of hard Texts,” which forms the 3d and 4th vols. of doctrinal decisions and decrees of the Romish church, pervades Mr. Prati's edition of his whole works. These expository notes Dr. this exposition.
D. pronounces to be very valuable, especially for showing the
spirit and force of many expressions that occur." They do not, 19. Libri Sacri Antiqui Fæderis ex Sermone Hebræo in Lati- however, contain much learned criticism. Most of them, if not all, num translati; notatione brevi præcipuæe Lectionum et Interpre- are inserted in the valuable Commentary of Bp. Mant and Dr. tationum diversitatis addita. Auctoribus D. Henrico Augusto D'Oyly, noticed below. Scuort et Julio Friederico Wiszer. Volumen primum. Al- 3. MAYER.-A Commentary upon the Bible; wherein the tonæ et Lipsiæ, 1816, 8vo.
Divers Translations and Expositions, Literall and Mysticall, of This volume comprises the Pentateuch only. With a few ex. the most famous Commentators, both ancient and modern, are ceptions, the version is said to be close ; and the annotations, which propounded and examined, by John Maren. London, 1653, are very brief, are strictly confined to the indication of the princi- 5 vols. folio. pal various lections, and of the different interpretations proposed by eminent biblical critics. The three first books were translated
4. Annotations upon all the Books of the Old and New Tes. by Dr. Schott, and the last two by M. Winzer. This work has not tament: this third, above the first and second editions, so enlarged, been continued.
as they make an entire Commentary on the Sacred Scripture;
ount of its
the like never before published in English. Wherein the text | Lamentations: printed 1728. A general discourse, p. 1-Ivi. is explained, doubts resolved, Scriptures paralleled, and various Isaiah, p. 1-162. Jeremiah and Lamentations, p. 1–168. readings observed ; by the labour of certain learned divines there- Part VIII. “ An Help,” &c. containing Ezechiel: printed unto appointed, and therein employed, as is expressed in the 1728. The text of Ezechiel, p. 1–178. preface. London, 1657, 2 vols. folio.
Part IX. “An Help,” &c. containing Daniel: printed 1716. This valuable work (for valuable and learned it is, considering Dedication, 4 pages, not numbered. General preface, with a the time when it was composed), is usually called the “ ASSEMBLY's table, p. 1-10. Discourse, with four tables, p. 11–44. Daniel, Annotations;" from the circumstance of its having been composed p. 1-134. Synopsis, 1 leaf. Various readings, p. 137–170. by members of the Assembly of Divines who sai at Westminster N. B. This edition of Daniel was published with the New Tesduring the great rebellion. The reader will find an ad authors in Dr. Calamy's Life of Mr. Baxter, p. 86. et seq.
tament: a second was printed 1728.
Part X. “An Help,” &c. containing the twelve Minor Pro5. Poole.-Annotations upon the Holy Bible, wherein the phets: printed 1723. General preface, p. 1-5. Preface to sacred text is inserted, and various readings annexed; together Hosea, p. i-vi. Hosea to Obadiah, p. 1-121. Jonah to with the parallel Scriptures. The more difficult terms are ex: Zephaniah, p. 1–88. Haggai to the end, p. 1–77. N. B. A plained ; seeming contradictions reconciled ; doubts resolved, and second edition was published in 1729, containing a preface, the whole text opened. By the Rev. Matthew Poole. London, 2 pages. Text, p. 1—244. 1683, 2 vols. folio. Edinburgh, 1803, 4 vols. 4to. The Annotations are mingled with the text, and are allowed to
Paraphrase of the New Testament. be very judicious; the author (who was an eminent non-conformist
Part I. “An Help,” &c. containing the Gospels and Acts, divine) wrote them only as far as the 58th chapter of Isaiah; the Oxford, at the Theatre, 1718. General preface, p. i-iv. Two remainder of the notes was compiled after the same manner, by discourses, p. —xx. Chronological tables
, p. xxi-xxxv. The several eminent dissenting ministers. 6. CLARKE.—The Old and New Testament, with Annota- Then follows a second title, “ An Help," &c. containing the
contents of St. Matthew and St. Mark, 5 pages, not numbered. tions and parallel Scriptures. By Samuel Clarke, A.M. Lon- Gospels of St. Matthew and St. Mark, dated 1717. The text don, 1690, folio.
p. 3–411. The selection of parallel texts is admirable; and the notes, though Part II. “ An Help," &c. containing St. Luke and the Acts: very brief, are written with great judgment. The work was com- dated 1719. Advertisement, &c. 6 pages. St. Luke, p. 1-225. mended in very high terms by Drs. Owen and Bates, as well as by Mr. Baxter and Mr. Howe. " It has been an excellent fund for
Acts, p. 1—209. some modern commentators, who have republished a great part of
Part III. “An Help,” &c. containing St. John's Gospel : dated it with very little alteration.” (Chalmers's Biog. Bict. vol. ix. | 1719. Advertisement, &c. 4 pages. Text, p. 1-195. p. 403.) This work, notwithstanding the learned author was a Part IV. A treatise on the harmony of the four Gospels, with non-conformist, is inserted in the list of books recommended by a table. Preface, 2 pages. The treatise, p. 1–83. Bishop Cleaver to the attention of the younger clergy. It is unfor.
Part V. “ The second part of an Help," &c. containing the tunately very scarce and dear. The purchaser must be careful that he be not misled by another Bible published also in one vol. Epistle to the Romans : dated 1711. Preface, 2 pages. Profolio, in 1811, in the name of S. Clarke, in numbers; and which is mial discourse, p. 1—24. Text, p. 1–125. A second edition a very indifferent compilation by some anonymous editor from was published in 1715, with a title professing the part to contain various commentators, all of whom lived long after the time of all St. Paul's Epistles. General preface, synopsis, and lists of Mr. Clarke.
books written by Dr. E. Wells, 6 pages, not numbered. Adver7. The Rev. Dr. Edward Wells published a Help for the tisement, &c. 2 pages. Proæmial discourse, p. 1—20. Tert, Right Understanding of the Scripture, in various parts, between p. 21-145. the years 1709 and 1728. As this useful work is not often to be Part VI. “An Help,” &c. containing the Epistles to the met with complete, the following bibliographical notice of it is Corinthians : printed 1714. Errata, 1 leaf. Text, p. 1–171. copied from the Rev. Dr. Cotton's List of Editions of the Bible
Part VII. “An Help,” &c. containing the Epistles to the Epheand of parts thereof. (Appendix, pp. 163–165.)
sians, Philippians, Colossians, Timothy, Titus, and Philemon :
printed 1715. The text, p. 1–173. Wells's Paraphrase of the Old Testament.
Part VIII. “A specimen of an Help,” &c. being the Epistles
to the Thessalonians and Galatians : printed 1709. Dedication, Part I. The 'Title, “ An Help for the more easy and clear 2 pages. Preface, 5 pages. Text, p. 1–76. N. B. In 1716 understanding of the Holy Scriptures: being the book of Gene- was published a second edition; the contents and pages the saine. sis explained after the following method : viz. The common Part IX. “ An Help,” &c. containing the Epistle to the HeEnglish Translation rendered more agreeable to the original. A brews: printed 1713. Preface, 2 pages. Text, p. 1-95. paraphrase. Annotations.” Oxford, printed at the Theatre, Part X. “An Help,” &c. being the Catholic Epistles : printed 1724. “ A preface to the reader,” 5 pages. “ The general pre- 1715. Advertisement, &c. 2 pages. Text, p. 1-149. face,” xv pages.
A discourse of the year, &c. in use among Part XI. “ An Help," &c. being the Revelation of St. John : the Jews," p. 1–91. “A Chronological Account,” &c. 23 pages, printed 1717. Dedication, 2 pages. Preface, 3 pages. Table not numbered. Additional notes, 6 pages, not numbered. The and Explanation. Text, p. 1–184. text, p. 1–277. A synopsis to the Pentateuch, 2 pages.
Part II. Title, “ An Help,” &c. as before: containing Exodus, 8. Patrick, Lowth, Whitby, and Arnald's Commentary Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, printed 1725.“ A pre- on the Bible. London, 1727-1760, 7 vols. folio. London, 1809, face to the reader," p. i–xi. Errata, 1 leaf, not numbered. 8 vols. 4to. 1821, 7 vols. 4to. Exodus, p. 1–149. Leviticus, p. 1–86. Numbers and Deu- Bishop Patrick wrote the commentary on the historical and poeteronomy, p. 1-236.
tical books of the Old Testament, in 2 vols. ; Mr. W. Lowth father Part III. Title, “An Help,” &c. containing Joshua, Judges, of Bishop Lowth) that on the Prophets, in one vol.; Dr. WHITBY and Ruth: printed 1725. A preface to the reader, 11 pages, mentary on the Apocryphal books. The four volumes of Patrick,
that on the New Testament, in 2 vols. ; and Mr. ARNALD the conJoshua, p. 1–84. Synopsis, 1 leaf, not numbered. Judges and Lowth, and Arnald, are justly valued, as containing one of the best Ruth, p. 1-102.
commentaries on the Old Testament and Apocrypha which we have Part IV. “ An Help,” &c. containing two books of Samuel, in the English language: As Dr. Whitby's work on the New Tes and two of Kings: printed 1726. Preface, p. i-vi. Samuel to tament is very frequently found separate from the above commen1 Kings, chapter i. p. 1-182. Errata, 1 leaf, not numbered.tators, the reader will find some account of it, infra, in the list of 1 Kings, chapter ii. &c. p. 1–148.
commentators on the New Testament. Part V. “An Help,” &c. containing Chronicles, Ezra, Nehe- 9. Henry.—An Exposition of the Old and New Testament, miah, and Esther: printed 1727. Preface to the reader, p. i—v. by the Rev. Matthew Henry, folio, 5 vols. 4to. 6 vols, various Chronicles, p. 1–136. Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther, p. 1–80. Editions; also in 6 vols. 4to. London, 1827, 3 vols. imperial a continuation of Jewish history, p. 81–109. Chronological 8vo. London, 1828. tables, 2 pages.
More than a century has elapsed since this Exposition was first Part VI. “ An Help,” &c. containing Psalms, Proverbs, Ec- published. It is chiefly practical; yet, without any parade of leart: clesiastes, and Canticles: printed 1727. Preface to the reader, ing, it frequently contains good explanations of dilliculi pasages.
pages. Job to Psalm 1x. p. 1–160. Psalm 1xi—cl. p. 1–115. The numerous editions through which it has passed sufficiently Preface to Proverbs, &c. 4 pages, unnumbered. Proverbs, &c. attest the great estimation in which it has been held. It is perhaas
the only commentary, “ so large, that deserves to be entirely and p. 1–116.
attentively read through. The remarkable passages should be Part VII. “ An Help,” &c. containing Isaiah, Jeremiah, and marked : there is much to be learned in this work in a speculative,
and still more in a practical way:" (Dr. Doddridge.) The London | been originally published in numbers, which circumstance may quarto edition of 1811 was superintended by the Rev. Messrs. Bur- account for the paucity of copies now to be met with. der and Hughes, and is very correct. The text of this impression has been followed in the beautifully printed edition of 1827, to
15. Dodd.—A Commentary on the Books of the Old and New which is prefixed an Introductory Essay by the Rev. Edward Bick- Testaments, in which are inserted the Notes and Collections of ersteth. The imperial octavo edition is also beautifully printed : John Locke, Esq., Daniel Waterland, D.D., and the Right Hon. to the first volume is prefixed a Lite of the Author, by Mr. J. B. Edward Earl of Clarendon, and other learned persons, with Williams.
practical improvements. By W. Dodd, LL.D. London, 1770, 10. Gill.-An Exposition of the Old and New Testament, 3 vols. folio. in which the sense of the sacred text is given ; doctrinal and In the compilation of this work, Dr. Dodd availed himself libepractical truths are set in a plain and easy light; difficult pas- rally of the labours of Calmet, Chais, and Houbigant, besides the sages explained ; seeming contradictions reconciled; and what most eminent commentators of our own country, and the manuscript ever is material in the various readings, and the several Oriental collections mentioned above. The purchaser should see that vol. i. versions, is observed. The whole illustrated by notes from the contains a Dissertation on the Pentateuch, and vol. iii. another on
the Inspiration of the New Testament; which are not unfrequently most ancient Jewish writings. By John Gill, D.D. London, wanting, especially the first, probably from the work being origi, 1748—1763, 9 vols. folio. London, 1809, 9 vols. 4to.
nally published in numbers. Dr. Dodd's Commentary was reprinted In rabbinical literature Dr. Gill had no equal, and he has hence a few years since by the Rev. Dr. Coke, with several retrenchments been enabled to illustrate many important passages of Scripture.
and some unimportant additions, in six handsome volumes, quarto. But he has often spiritualized his text to absurdity. “The massy 16. GOADBY.-An Illustration of the Holy Scriptures by Notes volumes of Dr. Gill might almost form a class of their own, as they and Explications on the Old and New Testaments. 3 vols. folio. comprehend every method of interpretation; and sometimes, by giving to the same passage too great a variety of meanings, they it has been frequently reprinted. It was edited by Mr. GoadBy of
The publication of this work commenced in the year 1759, and certain meaning, which an ingenious expositor can interpret, or Sherborne ; "it contains many judicious notes:" but " while it rather torture in so many different ways.” An occasional reference seems to be orthodox, is written entirely on the Arian hypothesis." to this learned work is all, perhaps, that can be recommended.
(Dr. A. Clarke.) The false and erroneous interpretations contained
in this work were forcibly and ably exposed by the Rev. Walter 11. PURVER.- A New and Literal Translation of all the Sellon, in his Remarks upon certain passages in a work entitled Books of the Old and New Testaments, with Notes critical an Illustration of the Holy Scriptures.”' London, 1765, 12mo. and explanatory. By Antony PURVER. London, 1764, 2 vols. 17. Haweis.—The Evangelical Expositor; or a Commentary folio.
on the Holy Bible wherein the Sacred Text is inserted at large, The author of this translation was a member of the Society of the sense explained, and different passages elucidated, with pracFriends or Quakers; who, under very considerable disadvantages, tical observations, &c. By T. Haweis, LL.B. M.D. London, acquired a competent knowledge of the Hebrew and other Oriental languages, and also of the Greek. His work was published at the 1765, 2 vols. folio. expense of Dr. J. Fothergill. Although it contains many improved 18. Wilson (Bishop). — The Holy Bible; containing the renderings and useful notes, it“ has never been highly valued, and Books of the Old and New Testaments, carefully printed from is much less literal and much less simple than the habits of the the first edition (compared with others) of the present translaman, and those of the religious community to which he belonged, tion : with notes by Thomas Wilson, D.D., Bishop of Sodor might authorize one to expect.” (Dr. A. Clarke.) Sce a further and Man, and various renderings, collected from other translaaccount in the Monthly Review (O. S.), vol. xxxii. pp. 194—205. 12. Wesley.-Notes on the Old and New Testaments, by the tions, by the Rev. Clement Crutwell, editor. London, 1785, 3
vols. 4to. Rev. J. WESLEY, M.A. Bristol, 1764, 4 vols. 4to.
This edition contains a translation of the apocryphal third book In consequence of the author being obliged to retrench his of Maccabees, which has not appeared in any English Bibles since notes, in order to comprise the work within the prescribed limits Becke's edition of 1551. The text and marginal references are of four volumes, “ the notes on the Old Testament are allowed on printed with equal beauty and correctness. The editor has all hands to be meagre and unsatisfactory. The notes on the New greatly increased the value of this edition by inserting in the marTestament, which have gone through several editions, are of a gin different renderings of the same passage, from all the transla: widely different description ; though short, they are always judi- tions he could procure. He also prefixed a particular account of cious, accurate, spiritual, terse, and impressive, and possess the the several English translations of the Bible, and of their authors. happy and rare quality of leading the reader immediately to God and The bishop's notes are only to be considered as brief hints either his own heart." (Dr. A. Clarke.) The Rev. Dr. Hales pronounces for the explanation or the practical improvement of particular pasthese notes to be a commendable for their conciseness, and acutely
As illustrations of the text, their value is inconsiderable. pointed to the hearts and consciences of his readers ;” and he men- (Monthly Review, 0. S. vol. Ixxiv. p. 297.) iions the notes on the Apocalypse, which are chiefly abridged from the critical and expository writings of Bengel, as being the most
19. YONGE.-A Practical and Explanatory Commentary on valuable part of Mr. Wesley's work. (Analysis of Chronology, vol. the Holy Bible, taking the whole in one point of view, from the ii. pp. 1287, 1288.) The text is inserted in continuous paragraphs, Creation to the End of the World. By I. Yonge. London, the scrses being thrown into the margin, and it contains several 1787, 4to. happy corrections of the received version, which are frequently cited by Mr. Granville Sharp and Dr. Hales.
“The point of view in which the Scriptures are here considered,
is their reference to the redemption of the world by Jesus Christ; 13. The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments, which great event is traced through the historical and prophetical according to the present authorized English Version, with Notes, writings of the Old Testament, and the narrative and epistolary critical, explanatory, and practical ; all the marginal readings of records of the New, to show that the whole has one leading object the most approved printed copies of the Scriptures, with such meditations of the pious Christian, than as a critical elucidation of
and design. This work is rather intended as a practical help to the others as appear to be countenanced by the Hebrew and Greek the sacred writings." (Monthly Review, 0. S. vol. Ixxviii. p. 173.) originals; a copious collection of references to parallel texts;
20. Scott,—The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New summaries of the contents of each book and chapter, and the date Testaments; with original notes, practical observations, and coof every transaction and event recorded in the Sacred Oracles, pious marginal references. By Thomas Scott, Rector of Aston agreeably to the calculation of the most correct chronologers. Sandford. London, 1822, 6 vols. 4to. Fifth and best edition, By the Rev. Joseph Benson. London, 1811–1818, 5 vols. 4to. with the author's last corrections. Also in 1830, in 3 vols. imVarious subsequent editions, also in five volumes, quarto.
perial 8vo. An elaborate and very useful commentary on the Sacred Scrip
The first edition of this work (the constant and increasing sale of tures, which (independently of its practical tendency) possesses the which proves the high estimation in which it is deservedly held); stance of what the piety and learning of former ages have advanced, begun in 1788, and published in numbers, consisted of five thousand was particularly distinguished for his critical and exact acquaint- fifth and latest edition, completed and published in 1822, is stereoin order to facilitate the study of the Bible. Its late learned author copies; the second, in 1805, of two thousand ; the third, in 1810,
of two thousand ; the fourth, in 1812, of three thousand ; and the ance with the Greek Testament.
typed—the largest work ever submitted to that process. Besides 14. Cruder: The Complete Family Bible: or a Spiritual these, eight other editions, consisting altogether of twenty-five Exposition of the Old and New Testament; wherein each chap- thousand iwo hundred and fifty copies, were printed in the United ter is summed up in its context, and the sacred text inserted at States of America from 1808 16 1819; where ihe local and tempolarge, with Notes, spiritual, practical, and explanatory. By the rary prejudices, from which the writer could not escape in his own Rev. Mr. CAUDEN. London, 1770, 2 vols. folio.
country, having less force, its value seems to have been at once
acknowledged. On the last edition of this Commentary its learned The compiler of this indifferently executed commentary is not author was engaged at the time of his death, and bestowed the u!. to be confounded with Mr. Alexander Cruden, author of the well. most pains upon its revision, so as to render it as accurate as possiknown Concordance to the Holy Scriptures. It appears to have ble. More particularly, 1. As sundry small variations have, during Vol. II.-App.
the lapse of two centuries, crept into our common Bibles, consider, tary, brief but solid refutations of alleged contradictions, which he able pains have been taken, by the collation of different editions, could find in no other similar work extant in the English language. to exhibit an accurate copy of the sacred text according to the The edition in imperial 8vo. was superintended by the Rer. Messrs. authorized version.-2. Not only have the marginal references Josiah Pratt (sen. and jun.), upon the following plan :-the Practie throughout been revised with the utmost care, but it will be found cal Observations, as found in the stereotyped quarto editions, are that the author has inserted, in the notes, and practical observa- divided according to the portions of the text to which they belong; tions, frequent references to other parts of his Commentary. To and are printed, not as in those editions, at the foot of the page, this improvement he attached considerable importance: and its but immediately after their respective portions of the text. Heade value will, no doubt, be felt by those readers who may bestow suf- lines of Contents are prefixed to the respective columns. The ficient pains upon the subject to enter into his design. The student Marginal References and Renderings are omitted ; such excepled may be advantageously referred to the book of Proverbs for a spe- as appear to be of considerable importance, and these are in:er. cimen of this addition to the work.-3. But the most important im- woven with the notes; various passages more stricily philological, provement which it has received, consists in the copious critical and involving Hebrew or Greek criticism, are likewise omiued. remarks which have been introduced. Many of these occur in Some remarks in the notes, of a more practical nature, have been the Old Testament, in all which the original words in Hebrew removed, and introduced, in their proper places, into the Practical characters, pointed, have been substituted for the English letters, Observations. The high estimation in which this commentary is by which they had been before expressed, wherever any thing of held in France, caused it to be translated into French. Three porthe kind occurred. In the New Testament these remarks are nu- tions have appeared, comprising the Gospel of St. Mathew, the
Here also new authorities are adduced in support of the Acts of the Apostles, and the Epistle of St. Paul to the Romans. criticisms which had been previously made, particularly from
21. MACRAE.-A revised Translation and Interpretation of Schleusner, to whose valuable Lexicon of the Greek Testament the author' was indebted for much assistance. The critical re- the Sacred Scriptures, after the Eastern manner, from concur. marks, it is also to be observed, are now uniformly carried to the rent authorities of critics, interpreters, and commentators, copies, end of the note, instead of being interspersed in the body of it and versions; showing that the inspired writings contain the 4. Mr. Scoit had finished the actual revision of this great work seeds of the valuable sciences, being the source whence the annearly to the end of the Second Epistle to Timothy: The last pas cient philosophers derived them, also the most ancient histories sage to which he put his hand was that striking declaration of St
; and greatest antiquities, and are the most entertaining as well several alterations (and some of them of considerable importance) as instructing to both the curious and serious. (By David Mahave been made in the fitih edition, subsequent to the verse just CRAE.] Glasgow, 1799, 8vo. Second edition, 1815, 410.; also named ; yet these have not been introduced without authority, but in 3 vols. 8vo. are taken, according to the anthor's directions, from a copy of the fourth edition, which he read over soon after its publication, mak
We have transcribed the long title of this work, in which the ing such corrections as occurred. The critical remarks also, con author has certainly succeeded in introducing very many approved tained in the former edition, have been, to the close, arranged, as renderings; but in which he has also marred exceedingly ihat venearly as possible, according to the plan adopted in the preceding nerable simplicity and dignity which are so eminently conspicuous parts of the work.
in the authorized version. His explanations of diferent passages “ The capital excellency of this valuable and immense under are included in short paraphrases, comprehended between paretaking, perhaps, consists in following, more closely than any other, theses. No sober student or critic, however, can approve of the the fair and adequate meaning of every part of Scripture, without manner in which the author attempted to elucidate * Solomon's regard to the niceties of human systems: it is, in every sense of the Allegoric Song" (as he terms it) “on the mutual love of Christ expression, a scriptural comment. It has likewise a further and a and the church, written twenty years after his Egyptian pupials * strong recommendation in its originality. Every part of it is As this work is very liule known, we transcribe the first seven thought out by the author for himself, not borrowed from others. verses of the twelfih chapter of Ecclesiastes, containing Solomon's The later editions, indeed, are enriched with brief and valuable admirable portraiture of old age, by way of specimen : quotations from several writers of credit—but the substance of the “ 1. Remember thy Creator in the days of youth, before the days of work is entirely his own. It is not a compilation, it is an original affliction come, and the years of old age approach, when thou shalt production, in which you have the deliberate judgment of a mas- say, I have no pleasure in them. 2. Before the sun, and the light, culine and independent mind on all the parts of Holy Scripture. and the moon, and the stars, become dark to thre, and the clouds Every student will understand the value of such a work. Further, return atier rain, or one trouble come upon another. 3. When the it is ihe comment of our age, presenting many of the last lights arms) the keepers of the corporeal) house shall shake, and the which history casts on the interpretation of prophecy, giving seve strong ones (the limbs) be feeble, and (the teeth) ihe grinders shall ral of the remarks which sound criticism has accumulated from the cease, as being few (and unfit for use) ; and they that look out at the different branches of sacred literature, obviating the chief objec. windows (the optic nerves of the eyes) become dim ; 4. And the tions which modern annotators have advanced against some of the doors be shut in ihe streets (the lips fall in, the teeth being gode), distinguishing doctrines of the Gospel, and adapting the instruc- and the sounding of the grinding (in eating) be low; and they shall tions of Scripture to the peculiar circumstances of the times in
rise up at the sound of the bird (sleep being diminished, and easily which we live. I may observe, also, that the faults of method and broken); and all the daughters of music (the accents of the voice, style, which considerably detract from the merit of some of his and acuteness of the ear) fail. 5. They shall also be afraid of (19other writings, are less apparent here, where he had only to follow cending) the place which is high (being weak and breathless); the order of thought in the sacred book itself; whilst all his pow. and tears (of stumbling) shall be in the way; and (grey hair like) ers and attaininents had their full scope. It was the very under the almond tree's leaves shall flourish; and the grasshopper shall taking which required, less than any other, the qualifications which be a burden (small matters being troublesome, as being crooked he did not possess, and demanded, more than any other, those in and fretful); and the desire of enjoyment shall fail; for man geeth which he excelled. It required matured knowledge of Scripture, to his long home, and the mourners go about the streets. 6. Before skill as a textuary, sterling honesty, a firm grasp of truth, unfeigned the silver cord (the marrow of the backbone, with its root and submission of mind to every part of the inspired records, a holy branches, be contracted; or the golden vial (the brain's membranes) temper of heart, unparalleled diligence and perseverance : and be cracked, or the pitcher be broken at the fountain (the cavities these were the very characteristics of the man. When to these and conveyers of the blood from the heart), or the wheel be broken particulars it is added that he lived to superintend four editions, at the cistern (the returners of it from the lungs, liver, head, hands, each enriched with much new and important matter, and had been and feet); the double, yea, quadruple, circulation (galal and ruts), engaged above three years in a new one, in which for the fifth being repeated, be interrupied and cease. 7. Then shall the dust time he had nearly completed a most laborious revision of the return to the earth as it was ; and the spirit shall retum w God whole work, we must at least allow the extent and importance of
who gave it." the author's exertions. Accordingly the success of the work has 22. BULKLEY.—Notes on the Bible, by the late Rev. Charles been rapidly and steadily increasing from the first, not only in our BULkley, published from the author's manuscript by Joshua own country, but wherever the English language is known. It ToulmIN, D.D. London, 1802, 3 vols. 8vo. will soon be in the hands of most careful students of the holy volume, whether, in the first instance, they agree with the author's
“ These notes are not so much of a philological as of an erplana. chief sentiments or not. Nor is the time distant when, the passing tory nature. They are filled with what the author considers paralcontroversies of the day having been forgotten, this prodigious lel passages in the Greek and Roman classics, in which the same work will generally be confessed, in the Protestant Churches, to
moral precepts and sentiments occur. Sometimes the coincidence be one of the most sound and instructive commentaries produced appears to be striking; at other times, the correspondence is dar in our own or any other age.”—The Bishop of Calcutta's Sermons, from marked. There is a great mass of quotation, which would occasioned by the death of the Rev. Thomas Scott, pp. 33–35. 98.
seem to answer no valuable purpose, unless to produce ihe beliet, 3d edition.) To the preceding just character of this elaborate com
that a book nearly as good as the Bible might be compiled froin ibe mentary, the writer of these pages (who does not view all topics writings of the poets and philosophers of Greece and Rome.“ precisely in the same point of view with its late learned author) (Orme's Bibliotheca Biblica, p. 64.) deems it an act of bare justice to state that he has never consulted it in vain on difficult passages of the Scriptures. While occupied the use of the Pulpit and of Private Families, by Joseph PRIEST
23. PRIESTLEY (Dr.)—Notes on all the Books of Scripture, for own satisfaction thought out every answer (if he may be allowed Lev, LL.D. F.R.S. Northumberland (N. Am.), 1803, 4 vols. the expression) for himself: referring only to commentaries in
8vo. questions of more than ordinary difficulty. And in every instance, expecially on the Pentateuch—he found, in Mr. Scott's Commen- biblical student; for, though the author “keeps his own creed
These notes are well worthy of being consulted by the advanced
(modern socinianism) "continually in view, especially when con rarely be disappointed. Of the labour attending this publication sidering those texts which other religious people adduce in favour some idea may be formed, when it is stated that the works of of theirs, yet his work contains many invaluable notes and obser- upwards of one hundred and sixty authors have been consulted for vations, particularly on the philosophy, natural history, geography, it, amounting to several hundred volumes. On the fundamental and chronology of the Scriptures: and to these subjects few men articles of Christian verity,—the Deity and atonement of Jesus in Europe were better qualified to do justice.” (Dr. A. Clarke, Christ, and the personality and offices of the Holy Spirit,—this Commentary on the Bible, vol. i. p. xi.)
work be pronounced to be a library of divinity. The maps 24. TRIMMER (Mrs.)—A Help to the Unlearned in the Study and engravings, though only outlines, are executed with much of the Holy Scriptures; being an attempt to explain the Bible in cordance in 4to., edited by the Rev. T. W. Bellamy, B.D., which is
spirit. An index of matters is subjoined. There is a useful cona familiar way, adapted to common apprehensions, and accord- usually bound up with this commentary; and in the year 1818, the ing to the opinions of approved Commentators. By Mrs. Trim- Rev. Dr. Wilson published another index, which is much more London, 1805, 8vo. Also in 2 vols. 12mo.
complete than that annexed to the work; and the student who can The benevolent authoress of this work was well known by her meet with it will do well to purchase it
. The reprint at New unwearied assiduity in promoting the welfare of the rising genera
York, which is very neatly executed in two large quarto volumes, tion. Novelty of information she did not pretend to offer; but with Protestant Episcopal Church in the State of New York; who has
was edited by the Ri. Rev. John Henry Hobart, D.D., Bishop of the out approving of every sentiment asserted in her work, it is but just to say, that it is a most useful help to the unlearned, and that the greatly enhanced the value of this work by numerous 'additional object announced in her preface has been fully accomplished; viz. notes, selected from the writings of upwards of thirty of the most - To render “ the study of the Bible easy and profitable to those
eminent divines (not noticed by the Drs. Mant and D'Oyly), whose who have but little leisure, or who may not be able to understand taken from their writings. Among the authors thus consulted are
names are a sufficient pledge for the orthodoxy of the annotations expositions of Scripture, in which more learning is displayed. The endeavour of the compiler has been to explain what is difficult, as Bishops Brown. Law, Leng, Mant, Middleton, and Van Mildert, of far as is necessary for Christians in general to understand it, and to and Bps. Seabury and White, of the Protestant Episcopal Church
the Anglican Church ; Bp. Gleig, of the Scottish Episcopal Church; as require particular consideration, in order to produce a rational in the United States of America ; Archdeacons Pott and Daubeny, faith, and a right practice, founded immediately upon the word of
Rev. Drs. Noti, Rennel, William Sherlock, Spry, Wordsworth, God."
A. Clarke, Scoti, Allestree and Bisse, &c. &c. Many other notes
are likewise selected from several of the authors cited by Bp. Mant 25. Burder.—The Scripture Expositor ; a new Commentary, and Dr. D'Oyly. Bp. Hobart's additional notes are twofold ; 1. CriCritical and Practical, on the Holy Bible. By the Rev. Samuel tical and Explanatory; and, 2. Practical. The latter are most BURDER, A.M. London, 1809, 2 vols. in 4 parts, 4to.
numerous, and are calculated greatly to increase the value of this One prominent object of this work, which is both critical and
Commentary as a Family BIBLE. practical, is, to illustrate the Scriptures by the assistance of 28*. The Plain Reader's Help in the Study of the Holy ScripEastern customs. The author is advantageously known by his tures; consisting of Notes, explanatory and illustrative, chiefly Oriental Customs and Oriental Literature, which publications are selected or abridged from the Family Bible published by the noticed in the subsequent part of this Appendix.
Society for promoting Christian Knowledge. By the Rev. 26. Fawcett.—The Devotional Family Bible; containing the William Thomas Bree, M.A. Coventry, 1821–22. In two Old and New Testaments, with copious notes and illustrations, parts, forming one volume in small quarto. partly original, and partly selected from the most approved Com- Although the greater part of the present volume is extracted or mentators, both ancient and modern. With a devotional exer- abridged from the preceding work, the editor has not confined himcise or aspiration at the close of every chapter, by way of improve- self exclusively to it. He has given some notes, which, though they ment. By John Fawcert, D.D. London, 1811, 2 vols. royal do not occur in the Family Bible, are yet extracted from the same 410.
authors to whom Bp. Mant and Dr. D'Oyly had recourse in their
compilation. Besides these, the editor has occasionally added a This work is wholly designed for family use; but the marginal few notes of his own; and he has further availed himself of such renderings and parallel texts have been entirely omitted. The ab- notes in Sir John Bailey's edition of the book of Common Prayer, sence of these is inexcusable in any edition of ihe Bible above the as suited his purpose. The editor's aim has been, to comprise size of a duodecimo volume.
within the space of a cheap and moderately sized volume a collec27. HEWLETT.— The Holy Bible, containing the Old and tion of notes on the Holy Scriptures, adapted to the capacity of New Testament, with the Apocrypha, with critical, philological, ordinary readers, and designed for the benefit of such as have it and Explanatory Notes. By the Rev. John HEWLETT, B.D. and unpretending work, which is very little known, is neatly
not in their power to procure or consult larger works. This cheap London, 1812, 3 vols. 410.
printed on two sorts of paper, in order to accommodate every class The typographical execution of this variorum edition of the Scrip- of purchasers. tures is singularly correct and beautiful; the parallel texts and marginal renderings are put at the foot of the text, and above the and New Testaments: the Text carefully printed from the most
29. CLARKE (Dr. A.)—The Holy Bible, containing the Old notes, which are selected with great industry. To the first volume are prefixed very copious prolegomena, containing every requisite correct copies of the present authorized translation, including the information relative to the authenticity and inspiration of the Scrip- marginal readings and parallel texts; with a Commentary and tures; the formation of the sacred Canon, MSS. and editions of the Critical Notes, designed as a help to a better understanding of Bible, secis, &c., with a variety of useful tables; and to the third the Sacred Writings. By Adam CLARKE, LL.D. F.A.S. Lonvolume is prefixed a compendious history of the Jews, from their don, 1810–1826, 8 vols. 4to. A new edition, revised and imrestoration to Judæa, to the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans; the whole forming a connection between the history of proved, 1833–34, in five volumes, royal 8vo. also in quarto. the Old and New Testament; and the work is terminated by three The commentary on the New Testament fills three volumes of useful indexes. There are, however, some discrepancies in the this elaborate work: the remainder is devoted to the elucidation noles, which are stated and animadverted upon in an ahly con. of the Old Testament. In this commentary, Dr. Clarke states, that ducted critical journal. (See British Critic, New Series, vol. ii. pp. the whole of the text has been collated with the Hebrew and Greek 339. et seq.) Several of Mr. Hewlett's notes are elaborate critical originals, and all the ancient
versions : "the most difficult words disquisitions on important topics. Copies of this work may be pur- are analyzed and explained; the most important readings in the col. chased with maps, and numerous well executed engravings, after lections of Kennicoli and De Rossi on the Old Testament, and in those pictures by the most celebrated painters. In 1816, an edition of of Mill, Wetstein, and Griesbach, on the New, are noticed; the date ihe notes, &c. was published without the text, entitled “Commen- of every transaction, as far as it has been ascertained by the best taries and Disquisitions on the Holy Scriptures," in 5 vols. 8vo., chronologers, is marked; the peculiar customs of the Jews and which may frequently be obtained at a very low price.
neighbouring nations, so frequently alluded to by the prophets, 28. D’Orly and Mant.—The Holy Bible according to the thorities; the great doctrines of the Law and Gospel of God are
evangelists, and a postles, are explained from the best Asiatic auAuthorized Version, with Notes explanatory and practical ; taken defined, illustrated, and defended ; and the whole is applied to the principally from the most eminent writers of the United Church important purposes of practical Christianity.” The work concludes of England and Ireland ; together with appropriate introductions, wiih a copious index, and a selection of important various Readings tables, indexes, maps, and plans, prepared and arranged by the of the New Testament, from ten ancient MSS. The literary world Rev. G. D'Orly, B.D. (now D.D.), and the Rev. Richard Mant, 10 ør. Clarke for the light he has thrown on many very difficult D.D. (now Bishop of Down and Connor). Oxford and London, passages. The royal 8vo. edition was revised throughout, and pre1814, 3 vols. 4to., and various subsequent editions printed at pared by the learned author for the press, before his decease. It is Cambridge and Oxford. New York, 1818–20, 2 vols. 410. a cheap and very beautifully printed work.
This work, which is published under the sanction of the vene- 30. Thomson.—The Old Covenant, commonly called the Old rable Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, professes 19 Testament, translated from the Septuagint.—The New Covecommunicate only the result of the critical inquiries of learned men, without giving a detailed exposition of the inquiries them. nant, commonly called the New Testament, translated from the selves. These results, however, are selected with great judgment, Greek. By Charles Thomson, late Secretary to the Congress so that the reader who may consult them on difficult passages will of the United States. Philadelphia, 1808, 4 vols. 8vo.