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he was known as “Old Girard." His business whole streets tenantless; the hearse was the could not have been very prosperous at this vehicle most frequently seen in the streets ; period, considering the disturbed and de- those who wore the badge of mourning on their pressed state of the country. He was quietly arms, were avoided even by their friends; and biding his time. His store was well-filled the fumes of tobacco and camphor filled every with old blocks, sails, pieces of cordage, and house in the city. While the pestilence was other materials useful for ship-building. at its height, a square repulsive man boldly

In 1780, Stephen Girard again commenced entered one of the most crowded hospitals, the New Orleans and Saint Domingo trade. In and bore out in his arms a victim in the last two years he had progressed so far as to be able saffron-colored stage of the disease. For to purchase a ten years' lease, with renewal, of days and weeks, this man continued to pera range of brick and frame stores, one of which form the same terrible office of attending he occupied himself. The rents were low at upon the sick and dying, discharging the the time, and the purchase very advan- most painful and dangerous duties of the tageous perhaps the turning point in his lowest servant in the place. This repulsivefortunes.

looking Samaritan was Stephen Girard, with In 1780, his wife, Mary Girard, from whom his strong will, his bodily energy, his stout he had been divorced, was admitted an insane heart, and his one eye.

The hard, griping patient into the Pennsylvania Hospital. Here trader was not so selfish after all. When all she remained shut up, twenty-five years and one the paid attendants, all the visitors of the month, while her husband was busily pursuing poor were either dead, dying, or had fled ; his one object in the world ; at last she died in when no offers of money would purchase that the year 1815. On being told of her death, labor which was required for the re-organiStephen Girard selected her burial-place and zation of the pest-house hospital at Bush requested that he should be called as soon as all Hill; two men nobly volunteered for the the arrangements for her funeral were com- forlorn task Stephen Girard and Peter pleted. She was buried in the manner of the Helm. On the afternoon of the same day on Friends. Her husband was there, glaring with which he offered his services, Stephen Girard, his one tearless eye, silent and unmoved ; after a merchant of growing wealth and influence, taking one short look at the remains, he depart a foreigner with no ties of country between ed, saying, “ all is well.” He returned home, him and the afflicted city, entered upon his and began to give largely to the local chari- dangerous task with all the perseverance and ties and hospitals from this day.

decision of his character. He soon estabA circumstance occurred at this period, lished order and cleanliness; provided accomwhich materially nided Stephen Girard in his modations, and procured supplies; and, for cherished determination. He was engaged sixty days continued to discharge his duties in the West India trade-particularly in the at the hospital. Island of Saint Domingo—and at the mo- In 1812, Stephen Girard, the one-eyed ment of the well-known outbreak of the cabin boy of Bordeaux, purchased the bankslaves, he had two vessels lying off the port. ing premises of the old Bank of the United The affrighted planters rushed to the docks, States (whose charter was not renewed), and and deposited their most valuable treasures started the Girard Bank : a large private in those ships for safety, returning to secure establishment, which not only conferred admore. They were nearly all, with their fami- vantages upon the community greater than lies, massacred: Stephen Girard advertised the State institution upon which it was liberally for the owners to the property, but founded, but, while the public credit ras ery few claimants ever appeared, and it was shaken, and the Government finances were transported to Philadelphia to swell the store exhausted by war, the Girard Bank could and increase the power of the one-eyed capi- command large subscriptions of loans, and talist, who commenced the building of those put itself in the position of the principal large ships engaged in the trade with China creditor of the country. In 1814 Girard suband Calcutta, which were, at that time, the scribed the whole of a large Government loan pride of America.

from patriotic motives, and in 1817, he conIn 1793, a fearful pestilence broke out in the tributed, by his unshaken credit and undiCity of Philadelphia. The yellow fever left minished funds, to bring about the resump



His one eye,

tion of specie payments. In 1831, his cal opinions were heterodox in the extreme, operations were so extensive, that when the and he loved to name his splendid vessels country was placed in extreme embarrass- after Voltaire and Rousseau. He was devoted ment from the scarcity of money by reason to the improvement of his adopted city and of the balance of trade being against it, he country: he was a determined follower of was enabled, by a single transaction with ostentatious charity. No man ever applied an eminent English firm, to turn the ex- to him for a large public grant in vain, while changes, and cause specie to flow into the the starving beggar was invariably sent from States.

his gate. He steadily rose every morning Stephen Girard began his remarkable before the lark, and unceasing labor was the trading career with one" object, which he daily worship of his life. steadily kept in view all his long life-the Thus he attained his eighty-second year. making of money for the power it conferred. In 1830, he had nearly lost the sight of his He was content, at starting with the small one eye, and used to be seen groping about profits of the retail trader, willing to labor in his bank, disregarding every offer of assistany capacity to make those profits secure. Crossing one of the Philadelphian He practised the most rigid personal econ- roads, he was knocked down by a passomy; he resisted all the allurements of pleas- ing waggon, his face was bruised, and his ure; he exacted the last farthing that was right ear was nearly cut off. due to him ; and he paid the last farthing which before opened slightly, was now entirely that he owed. He took every advantage closed; he gradually wasted away, and his which the law allowed him in resisting a health declined. On the twenty-sixth of claim; he used men just so far as they would December, Stephen Girard expired in a back accomplish his purpose; he paid his servants room, on the third floor of his house, in no more than the market price; when a Water-street, Philadelphia, leaving the bulk faithful cashier died, he exhibited the utmost of his large fortune, upwards of a million indifference, making no provision for his sterling, to found charities, and to benefit family, and uttering no sentiment of regret the city and the country in which he had acfor his loss. He would higgle for a penny quired it. with a huckster in the streets: he would He left his monument, in the “Girard deny the watchman at his bank, the custom- College ;" that marble-roofed palace for the ary Christmas present of a great-coat. To education and protection of the orphan chiladd to his singular and deficient character, he dren of the poor, which stands, the most perwas deaf in one ear, could only speak broken fect model of architecture in the New World, English, never conversed upon any thing but high above the buildings of Phịladelphia, business, and wore the same old coat, cut in visible from every eminence of the surroundthe French style, for five years together. An ing country. Every detail of the external old ricketty chair, remarkable for its age, and and internal arrangement of this Orphan marked with the initials “S. G.” drawn by a College was set forth clearly and carefully in faded horse, was used when he rode about the his will ; showing that the design upon which city. He had no sense of hospitality, no friend he had lavished the mass of his wealth, was to share his house or his table. He was deferen- not the hastily-developed fancy of a few hours tial in appearance, to rank and family. Violent or days, but was the heart-cherished, silent and passionate ; only to one man-an old and project of his whole life. faithful clerk named Robergot. His theologi


I GAVE my love a chain of gold,

Her beauteous neck to bind :
But she keeps me in faster hold,

With chains around my mind.

I think I have the harder part,

For 'neath her lovely chin,
She carries links outside her heart

My fetters are within !- Campbell.

OH! LOVE WHILE LOVE IS LEFT TO THEE. But from their hearts the tide carcers,

Unchecked, unchilled, for fifty years.
On! love while love is left to thee;

This is their “ golden wedding day ;
Oh! love while love is yet thine own; Now let us hush our song, and pray
The hour will come when bitterly

That He whose love their lot endears, Thou ’lt mourn by silent graves-alone ! Whose grace has filled their fifty years, And let thy breast with kindness glow, May guide them still, and still ordain And gentle thoughts within thee move, Each cup of bliss, or chastening pain, While yet a heart, through weal and wo, May soothe their griefs and wipe their tears Beats to thine own, in faithful love.

Through many more than fifty years ; And guard thy lips, and keep them still;

And when earth’s pilgrimage is done, Too soon escapes an angry word :

And life's last goal is bravely won, “Ah, Heaven! I did not mean it ill!”

Take them to dwell in those bright spheres But yet, he sorrowed as be heard.

Where moments grow to fifty years.
Oh! love while love is left to thee;
Oh! love while love is yet thine own;

The hour will come wlien bitterly

GONE home! Gone home! She lingers here Thou ’lt mourn by silent graves—alone!

no longer Unheard, unhceded then, alas !

A restless pilgrim, walking painfully, Kneeling, thou 'lt hide thy streaming eyes With homesick longing, daily growing stronger, Amid the long damp churchyard grass, And yearning visions of the joys to be. Where, cold and low, thy loved one lies.

Gone home! Gone home! Her earnest, active And murmur : « Oh ! look down on me

spirit, Mourning my causeless arger still;

Her very playfulness, her heart of love! Forgive my hasty word to thee

The heavenly mansion now she doth inherit, Ah, Heaven! I did not mean it ill.”

Which Christ made ready ere she went above. He hears not now thy voice to bless,

Gone homo! Gone home! The door through In vain thine arms are flung to heaven!

which she vanished And stilled the loved lip's fond caress,

Closed with a jar, and left us here alone. It answers not: I have forgiven!”

We stand without, in tears, forlorn and banished, He did forgive-long, long ago !

Longing to follow where one loved has gone. But many a burning tear he shed

Gone home! Gone home! Oh shall we ever O’er thino unkindness-softly now!

reach her, He slumbers with the silent dead.

See her again, ard know her for our own ? Oh ! love while love is left to thee;

Will she conduct us to the heavenly Teacher, Oh ! love while love is yet thine own;

And bow beside us, low before his throne ? The hour will come when bitterly Thou ’lt mourn by silent graves_alone!

Gone home! Gone homo ! human-hearted M. G.

Saviour, - Chambers's Journal.

Give us a balm to soothe our heavy woe,

And if thou wilt, in tender, pitying favor,

Hasten the time when we may rise and go.

M. E. M.
Guided and guarded by our God,

Two Pilgrims have together trod-
Now bright with smiles, now wet with tears-

PRAYER highest soars when sho most prostrate

lies, Life's chequered path for fifty years !

And when she supplicates she storms the skies. This is their “ golde: wedding-day :”

Thus to gain heaven may seem an easy task, Ring out, oh bells your sweetest lay!

For what can be more easy than to ask?
And you, dear friends, give loving checrs Yet oft we do by sad experience find,
To crown their march of fifty years.

That, clogged with earth, some prayers are left

bebind. How few of us saw blushing bride And joyous groom stand side by side ;

And some like chaff blown off by every wind. We had not known life's hopes or fcars,

To kneel is casy, to pronounce not hard, So long ago as fifty years.

Then why are some petitioners debarr'd ?

Hear what an ancient oracle declared : Their fates were woven into one,

Some sing their prayers, and some their prayers Ere our first threads of lifo were spun ;

say, And rich and rare the weft appears,

Ho's an Elias, who his prayers can pray. With golden warps of fifty years.

Reader, remember, when next you repair There's frost upon their honored heads,

To church or closet, this memoir of prayer.

-The Monitor-1712 The silvery rime that nature spreads;



No. 739.—24 July 1858.—Enlarged Series, No. 17.

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CONTENTS. Correspondence: Dr. Kane and the Geographical

Society, 1. Blood; the River of Life, 2. The Eve of a Revolution, 3. Mr. Dickens, 4. Professor Wilson, . 5. Journey to the Moon, 6. A New Novelist, 7. Gold in British America, 8. Autobiography of Yeh, 9. Mrs. Mathews Tea-Table Talk, 10. Col. Graham's Art of War, 11. Bancroft's United States, Vol. VII., 12. Yeh, 13. Memoirs of Rachel, 14. My Lady Ludlow - Chap. 2, 15. France Équivocating, ; 16. The American Difficulty, 17. The Slave Trade, 18. Attitude of France, 19. Legends and Lyrics. By Miss Procter, 20. George Withers' Hallelujah, 21. Caird's Sermons,

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Saturday Revier,

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POETRY.—Three Scenes for the Study, 279.

SHORT ARTICLES.—Old Proverb, 256. House of Skulls, 256. Hugh Miller, 256. A Happy Childhood, 262. Linguists, 273. Bright Side of Transportation, 273. Piedmontese, 273.Border Literature, 278. Pure Air, 278. Shrewd Dog, 278. Love and Friendship, 278. Hope, 285. Depopulation of Trout Streams, 288. Cupid's Torch, 288. Rachel, 296. Frederick, 296. Butterfly Vivarium, 300. Picturesque Italy, 307. Cruise of the Betsey, 313. Rachel's Souvenirs, 313. Pulse, as Food, 315." Wasting Palsy, 318.


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CORRESPONDENCE. ROYAL GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY – Dr. that meeting, which was inserted in the“ Times," KANE.-The last meeting of this society for was to the effect that Dr. Rink, who commenced the session was held on 14 June; Sir R. Mur- by paying the highest tribute of respect to Kane's chison, president, in the chair. A map of the memory, after reviewing the speculations of that United States and the adjacent countries, from undaunted traveller with regard to the physical Hudson's Bay to the Rio Grande, including the geography of Greenland, referred to the queswhole of British America lying south of Hud- tion of the open Polar Sea," supposed to have son's Bay and Newfoundland, measuring fifteen been discovered by Morton, the steward, and the feet by twenty-six, was exhibited by Mr. H. V. Greenlander Hans, and threw great doubts upon Poor, of the United States, and a large paint the accuracy of their statements, and upon Dr. ing of the family of the geographer Gerard Kane's theory of the Polar Sea, assumed to be Mercator, found in the Earl of Peterborough's kept open by a branch of the Gulf Stream, from house at Southampton, was exhibited by Mr. Nova Zembla, down Smith's Sound, to Baffin Evans. The papers read were-1. Account of Bay, &c. At the request of the chairman, Dr. an Expedition from Damara Land to the Ovam. Shaw then read a letter addressed to the Hon. po in search of the River Cunene, Ly Messrs. Ģ. M. Dallas, by Professor A. D. Bache, the Green, Hahn, and Rath. 2. Ascent of the Superintendent of the United States' Surveys, River Limbong, in Borneo, by Lieutenant De and one of the medallists of the society, from Crespigny, R.N. The President next' intro- which it appeared that an examination had duced to the meeting Mr. Poor, of America, who; been made of the data for Morton's northings in in company with another gentleman, formed a the expedition, by Mr. C. A. Schott, Assistant deputation from the Geographical Society of to the Coast Survey, and who was chosen by Dr. New York, their object being to seek an expla- Kane to reduce many of the results of his obsernation respecting the correctness of the follow- vations. Mr. Schott admits that Dr. Kane “ had ing paragraph, which had lately appeared in adopted the mean of the results by the two meth“Wilmer and Smith's European Times :"-ods”—by dead reckoning and astronomical obAt a meeting of the Royal Geographical So: servations - instead of that given by either ciety, Dr. Rink, a Dane, read a paper in which method singly, and concludes by saying that, he challenged the accuracy of nearly all the al- " believing the astronomical observations to be leged discoveries of Dr. Kane on the north entitled to greater confidence, 80 deg. 56 min. coast of Greenland. The lecturer maintained for the latitude of Cape Constitution should be that the line of coast on the American coast of adopted in preference to 81 deg. 15 min., as Baffin Bay, as high as 81 degrees of latitude, given in the chart in vol.i. In no case, however, sketched in Dr. Kane's chart, was fictitious, could a latitude lower than 80 deg. 53 min. be and was founded on observations reported to assigned.” This view Professor Bache “conhave been made from points where it was impos- siders the correct one,” but remarks that "the sible to have seen the land. Many other por: conclusions in regard to the open Polar Sea do tions of Dr. Kane's narrative were disputed, and not depend in any way upon this difference.” it was roundly asserted that the American was The meeting having been addressed by Captain hoaxed by his steward. Those views were en- Colinson and Professor Alexander of the United dorsed by Sir G. Back, Captain Colinson, and States, the chairman stated that another Arctic Dr. Armstrong: Sir R. Murchison was in the expedition was about being organized in the chair, but he said nothing on the disputed ques- United States, and the meeting was adjourned tion. The American Geographical Society, to November nest. in consequence of the above paragraphs, and feeling naturally a deop interest in maintain

17 Proparing for separate publication at this ing the truthful character and scientific ropu

office My LADY LUdlow. tation of Dr. Kane, requested to have a copy A great variety of Biographical notices is of Dr. Rink's paper, together with the observa- given in this number; Dickens; Yeh; Wilson; tions of those who spoke on the occasion, which Rachel. the chairman stated the secretary would be happy to furnish; but he begged most emphatically to

Upon the authority of a gentleman from China, declare that the account from the New York we are able to state that the Great Commissionpaper was inaccurate, and expressed his regret er's name is pronounced as if written Yew. that so garbled a statement should have ap- A correspondent informs us that Madamo peared. The true account of the proceedings of Knight taught little Benjamin Franklin to writa



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