for me to fight with all the officers of the at Abbeville, have been summoned by the

• You have insulted them all, and Juge d'Instruction of Versailles to appear bethey have all the right to force you to draw fore him and undergo an interrogatory. The the sword.' • I refer to my seconds.' In this proprietor of the Figaro has also been restate of things the seconds having intimated quired to attend.”. their intention to leave the ground, M. The Minister of War, wishing to stop the Hyenne urgently repeated his demand to consequences of the duel between M. de Pène fight. He told these gentlemen that he was and Lieutenant Hyenne, has addressed a determined to fight M. de Pène, and that if a circular to the Colonels commanding regimeeting were refused he should be under the ments to forbid the writing of letters by painful necessity of insulting him. M. de officers to the directors of newspapers ; addPène and his seconds continuing to refuse, M. ing that the “ honor” of the army stands too Hynne, after a last entreaty, which produced high in the estimation of the French people no effect, used an insulting gesture (a chique- and of the whole world to be affected by the naud) towards his adversary, who thereupon ill-timed pleasantry of an obscure journal. asked his seconds what he should do. They There was nothing against the “honor” of replied. You must fight.' But one of them the army in the Figaro ; the paragraph had objected that M. Hyenne ought not to be merely reference to their demeanor in society. allowed to measure swords with an adversary whose method of fighting he had just had an LOUIS NAPOLEON. — It is questionable

- . opportunity of studying. M. Hyenne, who whether the inscrutable and unscrupulous had pistols about him, insisted that M. de man, who is now supreme over the French Pène should choose the arm which he pre- people, would give up his power without a ferred. The sword was chosen, and M. de struggle, if he could possibly help it; and Pène received two wounds. We think it whether he would quite so easily be caught necessary to give you all the details of this off his guard_as_Charles the Tenth, Louis double meeting, in order that your opinion Philippe, or the Republican chiefs of 1851. may not be misled by reading the contradic- This, however, is a French question. The tory and malicious comments of certain jour- question for other European countries is, how nals. For instance, in the Industriel of St. far their interests may be jeopardized by his Germain, which first gave an account of the recklessness, and whether, having gained a dùel, it was stated that after M. Courtiel was throne by a home coup d'état, he may not try wounded M. Hyenne thought fit to take up to preserve it by a foreign exploit, that might the. affair. This way of telling the story is avert his fall if not restore his popularity. insulting and incorrect, for M. Hyenne did The more imminent the Imperial danger may not avenge M. Courtiel, but the entire army. seem at home, the greater the precautions This is the proper place to assert in the most that should be taken abroad, to guard against unequivocal manner that M. de Pène was re- a stroke of despair.—Spectator, 29 May. sponsible for his article, not only to an individual but to a class. In the Figaro Programme

From The Spectator 29 May. of the 17th, M. de Villemessont, in allusion THE RED SEA AND EUPHRATES LINES. to the energetic and calm intervention of M. The Times throws out a good suggestion, Hyenne, calls it an indescribable scene' probably not without some reason for doing He takes care to notice only the provocation, so: it is that the two lines of telegraph, by and passes over the entirely proper conduct the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, shall both of that officer. The army, which is such a be carried out. The suggestion tends mategood judge in affairs of honor, will appreciate rially to diminish the objections to either the facts. The officers of the cavalry and route, and would probably double the advanartillery of the guard, as well as those of the tages of both; for we are convinced that the 84th Regiment, have spontaneously assured mere question of expense is one that must me of their entire sympathy. Gentlemen, not for a moment be entertained; indeed for my desire is that the army, to whom the some years there must be, if simple prudence original insult was addressed, should know be consulted, an outlay far exceeding the ap precisely in what way it was avenged. parent necessity, considered solely with ref“ (Signed) Roge, one of the seconds."

erence to immediate objects. The promoters M. de Pène is still in a dangerous state, of the rival lines have been successful only in but hopes of his recovery are entertained. frustrating each other. The route by the The Mémorial d'Amiens' states that “M. Persian Gulf is recommended by being capaCourtiel and M. Hyenne, principals in the ble of speedy construction, cheap, and offertwo duels with M. de Pène, and M. Rogé, ing information,” says the Times, “from insecond to these gentlemen, all three officers termediate regions, whence, judging from the in the 9th Regiment of Chasseurs, in garrison present policy of Russia, such means are

[ocr errors]




[ocr errors]

likely henceforth to be most important.” | the same remark applies to the opposition That by the Red Sea is more under our own which “ England” has offered to the construccontrol, less liable to interruption from the tion of a canal through the Isthmus of Suez. disorder of native tribes, with their doubtful For some time we beliered that the engineerallegiance, and it coincides with our ordinary ing difficulties of this work would preclude its route to India. The objection to the Eu- execution ; but the investigations which M. phrates line is, that it is liable to be cut off, Ferdinand de Lesseps has, with so much either by the spontaneous barbarism of native ability and energy, caused to be made in the tribes, or by foreign intrigues, Russian for ex- district, go far to counteract that unfavorable ample. The grand objection to the Suez impression. His reports, and they appear in route is, that the promoters have never yet the main to be trustworthy, would prove that mustered a subscribed capital. The conduct such difficulties are not so great as many that of the late Government appeared to be dic- have been overcome for less objects. But, it tated by an à priori prejudice against the is said, England sets her face against the Suez plan, and a strange favor shown to the scheme, since it would open the route to India Euphrates route, which had a look of favor- for all the world as well as herself

. But why ing certain railway proprietors, whose prop-should not the road to India be opened to all erty in India would be rendered much more the world? England has not, since Peel's valuable by the accession of this telegraphic day, rested the maintenance of her power property, to say nothing, of a contemplated upon any kind of“ protection.” Our strength line of railway. These objections are practi- is not to be preserved if we trust to the accical. The encouragement of both routes tends dent of a natural dike, which any living engito remove the objections. Manifestly a little neer could cut through if allowed; on the favor would soon raise the capital for the Suez contrary, so long as we maintain a monopoly line, which would on the whole be that best of the route to the East, exclusively by favor guaranteed by the constant traffic which is of natural difficulties, we restrict the profits making the Red Sea an Anglo-Indian high- of our Eastern estates, and expose ourselves way. The existence of both lines also would to incursions through the ingenuity of foreign much tend to diminish any motives for the powers. Let us throw open the route, and destruction of either of them, and in the case what must be the effect ? That other counof accidents there would be no stoppage of tries will become more commercial than they communication. Thus the cost for the double are, other nations will enlarge their intercourse construction appears to be the guarantee for with the East, with each other, and with ourmaintaining either of the lines even singly. selves, and the great guarantees of peace

Indeed we say there must, for efficiency of must be multiplied on all hands. Are we communication, be a great surplus expendi- afraid of competition in this race? Is it not, ture: while the telegraph is in operation it on the contrary, a race in which every runner will be absolutely essential, for some time to wins his prize, exactly proportionate to the come, to maintain, perhaps to increase, cer- prizes of the rest ? Let us inveigle all the tainly to accelerate, the communication by the nations of Europe and of America to approach ordinary means. Nothing could be more con- | us in the amplest commerce that can be de

venient to our enemies than an absolute reli- veloped out of our Eastern empire; and if • ance of our Government and our trading we simply do justice to the invention, energy,

public upon any telegraphic line alone. It is and perseverance which we boast, we can keep obvious that for the purpose of speedy inter- the start, which we already have, with some course, we must be prepared, in peace as well thing like a proportion of advance. In that as in war time, to keep up the speediest free trade of international intercourse we steam-ship transit

, in anticipation that the should of necessity be the dominant state, two lines of telegraph might both be broken through the power of our example, our in a single night; for independently of acci- greater weight in capital, and the influence dent, which might without any very, great which we must possess in that great partnerimprobability inflict such an injury, it is obvi- ship from the last reason. No course more ous that the means of inflicting it would be conducive to the safety and ascendancy of quite purchasable by any power disposed to England could be invented, than spontanelay out the requisite amount of cash in bribery. ously to abolish any, even accidental, monop

Heretofore the conduct of our Government oly of the East, and to throw wide open the has been so unintelligibly indiscreet that it portals of the Red Sea, though we were to can be accounted for only by wild guesses constitute M. Ferdinand de Lesseps, as he such as Mr. Urquhart would venture; and so well deserves to be, the doorkeeper.


From The Spectator, 29 May. as if to prove that his temper was still subMR. RAREY'S TEACHING.

stantially that which he inherited from his IN France they are going through the ancestors. But he could not wholly withhard and apparently impracticable lesson of stand the firm gentleness of the horsemaster. trying to eat their horses : in England we Although with a reluctant cry, he obeyed are learning to make friends of our horses; even as the horses had done; he followed, and the lesson taught by practical Mr. Rarey he lay down, he turned over in the new appears to be a good deal more successful equine fashion ; and at last he submitted to and profitable than that inculcated by the be patted by the hand of one of Mr. Rarey's philosophic Geoffroi St. Hilaire. By degrees fair pupils. For those who when he sprung Mr. Rarey's system, which has hitherto been into the enclosure, looked to the strength of told as a secret to six or seven hundred peo- the barrier which protected them as their ple who paid ten guineas apiece for the ex- only safety, now approached him without fear clusive information, is gradually oozing out: or hesitation. and no confidences are broken when some Mr. Rarey calls the principle of his method slight hints of his last lecture in London are my discovery," and justly; for if some have given to an expectant public. At that meet- before stumbled upon its guiding principle, ing the new pupils found the teacher in the they have not generalized it, constructed an riding enclosure of the Roundhouse ; the art upon it, or reduced it to a system. If we famous horse Cruiser, “clothed and in his may now believe the stories of those “whisright hind,” assisted at the séance. He perers ” who have subdued the horse to their showed his regenerated condition by a sub- will, they have either arrived at their secret dued, perhaps saddened, yet mild and con- without understanding it, which is most protemplative demeanor. The horse who was bable, or they treated their secret as empichosen as the subject of the lecture appears rics, and kept it to themselves. Numbers, to have been an animal of no peculiar vices. from the Arab of the desert to the commonThe Professor went through his method be- est omnibus-driver, have found that somefore his pupils, explaining each part of the thing more than the principle of kindness process as he executed it; making no secret, could master the horse. It is the establishshowing that he relied upon no trick, and ing of complete mental communication with avowing for the thousandth time that his dis- the beast. Thus, amongst the obscurest covery rested exclusively upon an observation hackney-carriage-drivers of the metropolis, of the horse, of his disposition, of the mo- there is a man who can put a pair of cattle, tives which work within the recesses of the not remarkable in appearance or condition, equine breast. Without drugs, without aids to high speed in trotting or galloping, simply and appliances, without a whip, spur, or by the sound of his feet upon the foot-board; toreat, meeting the horse as a stranger, Mr. can evoke signs of sympathy from them, by Rarey can reduce him at once to his will, a kind word ; and can in this way beat the make him follow his new master, lie down, finest horses and the most distinguished turn over, take the teacher's head between drivers, though one of his humble beasts had his legs, serve the purpose of a sofa, listen been literally rescued from the knacker's. to the beating of a drum not only without This is a kind of competition with the fear or anger, but on this occasion with a knacker rather more successful than that liveliness as marked as the obedience ; the which M. Geoffroi St. Hilaire and his pupils horse being perfectly docile and positively are now attempting in France, with what “ frisky."

stomach they can. A bonne-bouche was reserved for the con- Mr. Rarey's success has of course prompted clusion. No horse, however savage, is proved a very obvious and natural question. A to be beyond the jurisdiction of this new learned witness before the Select Committee master; but a question had arisen whether on medical qualifications, early in the century the system would hold good with the conge- being asked whether he prescribed for aniner of the horse, the hitherto untameable mals, answered, “Yes, I sometimes doctors zebra. The Zoological Society kindly placed cows, and sometimes humans.” Mr. Rarey one of these animals at the professor's dis- has shown the true principle of the governposal. Neither blandishments nor biscuits ment for horses : he has extended his system had ever get subdued this creature to ra- to zebras; we know on the authority of the tional demeanor; and the zebra entered the poem, "If I had a donkey,” that the system enclosure with every sign of furious dislike may be extended to asses, and why should it for the whole transaction. Indeed, though stop short of “humans ?” It is evidently not unconvinced by Mr. Rarey's peculiar very sound economy. Even as applied to logic, he kept up to the last a savage scream horses alone, it must result in many kinds of by way of protest, and before leaving the saving. There is no doubt that the nervous enclosure bit defiantly at one of the grooms, excitement occasioned by the whipping and

[ocr errors]

scourging, now proved to be useless, has oc- | always been regarded as an ebullition of casioned more wear and tear than all that mere sentiment. But perhaps it pointed to hard work, even of a London omnibus horse, a deeper practical moral insight into queswhich dooms him to the knacker's in five tions affecting the dealing of man with man, years. Our humble friend, the Rarey “born as well as with beast, than has usually been to blush unseen,” has proved that the horse's seen in the words. life may be extended beyond the knacker's term. How much of risk and injury, if not

THE MORMON FLIGHT. of death, has been caused by the viciousness It is not quite easy to understand the moor imperfect management of the horse ? tive which has impelled the Mormons to abanWe have found a way by which the animal don Utah and seek a new home in the wilds can be rendered more valuable, and the pre- of Mexico. The rumor that they have merely mium on life assurance, even for “sporting withdrawn from the city in order to fortify gents," reduced. But how vast the economy themselves elsewhere, is clearly absurd--for if the same principle could be extended to if they were resolved to fight they would have the human animal! There is not a country done it in advance of their settlements and in the world where the saving would not ex- for their protection, rather than after having ceed the power of calculation. The treat- abandoned them to the enemy. They have ment which Crusier had undergone before unquestionably abandoned their city ;—and the Rarey era, completely illustrates what the question will occur to every one how it is we may call the Austrian principle. The that a population of a hundred thousand souls, animal was a terror to his rulers; the ad- with houses, lands, homes, cities and settleministrative groom kept the door of the sta- ments which they have created with incredible perpetually closed; or opened it by fits ble diligence and perseverance, should abanand starts, to introduce food with a " long don them all, and, plunging into the desert, pole ;" till at last the creature grew wild seek shelter in a foreign and, in all probawith bondage, and was wont to reduce any bility, a hostile country? What motive, sufnew stall into which he was placed “to luci- ficiently cogent, can we allege, for this incalfer matches” by his frantic behavior. He culable sacrifice ? Such hazards the enslaved was under a repressive system analogous to Israelites might run to escape their Egyptian that established in Paris ; and he was in a masters. Trojans, expelled from a ruined state of constant émeute. All these re- capital, followed their pious chief about the straints which harrassed the poor animal seas. But behind the Mormon there is neiuntil he was nearly out of his wits, were pro- ther servitude nor desolation. He has appanounced to be necessary” by the authori- rently the alternative of remaining in his ties of that day. Mr. Rarey throws open chosen home with the comforts around him the stable-door, approaches the noble beast which his own industry has placed there; with nothing but the words of kindness, and maintaining his own religion and social instigoverns him as if the hand of the master tutions ; submitting only to the mildest reflecwere possessed of a spell. There is no se- tion of a distant Government; making in his cret in the principle. Mr. Rarey has studied legislative assembly his own laws: and prothe nature of the animal to be governed, and ceeding indefinitely in his chosen political rules him by calling forth the motives of the and social career :-or of sacrificing all he horse himself

. There is no reason why ex- possesses, and wandering into new and unactly the same method should not be ap- trodden lands. How shall we account for plied to the human biped. Mr. Rarey, by the extraordinary course they have seen fit to the way, might solve a very difficult problem take? in his own land by arranging the mode of its We are inclined to believe that the secret application to the negro. We have already of the Mormon hatred of active American mentioned another Rarey, called Walter rule, backed by an army, rests upon two Crofton, who has had considerable success in grounds, the incompatibility of their land tenapplying the system to “ the dangerous class- ures with American law, and the substitution es of this country. Any true friend of of the common profligacy of great cities for Louis Napoleon who does not wish him to their systemized polygamy, which the presbe thrown off the saddle and trampled on, ence of an army would introduce. wou.d perhaps hint to him that a method so In liis appropriation of the Great Basin, successful with the horse, the ass, and the Brigham Young assumed to himself and his zebra, might not be altogether impracticable Saints the absolute ownership of the soil. with the French nation.

Without annexation the assumption might eaOne of the purest saints in the calendar, sily have been made good. But with annexaSt. Francis of Assisi, was wont to call the tion came the paramount claim of the Federal animals he kept and daily fed with his own Government to the land,—the General Land hand, his brothers and sisters." This has System, with its surveys, preëmption rights, bounty land warrants, and the bulk of that subornation of Executive officers of the heary, but admirable apparatus, which has Courts ; but when these only lead on a power worked so well in the States, and other Ter- which at once seizes the soil and ousts the ocritories. Obviously, with the exertion of cupant from what he has been taught to reFederal authority all the titles then existing gard as his own, the business assumes a shape in Utah would be worthless. Cities were with which Young has no mode of contendspringing into existence, towns growing like ing. mushrooms overnight; great public works The other consideration is perhaps less diwere undertaken; farms were fenced in and rect, but scarcely less potent in its influence. cultivated; settlements were extending to Polygamy has become a cardinal feature of California on the one hand, and towards New- Mormonism, and although it is the newest it Mexico on the other. All these movements is probably the last which they would abandon. would be disturbed, perhaps stopped, by the Its maintenance requires the isolation of the disturbance of land-titles; for there was every community in which it exists. It could not indication that the Mormon occupancy, even stand against the influences of an outside soupon lands actually appropriated and im- ciety. The experience which the Mormons proved, would not be regarded by the Federal have had upon this point convinces their loadGovernment as standing upon the same foot- ers of this fact. One of the charges which ing with Mexican land-titles found subsisting Young has most vehemently urged against the in California and New-Mexico. It seemed in Federal officers, both civil and military, which the highest degree likely that every man own- have been sent among them, has been that ing improved land would be called to pay for they seduced their wives away, hnd broke up it again, whenever the Federal surveyor had their marriage system ;-and there has unaccomplished his labors. For eight years he doubtedly been abundant foundation for the has not been allowed to proceed. One after reproach. There is no doubt at all that the another has given up the task in despair. He presence of these men among them has very has been harassed by Indians, his assistants greatly disturbed the established system of nave proved worthless, or have vanished; society among the Saints. The sentiment of plots already drawn have been stolen. Burr, constancy, where it is divided among twenty the last who made the attempt, found him- or thirty wives, must lose much of its force, self baffled, at every move. His calculations, while the passions certainly lose none of their drafts and base-lines proved refractory. No power. And sending into such a society two two ends would meet. His lots overlapped; or three thousand men, reckless enough natuhis compass was more than variable. At last rally, and made doubly so by their position he found the secret of his ill-success in the and separation from all family ties, could have presence of a Mormon as Chief-Assistant. He but one result. If Young had permitted Gen. charged the wrong upon that faithless man, Johnston's army to settle quietly among them, and he fled to Salt Lake City. Presently after- he would bave lost half his wives within a wards, Surveyor-General Burr found it con- month. And the permanent introduction of sistent with his personal safety to withdraw a Gentile element into the midst of their from the territory. It is, therefore, mainly community, would have speedily put an end because these land-officers now come to them to their polygamy. backed with an army, and strengthened to ful


It is doubtless for these reasons that they fil their hated duty, that the Mormon chief have abandoned Utah. They know that they chooses to retreat. A Federal Governor he can exist only as an isolated community,—and might easily flatter and beguile; the Federal they will continue to seek that isolation in Judiciary he could, as heretofore, defeat by new regions as often as they are driven from the adroit management of jurymen, or the the old ones.-N. Y. Times.

TOLERATION OF Color.–At the annual | received with the utmost hospitality and treated meeting of the British and Foreign Anti-Sla- elegantly. He said that he was rather entervery Society, last Saturday, Lord Brougham re- tained when, after dinner was over, his colored lated the following amusing anecdote : "Lord host said that he was a man without any prejuLyndhurst gave mo a short time since an anec- dice whatever, and that whenever he found a dote of a gentleman who was connected with the person honest, honorable, and respectable in Hague, and who on ono occasion received an in- every point of view, he held out the hand of felvitation to the house of a Cuban gentleman, a lowship to him, even though his color wero as negro proprietor of a large estate, where he was white as that table-cloth.”

« ElőzőTovább »