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1867, faru. 8., Gratis,

TO PATRONS AND CORRESPONDENTS. TAE times of meeting of the County Commissioners of the various counties are given by themselves, as a matter of greater convenience, on page 5th, instead of the calendar pages as heretofore. We trust the change will be acceptable to our seaders. The record of events connected with the war is stin continued and brought up to July, 1865.

The tides were calculated as usual, but it was suggested by some who have frequent occasion to use them, that it would be more convenient to have them redused to even quarter hours; and this has been done, and the tides given in fraetions of an hour, instead of minutes, as heretofore. It wi!l be seen that this can vary but seven minutes in any case from the computed tinxe. Thus, if the computed time gives the high tide at 5 hours 53 minutes, it is given in the columns as bo’elost. Hit is 5 hours 52 minutes, it is given as 57 hours, or a quarter before 6 o'clock.

Our acknowledgments are due to numerous correspondents for answers to prok lems and suggestions on many points, all of which are cheerfully received and duly considered. We regret that want of space compels us to omit a more formal acknowledgment, by giving their names in full. They all have our thanks for their favors, and we trust they will continue them.

The motto on the title-page, and the stangas at the head of the calendar pagos, are selected from the talented pen of NATHANIEL P. WILLIS. The new law relating to STAMP DUTIES, an official copy of which is given on pages 42 and 43, will do.es: tremely convenient for reference,

All communications should be addressed to me, care of the Publishers, and sent previous to July 1st, when they will receive prompt attention. We can only say that we offer many times the value of our little manual, and that “ ne efforts shall be spared to make the almanac useful, pleasing, and wortly the continued paäronage of its numerous friends,

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AGRICULTURAL EXHIBITIONS. The Agricultural Exhibitions of Massachusetts, for 1866, will begin as follows: Barnstable, at Barnstable, Oct. 2d. Martha's Vineyard, at West Tisbury, Berkshire, at Pittsfield, Oct. 2d.

Oct. 16th. Bristol, at Taunton, Oct. 2d.

Midlesex, at Concord, Sept. 20th. Essex, Sept. 25th.

Middlesex' North, at Lowell, Sept. 27th. Franklin, at Greenfield, Sept. 27th. Middlesex South, at Framingham, Sept. Hampden, at Springfield, Oct. 2d.

18th.
Hampden East, at Palmer, Oct. 9th. Nantucket, at Nantucket, Sept. 25th.
Hampshire, at Amherst, Sept. 25th. Norfolk, at Dedham, Sept. 27th.
Hampshire, Franklir, and Hampden, at Plymouth, at Bridgewater, Oct. 4th.
Northampton, Oct. th.

Worcester, at Worcester, Scpt. 20th. Highland, at Yiddlefield, Sept. 13th, Worcester North, at Fitchburg, Sept. 25th. Hoosac Valley, at North Adams, Sept.18th. Worcester South, at Sturbridge, Oct. #i. Housatonic, at Great Barrington, Sept. Worcester So.-East, at Milford, Sept.25th. 26th.

Worcester West, at Barre, Sept. Zith.

MARKET DAYS.
CATTLE MARKET,

at Cambridge, i every Tuesday:
at Brighton,

Wednesday.
A-YEARLY AND QUARTERLY MEETINGS OF FRIENDS IN N. ENGLAND.

m.

ECLIPSES OF THE SUN AND MOON FOR 1868. In this year there will be five Eclipses; three of the Sun, and two of the MOON: I. - A PARTIAL ECLIPSE OF THE SUN, March 16th, visible to the extreme north

eastern portion of Asia. II.-A TOTAL ECLIPSE OF THE Moox, March 30th, 31st, visible to North and

South America, portions of Europe and Africa, and intervening Atlantic
Ocean. At Boston, -

day. h.
Moon enters shadow

30 9 53 P. M. Middle of eclipse

30 11 49 Moon leaves shadow.

31 1 45

17 digits eclipsed. III.- A PARTIAL ECLIPSE OF THE BUN, April 15th, visible to the southern part

of Australia, and the Great Southern Ocean. IV.-A TOTAL ECLIPSE OF THE MOON, September 24th, visible to the western

part of North America, to Asia, Australia, eastern portion of Africa, and

Pacific Ocean. V.-A PARTIAL ECLIPSE OF THE SUN, October 8th, visible to the northern part

of North America, to Greenland, and Eastern Europe. At Boston, and New England generally, the eclipse will be quite unimportant, occurring

between the hours of 11 and 12 in the morning. The longitudes of the following places are counted west from Greenwich, while the differences of time refer to Boston. (+) added to, (-) subtracted from, Boston time. Place. N. Lat. W. Lon. Dif. 11 Place.

N. Lat. W. Lon. Diff. Augusta, Me. 44° 191 69° 501 + 5|Boston, Mass. . . 42° 21' 71° 3/ Eastport,

44 54 66 56 +17 Worcester, “ 42 16 71 48 Bangor,

44 48 68 47 + 9 Springfield," 42 6 72 86 Portland,

43 40 70 16 + 3! Pittsfield," 42 27 73 16 Brunswick,“ 43 53 69 55+ 5 Hartford, Conn. 41 46 72 41 Concord, N. H. 43 12 71 29 - 2 New Haven, 41 18 72 55 Dover,

43 13 70 54 + 1 Newport, R.I.. 41 29 71 18 Montpelier, Vt. 44 17 T2 36 - 6! New York, N.Y.. 40 43 74 0

NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE PLANETS.
OO The Sun.

Mars,
h Saturn.

Vesta. CODO The Moon. Jupiter.

Hi Uranus.

Juno.
Mercury.
The Earth.

Neptune.

Pallas. Venus.

Ceres, NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE ASPEOTS. Conjunction, or in the same degree. 8 Opposition, or 180 degrees. * Bextile, 60 degrees.

Dragon's Head, or Ascending Node. O Quartile, 90 degrees.

Dragon's Tail, or Descending Node. A Trine, 120 degrees.

NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE SIGNS OF THE ZODIAC. 1. p Aries, head.

5. 2 Leo, heart.

9. | Sagittarius, thighs. 2. 8 Taurus, neck.

6. I Virgo, belly. 10. V. Capricornus, knees. 3. Ö Gemini, arms.

7. Libra, reins. 11. Aquarius, legs. 4. 5 Cancer, breast. 8. m Scorpio, secrets. 12. # Pisces, feet.

CHRONOLOGICAL CYCLES FOR 1866. Golden Number,

5 Dominical Letter, G Roman Indiction, 9 Cycle of the Sun, 27 Epact,

14 Julian Period,

6579 MOVABLE FEASTS AND FASTS FOR 1866. Septuagesima Sunday, Jan. 28 | Good Friday, Mar. 30 Holy Thursday, May 10 Shrove Sunday, Feb. 11 Easter Sunday, April a Whit Sunday, Ash Wednesday, 1+Low Sunday,

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8 Trinity Sunday, 27 First Sunday in Lent, 18 | Rog

day, May 6 Advent su ay, Dec. 2 DEFINITIONS. (Continued from last year.) PENUMBRA. [L. pæne, almost, and umbra, a shade. That portion of space which in an eclipse is partly, but not entirely, deprived of light.

In the figure, let 8 be the sun, and M the moon; then it is obvious that, since luminous rays proceed from every part of

the sun's disk, there will be no part of the shadow in which in the light will be totally intercepted, except that included

within the rays which proceed from the extreme cdges of the sun and moon, A B C and BDC; the other part of the shadow, namely, from C to

, or the penumbra, being only partially obscured.

In painting, the term penumbra is used to designate the boundary of shade and light, where the one blends with the other. - From Worcester's Quarto Dictionary of the English Language.

6

COMMENCEMENTS, ANNIVERSARIES, AND VACATIONS OF COLLEGES AND THEOLOGICAL SCHOOLS IN NEW ENGLAND.

HARVARD, AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. Com., 3d Thurs. of July. Vaca., 6 w. Com., 3d Wed. July. Acad. year of 40 w. from Com.; 3 w. from Nov. 220 ; 4 w. ends at Com., and consists of two terms, from March 7th. 20 w. each, separated by 8 and 4 w. vaca. UNIVERSITY OF VERMONT, AT BUR

CAMBRIDGE Theo. SEM., AT CAM: LINGTON. -Com., 1st Wed. in Aug. Vac., BRIDGE, MASS. – Vaca., same as Harvard Com. 4 w.; 1st Wed. in Dec. 8 w., and I w. College.

from 2d Wed. in May. DANE LAW SCHOOL, AT CAMBRIDGE, MIDDLEBURY, AT MIDDLEBURY, VT. Mass. - Vaca., same as Harvard College. - Com., 2d Wed. in Aug. Vaca., 4 w.;

TUFTS COLLEGE, MEDFORD, MASS. from last Wed. in Nov., 8 w.; from last Com., 2d Wed. in July. Vaca., 1st, from Tues. in April, 2 w. end of 1st term, 6 w., 2d, from end of 20 DARTMOUTH, AT HANOVER, N. H.term, 6 w. Col. year divided as at Harv. Com., last Thurs. but one of July. Vac., Coll.

6 w. from Com.; 6 w. from Nov. 27; 2 w. AMHERST, AT AMRERST, Mass. from May 6. Com., 2d Thurs. July. Vaca., 6 w. from BROWN, AT PROV., R. J.-Com., 1st Thanksgiving; 7 w. from Com.; Recep. Wed. in Sept. 1st recess, Thanksgiving 1 w. from April 6th.

week; 2d.do., last w. in April. Vaca., 3d WILLIAMS, AT WILLIAMSTOWN, MAss. Thurs. in Jan. to 2d Friday in Feb.; 2d - Com., 1st Wed. in Aug. Vaca., 5 w. Thurs. in July to Com. after Com.; from 4th Tues. in Nov., 6 w.; BOWDOIN, AT BRUNSWICK, ME.-Com., 3d Tues. in Apr., 2 w.

1st Wed. in Aug. Vaca., at Com., 3 w.; ANDOVER THEO. SEM., AT ANDOVER, from last Wed. in Nov., 8 w.; from 3d MASS. - Anniv. 1st Thurs, in Aug. Vaca., Wed. in April, 2 w. 6 W., and 6 w. preceding 1st Thurs, in WATERVILLE, AT WATERVILLE, ME. May

-Com., 2d Wed. in Aug. Vaca., at NEWTON Theo. INST., AT NEWTON, Com., 4 w.; from 20 w. in Dec. 8 w.; Ms. - Anniv., last Wed. in June. Vaca., from 1st Wed. in May, 1 w. 9 w. from anniv., and also 3 w. from last MAINE WESLEYAN SEM., AT READ. Wed. in Jan.

FIELD, ME.Two terms of 15 weeks each. YALE, AT NEW HAVEN, Conn.-Com., Fall term com. 1st Wed. in Aug. Spring last Thurs. in July. Vac., 7 w. fr. Com.; term com. 1st Wed. in March. 2 w. before 1st Wed, in Jan., and 3 w. be- BANGOR TUEO. SEM., AT BANGOR, ME. fore 1st Wed. in May, when the terms com, Anniv., last Wed. in July, Vaca.,

TRINITY, AT HARTFORD, Conn.- from do., 12 w.
Com., Thurs, before July 4th. Vac., 9 w. NORWICH UNIVERSITY, AT NORWICH,
from Com.; 4 w. from Thurs, before Vt. - Com., 3d Thurs. in Aug. Vaca.,
Christmas.

Sept. 14; from Dec. 21 to Jan. 20, '66; WESLEYAN, AT MIDDLETOWN, Conn. from April 27th to May 11th.

EXECUTIVE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES (JUNE, 1865). ANDREW JOHNSON, Tenn., Pres., $25,000 | Hugh McCulloch, Pa., Sec. Treas., $8,000 Wm. H. Seward, N.Y., Sec. State, 8,000 James Harlan, Ind., " Inte., 8,000 Gideon Welles, Conn., “ Navy, 8,000 William Denison, Ohio, Post. Gen., 8,000 Edw. M. Stanton, Pa., War, 8,000 Jas. J. Speed, Ky.,

8,000

Alty“

do.,

do.. do., do.. 62,

AMERICAN PRESIDENTS.

Age when
Where Born. Date of Birth. Torm of Office. terni expired. Diod.
Geo. Washington, Va., Feb. 22, 1732, 1789 to 1797,

66, Dec. 14, 1799. John Adams,

Mass.,
Oct. 19, 1735, 1797 to 1801,

July 4, 1826. Thomas Jefferson, Va., Apr. 2, 1743, 1801 to 1809,

July 4, 1826. James Madison, Mar. 5, 1751, 1809 to 1817,

June 28, 1836. James Monroe, Apr. 2, 1759, 1817 to 1825,

July 4, 1831. John Q. Adams, Mass., July 11, 1767, 1825 to 1820,

Feb. 23, 1848. Andrew Jackson,

S.C.,
Mar. 15, 1767, 1829 to 1837,

70,

June 8, 1845. Martin Van Buren, N. Y., Dec. 5, 1782, 1837 to 1841, 59,

July 24, 1862. Wm. H. Harrison, Feb. 0, 1772, 1841

69

Apr. 4, 1841. John Tyler,

Mar. 29, 1790, 1841 to 1845, 55, Jan. 17, 1862. James K. Polk,

N. C.,

Nov. 2, 1795, 1815 to 1849, 64, June 15, 1849. Zachary Taylor,

Va.,

Nov. 24, 1784, 1849 to 1850, 65, July 9, 1850. Millard Fillmore, NY.,

Jan. 7, 1800, 1850 to 1853, 53, Franklin Pierce, N. H.,

Nov. 23, 1804, 1853 to 1857 53, James Buchanan, Penn., Apr.13, 1791, 1857 to 1861, 69, Abraham Lincoln, Ky., Feb. 12, 1809, 1861 to 1865, 66, April 15, 1865. Andrew Johnson,

N.C.,

Dec. 29, 1808, 1865

Va.,

The population of Massachusetts may be very nearly expressed by the first seven

COUNTY COMMISSIONERS' MEETINGS IN

MASSACHUSETTS. Essex, at Ipswich, on the 24 Tues. of Tues. of March and Sept., and the 2d April; at Salem, on the 2d Tues, of July; Tues. of June and Dec. at Newburyport, on the 20 Tucs. of Oct.; HAMPDEN, at Springfield, on the 2d and at Lawrence, on the last Tues. of Tues. of April, the 1st Tues. of Oct., and Aug.; and on the 4th Tues. of Dec., at the 4th Tues. of June and Dec. Ipswich, Salem, or Newburyport, as they BERKSHIRE, at Lenox, on the 1st Tues. shall order at their next preceding term. of Jan., April, July, and Sept.

MIDDLESEX, at Cambridge, on the 18t NORFOLK, at Dedham, on the 3d Tues. Tues, of Jan.; at Concord, on the 1st of April, the 4th Tues. of June and Sept., Tues. of June; and at Lowell, on the 1st and the last Wed. of Dec. Tues, of Sept.

PLYMOUTH, at Plymouth, on the 1st WORCESTER, at Worcester, on the 4th Tues. of Jan., the 3d Tues, of March, Tues. of Mareh, the 3d Tues, of June, and the 1st Tues. of Aug.' the 2d Tues. of Sept., and the 4th Tues. BRISTOL, at Taunton, on the 4th Tues. of Dec.

of March and Sept. HAMPSHIRF, at Northampton, on the

BARNSTABLE, at Barnstable, on the 2d 1st Tues. of March, Sept., and Dec., and Tues. of April and Oct. on the Tues, next after the 20 Mon, of DUKES COUNTY, at Edgartown, on the June.

Wed. next after the 3d Mun. of May, and FRANKLIN, at Greenfield, on the let the Wed. next after the 20 Mou, of Oct.

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66

RISING AND SETTING OF THE PLANETS. 1866.

1866. Jan. 0. Prises 6h. 47m. A. M.

July 5. sets 9h. 31m. P.M. 11. "rises 6h. 28m. A.M.

11. rises Oh. 52m, A. M. 16, 21 rises 6h, 48m. A.M.

15. 4 rises Th. 47m. P. M. 21. h rises lh: 26m. A. M.

20. h sets 11h. 39m. P. M. Feb. 6. Prises 7h. 7m. A. M.

Aug. 3. sets 8h. 51m. P. M. 11. rises 5h. 56m. A. M.

10. rises 11h, 57m. P. M. 16. 2 rises 5h. 11m. A. M.

16. 24 sets 2h. 39m. A. M. 20. h rises 11h. 27m, P. M.

20. h sets 9h. 4lm. P. M. March 5. sets 5h. 57m. P. M.

5. sets Th. 57m. P. M. 11. rises 5h. 12m. A. M.

10. rises 11h. 10m. P. M. 16. 4 rises 3h. 41m. A. M.

16. sets Ah. 29m. A. M. 20. h rises 9h. 34m. P. M.

20. h sets 7h, 45m, P. M. April 5. sets 7h. 13m. P. M.

Oct. 5. 9 sets 7h. 13m. P. M. 11. Ārises 4h. 10m. A. M.

10. rises 10h, 31m. P. M. 10. rises 1h. 52m. A. M.

15. 2 sets 10h, 36m. P. M. 20. h rises 7h. 21m. P. M.

20. h sets 5h. 56m. P. M. May ,5. sets 8h. 30m. P. M.

Nov, 5. sets 6h. 32m. P. M. 11. rises 3h. 4m. A. M.

10. rises 9h. 11m. P. M. 16. 4 rises Oh. lm, A. M.

15. 27 scts 8h. 55m. P. M. 21. h sets 3h. 45m. A. M.

21. h rises 5h. 54m. A. M. June 5. ?sets 9h. 27m. P. M.

Dec. 5. ?sets 4h. 52m. P. M. 11. Ō rises 1h. 55m. A. M.

10, o rises 7h. 19m. P. M. 15. rises Sh. 56m. P. M.

15. 4 sets 7h. 26m, P. M. 21. h sets lh, 38m. A. M.

21, h rises 4h, 12ın. A. M.

66

66

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THE STATES OF THE UNION. - The following is a list of the States constituting the Union, with the dates of their admission. Colorado and Nebraska had authority, but refused to form state constitutions. The thirty-six stars in our national flag are therefore designated as under:Delaware, Dec. 7, 1787. R. Island, May 29, 1790. | Arkansas, June 15, 1836. Pennsylvania, Dec.12, 1787. Vermont, March 4, 1791. Michigan, Jan. 26, 1837. New Jersey, Dec. 13, 1787. Kentueky, June 1, 1792. Florida, March 3, 1845. Georgia, Jan. 2, 1788. Tennessee, June 1, 1796. Texas, Dec. 29, 1845. Connecticut, Jan. 9, 1788. Ohio, Nov. 29, 1802. Iowa, Dec. 28, 1846. Massachusetts, Feb.6, 1788. Louisiana, April 8, 1812. Wisconsin, May 29, 1848. Maryland, April 28, 1788. Indiana, Dec, 11, 1816. California,

Sept. 9, 1850. S. Carolina, May 23, 1788. Mississippi, Dec. 16, 1817. Minnesota, Dec., 1857. N:Hampshire, Jun. 21, 1788. Illinois, Dec. 3, 1818. Oregon,

Dec., 1858. Virginia, Jun. 26, 1788. Alabama, Dec, 14, 1819, Kansas, March, 1862. New York, July 26, 1788. Maine, March 15, 1820. West Virginia, Feb., 1863. N. Carolina, Nov. 21, 1789. I Missouri, Aug. 10, 1821. / Nevada, Oct., 1864.

53

O's Declination.

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Boston.

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Days of

Days of

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Place.

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18 66.

JANUARY, First Month.

Astronomical Calculations.
Days. h. m. Days. n. m. Days. Ih. m. Days. lh. m.Days.lh.

1 22 S.59 7 22 20 13 21 26 19 20 16 25 18
2 22 54 8 22 12 14 21 15 20 20 3 26 18 38
3 22 48 9 122 15 21

21 19 50 27 18 23 22 42 10 21 55 16 20 53 22 1936 28 18 7 5 22 35 11 21 46 17 20 41 23 19 22 29 17 51

22 28 12 21 361 18 120 29 24 19 8 30 17 35
O Full Moon, 1st day, 2h. 4m., morning.
(Last Quarter, 8th day, 4h. 18m., evening.

New, Moon, 16th day, 3h. 53m., evening.
) First Quarter, 23d day, 4h. 10m., evening.
O Full Moon, 30th day, 3h. 44m., evening.

Full Sea,
Length Day's

D D
Rises.
of Days. Incre.

Morn Even

R. 8. Sruths.

S. A. 1 | Mo.17 3014 39 9 9 10 5| 410|114

br. 5 34 morn. 2 Tu. 7 30 4 39 9 9 0 5 4 15 0 124 h'rt 6 38 0 54 3 W. 7 30 4 40 9 100 6 516 1 14 h’rt 7 42 1 48 4 Th. 7 30 4 41 9 110 7 5 17 13 2 h’rt 8. 45 2 38 5 Fr. 7 30 4 42 9 12 0 8 0 18 21 24 bel. | 9 46 3 25 6 Sa. 7 30 4 43 9 13 0 9 6 191 3 31 bel. 10 45| 4 10 7 SU.7 30 4 44 9 14 0 10 7 20 34 4 rei. 11 43 4 54 8 Mo. 7 29 4 45 | 9 16 0 12 7 21 41 47 rei. morn. 5 37

9 Tu. 7 29 4 46 9 17 0 13 8 22 54 53 rei. 0 41 6 20 10 W. 7 29 4 47 9 18 0 14 8 23 6

1 37| 7 4 11 Th. 17 29 4 48 9 19 0 15 8 24 7 71 sec. 2 33 7 49 12 Fr.: 17 28 4 49 921 0 17 9 25 8 84| thi. 1 3 294 8 36 13 Sa. 17 28 4 50 9 22 0 18 9 26 897 thi. | 4 24 9 24 14 SU.7 27 4 52 9 25 0 21 9 |27| 9310| thi. 5 16 10 15 15 Mo. 17 27 4 53 9 260 22 10 28 10j11 kn. 6 6 11 7 16 Tu. 7 27 4 54 9 27 0 23 10 * 111 112 kn. sets. 111 59 17 W. 7 26 4 55 9 29 0 25 10 112 legs 6 14 0 51 18 Th. 17 25 4 56 9 31 0 27 11 2 123 124 legs 7 21 1 43 19 Fr., 7 25 4 58 9 33 0 29 11 3 1 11 fect 8 28 2 34 20 Sa. 17 24 4 59 935 0 31 11 4 13 27 feet 9 36 3 25 21 SU. 7-24 15 0 936 0 32 12 5 21 3 h'd 10 45 4 16 22 Mo. 7 23 5 1 938 0 34 12 6 31 33 lid 11 54 5 8 23 Tu. 17 22 5 3 9 41 0 37 12 7 43 n'k morn. 6 1 24 W. 17 21 5 4 9 43 0 39 128

1 3 6 56 25 Th. 17 21 5 5 944 0 40 13 9

arm 2 101 7 52 26 Fr. 17 20 5 6 9 46 0 42 13 10

arm 3 15 8 49 27 Sa. 7 19 5 8 949 0 45 13 11 819 arm 4 16 9 46 28 SU.7 18 5 9 951 0 47 13 12 91 10 br. 5 12 10 42 29 Mo. 7 17 5 10 9 53 0 49 13 13 103 11 br. 6 011 36 30 Tu. 7 16 5 12 9 560 52 14 0 111|114 h’rt rises. morn.

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