(15th), and Clearing House return shows turnover exceeded all previous records, being 109 millions, owing to heavy Stock Exchange settlement. Russian loans for 20 millions sterling arranged in Paris. Treasury Bills for £2,500,000 placed at average of £3 138. 21. per cent. for six months' bills. Subscriptions invited for £1,555,000 Natal 3 per cent. stock at 924 per cent., and for £2,000,000 London County 3 per cent. stock at 98 per cent. Continued boom in American Railways, but early in month they collapse in New York. Upward movement promptly resumed, Northern Pacific shares on 6th rising 22 dollars. Panic in New York on 9th, Northern Pacific rises to $1,000 owing to a "corner." On 13th Stock Exchange Committee suspended buying in" of these shares. Markets close harder, including the American and Canadian. Stock Exchange centenary celebrated. Messrs. Morgan buy up the Leyland Steamship line. Trade returns (April) unsatisfactory, imports up £3,700,000, or 8.7 per cent.; exports up £658,000, or 2'9 per cent.

June. Bank rate, 4 per cent., reduced to 34 per cent. on 6th, and to 3 per cent. on 13th. German bank rate lowered (18th) from 4 to 31 per cent. Strong competition for bills, and rate falls from 3 to 24 per cent.; money plentiful. Bar silver droops to 274d. per ounce. Treasury Bills for £1,588,000 allotted at average rate of £3 2. 10d. per cent. for twelve months' bills. Stock markets very quiet, but firm until end of month, when failure of Leipziger bank and small bank in New York causes depression. Northern Pacific "buying in" order rescinded, difficulty being settled. Vickers, Sons, & Maxim issue 1,100,000 new ordinary shares. Crushing returns by Rand mines resumed. Trade returns (May) poor, imports being down £1,449,000, or 3'3 per cent., and exports down £1,159,000, or 3'3 per


July.-Bank rate, 3 per cent. Money plentiful; discounts steady at 24 to 28 per cent. Indian loan for £3,000,000, offered at 98 per cent., withdrawn, only £709,500 allotted; failure attributed to fall in price of Consols, which on July_15 touched 9r, being lowest for thirty years. Bar silver declines from 274d. to 2613d. per ounce. Stock markets stagnant and depressed. Seven failures. Closing firmer. Abandonment of Argentine Unification Scheme. Home Railway dividends lowest for many years. Fall in London Omnibus and Road Car shares on serious reductions in dividend. Bryant & May bought up by Diamond Match Company. Mr. Hutchins retires from managership of National Discount Company. Trade returns (June) poor; imports down £305,000, or o'7 per cent; exports down £2,451,000, or 97 per cent. August.-Bank rate, 3 per cent. Money plentiful; large arrivals of gold; discount falls to 2 per cent. Bar silver declines to 26 d., and recovers to 27d. per ounce. Treasury Bills for £1,000,000 allotted in twelve months' bills at average rate of £2 19s. per cent. Stock Exchange business quiet, but tone firmer, especially for gilt-edged stocks. Rise in Grand Trunk issues. Ginsberg mine resumes work. Whitaker Wright party defeated at Le Roi Mine meeting. Cominittee of Allsopps recommend severe cutting down of capital to meet losses. Petition presented for compulsory winding-up of London and Globe Finance Corporation. Textile combinations issue very unfavourable reports. Trade returns (July) not encouraging; imports up £2,765,000, or 6.8 per icent.; exports down L165,000, or 0.7 per


September-Bank rate, 3 per cent. German : bank rate raised (22nd) from 3 to 4 per cent. Money cheap; discount hardens to 2 per cent. Small amount gold secured in Paris for New York; half million withdrawn from Bank of: England for Germany; India Sterling Bills for £1,000,000 placed at average rate of £3 15. 11d. per cent. for twelve months; and Treasury Bills for £2,000,000 placed at average rate of £2 195. 7d. for twelve months. Issue of New South Wales 3 per cent. Inscribed Stock for £4,000,000 at 94 per cent.; Western Australia 3 per cent. Inscribed Stock for £1,500,000 at 91 per cent. ; Queensland 3 per cent. Inscribed Stock for £1,374,213 at 914 per cent.; and Newfoundland 34 per cent. Sterling Bonds for £465,000 at 934per cent. Zanzibar 3 per cent. Guaranteed Loan. for £100,000 offered for tender at minimum of par.. Stock markets quiet and weak, especially Consols on fears that Government will need more money, and American Securities on death of President McKinley, Armstrong Whitworth shares fall on reduction of dividend to 12 per cent. Copper shares flat on American selling, and reduced dividends. Sharp recovery in South Eastern Railway Deferred Stock on "bear covering. Trade returns (August) poor; imports down £1,160,000, or 2'7 per cent.; exports down £779,000, or over 3 per cent.


A retrospective glance at the books published during the year-October, 1900, to October, 1901 -leads to the conclusion that a great change in the form of literary production has not only proceeded, but will still further proceed. At first sight it seems as though the six-shilling novel is doomed to make way for its less elegant usurper, which, bound in nothing more dignified than paper, and betraying other signs of cheapness, has demanded the attention of readers. It is probable, however, that the abundance of cheap editions will cause the sickness of excess, and there will be a reaction in favour of the more elaborate volume.

Several causes have disturbed the issue of more serious literature. The continuance of the war in South Africa, the unsettled state of China, and the death of Queen Victoria, have each con-tributed to the staying of the publishers' hands. Yet, naturally, these deterrents have influenced the output of books dealing with these events. The abridged edition of "The Life of Queen Victoria," by Mr. R. R. Holmes, of Windsor Castle, is undoubtedly the most authentic, from the special facilities granted to the author.

Books innumerable have been published on the Boer War, and many premature judgments expressed. The Times and the Illustrated London News issued volumes in parts from information principally gleaned by their correspondents. Mr. Mortimer Menpes published his "Impressions," with characteristic illustrations reproduced in colour from originals, many f which were exhibited at the Fine Art Society's Gallery in the spring. Major Norris wrote a military retrospect, as did Lieut.-Colonel E. S. May; Major-General Mackinnon published the journal of the C.I.V.'s; Dr. Conan Doyle wrote an account; and many records in parts were published.


Numerous "series " and "editions have been laid piecemeal seductively before the public. Of these may be mentioned "The Great Masters in Painting and Sculpture" series, the Handbooks to the Great Public Schools," the

"Mediaeval Town" series, the "Cathedral" series, "The Chiswick Shakespeare," edited by John Dennis and illustrated by Byam Shaw, "The Temple Classics" and "The Temple Cyclopædic Primers." "The Complete Library," a series of reprints of standard works in English and foreign literature, started with the works of Keats.

Several important works on Art have been published. A new departure of a popular character was an excellent reproduction, in shilling parts, of "The Hundred Best Pictures " (Charles Letts & Co.); the publication was universally commended and the sale was phenomenal. Sir Walter Armstrong's "Sir Joshua Reynolds, P.R.A.," is one of an important series of monographs on artists. The same author has in preparation one on J. M. W. Turner, R.A. Mr. Lionel Cust, who has recently been appointed H.M. Surveyor of Royal Palaces, has written a book on "Anthony van Dyck and the following are important studies:Mrs. Cartwright's "Painters of Florence," Lady Dilke's "French Architects and Sculptors of the 18th Century," Mr. Walter Crane's "Line and Form," Dr. Bode's "Rembrandt," M. Gonse's "Les Chefs d'Euvres des Musées de France,' and "One Hundred Photogravures of the Kann Collection, Paris," a magnificent production. A facsimile reprint of The Germ, the literary organ of the pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, originally published in 1850, was an interesting reminder of this short-lived magazine.

Among architectural publications the completion of Messrs. John Belcher and Mervyn Macartney's "Late Renaissance in England' must be mentioned. Messrs. Inigo Triggs and Henry Tanner, junr., compiled an admirable work, with reproductions from their own measured drawings, on "Some Architectural Works of Inigo Jones."

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The following are some recently-issued books of general interest:-"Oliver Cromwell," a scholarly work, by the Right Hon. John Morley; "The Englishman in China during the Victorian Era, as illustrated in the career of Sir Rutherford Alcock, K.C.B., D.C.L.," by Mr. A. Mitchie ; "The Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley," by his son, Leonard Huxley; "Napoleon: the Last Phase," by Lord Rosebery; "The Life and Letters of Zachary Macaulay," by his grand-daughter, the Viscountess Knutsford; "Milton," by Prof. Walter Raleigh; "A History of Criticism and Literary Taste in Europe from the earliest times to the present day," by Prof. Geo. Saintsbury; The Man in the Iron Mask," a history of the Legend of the Bastille, by Mr. Tighe Hopkins; "Mr. Gladstone as Chancellor of the Exchequer," by Mr. Sydney Buxton, M.P.; "Charles II.," by Mr. Osmund Airy, one of the sumptuous monographs (of which the next will be "Henry VIII.") from the house of Goupil; "Secret Chambers and Hiding Places," and "King Monmouth," by Mr. Allan Fea; "The Love Letters of Prince Bismarck," edited by Prince Herbert Bismarck; "Sport and Travel, East and West," by Mr. Frederick C. Se'ous; "The Alfred Jewel," by Dr. Earle; "Don Quixote," by Judge Parry, illustrated by Mr. Walter Crane; "Hans Andersen's Fairy Tales," illustrated by Hans Tegner; "A Reading of Life, and other Poems," by Mr. George Meredith; "The Cinque Ports," by Mr. J. Madox Hueffer; "The Life of Hodson of Hodson's Horse," by Captain Lionel J. Trotter. A great many books on gardens and gardening have been published.

There have been many additions to periodical

literature: The Candid Friend, The Kensington, The Smart Set, The Tatler, The Thrush, The Empire Review, The Onlooker, The New Liberal Review, and The Connoisseur.

Anonymity has been the sensation in the year's fiction. In spite of prophesies of a timely ac knowledgment, the authorship of "An Englishwoman's Love Letters" still remains obscure. Of whatever name or reputation, the writer is a cunning craftsman. This book was cleverly parodied anonymously in "An Englishman's Love Letters. "Another Englishwoman's Love Letters," by Barry Pain, followed in the same vein. "The Visits of Elizabeth," an ingenious production, was parodied in "The Visits of Henry VIII." by the author of "An Englishman's Love Letters." Other fiction included Mr. Anthony Hope's "Tristram of Blent," reprinted from the Monthly Review, Mrs. Humphry Ward's "Eleanor," Mr. Hall Caine's

The Eternal City," Mr. Winston Churchill's "The Crisis," "The Aristocrats" (anon.), and Mr. Charles Marriott's "The Column." Mr. Conan Doyle resumed "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes."

An International Congress of Publishers was held at Leipzig in June, and several delegates attended from London. Mr. Norman Maccoll, for over thirty years editor of The Athenæum, retired with the beginning of the new century, Mr. J. Knowles, editor of The Nineteenth Century, solved the difficulty of title in the 20th century by happily adding and After. A first edition of "The Pilgrim's Progress' sold in May for £1,475, and in July "The Roya Book" from the Caxton Press fetched £1,550.


Death has removed several men of letters from their labours: Dr. Mandell Creighton (Bishop of London), Miss Charlotte M. Yonge, Sir Walter Besant, Mr. R. W. Buchanan, Dr. Fitz-Edward Hall, Mr. J. Hamblin Smith, Mr. Cosmo Monkhouse, and Mr. W. J. Stillman. Mr. George M. Smith, of Messrs. Smith, Elder and Co., just lived to see the completion of his "Dictionary of National Biography," to which a supple. ment has been issued, including all names up to the 22nd January, 1901, among which will be that of Queen Victoria.


October, 1900.-2nd to 5th-The Birmingham Musical Festival: Elgar's "Dream of Gerontius" was the novelty; the entire net balance was paid by the committee to the General Hospital. A Russian symphony, entitled "Antar," by RimskyKorsakoff, was performed at the Queen's Hall Promenade Concerts. 13th- The annual meeting of the London section of the Incorporated Society of Musicians took place.

November.-7th-The revival of "Patience" at the Savoy. Sir John Stainer was elected Master of the Musicians Company, one of the City Livery Companies. The Hallé Concerts, Manchester, under Dr. Richter, entered upon their forty-third season. 10th--A comic opera, "The Gay Pretenders," by Grossmith (junr., Nugent and Rubens, produced at the Globe Theatre. 16th-Adolf Pollitzer, a celebrated violinist, died. 22nd-A great loss to the musical world was sustained by the death of Sir Arthur Sullivan. 27th-The newly-built Colston Hall, Bristol, opened; the organ, costing some £5,000, was presented by Sir W. H. Wills. Goldmark's "Cricket on the Hearth" was given for the first time in England by the Carl Resa Opera Company with great success. "A Basso Porto," by

Spinelli, and "Cinq Mars," by Gounod, were also produced by the same company.

December.-8th-Henry Russell died, aged 88. 12th-Mr. Edward Lloyd took his farewell of London at the Albert Hall, and received an extraordinary outburst of enthusiasm. London County Council recommended that Sunday performances may be allowed to extend through September, and also to provide special open-air concerts on early-closing nights in certain districts. Sims Reeves's "Art of Singing," left in MS. by the great tenor, published by Chappell and Co. Copyright of song "O Divine Redeemer," by Gounod, sold for £616 10s. by Puttick & Simpson. 26th-M. Rivière, the conductor, died, aged 82.

January, 1901.-The principal operatic event was Mascagni's "Maschere," produced in Italy. The Incorporated Society of Music conference took place at Llandudno from the 1st to 4th. On the 11th, at the Popular Concerts, a new quartet in E minor, for strings, by Saint-Saens, was performed. Dr. Villiers Stanford was appointed conductor of the Leeds Musical Festival. 27thVerdi, the great operatic composer, died at Milan, aged 88. 29th--The Rev. H. R. Haweis, author of "Music and Morals," died, aged 63.

February. The musical season was temporarily checked by the death of Queen Victoria. Dr. E. J. Hopkins, fifty-five years organist of the Temple Church, died on the 4th, aged 82. The St. James's Hall Ballad Concerts re-commenced on the 6th; and the Crystal Palace Concerts, under Mr. A. Manns, were resumed. The Apollo Theatre opened on the 21st with the "Belle of Bohemia," by H. B. Smith and L. Englander; the opera, however, had but a short run.

March.-18th-The first Monday Popular Concert of the forty-third season took place. 23rd-Mr. R. D'Oyly Carte, founder of the Savoy and producer of all the Gilbert and Sullivan operas, died. 27th-A symphonic poem, by W. Wallace, was played at the Philharmonic Concert. Hugo Becker's Violoncello Concerto in A was the novelty at the Crystal Palace Concerts. Mr. Paul Kester's play, "Sweet Nell of Old Drury," was produced with great success at the Globe Theatre. 31st-Sir John Stainer, organist, and Inspector of Music under the Education Department, died.

April.-13th-The Italian Opera Season commenced. Puttick & Simpson sold the copyright of the part-song "Song of the Vikings," by E. Faning, for 248 125. 25th-The Joachim Quintet Party gave six concerts in St. James's Hall, commencing on this date, the platform being erected in the centre of the hall as in the old Musical Union days. 27th "The Emerald Isle," by Basil Hood and Sir A. Sullivan, harmonised and orchestrated by E. German, was produced at the Savoy with great success. 29th-The London Musical Festival at the Queen's Hall began. Miss Alice Barnett, who created the part of Ruth in the "Pirates of Penzance" in New York, died.

May.-4th-The London Musical Festival finished. The "Feis Ceoil" in Dublin met with great success. The Glasgow Choral Union assisted at the opening of the International Exhibition. 28th-Villiers Stanford's opera, "Much Ado about Nothing," was produced at Covent Garden. "The Only Way" revived at the Apollo. A new comedy, "Women are SO Serious," by Brandon Thomas, was produced at the Globe. A violin, by A. Stradivari (1714), was sold by Puttick & Simpson for £660. The deaths

of H. F. Frost (organist and musical critic, Franz Rummel (the well-known pianist), and Cornelius Gurlitt (composer) took place this month,

June.-3rd-Bechstein's Concert Hall opened in Wigmore Street. 15th-The Patti Concert was given at the Albert Hall, E. Elgar's overture, "Cockaigne," was performed at the last Philharmonic Concert, and was received with great approbation. 23rd-Charles Salaman, the composer, died, aged 87. 27th-The Peterborough and Lincoln Triennial Festival. Mme. Sarah Bernhardt had a short season at Her Majesty's, and received a cordial reception. At the Lyric, a musical extravaganza, "The Silver Slipper," produced, and "A Lady of Texas" at the Great Queen Street Theatre. 'Becky Sharp," adapted from "Vanity Fair," produced at the Grand, Croydon. Max Golberg's "Secrets of the Harem,' a play produced in 1896, prohibited by the Lord Chamberlain.



July. A performance of Purcell's Fairy Queen"; great interest was attached to the performance in consequence of the valuable find by J. S. Shedlock in the Royal Academy of Music of a score containing some additional numbers, said to have been missing 200 years. 16th-"The Vengeance of Mrs. Vansittart" was produced at the Garrick. 30th-The Royal Italian Opera Season finished with Gounod's "Romeo and Juliet." A Flemish double harpsichord of the 17th century realised £40 at Puttick & Simpson's sale. The deaths of John Farmer (of Oxford), Alfredo Piatti, and Miss Emily Shinner were recorded.

August.-5th-The new Grand Theatre, Llandudno, opened. "A Man of His Word," by Boyle Lawrence, produced at Imperial Theatre on the 21st. 22nd-"The Giddy Goat" at Terry's. 24th-The Promenade Concerts began at Queen's Hall. 27th-"Becky Sharp," adapted by R. Hichens and C. G. Lennox, at the Prince of Wales's.

September.-Gloucester Musical Festival from 8th to 13th. New cantatas by Sir H. Parry and Sir F. Bridge. Rhyl Pier Pavilion destroyed by fire on the 14th. The death of Kellow J. Pye, musical composer, aged 95, was announced on the 22nd. This month's theatrical productions were numerous: "When We were Twenty," by H. F. Esmond, Comedy, on the 2nd; "John Durnford, M.P.," by Stuart Ogilvie, Court, on the 5th; "Sherlock Holmes," Lyceum, on the 9th: "The Whirl of the Town," musical play by H. Morton and G. Kerker, Century (Adelphi), on the 11th; "Are you a Mason?" Shaftesbury, on the 12th;" The Undercurrent," by R.C.Carter, Criterion, on the 14th; "The Great Millionaire," by C. Raleigh, Drury Lane, on the roth; "Iris," by A. W. Pinero, Garrick, on the 21st.


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Election resulted in the defeat of Sir Charles Tupper (7th). Arrest of conspirators at Johannes. burg on the alleged accusation of plotting to assassinate Lord Roberts (16th). Ex-President Kruger arrived at Marseilles (22nd).

December. The 15th Parliament of Queen Victoria opened (3rd). Ex-President Kruger arrived at the Hague; the Afrikander Congress opened in Cape Colony (6th). Ex-President Kruger received by Queen Wilhelmina (8th). Mr. Davis's amendment to the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty carried in the Senate by 65 to 17 votes (13th). The Supplementary War Loan and Appropriation Bill passed, and Parliament prorogued to Feb. 14th (15th). The first Federal Ministry of Australia formed by Mr. Barton (30th).

January, 1901.-Inauguration at Sydney of the Australian Commonwealth (1st). Mr. Malan, editor of Ons Land, arrested on charge of libel for reflecting on the conduct of General French (6th). Mass meeting held at Battersea to protest against the war, and addressed by Mr. John Burns, M.P. (13th). Both Houses of Parliament assembled in order that members might take the oath of allegiance to King Edward VII. (23rd). An address of sympathy with the King passed in both Houses (25th).

February.-Marriage of the Queen of Holland and Duke Henry of Mecklenburgh-Schwerin at the Hague; (7th). Marriage of the Princess of Asturias to Prince Carlos of Bourbon at Madrid; King Edward VII. opens his first Parliament in person 14th). The debate on the address lasted from the 14th to the 26th. In the House of Lords Lord Avebury moved the appointment of a select committee on hours of labour in shops (26th).

March. The Army Estimate, amounting to £87,915,000 for 450,000 men, issued in the House of Commons (1st). The excommunication of Count Tolstoi published in Russia (10th). The Navy Estimates, £30,875,676, introduced into the House of Commons by Mr. Arnold Forster (18th). Sir R. Reid presented a petition from Mr. Merriman and Mr. Sauer, asking that they might be heard at the Bar of the House (25th); a request which Mr. Balfour refused (28th). The elections to the first Federal Parliament of Australia took place (29th).

April.-Monmouth Borough election petition trial concluded at Newport, Dr. Rutherfoord Harris being unseated (2nd). The Federal elections in Australia concluded with a small majority for Mr. Barton's Ministry (5th). The Australian Federal Ministry held its first sitting at Melbourne (10th). The Budget resolution raising the income-tax to 1s. 2d. in the passed by 363 to 88 votes (23rd). Deputations to Sir M. Hicks-Beach protesting against the proposed tax on export coal (26th and 29th).

May.-Meeting at Cardiff of delegates representing 170,000 colliers to protest against the coal-tax; resolutions passed at public meetings in Malta against imposing the English language upon the inhabitants (6th). First Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia opened by the Duke of Cornwall and York (9th). Arabi Pasha and Mustapha Femy permitted to return to Egypt after 19 years' banishment (22nd). Sir Alfred Milner reached England from the Cape (24th).

National Reform Union entertained Sir William Harcourt and Sir H. Campbell-Bannerman to dinner (14th). Mr. Findley, Labour member for Melbourne, expelled from the Victorian Assembly for reproducing in a Melbourne newspaper the article libelling the King which appeared in the Irish People (25th).

July,-Meeting of the Liberal Party at the Reform Club to discuss their differences; a unanimous vote of confidence in the leadership of Sir H. Campbell-Bannerman passed 9th). Meeting at the Guildhall, a resolution expressing complete confidence in the South African policy of the Government passed (10th). Lord Rosebery issued his letter to the City Liberal Club on the state of the Liberal Party 16th). Earl Russell tried by his peers for bigamy and sentenced to three months' imprisonment 18th). Dinner to Mr. Asquith (19th). Lord Milner presented with the freedom of the City of London 23rd). Mr. Van Rhyn, member of the Cape Legislative Council, arrested on a charge of treason (31st).

August.-Death of the Empress Frederick of Germany (5th). Lord Milner left Southampton for Cape Town; Unionist Demonstration at Blenheim Palace (10th). Death of Signor Crisp, (11th). Parliament prorogued to Nov. 5th (17th).

June. Affray between English and French and German soldiers at Tientsin; Kruitzinger's commando captured the village of Jamestown (2nd). Count Von Waldersee left Pekin (3rd). De Wet defeated with loss of convoy, ammuni tion, and prisoners near Reitz (6th). The

September-Dr. E. Krause, formerly one of the officials of the late Boer Government, arrested in London on a charge of high treason in the Transvaal (2nd). Capture of the whole of Lotter's commando with all their belongings by Col. Scobell, near Petersburg, Cape Colony (5th). President McKinley shot by an Anarchist (6th). Universal Peace Congress opened in Glasgow (10th). Death of President McKinley (14th).


October, 1900.-Bishop Bickersteth, of Exeter, announced his resignation. "Round Table Conference" on Holy Communion met (roth to 13th) at Fulham. Rev. Charles Garrett, Wesleyan, of Liverpool, died on 21st. At the annual conference of the Congregational Union at Newcastle, Mr. Carvell Williams said disestablishment would alone restore Protestantism to the Church of England. On 29th, a service of thanksgiving for return of C.I.V.'s was held at St. Paul's.

November.-Formal complaint of ritual irregu larities was made against five London incumbents. Round Table Conference report showed divergence of views respecting the Real Presence in the Holy Communion. Lord Halifax suggested as a compromise the alternative use of the First Prayer Book of Edward VI. On 28th, Bishop Creighton refused to allow the ritual complaints to proceed.

December.-Dr. Herbert Ryle, son of the late Bishop of Liverpool, appointed to Exeter diocese. On 19th, the second "Memorial Service for those who have fallen in the war" in South Africa was held in St. Paul's. Dr. Parker, of the City Temple, edited the Sun during the week before Christmas. The last night of the century was observed by special services at St. Paul's and Westminster Abbey.

January, 1901. Impressive New Century Services at Canterbury Cathedral, &c. Bishop Creighton died on Monday, 14th, and was buried in St. Paul's on 17th, being the first Bishop interred in the present cathedral. On 22nd, Queen Victoria died. Each day until the funeral a special Memorial Service was used at St. Paul's. On 27th, the Primate preached; it was estimated that 30,000 people could not gain admission.

February.-Special services on 2nd at St. Paul's and Westminster Abbey, in connection with the Queen's funeral at Windsor. On 21st, a meeting was held at the Mansion House to perpetuate the memory of Bishop Creighton. On 22nd, the Twentieth Century League was formed for strengthening and multiplying organisations for providing wholesome recreation for the


March. On 4th, Chancellor Kempe monished the Rev. R. C. Fillingham, vicar of Hexton, Herts, who was convicted for "brawling" in Kettlebaston Church, Suffolk, to refrain from again offending. On 6th, Canon Bright, Regius Professor of Ecclesiastical History at Oxford, writer of several favourite hymns, died. On 8th, the Bishop of Stepney, Dr. A. F. WinningtonIngram, formerly head of Oxford House, Bethnal Green, was appointed Bishop of London.

April.-On 1st, the death of Sir John Stainer was announced. He died at Verona, and was buried at Oxford. Dr. Lang, vicar of Portsea, was appointed Canon of St. Paul's, and subsequently Bishop of Stepney. At the confirmation of Bishop Ingram's election on 17th, the Rev. R. C. Fillingham and Mr. Kensit made protests, which caused disorder. The Bishop was enthroned on 29th, wearing cope and mitre.

May. Dr. Paget, Dean of Christ Church, Oxford, was appointed Bishop of Oxford. Mr. J. H. Dennis gave £15,000 for the erection of the central tower of Truro Cathedral. A deputation from a committee representing professing Christians in Scotland waited upon the Scottish Bishops and General Assemblies of the Church of Scotland and the United Free Church, in favour of a day of prayer for unity.

June. At London Diocesan Conference, the Bishop was requested to summon a second Round Table Conference. The final meeting of the S. P.G. Bicentenary celebration in London took place on 21st. Only about £50,000 had been received towards £250,000. On 27th, the confirmation of the election of Dr. Paget took place at the Church House instead of Bow Church, Cheapside, owing to the former unseemly proceedings.

July.-On 15th, the Bishop of London held a dismissal service on the "Discovery" at Blackwall, prior to its voyage to the Antarctic regions, presenting to the ship a Bible and Prayer Book. The Archbishop of York was presented with a pastoral staff on completing ten years as Northern Primate. On 25th, the Bishop of Tasmania was elected secretary of the S.P.G. in succession to Prebendary Tucker. On 27th, Bishop Westcott, of Durham, died, after a week's illness.

August.-Mr. Somers Clarke issued a report as to the security of St. Paul's, pointing out the danger of further excavations in its vicinity. Dr. Moule, Norrisian Professor of Divinity at Cambridge, was appointed on 21st to the See of Durham. On 24th, Archbishop and Mrs. Temple celebrated their silver wedding.

September.-Third Ecumenical Conference of the Methodist Churches, representing 30 millions of Methodists, was opened on 4th in Wesley's Chapel. The Primate sent a message of hearty goodwill, which was subsequently cordially acknowledged. The Bishop of London wrote a letter expressing a hope for reunion. The reply pointed out the difficulties. At the final meeting on the 17th, an address was sent to the King, and a Memorial Service was held for President McKinley. On 19th, Memorial Services also held at St. Paul's and Westminster Abbey. Mr. W. P. Hartley, Liverpool, offered last 5,000 to Methodist Million Guineas Fund,


October, 1900.-The Earl of Hopetoun entertained at a farewell dinner at the Hotel Cecil (3rd). Death of the Marquess of Bute, K.T. (9th). Sir Redvers Buller started on his return to England (20th). City Imperial Volunteers reach Southampton on their return from the Cape; Sipido, who attempted the Prince of Wales's life, arrested at Billancourt (27th). Death in S. Africa of Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein; march of City Imperial Volunteers from Paddington to St. Paul's and Guildhall (29th). Polling of the last constituency, Orkney and Shetland, in the General Election 30th).

November.-Viscount Wolseley, at the Cutlers' Feast at Sheffield, advocated Army reform (1st).. The Prince of Wales presided at a dinner given by the Honourable Artillery Company to those of its members who had served in the C.I.V. (2nd). Sir Redvers Buller reached Southampton (9th). In the Taff Vale Railway appeal case the Judges decided that a trade union cannot be sued (21st). Sir Redvers Buller presented with a sword of honour at Exeter; death of Sir A. Sullivan (22nd).

December.-The Prince of Wales arrived at Marlborough House from Sandringham; Sir Redvers Buller admitted to the Honorary Freedom and Livery of the Skinners' Company (4th). Luncheon party given at Kensington Palace by H.R.H. Princess Louise and the Duke of Argyll to Canadians who had returned from the war (5th). Mary, Countess of Derby, died (6th). The Queen held a private investiture at Windsor (10th). Irish Exhibition at Windsor opened by Princess Henry of Battenberg after being visited by the Queen (12th). Diplomatic and Official Court held at Windsor (13th). The Queen reached Osborne from Windsor (18th).

Fanuary, 1901.-The Queen received Lord Roberts at Osborne and conferred upon him an Earldom and the Garter (2nd). Death of Bishop Creighton (14th). Official announcement that the Queen's health is a cause of anxiety (19th). Illness of the Queen takes a serious turn (20th). Arrival of German Emperor in London (21st). Death of Queen Victoria (22nd). The Prince of Wales reached London and held his first Council as King at St. James's Palace (23rd). The Prince of Wales proclaimed King Edward VII. (24th). Illness from german measles of H.R.H. the Duke of Cornwall and York (29th). Arrival in London of the King of Portugal and foreign representatives for the Queen's funeral (30th).

February.-Queen Victoria's body brought from Osborne to Portsmouth (1st). Queen's funeral procession through London (2nd). The Queen's body laid in the Mausoleum, Frogmore (4th). The King thanks the Empire for the sympathy and tributes of affection shown (5th). Departure of the German Emperor for Germany; Presentation by Mr. F. J. Horniman, M.P., of his museum at Forest Hill to the L.C.C. for public use (6th). Definite announcement that the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York are to visit Australia (8th). The Hertford Hospital in Paris handed over to the British Government (18th). Departure of the King for Germany (23rd). March. London County Council election, progressive majority 53 (2nd). Mr. Ritchie addressed a meeting in London on Commercial Education (4th). Mr. Chamberlain speaks in London on women's emigration (13th). The Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York left

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