infants and care of their estates. Although there is jurisdiction for a judge of this division to sit with a jury, such a proceeding is practically un known. If the services of a jury are required the case is usually transferred, for trial only, to the King s Bench Division. In all ordinary cases the judge is judge both of fact and of law. When a writ is issued in the Chancery Division the cause is at once assigned for all purposes to one of the judges of that division.

The King's Bench Division.-The President of the Division is the Lord Chief Justice. Ordinarily in civil cases the judges of this division (when sitting as judges of first instance) sit either alone or with a special or common jury. In former days trial by jury was the more popular, but now every year the proportion of non-jury cases increases. All actions arising out of contract, other than those specially assigned to the Chancery Division, or tort are tried here, and as a general rule (the exception being when many of the judges are away on circuit) six or eight courts sit daily for the disposal of this class of business. In addition to the above one judge sits daily in Chambers for the disposal of interlocutory matters before trial. He disposes of summonses taken out in an action for the delivery of, and for further and better answers to, interrogatories; for directions as to procedure; for delivery of particulars as to any part of the claim or defence, and other matters. He also has jurisdiction to grant interim injunctions. To this division has been transferred the jurisdiction in bankruptcy, one judge being appointed to deal with all the work in that department.

Some few years ago it was thought advisable to appoint one judge to devote the whole of his time to the trial of commercial cases, and for this purpose the Commercial Court was established. This Court has been a great success, as all purely commercial cases are tried here, and a speedy trial is ensured after the pleadings are closed, unless indeed the judge orders the case to be set down for trial without pleadings on the hearing of the summons for directions. A day for trial is always fixed, so that all parties concerned know exactly when their attendance at the Law Courts will be necessary.

Divisional Courts (constituted of two or more judges at the discretion of the President) are formed for the purpose of disposing of cases on the Crown or revenue side of the King's Bench Division, appeals from revising barristers, official referees, proceedings on election petitions, cases stated by the Railway Commissioners, cases of habeas corpus, special cases by agreement between the parties, and appeals from Chambers in the King's Bench Division, except in matters of practice and procedure, which go direct to the Court of Appeal. When all the judges are in town, there are usually at least two or three Divisional Courts sitting daily.

Every year a rota of judges is appointed for the trial of election petitions during the year.

Another duty thrown upon the judges of this division is that of commissioners of assize, oyer and terminer and general gaol delivery. Various towns throughout the kingdom are constituted assize towns, and these are visited three times a year by one or more judges of the High Court. It is the duty of the judge to try all prisoners who are in gaol awaiting trial, and so make delivery of the gaol. At all assize towns civil as well as criminal business is taken twice a year, and at some of the larger centres, such as Liverpool and Manchester, civil business is taken at every assize.

The judges of this division constitute yet another Court, the Court for Crown Cases Reserved. This is presided over by the Lord Chief Justice, and is composed of at least five judges, including the Lord Chief Justice. This Court usually sits on a Saturday morning, and disposes of any points of law which have been raised in the prosecution or defence of any prisoner in any criminal court in the land. These points are reserved by the presiding judge for the consideration of the Court for Crown Cases Reserved.

Space does not admit of an account of the many other commissions and enquiries over which His Majesty's judges are periodically called upon to preside, and other duties to perform in all parts of the empire.

Probate, Divorce, and Admiralty Division.Two judges are assigned to this division, the senior of them being the President. Although there are only two judges for this division, for all practical purposes it constitutes three separate and independent divisions of the High Court. The Probate Division grants probate of all wills, and administration to the estates of deceased intestates, and decides as to the validity of disputed wills. On the Divorce side all matrimonial causes are tried, including petitions for divorce, nullity of marriage, judicial separation, and restitution of conjugal rights. The Admiralty Division deals with all questions relating to collisions of ships, salvage services and the like, but actions on charter-parties and for freight are usually tried in the Commercial Court of the King's Bench Division. The judge, when trying Admiralty cases, frequently sits with nautical assessors, who are Elder Brethren of the Trinity House.

County Courts.-England and Wales are divided into 54 circuits, each presided over by a judge, who must be a barrister of at least 7 years' standing. Each circuit contains a district, at specified towns or places in which a court must be held generally at least once a month (except September), but at some places a court need only be held once every two months. Outside the metropolis at least one court on each circuit has jurisdiction in bankruptcy, and some few have also jurisdiction in Admiralty.

The general jurisdiction extends to all personal actions, where the debt, demand, or damage claimed is not more than £50, and to actions of ejectment, where neither the value nor the rent exceeds £50, provided that the defendant or his landlord may, within one month from the day of service of the summons, apply to a judge of the High Court at Chambers for a summons to the plaintiff to show cause why such action should not be tried in the High Court on the ground that the title to lands or hereditaments of greater annual value than £50 would be affected by the decision in such action.

The Court in its equitable jurisdiction can exercise all the powers and authority of the High Court in the following matters where the amount does not exceed £500:1. Actions by creditors, legatees (whether specific, pecuniary or residuary), devisees (whether in trust or otherwise), heirs-at-law, or next-ofkin. 2. For the execution of trusts. 3. For foreclosure or redemption, or for enforcing any charge or lien. 4. For specific performance of, or for the reforming, delivering up, or cancelling of any agreement for the sale, purchase, or lease of any property. 5. Under any of the Trustees Relief Acts or the Trustee Acts. 6. Relating to the maintenance or advancement of infants. For the dissolution or winding up of any partnership. 8. Actions for relief against fraud or


mistake. Transfer is to be made to the Chancery Division of any action exceeding the jurisdiction of the Court.

There are two modes of procedure for the recovery of small debts: 1. The ordinary summons. 2. The default summons. If the debtor can be easily served in person the default summons is the better of the two, because redress-or at least a hearing of the claim-where notice of defence has been given, is much more promptly secured than under an ordinary summons.

The ordinary summons, though rather easier to obtain, takes nearly a month before the case comes on for hearing.

Should the plaintiff not succeed in obtaining payment after judgment has been given in his favour on either class of summons, then 66 execution may be levied against defendant's goods.

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Should plaintiff be unsuccessful in the execution then application should be made to the Court for a judgment summons." When obtaining such a summons the judge must be satisfied that defendant has really the means to pay the amount claimed, and this is not always easy to prove. If, however, such an order is made, and still payment cannot be obtained, the final step is to apply to the judge for an order of committal to prison. Committal does not exonerate from the debt.

Central Criminal Court.-This Court takes the place of an Assize Court for the City and County of London, the County of Middlesex, and parts of the counties of Surrey, Essex, and Kent. The judges of the Court are the Lord Mayor, Lord Chancellor, judges of the High Court of Justice, judge of the Bankruptcy Court, judge of the Admiralty, Dean of the Arches, aldermen of London, past Lord Chancellors or judges, Sir Forrest Fulton, K.C. (Recorder), F. A. Bosanquet, K.C. (Common Serjeant), and R. M. Kerr (judge of the Sheriffs' Court). Sessions are held every month for the trial of prisoners, and usually three courts sit, presided over by a judge of the High Court, the Recorder and the Common Serjeant. Capital charges are always tried by the judge, though the presidents of the other courts have jurisdiction to try such cases. There is jurisdiction, though it is not often exercised, to send a prisoner for trial to the Central Criminal Court from any assize town.


Courts of Quarter Sessions are held quarterly in every county or division of a county having Quarter Sessions. The judges of these courts are the justices of the peace for the county or division. The principal work which falls to their lot is the trial of prisoners who have been committed for trial by the justices in petty sessions. minor offences are triable at sessions, but murder cases, felonies and assaults on women or children must be sent to the assizes for trial. Although all the justices who are sitting have an equal voice in every sentence or decision, in practice the chairman only takes any part in the proceedings. He charges the jury and sentences the prisoners if convicted. Apart from their criminal jurisdiction Courts of Quarter Sessions have a certain appellate jurisdiction. Appeals from sentences or decisions by justices in petty sessions are heard by quarter sessions, also bastardy appeals and rating appeals. They have also an original jurisdiction as the county authority for making orders to close or divert roads or footpaths in the county. Much of the jurisdiction which the courts formerly held was taken away from them by the Local Government Act, 1888, and vested in the county councils. In addition to the county sessions there are many boroughs throughout the country which have


separate courts of quarter sessions, called borough sessions, of their own. The justices of the boroughs sit in these courts, and their jurisdiction in their own boroughs is much the same as that of the county justices in the counties. Borough Sessions Court is presided over by a barrister, called the Recorder, who is paid for his services by the borough; he is supreme in his own Court, and if he likes can ignore the wishes and recommendations of the justices who may be sitting on the bench with him.

The duties and functions of justices sitting in petty sessions, Metropolitan Police Magistrates, and Stipendiary Magistrates require no special explanation here.

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Ecclesiastical Courts.-Are of three kinds :(1) The Courts of the Primates, or Provincial Courts. (2) Diocesan Courts. (3) Archdeacons' Courts. The Provincial Courts in Canterbury are the Court of Arches (the Sanctuary, Westminster) and the Court of Peculiars (now almost obsolete), and in York the Chancery Court. They are quite independent of each other, and appeals from them lie to the Privy Council. The Court of Arches, presided over by the Hon. Sir Arthur Charles, the Official Principal, or Dean of Arches, has an appellate jurisdiction from the Diocesan Courts and from most of the Courts of Peculiars within the Province of Canterbury; it also takes cognisance of certain causes which properly belong to the inferior courts, the jurisdiction being waived by letters of request from such


The Chancery Court in York corresponds to the Court of Arches in Canterbury, and is the general court of appeal for the Diocesan Courts of the Province. The Judge of the court is the Hon. Sir Arthur Charles, who is called the "Official Principal, or Auditor." Since the Public Worship Regulation Act, 1874, the two Archbishops have appointed one and the same Judge to preside over each of the Provincial Courts.

Diocesan or Consistory Courts have cognisance of all matters which arise locally within their own limits, and administer generally all branches of Ecclesiastical Law. The Judge is the Bishop's Chancellor or his Commissary. Appeals from these courts lie to the Archbishops' Provincial Courts.

The Archdeacons' Court is subordinate to the Bishops' Court, to which appeals.lie. The Judge is appointed by the Archdeacon and is called his "Official."

By the provisions of the Clergy Discipline Act, 1892, if a clergyman holding preferment is convicted of any of the offences enumerated in the Act, then his preferment is, without any further trial, to be declared vacant by the Bishop within 21 days. Before the passing of that Act a trial would have been necessary in one of the Ecclesiastical Courts.

Ecclesiastical Court Officials:-ARCHES Court: Registrar, F. H. Lee; Clerk, Kenneth Munro. -FACULTY COURT, 22, Knightrider Street, E.C.: Registrar, W. P. Moore; Clerk, B. B. Bull.Vicar-General's Office, 3, Creed Lane, E.C.: Vicar-General, Sir James Deane, K.C., D.C.L.; Registrar, Harry W. Lee; Apparitor-General, Arthur Ryder; Chief Clerk, T. G. Ryder.DEAN AND CHAPTER OF ST. PAUL'S COURT, 68, St. Paul's Churchyard, E.C.: Commissary, Arthur Milman; Chapter Clerk, H. W. Lee; Receiver, G. Murray.-BISHOP OF LONDON'S CONSISTORY COURT, Dean's Court, Doctor's Commons, E.C.: Chancellor, T. H. Tristram, K.C., D.C.L.; Registrar, H. W. Lee; Apparitor, Arthur Ryder.


ABBREVIATIONS.-L. L. Lord Lieutenant; Q. S., Quarter Sessions; C., Chairman; V.-C., ViceChairman; C. of P., Clerk of the Peace; C. T., County Treasurer; Cf. C., Chief Constable; C. C., County Council; D.,Deputy; C.Cor., County Coroner; C.S.,County Surveyor; C.A.,County Analyst. Con. C., Convener of County; V. Con., Vice-Convener of County; Sh., Sheriff; C. of P., Clerk of the Peace; Co. Cl., County Clerk, Cf. C., Chief Constable; C. C. J., County Court Judge; C. of C., Clerk of the Crown; C. S., Crown Solicitor.

* Except where otherwise stated the Clerk of the Peace is also Clerk of the County Council.

Anglesey.-Pop., 50,590. Acres, 175,836 L. L., Sir Richard Williams Bulkeley. Q. S., alt. Beaumaris, Holyhead and Llangefni. C., Şir Richard H. Williams Bulkeley, Bart. C. of P., John Lloyd Griffith, Holyhead. C. T., Evan M. Roberts. Cf. C., Lewis Prothero, C.C.,* 30 members. C., R. R. Jones.

Bedfordshire.-Pop., 171,249. Acres, 298,494.
L. L., Earl Cowper, K.G. Q. S., Bedford. C.,
Lord St. John. C. of P., Wm. W. Marks,
Bedford. C. T., Thos. Barnard, Cople. Cf. C.,
Lt. Col. F. J. Josselyn, Bedford.
members. C., Duke of Bedford.

C. C., 68

Berkshire.-Pop., 254,931. Acres, 455,453. L. L., James Herbert Benyon. Q. S., Reading. C., W. G. Mount, M.P., V.-C., A. R. Tull. C. of P., John Thornhill Morland, Reading. D. C. of P., F. Morland, Reading, C. T., Henry Collins, Reading. Cf. C., Col. Adam Blandy, Reading. C.Cors., B. Challenor (Abingdon), J. C. Pinniger (Newbury), L. Jotcham (Wantage), W. Weedon (Reading). C. C., 68 members. C., W. G. Mount.

Brecon.-Pop., 59,906. Acres, 454,536. L. L., Sir J. R. Bailey, Bt. Q. S., Brecon. C., Sir J. R. Bailey, Bt. C. of P., H. E. Thomas, Brecon. C. T., John Tudor, Brecon. Cf. C., E. R. Gwynne, Llanthetty Hall, near Brecon. C. C., 60 members. C., Charles Evan Thomas. Buckinghamshire.-Pop., 195,534. Acres, 478,691. L. L., Lord Rothschild. Q. S., Aylesbury. C., Lord Cottesloe. C. of Second Ct., C. A. Cripps, K.C., M.P. C. of P., William Crouch, Aylesbury. C. T., C. E. Cobb, Bucks and Oxon Union Bank, Aylesbury. Cf. C., Major Otway Mayne, Aylesbury. C. C., 68 members. C., Rt. Hon. Lord Cottesloe.


Cambridgeshire.-Pop., 190,687.
315,236. L. L., A. Peckover. C. of Q.S., Edward
S. Fordham, LL.M. C. of P., S. R. Ginn, St.
Andrews St., Cambridge, D. C. of P., Arthur
Wright, LL.M., Cambridge. C. T., E. H. Parker,
Cambridge. C. S., W. M. Fawcett, Cambridge.
Cf. C., Charles Stretten, Cambridge. C. Cor.,
Algernon J. Lyon, Cambridge. C. C., 63 mem-
bers. C., Robert Stephenson.

Do.-Isle of Ely.-Pop., 64,494. Wisbech,
Ely. C. of Q. S., Sir T. G. Fardell. C. of P. and
C.C., E. H. Jackson, Wisbech. T., F. M. Bland,
Wisbech. Cf. C., Col. W. Browne Ferris, Ely.
C. S., H. F. Simpson, Wisbech. C. C., 56 mem-
bers. C., Joseph Martin.

Cardigan.-Pop., 60,237. Acres, 443,071. L. L., H. D. Evans. Q. S., Lampeter. C. of Q.S., J. W. Willis Bund. C. of P., Henry C. Fryer, Aberystwyth. D. C. of P., F. R. Roberts, Aberystwyth. C. T., Joseph Denston Perrott, Aberystwyth. Cf. C., Howell Evans, Aberystwyth. C. C., 64 members. C., M. L. V. Davies, M.P.

Carmarthen.-Pop., 135,325. Acres, 541,25).
L. L., Sir James Drummond. Q.S., Carmarthen.
C., Lord Cawdor. V.-C., Arthur Lewis. C. of
P. and C. C.,

for G. of B. of Carmarthen, Arthur Lewis. C. of
P., James John Eyre, Carmarthen. C. T., R.
Peel Price, Llandovery. Cf.C., William Philipps,
Llandilo. C. C., 90 members. C., Lord Cawdor.
Carnarvon.-Pop., 126,835. Acres, 360,138.
L. L., John E. Greaves. Q. S., Carnarvon. C.,
J. E. Greaves. C. of P., J. H. Bodvel-Roberts,
Carnarvon. D., A. Bodvel-Roberts, C. T..

Walter B. C. Jones, Criccieth. Cf. C., Lt.-Col, Ruck, Carnarvon. C. S., Evan Evans. C. C., 64 members. C., Robert Hughes.

Cheshire.-Pop., 814,555. Acres, 633,101. L. L., The Earl Egerton of Tatton, Q.S.,Chester, Knutsford. C., His Honour Sir Horatio Lloyd. C. of P., Reginald Potts, Chester. C. T., James R. Thomson, Chester. Cf. C., Lt.-Col. Hamersley, Chester. C. Acct., James Williams, Chester. C. S., S. Bull, Chester. C. C., 78 members. C., Col. George Dixon. V.-C., T. W. Killick.

Cornwall.-Pop., 322,957. Acres, 863,665. L. L., Earl of Mount-Edgcumbe. Q. S., Bodmin. C., W. C. Pendarves, F. Buller Howell. C. of P., C. L. Cowlard, Bodmin. C. T., Consolidated Bank of Cornwall. Cf. C., R. M. Hill, Bodmin. C. C., 88 members. C., Earl of Mount-Edgcumbe.

THE DUCHY.-Office, Buckingham-gate, S.W. L. Wdn. of Stannaries, Earl of Ducie.K. of P., Seal, Earl of Leicester, K.G. Rec. Gen., Col. Sir R. N. F. Kingscote, K.C.B. At.-Gen., C. A. Cripps, K.C., M.P. Aud., L. C. Probyn. Kp. of Rec., M. Holzmann, C.B. Min. Insp., T. Forster Brown. Solr., T. B. Heathcote. Ĺnd. Std., Mr. Webster. Asst. Sec., J. C. Pearce.

PRINCE OF WALES' COUNCIL.-Rt. Hon. Earl of Ducie; Earl of Leicester, K.G.; Rt. Hon. Earl of Mount-Edgcumbe; Rt. Hon. Earl Spencer, K.G.; C. A. Cripps, K.C., M.P.; Col. Sir Nigel Kingscote, K.C.B.; General Sir Dighton M. Probyn, G.C.V.O., K C.B., K.C.S.I., V.C.; Sir W. G. Anderson, K.C.B.; M. Holzmann, C.B. Sec., M. Holzmann.

Cumberland.-Pop., 266,921. Acres, 970,161. L. L., Lord Muncaster. Q. S., Carlisle. C., J. W. Lowther, M.P. C. of P. and C. C.,C. B. Hodgson, Carlisle. C. T., T. Godding, Cumberland Union Banking Co., Limited. Cf. C., Sir John Dunne, K.B.D.L., Carlisle. C. S., G. J. Bell, Carlisle. C. C., 89 members. C., H. C. Howard.

Denbighshire.-Pop., 129,935. Acres, 425,038. L. L., Col. Cornwallis West. Q. S., Ruthin, Denbigh, Wrexham. C., B. T. Griffith Boscawen. D. C., Col. Mesham. C. of P., W. R. Evans, Ruthin and Wrexham. T., Marcell Conran, Bron Dyffryn, Denbigh. Cf. C., Major Leadbetter, County Buildings, Wrexham. S., R. Ll. Williams, Denbigh. C. C., 64 members. C. C., O. Isgood Jones.

Derbyshire. Pop., 620, 196. Acres, 654,100. L. L., Duke of Devonshire, K.G. Q. S., Derby. C., Tonman Mosley. C. of P., N. J. HughesHallett, Derby. C. T., J. F. Thirlby, The Bank, Irongate, Derby. C. S., J. S. Story. Cf. C., Captn. H. C. Holland, Derby. C. C., 80 members. C., G. H. Strutt, J.P.

Devonshire.-Pop., 660,444. Acres, 1,666,579. L. L., Lord Clinton. Q. S., Exeter. C., Lord Ebrington, Lord Coleridge, Q.C., Joseph Graham, Q.C. C. of P., H. Michelmore, The Castle, Exeter. C. T., Nat. Prov. Bk., Ld., Exeter. Cf. C., F. R. C. Coleridge, Exeter. C. C., 104 members. C., Viscount Ebrington. V.-C., The Earl of Morley.

Dorsetshire.-Pop., 202,962. Acres, 632,272, L. L., Earl of Ilchester. Q. S., Dorchester. C., H. B. Middleton. D. C., J. R. P. Goodden. C. of P. and C. C., E. Archdall Ffooks, Sherhorne. C. T., John Lush, Dorchester. C. S., W. J. Fletcher. Cf. C., Captain Granville, Dor chester. C. C., 76 members, Ĉ., Viscount Portman.

Durham.-Pop., 1,187,324. Acres, 647,281. L. L., Earl of Durham. High Sheriff, G. F. Boyd. Q. S., Durham. C., Rt. Hon. J. L. Wharton, M.P. C. of P., Ralph Simey, Durham. C. T., Sir J. E. Backhouse, Durham. C. S., W. Crozier. Cf. C., Lt.-Col. J. H. Eden, Durham. C. C., 96 members. C., Samuel Storey. V.-C., Joseph Richardson, M.P.

Essex.-Pop., 1,085,576. Acres, 987,028. L.L., Earl of Warwick. Q. S., Chelmsford. C., Lord Rookwood; C. C. C., Alderman A. Johnston. D. C., Hon. C. H. Strutt, M.P., Haden Corser. C. of P., Henry Gibson, Chelmsford. C. T., R. Woodhouse, Chelmsford. Cf. C., Capt. E. M. Showers, Chelmsford. C. C., 103 members. C., A. Johnston. V.-C., W. W. Glenny.

Flintshire.--Pop., 81,725. Acres, 164,051. L. L., Hugh R. Hughes. Q. S., Mold. C., P. Pennant Pennant. C. of P., Richard Bromley, Mold. C. T., Thomas Williams, Mold. Cf. C., R. T. Webber, Mold. C. C. 58 members. C., William Davies.

Glamorgan.-Pop., 860,022. Acres, 508,815. L. L., Lord Windsor. Q. S., Cardiff, Swansea. C., Judge G. Williams. D. C., Oliver H. Jones. Herbert Lloyd. C. of P., T. M. Franklen, Cardiff. D., W. E. R. Allen. C. T., R. Wyndham Williams, Cardiff. Cf. C., Lionel Lindsay, Canton, Cardiff. C. S., T. LI. Edwards. C. C., 88 members. C., J. Blandy Jenkins.

Gloucester.-Pop., 634,666. Acres, 795,267. L. I., Earl of Ducie. Q. S., Gloucester. C. C., ana C. of 1st Ct., Russell James Kerr, Newnham. 2nd Ct., F. Adams Hyett, Painswick. C. of P., E. T. Gardom, Shire Hall, Gloucester. C. T., J. P. Wilton Haines, Gloucester. Cf. C., Ad. Henry Christian, R.N., Cheltenham. C. S., Robert Phillips. C. C., 86 members. C., Sir J. E. Dorington, Bart, M.P.

Hampshire. Pop., 798,756. Acres, 964,404. L. Z.. Earl of Northbrook, G.C.S.I. Q. S., Winchester. C., Melville Portal. Judel. C., J. Lindsay Johnston. C. of P. and C. C., H. Barber, LL.B., Winchester. C. T., G. E. Yonge, Winchester. C. S., W. J. Taylor, A.M.I.C.E., Winchester. Cf. C., Major St. A. B. Warde, R.A., Winchester. C. C. (Southampton), 80 members. C., The Earl of Northbrook, G.C.S.I.

Herefordshire.-Pop.,114,401. Acres,533,921, L. L., Lord Bateman. Q. S., Hereford. C., Sir R. Harington, Bart. C. of P., J. F. Symonds, Hereford. C. T., H. C. Beddoe, Hereford. Cf. C., Capt. Hon. E. S. Stanhope, Hereford. C. C., 68 members. C. Col R. Prescott Decie. Hertfordshire. Pop., 250,350. Acres, 406,932. L. L., Earl of Clarendon. Q. S., Hertford, St. Albans. C. for the Hertford Div., D., Visc. Cranborne, M.P. D. C., Hertford Div., F. A. Delmé-Radcliffe, Esq. C. for the Liberty of St. Albans Div., Sir John Evans, K.C.B. D. C., Rt. Hon. T. F. Halsey, M.P. C. of P. for Hertfordshire, C. Elton Longmore, Hertford. C. T., Barclay & Co., Ltd., Hertford. Cf. C., Lt.-Col. H. S. Daniell, Hatfield. 72 members. C., Earl Cowper, K.G.

Huntingdonshire.-Pop., 57,773.

C. C.,

Acres, 234,162. L. L., The Earl of Sandwich. . S., Huntingdon. C., J. M. Heathcote, Connington Castle, Peterborough. D. C., H. C. Geldart Huntingdon. C. of P., John Percy Maule, Huntingdon. C. T., Ernest George Bevan, St, Ives. Cf. C., Lt.-Col. Alan Chichester, Huntingdon. C. C., 54 members. C., The Earl of Sandwich.

Kent.-Pop., 1,351,849. Acres, 969,879. L. L.,

Earl Stanhope. Q. S., St. Augustines and Maidstone. C., Augustines, Judge W. L. Selfe; Maidstone, John G. Talbot, M.P. C. of P., W. B. Prosser, Maidstone. Cf. C., Lt.-Col. Warde, Maidstone. C. C., 96 members. C., G. Marsham.

Lancashire.-Pop., 4,406,787. Acres, 1,299,816. L. L., Earl of Derby, K.G. Q. S., Lancaster, Preston, Salford, Liverpool C.: Lancaster, John Fell; Preston, H. W. Worsley Taylor, K.Č., M.P.; Salford, William Goldthorpe; Liverpool, Sir W. B. Forwood. C. of P., H. E. Clare. D. Cs. of P., J. P. Muspratt, Preston; S. C. H. Sadler, Southport. C. T., H. Alison, Preston. Cf. C., Col. Moorsom, Preston. C. C., 140 members. C., Rt. Hon. Sir J. T. Hibbert, K.C.B.

Leicestershire. Pop., 433,994. Acres, 532,786. L. L., Marquis of Granby. Q. S., Leicester. C., Hussey Packe. D. C., Sir Archdale Robert Palmer, Bart., and T. Cope. C. of P., W. J. Freer, Leicester. D. C. of P., George Rowlatt, Leicester. Cf. C., Edward Holmes, Leicester. C. A., Bernard Dyer. C. S., S. Perkins Pick. C. C., 72 members. C., Hussey Packe.

Lincolnshire.- Pop., 498,781. Acres, 1,693,547. L. L., Earl Brownlow. Q. S., Lincoln, Bourne, Sleaford, Boston, Spalding. Cf. C., Capt. P. B. Bicknell, Lincoln. Lindsey: C., The Earl of Yarborough. V.-C., Wm. Embleton-Fox, and R. J. H. Parkinson. T., A. S. L. Melville, Lincoln. C. of P. Charles Scorer, Lincoln. C. C., 64 members. C., W. Embleton-Fox. Kesteven: C. (Q.S.), Earl of Ancaster. V.-C. (Q.S.), Sir H. A. H. Cholmeley, Bart. T., F. A. Peacock, Sleaford. C. of P. and C. C., Joseph Phillips, Stamford, C. C., 64 members. C., Sir J. H. Thorold. Bart. V.-C., Sir H. Cholmele, Bart. Hol land: (Boston Sess.), C., W. Garfit, M.P. (Spalding Sess.), C., Rev. J. T. Dove. T., B. C. Garfit, Boston. C. of P., H. Chaderton Johnson, Boston. C. C., 56 members. C.. C. T. Tunnard.

London Sessions. - Pop., 4,536,063. north side of the Thames: Sessions House, Clerkenwell, E.C. Office hours, 10 to 5, except Saturdays, then 10 to 2. The court sits at 10.30 a.m. Appeals are heard at the Sessions House. Custos., The Duke of Fife, K.T. C., W. R. M'Connell, K.C., D.L. D., R. Loveland-Loveland, K.C., D.L. C. of P., Sir R. Nicholson, Sessions House, Clerkenwell. D. C. of P., John Dix, Sessions House, Clerkenwell. C. C., 137 members. C., A. M. Torrance.

Pop., 49,130.


Merionethshire. · 427,810. L. L., W. R. M. Wynne. Q. S., Dolgelly and Bala. C., W. R. M. Wynne. C. of P., Robert Jones, Portmadoc. C. T., J. Richards, Dolgelly. Cf. C., Major T. W. Best, Barmouth. C. C., 56 members. C., Hon. Charles H. Wynn, Rûg. Corwen.

Middlesex.-Pop., 3,585,139.* Acres, 148,682. L. L. & Custos., Duke of Bedford. Q. S., Guildhall, Broad Sanctuary, Westminster, S.W. C., R. M. Littler, C.B., K.C. D.C., Montagu Sharpe, Esq. C. of P. and C. of Mid. C. C., Sir R. Nicholson. D. C. of P. and D. C. of C. C. W. G. Austin. C. T., Bank of England (Law Courts Branch. C. C., 72 members. C., R. M. Littler, C.B., K.C. V.-C., Montagu Sharpe.

Monmouthshire. Pop., 292,327. Acres, 344,649. L. L., Lord Tredegar. Q. S., Usk. C., Samuel Courthope Bosanquet. D.C., Sir H. Mather-Jackson, Bart. C. of P. and C. of Lieutncy., H. Stafford Gustard. C. T., W. C

* Part of Middlesex has been taken away to form part of County of London.

Addams Williams, Monmouth. Cf. C., Victor Bosanquet, Abergavenny. C. C., 64 members. C., Edwin Grove.


Pop., 54,892. Acres, 495,089. L. L., Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, Bt. Q. S., Welshpool Newtown. C., Captain Devereux Herbert Mytton. V.-C., A. C. Humphreys Owen, M.P. C. of P., G. D. Harrison, Welshpool. C. T., T. R. Hughes, Welshpool. C. S., G. A. Hutchins. Cf. C., William James Holland, Newtown. C. C., 56 members. C., A. C. Humphreys Owen, M.P.

Norfolk-Pop. 460,040. Acres, 1,302,882. L. L., Earl of Leicester, K.G. Q. S., Norwich, King's Lynn. C., Norwich., Lord Cranworth, and Col. H. E. Hyde; King's Lynn, Lord Walsingham, Sir W. H. B. Ffolkes, Bt., and H. Le Strange. C. of P., Charles Foster, Norwich. D. C. of P., G. C. Davies, Norwich. Cf. Cl., Charles E. Sexton. C. T., G. F. Buxton, Cf. C., Paynton Pigott, Norwich. Chief Clerk, James W. Lockett. C. C, 76 members. C., Lord Cranworth.

Northamptonshire.-Pop., 338,064. Acres, 581,992. L. L., Earl Spencer, K.G. Q. S., Northampton. C., S. G. Stopford Sackville; D., Christopher Smyth. C. of P., Henry Philip Markham, Northampton. D., Christopher A. Markham. C. T., A. Page, Union Bank, Northampton. Cf. C., J. D. Kellie MacCallum, Northampton. C. S.,

C. A., E. W. Voelcker. C. C., 73 members. C., S G. Stopford Sackville.


Northumberland. - Pop., 602,859. 1,284,385. L. L., Earl Grey of Horrick Hall, Q. S., Newcastle, Alnwick. C., Watson AskewRobertson. C. of P. & C. C., Steph. Sanderson, Moot Hall Courts, Newcastle - on- Tyne and Berwick-on-Tweed. D. C. of C. C., Charles D. Forster, Moot Hall Courts, Newcastle-on-Tyne. C. T., Richard Clayton, Messrs. Barclay & Co.'s Bank, Newcastle. Cf. C., Capt. Fullarton james, C. S., H. F. S. Kynnersley, Moot Hall Courts, Newcastle. C. C., 80 members. C., Duke of Northumberland.

Nottinghamshire.-Pop., 514,537. Acres, 445,823. L. L., Duke of Portland. Q. S., Nottingham, Newark, Retford. C.: Nottingham, Lord Belper; Newark, John H. Becher; Retford, Rt. Hon. F. J. Savile Foljambe. C. of P., Jesse Hind, Nottingham. C. T., Francis A. Smith, Nottingham. Cf. C., Captain Tomasson, Nottingham. C. C., 68 members, C., Lord Belper. Oxfordshire.-Pop., 182,768. Acres, 480,650. L. L., Earl of Jersey, G.C.M.G. Q. S., Oxford. C., Sir William Reynell Anson, Bt., D.C.L., M.P. C. of P., Thomas M. Davenport, Oxford. C. T., John Parsons, Oxford, Cf. C., Lieut. - Col. Hon. E. A. Holmes à'Court, Oxford. C. C., 113 members. C., The Viscount Valentia, M.P. Pembrokeshire.-Pop. 88,749. Acres, 342,710. L. L., Earl Cawdor, (Haverfordwest. Sir C. E. G. Philipps, Bt.). Q. S., Haverfordwest. C., Judge Owen. C. of P., William Davies George, Haverfordwest. C. T., J. W. Cross, Haverfordwest. Cf. C., Thomas Ince Webb Bowen. Haverfordwest. C. C., 71 members. C., Sir C. E. G. Philipps, Bt.

Radnorshire.-Pop., 23,263. Acres, 301,164 L. L., Sir P. C. Milbank, Bt., M.P. Q.S., Presteign. C., John C. Carter. C. of P., H. Vaughan Vaughan (Builth). C. T., J. G. Sprague, Kington, C. C., Major Hom Chas. Walsh, Pen-y-bont. C. C., 32 members. C., Charles C. Rogers.

Rutlandshire.-Pop., 19,708. Acres, 94,889. L. L., Earl of Dysart. Q. S., Oakham. C., Sir A. J. Fludyer. C. of P., B. Addington Adam.

C. T., Stamford, Spalding, & Boston Banking Co., Limited, Stamford. Cf. C., William Keep, Oakham. C. C., 15 members. C., Earl of Gainsborough.

Shropshire. Pop., 239,321. Acres, 859,516. L. L., Earl of Powis. Q. S., Shrewsbury. C., Sir O. Wakeman, Bt. D. C., R. Lloyd Kenyon. C. of P. and C. C., E. C. Peele, Shrewsbury. C. S., A. T. Davies, C.E., Shrewsbury. Cf. C., Capt. G. Williams-Freeman, Shrewsbury. C. C., 68 members. C., J. Bowen-Jones.

Somersetshire.-Pop., 508, 104. Acres, 1,056,906. L. L., Earl of Cork and Orrery, K.P. Q. S., Taunton, Wells. C., A. J. Goodford. D. C., Rt. Hon. J. W. Mellor, K.C., M.P., and George D. Warry, Q.C. C. of P, William Dunn, Frome. C. T., W. C. King, Weston-super-Mare. C. S., W. J. Willcox, Bath. C. A., Hy. J. Alford, Taunton. Cf. C., Capt. C. G. Alison, Glastonbury. C. C., 88 members. C., A. J. Goodford.

Staffordshire.-Pop., 1,234,382. Acres, 744,987. L. L., The Earl of Dartmouth. Q. S., Stafford. C., Lord Hatherton, C.M.G. Assist. C., Sir R. Hardy, Bt. C. of P., M. F. Blakiston, Stafford. C. T., P. H. Harston, Stafford. Cf. C., Capt. The Hon. G. A. Anson, Stafford. C. C., 100 members. C., Frank James.

Suffolk.-Pop., 384,198. Acres, 948,709. L. L., Marquis of Bristol. Q. S., Ipswich, Bury. ·C.: Ipswich, Lord Rendlesham, T. Lomax. Bury, Col. N. Barnardiston, Col. F. Pocklington. C. of P., A. Townshend Cobbold, County Hall, Ipswich. C. T., E. Division, Alexander Gibb, Ipswich; W. Division, H. A. Oakes, Bury St. Edmunds, Cf.C., Capt. J.G.Mayne, East Suffolk. Major A. F. Poulton, C. C. of West Suffolk. C. C. E. Division, 76 members. C., Lord Rendlesham; W. Division, 64 members. C., O. D. Johnson.

Surrey.--Administrative County of Surrey. The County Hall, Kingston-upon-Thames. Pop., 2,008,923. Acres, 452,218. L. L., The Viscount Midleton. Q. S.: C., G. Cave. D.C., H. C. Leigh Bennett, M.P., and Sir Wm. Vincent, Bt. C. of P., Sir R. H. Wyatt. D., T. W. Weeding. C. to Lieutenancy, Sir R. H. Wyatt. C. T., F. H. Beaumont. Cf. C., Capt. M. L. Sant. C. C., 76 members. C., E. J. Halsey. V.-C., Major Coates. C., Sir R. H. Wyatt. D. C., T. W. Weeding.

Sussex. Pop., 605,052. Acres, 932,733. L. L., Marquis of Abergavenny, K.G.

EAST SUSSEX.-Adminis. County. Population, 408,360. Acres, 530,255 (including Brighton and Hastings). C. C., 68 members. C., W. V. K. Stenning. C. of P., F. Merrifield, County Hall, Lewes. Cf. C., Major H. G. Lang, Lewes

WEST SUSSEX.-Adminis. County. Population, 151,541. Acres, 402,478. C. C., 60 members. C., The Duke of Richmond and Gordon, K.G. C. of P., F. Merrifield, County Hall, Lewes. Cf. C., Captain G. R. B. Drummond, Horsham

Warwickshire. Pop., 897,678. Acres, 577,462. L. L., Lord Leigh. Q. S., Warwick, Coventry. C., John Stratford, Dugdale, K.C. D C., Wm. Park, Dickins. C. of P., A. S. Field, Leamington. D. C., E. Field, Leamington. C. T., S. C. Smith, Warwick Cf. C., Captain Brinkley, Warwick. C. C., 72 members. C., J. S. Dugdale, K.C. D. C., Wm. Park Dickins.

Westmoreland.--Pop., 64,305. Acres, 503,073. Z. L., Leid Hothfield." .., Kendal. Montague Crackanthorpe, K.C. C. of P., John Bolton, Solicitor, Kendal. Cf. C., Sir John Dunne, K.B.D.L., Carlisle. Č. C., 56 members. C., Francis Markham.

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