« ElőzőTovább »
MASSACHUSETTS. ELOQUENT TRIBUTE TO MASSACHUSETTS. – The Hon. William D. Kelly, of Pennsylvania, in the course of his speech in the Ivational House of Representatives on the Freedmen's Bureau, Feb. 23, 1864, replied to some aspersions upon Massachusetts by Mr. Brooks of New York (a native of Maine), in the following maniy and suggestive remarks:
“Sir, I am no son of Massachusetts, of New England, as the gentleman is, but I re member that, in my wayward youth, being free from the inderture that had bound me to a long apprenticeship, but not having attained manhood, I wandered from my native Pennsylvania, counter to the current tide of emigration, in pursuit of employment, and found a home in Massachusetts; and I may be pardoned if I pause a nioment to feebly testify my gratitude to her, in whom I found a gentle avd generous foster-mother. I thank God for the Puritan spirit of Massachusetts.
"A boy, poor, friendless, and in pursuit of wages for manual toil, I found open to me in the libraries of Boston the science, history, and literature of the world. At a cost that even the laboring man did not feel, I found in her lyceums and lecture-rooms the meaus of easy intercourse with her Bancroft, her Brownson, her Everetts, her Channings, her Prescott, her Emerson, and scores of others as learned and as able, though perhaps less distinguished sons, than these. I thus learned what it was to be an American citizen, and to what a height American civilization will be carried ; and found four years of life, spent at well-paid toil, worth to me what the same number of years in a college might have been. I thank the men of Massachusetts, as will the scholars in public schools, fashioned upon her principles, in tbe city of Charleston in good time.
“They may be white, they may be black, they may be yellow, but when the civilization of Massachusetts shall have penetrated that dark city and fashioned its institutions as it will, the pleasure of the pupils in the schools will be to thank God, night and morning, for the spirit of Massachusetts, which kept liberty alive, and finally hrought its blessings to the entire people of the country. Yes, sir, Massachusetts, in the past
three years, has given a practical application to those principles which in twelve or fifteen centuries gave freedom to Europe, and are about giving it to all the people of America. Not without war, however; and the gentleman ignored the teachings of history when he said that it had been done without war in Europe. Sir, the history of the contest for freedom in Europe is a history of continuous, sanguinary, and destructive war."
REPORT OF THE ADJUTANT-GENERAL OF MASSACHUSETTS. — The report of Adjutant-General Schouler, for the year 1863, has appeared. It is a volume of more than a thousand pages, and is a monument of industry and painstaking detail. It gives a detailed history of military affairs in this State, and of the regiments which are cr have been in the field. The number of commissions'issued during the year to officers in the three ye regiments was 1638, and to officers in the militia, 127. Ten thou. sand certificates for State aid have been issued. The work of making an alphabetical index of the soldiers' names in the official rolls will be completed this year. The amount of bounties paid up to Jan. 1, 1864, under the act of Nov.18, 1863, was $584,282.
The number of three years' men who have gone from this State from the beginning of the war to January 1, 1864, including drafted men and substitutes, is 69,893. The number of nine months' men furnished was 17,744; of three months' men, 3742. On the 1st of January Massachusetts had in the service 36 regiments of infantry, 3 of cavalry, 2 of heavy artillery, 1 battalion of heavy artillery, ž unattached companies of the same, 12 batteries of light artillery, and 2 companies of sharpshooters.
The report has evidently been prepared with great care, and contains a large amount of intercating and valuable information relative to the part Massachusetts has taken in the war.
Under the acts of 1863, establishing à militia force in the State, 13 companies of infantry, 2 of artillery, and 1 of cavalry have been raised and organized.
The number of persons enrolled for the draft which took place in June and July last was 107,386 in the first, and 56,792 in the second class. The whole number drafted was 32,079; of these 6690 were held to serve, but only 743 joined the service, 2325 procured substitutes, 22,343 were exempted, 8044 failed to report, 3623 paid commutations, which amounted to $1,085,000. The enrolment made by United States officers exceeded that made by the assessors of the various cities and towns, 809,
MASSACHUSETTS SAVINGS-BANKS. The number of savings-banks in this State is 95; number of depositors, 272,219 - last year, 248,900; amount of deposits, Oct. 17,
1863, $50,883,828 55 — an increase durivg the year of $6,480,154 23. The investments in public funds were $18,343,140 57 - last year, $9,222,568 75. During the year there was a decrease of nearly two millions of dollars' in loans on real estate, and more than one million in loans on personal security, and more than a million in the amount of cash on hand. They paid an average dividend of 4 90-100 per cent., amounting to $2,087,115 32, an increase of $90,000. The deposits in the several savings-banks in Boston, on the 17th of October, were: Franklín, $227,572 95; Provident Institution, $7,686,205 39; Suffolk, $3,708,684 48; East Boston, $227,003; South Boston (new),
POST-OFFICE REGULATIONS. 1864. Foreign Letters (except to England and Ireland, to either of which the postAge is 25 cts., prepayment optional) should indicate on the outside the route by which they are to be sent, as the difference by various routes is great. Thus, to Austria, and any of the German States, via “ Prussian closed mail," -30 cts., prepayment optional; if prepaid, 28 cts.; via • Bremen or Hamburg;” 15 cts., prepayment optional; via " French mail,” not exceeding 4 02., 21 cts.; not exceeding A oz.,
42 cts. To the CANADAS, 10 cts., prepayment optional. To SWITZERLAND, via • Prussian closed mail,” if prepaid, 33 cts.; if not, 35; via " French mail," not exceeding 14.02., 21 cts.; not exceeding oz., 42 éts., prepayment optional; via “ Bremen or Hamburg mail, 19 cts., prepayment optional. TO FRANCE, not exceeding /4 oz., 15 cts.; not exceeding Y2 oz., 30 cts., prepayment optional,
Letters. - The maximum standard weight for the single rate of letter postage is one half oz. avoirdupois. The rate of postage on all domestic letters not exceeding one half oz. shall be uniform at three cents; and for each half oz., or fractional thereof, of additional weight, an additional rate of three cente, to be in all cases prepaid by postage stamps. DROP or LOCAL LETTERS, two cents per half oz., prepaid by stamps; and no further fee can be charged for delivery, or for taking from street boxes to the mails. IRREGULAR MATTER.-Letter rates are to be charged on irregular matter, part writing and part print, except that publishers may send and receive proof-sheets and advise patrons, by writing on papers, when their subscription is up, at printed matter rates. On unclassified matter, where no specific rate is set down, letter postage is charged. When mail matter that should be prepaid goos forward unpaid, double rates are charged at the delivery office. SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' LETTERS are exempt from this extra charge, and may go unpaid. On returned DEAD LETTERS, if valuable, double rates to be paid; if not valuable, three cents only. Foreign dead letters subject to conventional stipulations with the respective governments. Letters not finding owners at the office named must be forwarded, when the place is known, with extra charge. The Postmaster-General may pay not more than two cents for carrying letters in vessels not carrying mails, such letters to be put in post-office on arrival in port; if for local delivery, another two cents should be affixed. No fees are allowed for letters coliected by a carrier on a mail route.
Newspapers, Magazines, &c. – Newspaper, or second class postage, is, for papers not over four ounces each, per quarter, once a week, 5 cts.; twice, 10 ets.; three times, 15 cts.; six times, 30 cts.; seven times, 35 cts., and so on, adding one rate for each issue more than once per week, to be prepaid for not less than three months nor more than a year, at the office of reception Publishers of weekly newspapers may send within their county free. On magazines issued less often than once à week, one cent for four ounces to regular subscribers. Special bargains may be made by the Postmaster-General for transporting packages of newspapers, &c. Publishers must be notified when papers are not taken out for one month, which notice may be sent free. BILLS AND RECEIPTS for subscriptions may be enclosed in papers and go free; any other written enclosure imposes letter postage. Publishers may exchange papers free, not exceeding sixteen ounces in weight.
Maximum Weight. Books. The maximum weight for single postage on printed matter is four ounces, and the same for miscellaneous or third class matter; and the postage on such is two cents, always prepaid by stamps. Double these rates for books. Three unsealed circulars, two cents; two cents for each additional three, prepaid. No charge for cards or advertisements stamped or printed on envelopes.
Franking:-Franking is restricted to the president, his private secretary, the vice-president, heads of executive departments, heads of bureaus and chief clerks, to be designated by the Postmaster-General, senators and representatives, secretary of senate and clerk of house - but this only to cover matter sent to them, and that despatched in the way of business, except documents issued by Congress. 'DOCUMENTS from officers to their several departments, marked official, also go free; also PETI. TIONS to Congress. The weight of franked matter must not exceed four ounces per package, save Congress books, &c.
Registry System. This remains as worthless as ever. The government will take any sum, not more than twenty cents, for registering a letter, but will be in no way responsible for loss or miscarriage.
Small Packets. - The business of local delivery and collection of letters is to be regulated by the Postmaster-General; but carriers are to be paid a salary and give bonds. The Postmaster-General may establish branch post-offices and letter-boxes in cities; all accounts for local business to be kept separate. Contracts may be made with publishers for delivery, by local carriers, of papers, &c., coming through the mails. The Postmaster-General may also provide for the delivery of small packets, other than letters and papers, if prepaid (for delivery) at the rate of two cts. for each four ounces. No package weighing over four pounds shall go through the mail, except books circulated by order of Congress. Postage must be prepaid by stamps on domestic letters, whether for mail or local delivery, on transient printed matter, and everything else, save newspapers arranged for by the quarter or other