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71 day, however, Sir Edward Seymour, and another country gentleman, came to him, who formed an association, and whose energies contributed in no inconsiderable degree to the success of the Revolution. On so small a pivot do the events of this world often turn, and surprising instances of this occur in the annals of mankind. Illustrations might be selected from sacred and profane history; but let the young mind trace out for itself the process of cause and effect; it will delight and invigorate the mind, while it constitutes the best part of natural and moral philosophy.
In recesses of the Cathedral we saw monuments of antiquity; that of Judge Doddridge attracted my attention. He was the ancestor of the pious and learned Dr. Philip Doddridge; and Job Orton declares, that it is hard to say whether he were the better artist, philosopher, divine, common, or civil lawyer. His epitaph inscribed upon his tomb is expressive :
Learning adieu! for Doddridge is gone
A curious incident happened to this judge on one of his circuits, and it is recorded in the Harleian Miscellany. Judge Doddridge, at Huntingdon assizes, 1619, had, it seems, reproved the Sheriff for having returned persons on the jury who were not of sufficient respectability. The Sheriff, however, took care, against the next assizes, to present the following singular list, at 72
SINGULAR JURY. which the Judge smiled, applauding at the same time his industry:
Maximilian King of Tortland,
Richard Deacon of Catsworth. We ascended the principal tower of the cathedral, from the summit of which we were presented with a prospect of Exeter, and the adjacent country. The windings of the river Ex added to the variety of the scene, whilst Topsham, a bustling sea-port, situated upon its banks, yields advantages to the active and commercial part of the community.
A curious clock is to be seen in the cathedral,
73 the face exhibiting the Ptolemaic system; which represents the earth in the centre, and the planets revolving round it in succession. It has an odd appearance, but conveys an idea to the spectator of that arrangement of the planetary system which was once admitted to be the true system of nature. The painted window, erected about thirty years ago, should not pass unnoticed, for it is reckoned one of the finest in the kingdom. It exhibits the twelve apostles at whole length, surrounded with the armorial bearings of the principal families of the county. It has been remarked that Peter, looking down over his left shoulder, seems to frown upon the spiritual court. Let not this remark be deemed illiberal; for Dr. Johnson, speaking of his tragedy, IRENE, observed to a friend, that if his heroine had not suffered enough by the evils which had befallen her, he could still fill up the measure of her calamities, by putting her into the Spiritual Court at Litchfield! The Bishop's throne also is an exquisite piece of workmanship, and so framed, that neither screw, nail, nor peg was employed in its construction. Upon the approach of Oliver Cromwell to besiege the city, it was taken to pieces by the clergy, sacredly preserved, and reinstated at the restoration. The library likewise contains a good collection of ancient divinity; and the compartment of it, added by the late Dr. Ross, bishop of the diocese, seemed well chosen; he was, indeed, a prelate of learning and liberality.
This cathedral impressed me with sensations of 74
DISSENTERS. solemnity. To use the language of Congreve, int his Mourning Bride :
How reverend is the face of this tall pile,
The dissenters in this city are numerous, and have enjoyed the labours of Mr. James Pierce and Mr. Micaijah Towgood, two of their eminent advocates and ornaments. The former flourished there about the beginning of this century, and, though persecuted by some of his brethren, was a man of sound learning, irreproachable manners, and sterling integrity. The latter was entitled to an appellation often bestowed upon him-the Apostle of the West ; for in him zeal and charity were united. I saw his portrait at the house of his amiable successor, the Rev. Mr. M-; his features were expressive of the virtues by which his soul was animated. It was painted by the late Mr. Opie, whose professional merits are acknowledged.
Exeter, taken altogether, is well worth the traveller's attention. It has one spacious street, called the Fore-street, of considerable length; and conveys to the eye of the stranger an idea of re
spectability. The city had a mint; and so late as the reign of King William, silver was coined here, distinguished by the letter E. placed under the King's bust. About one mile and a half without the east gate of Exeter, is the parish of Heavy Treé, thus expressively called from the gallows erected there for malefactors, and near it is a burial place for them, purchased in the reign of Edward the Sixth, by the widow of Mr. Tucker, Sheriff of Exeter, who also left money to procure them shrouds in which the poor wretches have been executed. They now, however, make their exit over the front door of the prison, by a drop, similar to that before Newgate. This city is said to have suffered by the resentment of Henry Courtenay, Earl of Devonshire, who, to revenge the disappointment of some fish from the market, by wiers choaked up the river below Exeter, which before brought up ships to the city walls, so as to obstruct the navigation of it. The injury, however, has by means of an artificial channel been in a measure remedied. Such was the trade of this city in serges, druggets, kerseys, and other woollen goods, that it was computed at 600,0001. per annum! Vast quantities of these articles used to be shipped off for Portugal, Spain, Italy, Holland, and Germany. Nor should we omit to mention the Hospital for the sick and lame poor, both for the city and county. It was founded by Dr. Alured Clark, Dean of Exeter, and the first stone was laid the 27th of August, 1741, by him, accompanied by the Bishop and a number of the