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WHAT YOUNG PEOPLE SHOULD KNOW. 16. To receive and entertain visitors -- The best inheritance that parents can when her mother is sick or absent. leare their children, is the ability to help A young lady who can do all these and take care of themselves. This is better things well, and who is always ready to than a hundred thousand dollars apiece. render aid to the afflicted, and to mitigate In any trouble or difficulty, they will have the perplexities of those about her, will two excellent servants ready, in the shape i bring more comfort to others and liappiof their two hands. Those who can do ness to herself, and be more esteemed, nothing, and have to be waited on, are than if she only knew how to dance, simhelpless, and easily disheartened at the per, sing, and play on the piano. misfortunes of life. Those who are active
DEPREDATIONS Ox AXERICAN COMand handy, meet troubles with a cheerful Tace, and soon surinourt them. Let youne ressels captured by rebel pirates, from
MERCE.. - A complete statement of the people, therefore, learn to do ar many ferent useful things as possible.
the outbreak of the rebellion in 1861, to EVERY FARMER:'S BOY should know thic surrender of the Shenandoah to thic how, sooner or later,
British government, November 9, 1815, 1. To dress himself, black his own has been prepared for the annual report shoes, cut his brother's hair, wind a
of the proceedings of the New York Chamwatch, sew on a button, make a beil, and ber of Commerce, by Mr. George Wilson, keep all his clothes in persect order, and aeting secretary. The captured property nently in place.
was of the value of $25,500,000, of which 2. 'Ío harness a borse, grease a wagon, tions of the statement are published in
$20,000,000 worth was destroyed. Porand drive a team. 3. To carve, and wait on table.
advance, and from these we take the fol 4. To milk the cowr, shear the sleep, lowing recapitulation, showing the numand dress a veal or mutton.
ber of vessels captured, their aggregate 5. To reckon money and keep accounts tonnage and estimated value, the number accurately, and according to good book- bondcă, released, and recaptured, and the keeping rules.
number actually destroyed:6. To write a neat, appropriate, briefly
VESSELS CAPTURED. expressed business letter, in a good hand,
Estimated value and fold and superscribe it properly; and
Total of rcsscls and writc contracts.
No, tonnage. cargoes. 7. To plough, sow grain and
Steamers, . 6 4,230 drive a mowing machine, swing a scythe, Ships,
73,748 14.140,000 build a neat stack, and pitch hay.
32,099 6,825,000 8. To put up a package, build a fire,
Brigs, whitewash a wall, mend broken tools,
Schooners, 11,821 1,660,000 and regulate a clock. There are many other things which
132,307 $25,5+6,000 would render boys more useful to themselves and to others - these are merely
VESSELS BONDEN, RELISASED, AND
CAPTURED, & specimen. But the young man who
2 can do all these things well, and who is Steamers,
$140,000 ready at all times to assist others, and be Ships, . 20 10,191 3,675,000 useful to his mother and sisters, will com- Barks, 9
775,000 mand far more respect and estoem, than if Briga, 8 1,933
395,000 he knew merely how to drive fast horses, Scliooners,
203,000 smoke cigars, play carols, and talk non- Totals, 48 29,275 $5,153,000 senge to foolish young ladies at parties. EVERY GIRL should know how,
VESSELS ACTUALLY DESTROYED, 1. To sew and knit.
Steamers, 4 2,475 $575,000 2. To mend clothes neatly.
61 53,557 10,165,000 3. To make badle,
28,347 6,000,000 4. To dress her own hair.
8,476 1,5.55,003 5. To wash dishes and sweep carpets. Schooners, . 61 10,177
1,453,000 6. To trim lamps. 7. To make good bread, and perform
Totals, . 233 103,032 $20,088,000 all plain cooking
TH! RECORD OF NEW ENGLAND IY 8. To kesy her room, closots, and THE WAR. – Of the loyal States Nom drawers, neatly in order.
England lost the hcaviest proportion of 3. To work a sawing machino.
killed and wounded, in the men it con10. To make good butter and good tributed to the National Ariny, nearly 45 checsc.
per 1,000; the Western States next, 37 per 11. To make a dress, and children's 1,000, the Middle States about 32 per 1,000, clothes.
and the Border States, 25 per 1,000. Kan12. To keep acoounts, and calculate in- sas hcads the list of States -- inore than terest.
half thic able-bodied men there entered 13. To write, fold, and superscribe let the army, and sixty-one of every thousand ters properly.
of them were killed or died of wounds, 14. To nurse the sick efficiently, and Vermont stands next in we list - her not faint at the sight of a drop of blood. losses in killed and those who died of
15. To be ready to render eficient aid wounds amonnted to upwards of 58 per and comfort to those in trouble, in au un- | 1,000; Massachusetts lost nrarly 48 per ostentatious way.
1,000; Newllampshire over 47.
. 43 . 70 • 283
MASSACHUSETTS STATE DEBT. - Mr. New England, 44.70, corresponds to that Aldrich,.of Worcester, in his late speech of Iowa, 45.44; of Michigan, 44.82; and of in favor of equalizing the bounties, said, Wisconsin, 42.01. The following is the “ The State debt is no serious matter; it proportion of the several New England is but $20 a head for the inhabitants of States : Maine, 44.37 ; New Hampshire, the State." The Boston Daily Adver-47.27; Vermont, 19.23; Massachusetts, tiser, reviewing this statement, says, "the 47.76; Rhode Island, 22.34; Connocticut, State debt proper amounts to $25,117,298, 35.48. to which it is proposed to add $4,500,000. The average proportion per thousand On the first of April, the national debt of deaths from disease, taking in all the was $2,705,046,516, of which the State's loyal States, shows, for the New England share, with the municipal debts, gives States, 70.45; Middlo States, 31.79; West$108.31 per head, ncarly five times Mr.ern States, 36.81; and Border States, 25.32. A.'s trifling sum. Dlassachusetts is the The New England States sercrally exthird in the amount of internal revenue hibit the following proportions : Maine, paid to the government, and supplies 85.67; New Hampshire, 76.30; Vermont, about 10 per cent. of the amount collected 01.81; Massachusetts, 62.62; Rhode Islfrom the whole Union. The funds for and, 50.37; Connecticut, 61.64. the ultimate payment of the debt, it is “ The variations of mortality from digreasonable to estimate, will be levied in case resulted in part from the nature of this manner and in this proportion; in the respective services required of troops which case Massachusetts must supply drawn from different localities. $270,564,651, making, with her State debt, An undue proportion of New England a burden upon every inhabitant of the troops was used in the unhealthy Atlantic State of $2.10.18. Taking into account the and Gulf States of the South, and to this fact that, while the proportion paid by us circumstance may be attributed in a meamust be much larger than that paid by sure the fact that 70.45 per thousand of agricultural communitice, there must still thic men from the Eastern States died of be a large amount which is merely cold disease. The men from the Wcst served lected here, and is finally paid by the in the fover-breeding valleys of the Misconsumers of our products elsewhere, we sissippi and its southern tributaries, and may strike a medium between the pro- this aided no doubt in swelling their morportion per capita and that resting on the tality list. The troops from the Border collection of internal revenuc, and esti- States served mainly in the same regions, mate our share of the national debt at 7 and suffered from the same cause. All per cent. This would make our propor- their ratios are higher than the general tion of that debt $189,395,256, and would ratio of the loyal States, which is but give us a burden for each inhabitant of 59.22. $174.25, instead of $20. The truth is, that Again, the Middle States, whose men however gentlemen may attempt to ciplier rought to the larger extent in the army down the obligations of the people of this of the Potomac, lost only 37.88, which is State, the public burden resting upon us 33.67 below the ratio of the Western to-day exceeds what rests upon n corres- States, and 21.34 below the general ratio. ponding number of the peoplo of England Virginia was a healthier field of service by from 30 to 50 per cent."
than the bottoms of tho Tennessee, or the
lowlands of Louisiana, Mississippi, and IVAR STATISTICS. The aggregate South Carolina; and it cannot be denied, number of men furnished by the New
inoreover, that the army of the Potomac England States during the lato war, un was always by far the best provided of der all calls, reduced to the threo years all our large armies." standard, was as follows:
Massachusetts, 123,841; Maine, 56,595; TUE DEBTS OF NATIONS. The folNew Hampshire, 30,827; Vermont, 20,- lowing is a list of the debts of the 052; Rhode Island, 17,818; Connecticut, prominent nations of the world: 50,5!4. Of the above thero were killed in action,
Av. or died of wounds, from Mains, 2,871; NATION.
Dolg. New llamyshire, 1,001;. Vermont, 1,002; Massachusetts, 0,029; Rhode Island, 470; | Gt. Britain, 4,000,000,000 30,000,000 133 33 Connecticut, 1,002. Total, 14,741.
U. States, 3,000,000,000 35,000,000 87 70 Of soldiers who died of discase, there France, 2,000,000,000 36,500,000 54 79 verc from Maine, 5,544; Now Ilampshire, Russia, 1,155,000,000 75,000,000 15 40 2,530; Vermont, 2,998; Massachusetts, Austria, 1,125,000,000 35,000,000 32 14 7,904; Rhode Island, 1,073; Connecticut, Spain, 635,000,000 10,000,000 33 44 3,309. Total, 23,358.
Netherl'ds, 465,000,000 3,000,000 150 00 The grand total of deaths from all causes Prussia, 210,000,000 18,000,000 11 66 WAB 280,420. Grouping the States, the av- Portugal, 150,000,000 4,000,000 37 50 erage proportion per thousand of deaths Belgium, 130,000,000 4,500,000 22 88 in action and from wounds is, in the New Bavaria, 130,000,000 4,500,000 28 88 England States, 44.70; in the Middle Brazil, 88,000,000 7,700,0001 11 43 States, 31.79; in the Western States, Denmark, 60,000,000 2,600,000 23 10 36.81; and in the Border States, 25.32. Saxony, 48,000,000 2,000,000 24 00
It appears, from the foregoing, that, as Hanover, 40,000,000 1,800,000 22 23 a rule, the mortality from battle ranged Wirtemb'g, 25,000,000 1,700,000 14 77 highest in the northernmost States, both Hamburg, 23,000,000
222,000 103 60 Eastern and Western. The high ratio of 1 Greece, 20,000,000 1,000,000 20 00
POST-OFFICE REGULATIONS. 1866. Letters. The maximum standard weight for the single rate of letter postage is one half oz, avoirdupois. The rate of postage on all domestic letters not exceeding one half oz. shall be uniform at three cents; and for each half oz., or fractional thereof, of additional weight, an additional rate of three cents, to be in all cases prepaid by postage stamps. Drop or LOCAL LETTERS, two cents per half oz., prepaid by stamps; and no further fee can be charged for delivery, or for taking from street boxes to the mails. IRREGULAR MATTER. - Letter rates are to be charged on irregular matter, part writing and part print, except that publishers may send and receive proof-sheets, and adviso patrons, by writing on papers, when their subscription is up, at printed matter rates. On unclassified matter, where no specific rate is set down, letter postage is charged. SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' LETTERS are exempt from this extra charge, and may go unpaid if franked. Returned DEAD LETTERS, free. Foreign dead letters subject to conyentional stipulations with the respective governments. Letters not finding owners at the office named, must be forwarded, when the place is known, free. The Postmaster-General may pay not more than two cents for carrying letters in ressels not carrying mails, such letters to be put in post-office on arrival in port; if for local delivery, another two cents should be affixed. No fees are allowed for letters collected by a carrier on a mail route.
Newspapers, Magazines, &c. – Newspaper, or second class postage, is, for papers not over four ounces each, per quarter, once a week, 5 cts.; twice, 10 cts.; three times, 15 cts.; six times, 30 cts.; beren times, 35 cts., and so on, adding one rate for each issue more than once per week, to be prepaid for not less than three months nor more than a year, at the office of reception. Publishers of weekly news. papers may send within their county free. On magazines issued less often than once å week, one cent for four ounces to regular subscribers. Special bargains may be made by the Postmaster-General for transporting packages of newspapers, &c. Publishers must be notified when papers are not taken out for one month, which notice may be sent free. BILLS AND RECEIPTS for subscriptions may be enclosed in papers and go free; any other written enclosure imposes letter postage. Publishers may exchange papers free, not exceeding sixteen ounces in weight.
Maximum Weight. -- Books. - The maximum weight for single postage on printed matter is four ounces, and the same for miscellaneous or third class matter; and the postage on such is two cents, always prepaid by stamps. Double these rates
for books. Three unsealed circulars, two cents; two cents for each additional three, prepaid. No charge for cards or advertisements stamped or printed on envelopes.
Franking. - Franking is restricted to the president, his private secretary, the vice-president, heads of executive departments, heads of bureaus and chief clerks, to be designated by the Postmaster-General, senators and representatives, secretary of senate and clerk of house — but this only to cover matter sent to them, and that despatched in'the way of business, except documents issued by Congress. 'DOCUMENTS from officers to their several departments, marked official, also go free; also PETITIONS to Congress. The weight of franked matter must not exceed four ounces per package, save Congress books, &c.
Registry System.– This remains as worthless as ever. The government will take any sum, charging twenty cents for registering a letter, but will be in no way responsible for loss or miscarriage; but have instituted, for the security of those sending money by mail, the money order system, &c.
Small Packets. -- The business of local delivery and collection of letters 18 to be regulated by the Postmaster-Gencral; but carricrs are to be paid a salary and give bonds. The Postmaster-General may establish branch post-ofiices and letter-boxes in cities; all accounts for local business to be kept separate. Contracts may be mado with publishers for delivery, by local carriers, of papers, &c., coming through the mails. Tho l'ostmaster-General may also provide for the delivery of small packets, other than letters and papers, if prepaid (for delivery), at the rate of two cts. for each four ounces. No package weighing over four pounds shall go through the mail, except books circulated by order of Congress. Postage must be prepaid by stamps on domestic letters, whether for mail or local delivery, on transient printed matter, and everything else, savo newspapers arranged for by the quarter or other period.
Foreign Letters (except to England and Ireland, to either of which the postage is 24 cts., prepayment optional) should indicate on the outside the route by which they are to be sent, as the difference by various routes is great. Thus, to Austria, and any of the German States, via “ Prussian closed mail," 30 cts., prepayment op. tional; if prepaid, 28 cts.; via " Bremen or Hamburg,” 15 cts., prepayment optional; via “French mail," not exceeding '4 02., 21 cts.; not exceeding 02., 42 cts. To the CANADAS, 10 cts., prepayment optional. To ŚWITZERLAND, via " Prussian closed mail,” if prepaid, 33 cts.; if not, 35; via “French mail," not exceeding 14.02., 21 cts.; not exceeding oz., 42.cts., prepayment
optional; via " Bremen or Hamburg mail,” 19 cts., prepayment optional. TO FRANCE, not exceeding 4 oz., 15 cts.; not exoced
Sore Throat, Cough, Cold, and similar troubles, if suffered to progress, result in setimes incurable. Few are aware of the importance
, checking a cough, or “common cold,” in its first stage.
That which in the beginning would yield to a mild remFOR edy, if neglected, soon attacks the Lungs.
Coughs and Colds are often overlooked. A
continuance for any length of time causes irritation of AND
the Lungs, or some chronic Throat Disease.
BROWN'S BRONCHIAL TROCHES reach directly the seat of the disease, and give almost instant relief.
The TROCHES are offered with the fullest confidence in their efficacy; they have been thoroughly tested, and maintain the good reputation they have justly acquired. For Public Speakers, Singers, and those who overtax the voice, they are useful in relieving an Irritated Throat, and will render articulation easy. To those exposed to sudden changes in the weather, they will give prompt relief in Coughs and Colds, and can be carried in the pocket to be taken as occasion requires.
Your Troches are too well and favorably known to need commendation. - Hon. CHAS, A. PHELPS, Pres. Mass. Senate.
I recommend their use to Public Speakers. - Rev. E. H. CHAPIN.
I have never changed my mind respecting them from the first, excepting to think yet better of that which I began thinking well of. - Rev. HENRY WARD BEECHER,
They have suited my case exactly — relieving my throat so that I could sing with ease. — T. DUCHARME, Chorister French Parish Church, Montreal.
OBSERVE: There are many imitations, represented to be the same as Brown's Bronchial Troches, which are in most cases productive of injury. Many dealers will recommend inferior preparations, and lower priced articles, affording more profit to themselves. Be sure to obtain only Brown's Bronchial Troches, which, by long experience, have proved their value, having received the sanction of physicians generally, and testimonials from eminent men throughout the country. Sold at 35 Cents a Box by all Dealers in Medicines,
BROWN'S VERMIFUGE COMFITS,
Or Worm Lozenges.
Much SICKNESS, undoubtedly, with children and adults, attributed to other causes, is occasioned by worms. The“ Vermifuge Comfits," although effectual in destroying worms, can do no possible injury to the most delicate child. This valuable combination has been successfully used by physicians, and found to be safe and sure in eradicating worms, so hurtful to children.
CHILDREN HAVING WORMS require immediate attention, as neglect of the trouble often causes prolonged sickness,
SYMPTOMS OF WORMS IN CHILDREN are often overfooked. Worms in the stomach and bowels cause irritation, which can be removed only by the use of a sipte remedy. The combination of ingredients used in making “Brown's Vermifuge Comfits" is such as to give the best possible effect with safety. Sold by Druggists, Chemists, and Dealers in Medicines, at
25 Cents a BOX.
Keep constantly on hand and for sale a general assort
School, Miscellaneous and Lab
BIBLES, TESTAMENTS, TOY BOOKS,
BONNET BOARD, BRISTOL BOARD, DRAWING PAPER,
WATER COLORS, BRUSHES,
FRENCH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN TISSUE PAPERS, &C.
Which will be sold on the most reasonable terms.
a general assortment of
CONSTANTLY ON HAND.
BLANK BOOKS, Of every description, made to order at the shortest gotice, and in the best manner.
No. 149 MAIN STREET,