« ElőzőTovább »
southward to die terrible deaths for the pas-
We conclude with bringing down a brace
the beasts who are the heroines of the re-
The second story is more spiced with humor :
For courage and devotion to his chief, this pointer might have matched a Forty-five clansman; but, like the old Highlander, I once saw him show evident signs of superstition. When ranging a grass field he pointed a hare, which soon moved from her form, rearing herself on hind legs straight as a "A party of seal-shooters, last summer, small gate-post. The dog at once showed placed one of their number on a narrow point evident signs of uneasiness, by breaking his of rock surrounded by deep water. As there statuesque position, looking over his shoulder was nothing to hide him, he stood bolt up for advice, and twitching his tail most nerright, expecting a stray chance at a passing vously. But when puss,' pursuing her advanseal. When his companions had rowed away, tage, actually paced ten yards towards him, they were followed by a large seal, which all erect as a drill-sergeant, he fairly turned tail, of a sudden spied the solitary being on the and, with every sign of terror, took shelter rock. Instantly wheeling about, it made for behind his master. There were several wit him at its utmost speed. His friends, sus-nesses besides myself to this reversal of pecting the monster, shouted to warn him, but he thought they only meant to apprise him of a fine chance; he therefore allowed it to come quite close, and coolly shot it dead. It was a female in defence of her young, and had he failed in his aim, she would most likely have toppled him over the narrow ledge, and drowned him in the deep water. He said, that if he had known his risk, he would in all probability have missed."
nature-viz., the hare pursuing the dog. Most likely her young were near.'
Poor puss! Her sagacity reminds us of the fragment of a line in the "Truculentus" of Plautus," pusillus quam sit sapiens
bestia!" With this illustration of her droll wisdom, we close Mr. Colquhoun's sporting records, every page of which has its peculiar and varied attractions.
A LETTER from Monte Video, of May 29th, | tainebleau, M. Bonpland urged the Emperor to brings intelligence of the death of a remarkable retire to Mexico to observe events. A few Frenchman, M. Aimé Bonpland the naturalist, weeks after tendering this fruitless advice he sat who died at San Borja, at the age of eighty-five. by the death-bed of Josephine, and heard her He was the son of a physician, and was brought last words. Her death and the definitve fall of up to his father's profession, but the political the empire leaving him nothing to desire in events of the early republic compelled him to France, he returned to South America, and beenter the navy. He made a long cruise as a came a professor of natural history at Buenos naval surgeon, but took the earliest opportunity Ayres. Subsequently he travelled across the of returning to Paris to pursue his studies. Pampas, the provinces of Santa Fé, Chaco, and There, at the house of M. Corvisart, he made Bolivia, and penetrated to the foot of the Andes. the acquaintance of a young German of about Being there taken for a spy, he was arrested by his own age, who afterwards became known to the governor of Paraguay, and was detained a the world as the celebrated Alexander de Hum- prisoner for eight years, till 1829. On his reboldt. These young men became intimate lease he directed his steps towards the Brazils, friends, and when M. de Humboldt undertook and settled at San Borja, where in a charming his expedition to the equinoctial regions of the but humble retreat, surrounded by orange groves new world, M. Bonpland accompanied him. and European shrubs, he remained to the day During this journey M. Bonpland collected and of his death, receiving with pleasure all French classed upwards of six thousand plants, which travellers who visited him. He was the author were then unknown to botanical writers. On of (among other works) "Les Plantes Equihis return to France he presented his collection noxiales" (1805), "La Monographie des Melasto the Museum of Natural History, and re- tonics" (1806), "Description des Plantes rares ceived the thanks of Napoleon I., who granted et de la Malmaison" (1813), "Vue des Cordilhim a pension. The Empress Josephine was lères et Monuments Indigène de l' Amerique very fond of Bonpland; she made him her fac- (1819), and (jointly with M. de Humboldt) tor at Malmaison, and often sowed in her gar-"Voyage aux Regions Equinoxiales du Nou den there flower-seeds which he had brought veau Continent."-Examiner. from the tropics. After the abdication at Fon
From The Saturday Review.
A TALE OF ROMAN LIFE.
more convenient place. But the objects of grace were not to be baulked. They got a little image, and put it in the place of the old one; and this second Virgin began to be as successful as the first. Her virtue, however, was not permitted to operate long. The Pope had the chapel shut up, and the entrance guarded by a detachment of carabineers. It was rather hard on his subjects that they should be debarred from criticising miracles which he had thought proper to stop by an armed force.
A RECENT number of the Revue des Deux Mondes contains a story of Roman life which deserves attention, because it is stated by the editor to be substantially a record of actual fact, and because it illustrates the method of that remarkable government which treats its subjects so strangely, and administers to them the chastisements of a paternal love so freely and so unaccountably. This story is an autobiography, and the author commences by narrating how, under the pontificate of Gregory Almost all love-making, the writer tells us, XVI., he was one night subjected to a domi- begins at Rome in a church; and it was at a ciliary visit from the ecclesiastical police. His church that he saw a young lady whom he offence was the supposed possession of certain subsequently wooed and won. But even love forbidden books. To the search of the officials could not persuade him to refrain from those the young student opposed a formal licence, infinitesimal indiscretions which are so serious which he had received from the proper author- in the Sacred City. At a recitation of Dante ities, and which permitted him to read all the censure had ordered that the verse should books whatever except the works of a few be altered, so that the audience might not authors specially excepted by name. The know or remember that a criminal consigned list of excepted authors is very curious. to the lowest hell was an archbishop. PerVolney, and one or two other open adversaries ceiving the alteration, the autobiographer of Christianity, naturally find a place in it, spoke the right verse aloud. For this he was but strange to say, in the midst of a series of arrested, but soon afterwards released. His the loosest writers of loose novels appears fiancee implored him to be more cautious, Jeremy Bentham. That the philosophy of and for a short time he obeyed. But unfor the greatest happiness for the greatest number tunately he and some of his young friends should seem to pontifical wisdom of an equally exceptional wickedness and danger with Dulaure's Courtesans of Greece and Casti's novels, is curious. After a severe admonition, the offender was invited to retire to a convent for a week, which he did, and felt himself so estranged and cut off from the world that he was stunned and stupified by his return to secular life, and had to recompense himself with an unusual excess of dissipation. He discovered that the real offence which had led to the seizure of his books was the slighting way in which he had spoken in a public place of certain miracles which were then in vogue, and which were said to be wrought by the image of a Madonna which occupied a niche in a church near the arch of the Cenci. It was said that the blind were restored to sight, and the lame walked. The autobiographer assisted at the spectacle, and saw a woman who had been cured. She was sitting, and he waited till she moved. For a long time she persisted in sitting still, but his patience triumphed, and he had the irreligious satisfaction of seeing her creep away writhing in the distortions of paralysis. The miracles at length terminated by an alarm of fire being one day given. Alarmed and irritated with the obstacles they threw in each other's way, the lame and the blind seized their crutches and sticks, and began to belabor one another. A great fight ensued; and it was thought necessary to prevent a repetition of the scandal by removing the miracle-working image to a
were taught the Marseillaise by a Corsican companion, and they proceeded to sing this symbol of all that is unrespectable under the windows of the cardinals. The writer had just completed all the stages which lead to the Roman bar, and he was within a week of being married, when one evening he was suddenly arrested, and shown an order by which he was to be taken to prison to await his trial. The process resulted in his being condemned to ten years' imprisonment, and he was taken to the castle of St. Angelo.
The rest of the story gives a narrative of this imprisonment, and the picture is one that has every trace of fidelity, and yet is so strange and odd that its parts seem scarcely possible. The mixture of harshness and of laxity, of wanton indifference to justice, and of childish capriciousness in administration, is utterly unlike any thing in the ordered and methodical communities of the west. The sufferer was not badly treated. He received much kindness and many indulgences, but he was condemned to waste the flower of his youth. His mistress was admitted under the protection of his aunt, to see him twice a month. Of this indulgence the young couple made a singular use. The lady had been permitted to visit the chapel of the fortress, and one Sunday, after mass, she and her lover walked up to and knelt before the altar. They declared themselves man and wife in the face of the congregation, and in the presence of the curé. It may be remembered
treaties to restore to her her husband. Two days afterwards the husband was summoned to the presence of the governer of the castle, and was offered the punishment of perpetual exile in lieu of the five years of imprisonment that still remained for him to undergo. He hesitated at first, but his hesitation gave way to the reflection that in all probability, even when the full term of his imprisonment was over, he would be thought too dangerous to be permitted to remain in Rome, and that in any case he must be an exile from his country. He therefore accepted the offer, and soon afterwards left the Papal States with his wife.
that this mode of marriage is mentioned in Manzoni's Betrothed, and is incorporated as a part of the story in George Sand's Daniella. Such a marriages exposes the offenders to excommunication, but is itself recognised as valid, and accordingly the lovers were now united. This strange incident made a stir in a gossiping city like Rome, and serious consequences were threatened, when the lady determined to try a last chance and obtain an interview with the Pope. It appears that the Pope never grants an audience to a woman; but, when he is out walking, a woman, who has interest enough to get a chance, may come suddenly up to him. Seraphine, after much solicitation, had an The moral of the story cannot be better opportunity allowed her, and she accosted drawn than in the few words which the edithe Pope as he was walking in the villa Bar- tor of the Deux Mondes has added to it. berini. The Pope was very angry, but she "We may gain," he says, "from this narratook the best step possible. She fainted, and tive for the very reason that it is so simple the Pope could do no less than support her and so destitute of striking incident, more in his arms. It was, as the autobiographer than one hint as to the position and the occuremarks, "a curious tableau." "The succes-pation of the youth of Rome at a period very sor of St. Peter held in his arms a virgin- near our own. This want of energy, these wife at the foot of a statue of Jupiter." The uncertainties and vanities, these useless acts tableau had a happy result, and the successor of indiscretion, the whole of a life thus ruined of St. Peter did not prove himself implaca- for the peccadillo of a student, all this is not ble to a young lady who had fainted so op- only the life and the character of an individportunely, and who, on recovering her senses, ual, is it not also the character and the hisimplored him with the most passionate en-tory of a people?"
An English Girl's Account of a Moravian Settle- | miles below Surat, fell in with four blacks who ment in the Black Forest. Edited by the Author of "Mary Powell."
had come to the Balonne a few days previous, and who appeared to belong to a tribe unknown A journal of a residence in one of the Mora- to white men. They presented the remarkable vian establishments by a former pupil. The peculiarity of being entirely without hair, and diary gives a pleasing but somewhat juvenile they stated that neither the males nor females of account of daily life at Königsfeld. Much of their tribe had hair on their bodies at any period the matter relates to domestic economy among of life. Their complete baldness gave them a the Moravians, but being embodied in occur- strange unearthly appearance, at which it is said rences and animated by sentiment, it may be the Balonne blacks were at first very much terrisaid to take the character of mild incident. ficd. These aboriginal strangers said they saw Little excursions, sketches of Black Forest white men's bones and equipments beyond the people, brief biographical notices of young perriver Barrow or Warrego, from which they had sons throwing light upon German manners, vary come. It is conjectured that these remains may the domestic menage. Nay, there is love and be those of Leichardt and his party, and we bemarriage; but so undemonstrative that it comes lieve the whole particulars have been communias a surprise even to the observers. The "Accated to the government, with the view of a count of a Moravian Settlement" is a novelty. Whether it has quite stuff enough for the public at large may be a question.-Spectator.
A NEW TRIBE IN AUSTRALIA.-The discovery of a new tribe of aborigines is thus reported in the Sydney Empire "A gentleman who, in May last, was at a remote station down the Balonne, called Gooec, about one hundred
fresh search being made to clear up the mystery of the long-missing traveller.
A NICE DISTINCTION.-Rev. T. Starr King, a Universalist preacher to a Unitarian congregation, lately defined the difference between the two bodies to be this :-The Universalists hold that God is too good to damn them; and the Unitarians hold that they are too good to be damned by Him.
The New American Cyclopedia-a popular out a rather regular succession of works Dictionary of General Knowledge, Edited each of which is advertised to a certain ex by George Ripley and Charles A. Dana. tent, and then abandoned to its own merits and Volume III. Beam Browning. New fortune. Others publish few books, but push York: D. Appleton & Co. 1858. them with great energy. The pushing process THERE is no doubt that this is the best en- the press, and the publisher seeks by every is performed through the facilities afforded by cyclopedia extant for use on this side of the Atlantic, and while it may not be difficult to ingenious expedient to arouse public cur find occasional errors in dates and statistics, Osity. no one can say that carelessness is a feature in its execution. Its articles are generally found to contain all the leading facts for which an encyclopedia is likely to be consulted, expressed in a clear and direct style, and free from any speculations likely to give rise to controversy, or add unnecessarily to the bulk of the work. The following extract from the article on book-making gives some interesting facts, which may be new to most
of our readers:
"Among the greatest successes may be mentioned Uncle Tom's Cabin,' of which 310,000 copies have been sold; The Lamp lighter,' 90,000; 'Shady Side,' 42,000; 'Fern Hidden Path, Moss Side,' Alone,' each Leaves,' 70,000; Ruth Hall,' 55,000; 'The 25,000; Longfellow's Hiawatha,' 43,000; Lawrence,' 23,000; Hugh Miller's works, Life of Barnum,' 45,000; Life of Amos 100,000; of larger works, 'Benton's Thirty 50,000; Sears's Wonders of the World," Years' View,' 2 vols. 8vo., 55,000; Kane's "The number of different publishers of Arctic Explorations,' 2 vols. 8vo., 65,000, American books in the years 1856 and 1857 paying $65,000 copyright; Harper's Picto was 385, principally of New York, Boston, rial Bible,' $20 a copy, 25,000; and Goodand Philadelphia. Many books emanate rich's History of all Nations,' 2 vols. 8vo., from Cincinnati, and the indications are that ($7,) 30,000. School books occasionally ob a large independent trade will, before many tain an enormous permanent circulation, and years, be established in the West. There their publishers compete energetically for the are two departments of the book-publishing market. Agents are often employed at great trade in the United States, pretty clearly sep- expense to visit the various schools for the arated those who sell books through the purpose of substituting new books for old, re retail stores and those who sell by personal ceiving little or nothing for the difference in application-the makers of what are techni- value; though this ruinous practice is becomcally called trade, and the makers of sub- ing discontinued. Of Mitchell's Geographical scription books-books which buyers are ex-books there is a probable issue of 1,000 per pected to come for, and books which go to day, and of Davies's Mathematical Series 300,them. The regular trade is divided into 000 were circulated in 1857; of Sanders's Jobbers Readers' about the same; and many other publishers, jobbers and retailers. purchase from publishers in large quantities, school books have an annual sale of from 20,and, consequently, on favorable terms, which 000 to 50,000. The books of Noah Webster enable them to furnish retailers at the publish- have, however, reached the greatest circula ers' rates. Retailers are scattered all over the tion. Of the Elementary Spelling Book country, in the cities and smallest villages; 35,000,000 have been sold, and its annual in the latter often connecting with their stock issue is over 1,000,000. Webster's dictiona of literature the miscellaneous assortment of ries, of which there are eight abridgments, the country store. Increase of book-selling have had an aggregate sale of nearly 2,000, has led to classification, and the trade has 000, and about 100,000 are sold annually of been gradually separating into several divis- the Primary. The publication of music ions or specialities, the principal of which are books has been very successful, more espe miscellaneous, religious, scientific, educa- cially collections of church music, or psalm tional, musical, legal, medical, agricultural, and hymn tunes, glee books, juvenile musical and foreign book-sellers; but the distinction books, and instrumental instructors of all is by no means fixed or complete. Assuming kinds. The Handel and Haydn Collection,' them for the sake of convenience, we may by Dr. Lowell Mason, published thirty years designate still further subdivisions: the mis- since, has passed through nearly forty edi cellaneous, inclining toward particular classes, tions, and The Carmina Sacra,' by the same as poetry, novels, &c., and the religious rep author, has had a circulation of about 500,000 resenting the different churches. Beside copies, yielding a copyright of about $50,000. these, publishers of subscription books may Of late there has been a steady and rapid inbe also divided into those who issue books in crease in the issue of books in the more au small parts, and those who issue in complete volumes. The style in which business is one varies greatly. Many publishers get
vanced departments, such as works on the science of music, harmony, counterpoint, and the like, but there seems to be little demand
for musical belles-lettres. In the law and phlets on the same subject. A class of books
"RESURGAM" AND "REQUIESCAT."—"You as believers in the Christian religion, it became wouldn't do as young Hatherly did, at Hatherly necessary, or was supposed necessary, to render Court, in Gloucestershire, when his father kicked the gospel message acceptable by presenting it the bucket. You know, Hatherly, don't you?" in aspects which should have the charm of "No; I never saw him!" "He's Sir Frederick now, and has, or had, one of the finest fortunes in England, for a commoner; the most of it is gone now. Well, when he heard of his governor's death he was in Paris, but he went off to Hatherly as fast as special train and post horses would carry him, and got there just in time for the funeral. As he came back to Hatherly Court from the church, they were putting up the hatchment over the door, and Master Fred, saw that the undertakers put at the bottom Resurgam. You know what that means?" "Oh, yes," said Frank. "I'll come back again,' "" said the honorable John, construing the Latin for the benefit of his cousin. "No,' said Fred. Hatherly, looking up at the hatchment; I'm blessed if you do, old gentleman. That would be too much of a joke. I'll take care of that.' So he got up at night, and he got some fellows with him, and they climbed up and painted out 'Resurgam,' and then painted in its place, Requiescat in pace;' which means, you know, You'd a great deal better stay where you are. Now I call that good. Fred. Hatherly did that as sure as-as sure as-as sure as any thing."-Doctor Thorne. A Novel, by A Trollope.
Ir is a fact, which some do not hesitate to call a melancholy fact, but which others look on with much complacency, that after the first freshness of the apostolic age was past, and men began to be brought up even from their infancy
novelty. While the message itself was new, there was no need of this. When a man in the full vigor of life, and in the full luxuriance of sin, heard for the first time that for his daily deeds God would bring him into judgment, but that there was a means of salvation opened to him by the vicarious sufferings of a Divine Redeemer, his imagination could not fail to be forcibly struck; and so far as he believed the assertion to be true, so far it was sure to work some alteration at least in his life. But when day by day, from the time he was capable of learning any thing at all, he had been instructed in these doctrines, when each new impression tended to make the whole a matter of course, when the very terms in which the information was conveyed were technical and widely differing from those used on all ordinary occasions, and when the peculiar language of the pulpit, formal and yet feeble, had taught him to separate religion from his ordinary life, then it would occur to him that the great mass of mankind about him, though called Christians, took no pains whatever to make their practice correspond with their belief. These things would react one on another until the whole got to be held in a kind of suspense; to be looked upon as a theory which it would be impious to deny, but unnecessary to reduce to practice; until the ordinary exhortations passed over the ears unheeded, and it seemed quite right to listen to discourses on the Sunday which nobody was expected to think about afterwards.-Preachers and Preaching.