that John had both these classes of heretics in view, and contents of this book -VII. Observations on its style.that he wrote to confute their respective tenets. Yet, though VIII. On the importance of this book, as an evidence for he composed his Gospel principally with this design, he did the truth of Christianity. not wholly confine himself to it; but took occasion to impart correct views of the nature and offices of Jesus Christ and last of the historical books of the New Testament

, and

1. The book of the ACTS OF THE APOSTLES forins the fifth both to the Jews and Gentiles. Should this opinion be acceded to, it will reconcile the various cpinions of learned connects the Gospel with the Epistles; being a useful postmen concerning the real scope of John's Gospel.

script to the former, and a proper introduction to the latter. VI. It is obvious to every attentive reader

of this Gospel, Gospels, though (as Michaelis has remarked) in several an

On this account it has been generally placed after the four that John studiously omits to notice those passages in our cient manuscripts and versions it is very frequently placed Lord's history and teaching, which had been related at after the Epistles of Saint Paul, because it is necessary to length by the other evangelists, or if he mentions them at he gives his testimony that their narratives are faithful and noticed in the critical editions of the New Testament. Thus

, all, it is in a very cursory manner. By pursuing this method the right understanding of them.

Various Titles have been given to this book which are true, and at the same time leaves himself room to enlarge in the Codex Bezæ, or Cambridge manuscript, it is called the Gospel history. This confirms the unanimous declarations of ancient writers, that the first three Gospels were

ΠΡΑΞΕΙΣ ΤΩΝ ΑΠΟΣΤΟΛΩΝ, the Acts or Transactions of the written and published before John composed his evangelical Apostles:. In the Codex Alexandrinus, and many other manuhistory. In the account of our Saviour's passion, death, and scripts, it is entitled TPAEEIE TON ATION ANOTTOANN, the resurrection, all the four Gospels coincide in many particu- of the Greek and Latin' fathers. The first of these various

Acts of the Holy Apostles, which title is also adopted by most lars ; though here John has several things peculiar to him-titles is that which is adopted in the printed editions, and in self. In his Gospel, many things recorded by the other evangelists are omitted. He has given no account of our all modern versions; but by whom it was prefixed, it is now Saviour's nativity, nor of his baptism by John. He takes impossible to ascertain. In the Syriac version, according to no notice of our Saviour's temptation in the wilderness ; nor the edition in Bishop Walton's Polyglott, the title is: “l'he of the call or names of the twelve apostles ; nor of their Book of the Acts, that is, of the History of the Blessed bles, or other discourses recorded by the first three evans of the Acts of the Choly] Apostles;"'-—and in the Ethiopic mission during the ministry of Christ; nor of his para- Apostles, composed by my holy lord Luke the Evangelist :"

in the Arabic version it is, “The beginning of the Book gelists; nor of his journeys; nor of any of his predictions concerning the destruction of Jerusalem, which are related version, "The Acts of the Apostles, the transactions of the by them; nor has John repeated any of Christ's miracles ministers, that is, the History of the holy Apostles.” This recorded by them, except that of feeding five thousand peo- Peter and Saint Paul, and of the history of the Christian

book contains great part of the lives and transactions of Saint ple, which was probably repeated for the sake of the discourse to which it gave birth. But, on the other hand, John church; commencing at the ascension of our Saviour, and mentions several incidents, which the other evangelists have being continued down to Saint Paul's arrival at Rome, after not noticed. Thus, he gives an account of our Lord's cleans- his appeal to Cæsar, comprising a period of about thirty ing the temple at the first passover, when he went to Jeru- years.

II. That Saint Luke was the author of the Acts of the salem; but all the other evangelists give a similar account of his cleansing the temple at his last passover. These two Apostles, as well as of the Gospel which bears his name, is acts, however, are widely different. He relates the acts of evident both from the introduction, and from the unanimous Christ before the imprisonment of John the Baptist; the testimonies of the early Christians. Both are inscribed to wedding at Cana; the cure of the man who had been blind Theophilus; and in the very first verse of the Acts there is from his birth; the resurrection of Lazarus; the indignation

a reference made to his Gospel, which he calls the furiner of Judas against the woman who anointed our Lord with

Treatise. On this account, Dr. Benson and some other ointment; the visit of the Greeks to Jesus; his washing the critics have conjectured that Saint Luke wrote the Gospels feet of his disciples; and his consolatory discourse to them and Acts in one book, and divided it into two parts. From previously to his passion. John's Gospel also contains more

the frequent use of the first person plural, it is clear that he plain and frequent assurances than those occurring in the was present at most of the transactions he relates. He apother Gospels, that Jesus is not only a prophet and messen-pears to have accompanied Saint Paul from Troas to Philippi; ger of God, but also that he is the Messiah, the Son of God: he also attended him to Jerusalem, and afterwards to Rome, and asserts his pre-existence and Deity in the clearest and where he remained two years, during that apostle's first most distinct terms.

confinement. Accordingly we find Saint Luke particularly VII. Salmasius, Grotius, Bolten, and other critics have mentioned in two of the epistles written by Saint

Paul, from imagined that John did not write his Gospel originally in Rome, during that confinement. As the book of Acts is Greek, but in the Syriac language. This hypothesis, how- continued to the end of the second year of Saint Paul's imever, is contradicted by the unanimous consent of Christian prisonment, it could not have been written before the year 63 ; antiquity, which affirms that he wrote it in Greek. In addi- and, as the death of that apostle is not mentioned, it is protion io the observations already offered, respecting the original bable that the book was composed before that event, which language of the New Testament, we may remark, that the is supposed to have happened A. D. 65. For these reasons, Hebraisms occurring in this Gospel clearly prove that it was Tomline, and the generality of critics, assign the date of this

Michaelis, Dr. Lardner, Dr. Benson, Rosenmüller, Bishop originally written by a Jew. His style is pronounced by Michaelig; to be better and more fluent than that of the other

book to the year 63. evangelists; and he ascribes this excellence to the facility

III. To the genuineness and authenticity of this book, the and taste in the Greek language, which the apostle seems to early Christian fathers bear unanimous testimony. Not to have acquired from his long residence at Ephesus. His mention the attestations of the apostolic fathers, in the first narrative is characterized by singular perspicuity, and by the century, which have been collected by Mr. Jones, Drs. Benmost unaffected simplicity and benevolence. There are few son and Lardner, we may remark that Irenæus and Tertulpassages in Holy Writ more deeply affecting than this evan- lian, in the second ceniury, both ascribed the Acts of the gelist's narrative of the resurrection of Lazarus.

Apostles to Saint Luke. And their evidence is corroborated by that of Origen, Jerome, Augustine, Eusebius, and all

subsequent ecclesiastical writers. Further, Chrysostom and SECTION VI.

other fathers inform us, that this book was annually read in the churches, every day between the festivals of Easter and

Pentecost or Whitsuntide. The Valentinians, indeed, as I. Tille.-II. Author and date.—III. Genuineness and authen- well as the Marcionites, Severians, and some Manicheans, ticity.-IV. Scope.-V. Chronology.-VI. Analysis of the

• Jones on the Canon, vol. iii. pp. 129-136. Dr. Benson's Hist. of the • Michaelis, vol. iii. pp. 303_315. On the decisive testimony of Saint First Planting of Christianity, vol. li. pp. 325-330. 2d edit. Dr. Lardner's John's Gospel to the Divinity of our Saviour, see Bishop Bloomfield's" Five Works, Index, voce Acts of the Apostles. Lectures, delivered on the Fridays during Lent, 1823."-London, 1823, · Lardner, Gvo. vol. ii. pp. 162, 163. ; 4to. vol. i. p. 368. Benson, vol. ii. 9 See Vol. I. pp. 193, 194. supra.

• Lardner, 8vo. vol. ii. pp. 261, 262. ; 4to. vol. i.

432. Benson, vol. ii. p. 331. • Introd. vol. iij part i. p. 316.


. Col. iv. 14. Philem. 24.


p. 330.


o Benson, vol. ii. pp. 321–324. Lardner, 8vo. vol. vi. pp. 145–147. ; 410 .: Campbell on the Gospels, vol. ii. pp. 192—195. Kuinöel, Comm. in Hist. vol. iii

. pp. 206, 207. Lib. Nov. Test. vol. iii. p. 33. et seq. Prilii, Introd. ad Nov. Test. pp. 203— so Benson, vol. ii. p. 332. Lardner, 8vo. vol. v. pp. 133, 134. ; 40. vol. Ü. 226. Viser, Herm. Sacr. Nov. Test. pars i. p. 340. pars ii. pp. 265-268.

p. 605.

rejected the Acts of the Apostles, not from historical reasons, V. The Acts of the Apostles, Michaelis observes, were but because they militated against their opinions; for the evidently written with a tolerably strict attention to chronoGnostics (of which sect the Valentinians and Marcionites logical order ; though Saint Luke has not affixed a date to any were a branch) affirmed that the God of the Old Testament one of the facts recorded by him. There are, however, sevewas different from the God of the New Testament: and that ral parts of this book, in which ecclesiastical history is comanother Christ, different from our Saviour, was promised. bined with political facts, the dates of which are known : The Severians and Encratites strenuously insisted upon ab- and these Michaelis has endeavoured to determine, because stinence from certain articles of food; whereas, in the book the chronology will not only contribute to illustrate the Acts of Acts, the promiscuous use of food is allowed. Lastly, of the Apostles, but also will assist us in fixing the year when Manes wished himself to be taken for “the Comforter," who many of Saint Paul's Epistles were written. Taking for had been promised by Christ to his apostles; but in the Acts granted, therefore, that this book commences with the year it is related that the Comforter that had been so promised 33, of the Christian æra (in which calculation he follows was the Holy Spirit, who had been sent. The reasons, Archbishop Usher), he has given us the following series therefore, why the book was rejected by the above-mentioned of dates :sects, were not historical, but doctrinal; because the narrative

1. “ The First epoch, after the commencement of the book, is of the sacred historian contradicted their dogmas; and as at ch. xi. 29, 30. ; for what happened between the first Pentecost their errors were detected and refuted by contemporary wri- after Christ's ascension and this period is without any marks of ters,' the unqualified and unsupported assertions of these chronology. But at ch. xi. 29, 30. we have a date ; for the heretics are so far from impugning the veracity and genu- famine which took place in the time of Claudius Cæsar, and ineness of the Acts of the Apostles, that on the contrary, which induced the disciples at Antioch to send relief to their they afford a decisive and collateral testimony in favour of brethren in Judæa, happened in the fourth year of Claudius's the book. IV. Saint Luke does not appear to have intended to write reign, that is

, in the year 44 of the Christian æra. a complete ecclesiastical history of the Christian church, to death the apostle St. James ; and about that time Saint Paul

2. “ Second epoch. Herod Agrippa dies soon after he had put during the first thirty years after our Saviour's ascension, nor and Saint Barnabas return from Jerusalem to Antioch. (ch. xii. even of Saint Paul's life during that period; for he has almost wholly omitted what passed among the Jews after the 21-25.). This is still in the year 44. conversion of that apostle, and is totally silent concerning the of the Jews from Italy by Claudius Cæsar, Saint Paul arrives at

3. “ Third epoch. (ch. xviii. 2.) Shortly after the banishment spread of Christianity in the East and in Egypt, as well as the foundation of the church of Christ at Rome, Saint Paul's Corinth. Commentators affix the date of 54 to this event; but journey into Arabia, and many other topics, though the la- it is uncertain, for Suetonius, the only historian who has noticed bours and sufferings of the other apostles could not but have this banishment of the Jews, mentions it without date. afforded the most interesting materials, had it fallen within 4. “Fourth epoch. Saint Paul comes to Jerusalem, where he is his design to have composed an entire history of the church. imprisoned by the Jews, not long after the disturbances which

If we carefully examine the Acts of the Apostles, we shall were excited by the Egyptian. (ch. xxi. 37–39.) This imperceive that Saint Luke had two objects in view :-1. To prisonment of Saint Paul happened in the year 66, for it was relate in what manner the gifts of the Holy Spirit were com- two years before Felix quitted his government of Judæa. (ch. municated on the day of Pentecost, and the subsequent mira- xxiii. 26. xxiv. 27.) cles performed by the apostles, by which the truth of Chris- 5. Fifth epoch. Two years after the commencement of Saint tianity was confirmed. 'An authentic account of this matter Paul's imprisonment, Festus is appointed governer of Judæa, was absolutely necessary, because Christ had often assured his A. n. 62. (ch. xxiv. 27. xxv. 1.), disciples that they should receive the Holy Spirit. Unbe- “ From this period the chronology of the Acts of the Apostles is lievers, therefore, whether Jews or Heathens, might have clear. Saint Paul is sent prisoner to Rome in the autumn of the made objections to our religion if it had not been shown that same year in which Festus arrived in Judæa : he suffers shipChrist's declarations were really fulfilled.-2. To deliver wreck, passes the winter in Malta, and arrives in Rome in the such accounts as proved the claim of the Gentiles to admis- following year, that is

, in 63. (ch. xxvi. xxvii. xxviii.) sion into the Church of Christ,-a claim disputed by the “ The Acts of the Apostles close with the end of the second Jews, especially at the time when Saint Luke wrote the Acts year of Saint Paul's imprisonment in Rome : consequently in the of the Apostles. And it was this very circumstance which year 65. (ch. xxviii. 30.)” excited the hatred of the Jews against Saint Paul, and occa

It is difficult to determine the date of the events that hapsioned his imprisonment in Rome, with which Saint Luke closes his history. Hence we see the reason why he relates pened between the epochs 33 and 34, and between 44 and 60, (ch. viii.) the conversion of the Samaritans, and (ch. x. xi.) especially the time of Saint Paul's conversion and of the the story of Cornelius, whom Saint Peter (to whose authority these transactions A. d. 35, others in 38. But, though


council at Jerusalem : Archbishop Usher places the first of the adversaries of Saint Paul had appealed in favour of circumcision2) baptized, though he was not of the

circumcision. be formed. Thus, Michaelis remarks, Saint Stephen hardlý

cannot attain to absolute certainty, a probable conjecture may Hence also Saint Luke relates the determination of the first suffered martyrdom before Pilate was recalled from

the gocouncil in Jerusalem relative to the Levitical law: and for the same reason he is more diffuse in his account of Saint Paul's vernment of Judæa; because, under that procurator, the Jews conversion, and Saint Paul's preaching the Gospel to the had not the power of inflicting capital punishments. Now, Gentiles, than on any other subject. It is true that the whole according to Usher, the year in which Pilate was recalled, relation, which Saint Luke has given (ch. xii.), has no con

was the thirty-sixth of the Christian æra : Saint Stephen's marnection with the conversion of the Gentiles : but during the tyrdom, therefore, probably happened after 36.—If this be period to which that chapter relates, Saint Paul himself was after 36, and therefore 35 is too early a date. But how long present at Jerusalem (see Acts xi. 30. xii. 25.), and it is pro- after 36, whether in 38, cannot be determined. bable, for that reason, that Saint Luke has introduced it. But there is, 3. A third opinion which Michaelis thinks not ranged between 33 and 36, Michaelis cannot determine : for

In what manner the chapters iii. iv. v. vi. are to be ardevoid of probability, viz. that Saint Luke might design to what chronologers have said is mere conjecture, and not calrecord only those facts, which he had either seen himself or culation. The same uncertainty prevails in respect to ch. had heard from eye-witnesses.3

viii. and x.: for we can affirm nothing more, than that the Irenæus adversus Hæreses, lib. iii. c. 12. Theodoret, Hist. Eccl. lib. 1. c. 2. Augustine epist. 251. et contra Faustum, lib. xix. c. 31.

one must be placed before the other after 36. We are like

wise in the dark with respect to ch. xiii. xiv. and several • Michaelis, vol. iii

. part i. pp. 327–331. Dr. Benson, however, is of opi- other chapters. Of ch. xvi. we may assert, that it belongs nion that Saint Luke designed his book to be only a concise specimen of the doctrines preached by the apostles, and that he was chiefly desirous

to a period at least six years prior to the fourth epoch, or the of describing the inanner in which the Jews, proselytes of the gate, or

year 60 : for a year and a half at Corinth, three years at devout Gentiles, and the idolatrous Gentiles, were respectively converted. Ephesus, and the time spent on several journeys, can hardly be Hence this learned author divides the book into three parts

or books, viz. pressed into a smaller compass than that of six years. To ch. allong the Jews only, from A. D. 33. to A. D. 41. including chapter ii. to x 2 xvi., therefore, the latest date which can be assigned is 54 : and The second comprises an account of the spreading of Christianity among it is not improbable that it should be dated still earlier. * the derou Gentiles, together with its farther progress among the Jews, a. D. 11. 10 A.D 41. (Acts x.- xiii.) 3. And the third part comprehends the • Michaelis, vol. iii. part. i. pp. 336–338. The chronology of the Acts of diffusion of Christianity among the idolatrous Gentiles, together with its the Apostles is discussed at considerable length in Hug's Introduction to further progress among the two preceding classes of persons, A. D. 14. 10 New Test. vol. ii. pp. 312–334., and (so far as concerns the travels and A. D. 63. (Acts xiii.- xxviii.) Benson's Hist. of the Firsi Planting of Chris. writings of Saint Paul) by the reviewer of that work in the British Crilie tianity, vol. j. pp. 22–24.

for April 1828, pp. 201-317.

> Ser Galat. ii. 6-21.

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VI. The Acts of the Apostles, as they appear in our co-other books of the New Testament, particularly in the pies, may be divided into three principal parts; viz. speeches delivered by Saint Paul at Athens, and before the Part I. contains the Rise and Progress of the Mother Church Roman governors. It is further worthy of remark, that Saint at Jerusalem from the Time of our Saviour's Ascension to the Luke has well supported the character of each person whom first Jewish Persecution. (ch. i.-viii.)

he has introduced as speaking. Thus the speeches and disSect. 1. The transactions before and after Jesus Christ's destitute of all those ornaments which usually occur in the

courses of St. Peter are recorded with simplicity, and are ascension into heaven. (i.)

orations of the Greeks and Romans. Nearly similar are the Sect. 2. The descent of the Holy Spirit on he apostles at the speeches of Saint Paul, which were addressed to the Jews,

feast of Pentecost, and Peter’s discourse to the people in while those delivered by the same apostle before a heathen consequence of it. (ii.)

audience are widely different. Thus, in his discourse deliSect. 3. A lame man healed by Peter and John-Peter's vered at Antioch in Pisidia, he commences with a long peridiscourse to the people-Events that befel the apostles in phrasis, which would not have been either instructive or enconsequence of that miracle. (iii. iv.)

tertaining in any other place than a Jewish synagogue. On Sect. 4. The death of Ananias and Sapphira—Miracles of the contrary, the speech of the martyr Stephen (Acts vii.) is

the apostles,--who are scourged and dismissed. (v.) altogether of a different description. It is a learned but Sect. 5. The institution of deacons—the discourse and mar- unpremeditated discourse, pronounced by a person totally un

tyrdom of Stephen,—and the first Jewish persecution. (vi. acquainted with the art of oratory; and though he certaiuly vii. viii. 1-4.)

had a particular object in view, to which the several parts of Part II. comprises the Dispersion of the Disciplesthe Pro- his discourse were directed, yet it is dificult to discover this

pagation of Christianity among the Samaritans the Con- object, because his materials are not regularly disposed version of Saint Paul, and the Foundation of a Christian Lastly, Saint Paul's discourses before assemblies that wen Church at Antioch. (viii. 5.-xii.)

accustomed to Grecian oratory, are totally different from am

of the preceding. Though not adorned with the flowers of Sect. 1. The planting of the church at Samaria. (viii. 5—25.) rhetoric, the language is pointed and energetic, and the ma Sect. 2. The conversion of the Ethiopian eunuch. (viii. terials are judiciously selected and arranged, as is manifes 26–40.)

in his speech delivered at Athens (Acts xvii. 22—31.), ane Sect. 3. The conversion, baptism, and first preaching of in his two defences of himself before the Roman governor Saint Paul. (ix.)

of Judæa. (xxiv. xxvi.) Dr. Benson and Michaelis, how Sect. 4. Account of two miracles performed by Peter, and ever, are both of opinion, that Saint Luke has given abstract

the conversion of Cornelius and his family. (x. xi. 1—18.) only, and notathe whole, of Saint Paul's speeches; for in his Sect. 5. The first Gentile church founded at Antioch. (xi. speech before Felix, he must certainly have said more than is 19—30.)

recorded by Saint Luke (xxiv. 12, 13.); unless we suppose Sect. 6. The apostle James put to death by Herod Agrippa, – that Saint Paul merely denied the charge which had beer relation of his miserable death. (xii.)

laid against him, without confuting it. Michaelis adds, tha Part III. describes the Conversion of the more remote Gentiles, abstracts : and that, if he has not retained the very words o

in his opinion Saint Luke has shown great judgment in thes by Barnabas and Paul, and, after their Separation, by Paul Saint Paul, he has adopted such as were well suited to t and his Associates, among whom was Luke himself during polished audiences before which the apostle spoke. the latter Part of Paul's Labours. (xii.—xxviii.)

VIII. The Acts of the Apostles afford abundant eviden Sect. 1. The planting of several churches in the isle of of the truth and divine original of the Christian religio

Cyprus, at Perga in Pamphylia, Antioch in Pisidia, Ico- for we learn from this book, that the Gospel was not indebt nium, Lystra, and Derbe—The return of Saint Paul to for its success to deceit or fraud, but that it was wholly t Antioch. (xiii. xiv.)

result of the mighty power of God, and of the excellen Sect. 2. Discussion of the question by the apostles at Jeru- and efficacy of the saving truths which it contains. Tl

salem concerning the necessity of circumcision, and of general and particular doctrines, comprised in the Acts of th observing the law-Their letter to the churches on this Apostles, are perfectly in unison with the glorious truths ! subject. xv. 1-35.)

vealed in the Gospels, and illustrated in the Apostolic Epis Sect. 3. Paul's second departure from Antioch—He preaches tles; and are admirably suited to the state of the persor

the Gospel in various countries, particularly at Philippi in whether Jews or Gentiles, to whom they were address Macedonia—the conversion of the Philippian gaoler. (xv. And the evidence which the apostles gave of their doctrin 36–41. xvi.)

in their appeals to prophecies and miracles, and the vario Secr. 4. The journeys and apostolical labours of Paul and gifts of the Spirit, were so numerous and so strong, and

his associates at Thessalonica, Berea, and Athens-His the same time so admirably adapted to every class of perso masterly apology before the court of the Areopagites. (xvii.) that the truth of the religion which they attest cannot Sect. 5. Paul's journey to Corinth, and thence to Antioch. reasonably disputed. (xviii, 1–22.)

Further, the history itself is credible. It was written by SECT. 6. Paul's third departure from Antioch-Consequences person who was acquainted with the various circumstanc of his preaching at Ephesus. (xviii. 23—28. xix.)

which he relates, and who was both able and disposed SECT. 7. The labours of Paul in Greece and Asia Minor, and give a faithful narrative of every thing that occurred. Sai his journey towards Jerusalem. (xx.)

Luke was a companion of the apostles; he was himself Sect. 8. The persecution of Paul at Jerusalem—He is sent cerned in many of the incidents he has recorded. In

eye and ear witness of the facts, and was personally co a prisoner to Cæsarea. (xxi.—xxiii. 1—30.) SECT. 9. Paul's arrival at Cæsarea—the charges of the Jews the miraculous facts related in it are neither impossil

history itself there are no inconsistencies or contradiction against him— His defence before Felix— Appeal to Cæsar, when we consider the almighty power of God to which th His defence before Agrippa, at whose request his cause was

are ascribed ; nor improbable, when we consider the gre reheard. (xxiii. 31–35. xxiv.—xxvi.)

design and occasion on account of which they were perfor Sect. 10. Narrative of Paul's voyage from Cæsarea–His ed. "The plainness and simplicity of the narrative are a

shipwreck on the isle of Malta–His voyage thence to Rome, strong circumstances in its favour. The writer appears where he preaches the Gospel to the Jews, and resides for have been very honest and impartial, and to have set do two years. (xxvii. xxviii.)

fairly the objections which were made to Christianity be In perusing the Acts of the Apostles, it will be desirable by Jews and Heathens, and the reflections which were constantly to refer to the accompanying map of their respect- upon it, as well as upon its first preachers.

He has, lil ive journeys, particularly those of Saint Paul. In con- wise, with a just and ingenuous freedom, mentioned 1 structing this map, the accurate geographer D'Anville has weaknesses, faults, and prejudices, both of the apostles a principally been followed; the courses of the several winds of their converts. The occasional hints, which are dispers that usually blow in the Levant or Mediterranean Sea, to- through the epistles of Saint Paul, harmonize with the fa gether with their ancient names, are inserted from Dr. Shaw. related in the history of the Acts of the Apostles; so t VII. The narrative of the Acts of the Apostles is per- this history is the best guide

we can have in studying spicuous and noble. Though it is not entirely free from epistles. The other parts of the New Testament are in Hebraisms, it is in general much purer than that of most

• Michaelis, vol. iii. part i. pp. 331-335, Benson's History of the First 1 Travels in Barbary, vol. ii. p. 131. 3d edit.

Planting of Christianity, vol. ii. p. 258.

Acts xiij. 16-41.

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