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A Datchman was relating his marvellons A ruralist bought a flock of geese and also escape from drowning when thirteen of his a flock of ducks (containing, in all, 128), for companions were lost by the upsetting of a
which he paid $45.60. He paid one half of boat, and he aloue was saved. ** And how his money for geese and the remaining halt did you escape their fate ? " asked one of his for ducks, and by so doing
his geese cost him bearers. ** i tid not co in to pote," was the 19 cents aplece more than his ducks. Now, Dutchman's placid reply.
he requests some of his brother ruralists to
inform him for how much he must sell his A lady was once declaring that she could geese and ducks apiece to gain $4.80 on each not understand how gentlemen could smoke. flock. • It certainly shortens their lives," said she.
PROBLEM Y. “I don't know that," exclaimed a gentleman; "there's my father smokes every day,
What must be the length of a rope tied to and he is now seventy years old." “ Well," a horse's neck, that be may feed upon 7,854 was the reply, “ if he had never smoked le square feet of new feed every day, for four miglat have been eighty by this time."
days; one end of the rope being each day
fastened to the same stake? Not long since, an elderly woman entered a railroad car at one of the Ohio stations, and
PROBLEM Z disturbed the passengers a good deal with It is required to find two numbers whose complaints about a “most dreadful rheuma- less increased by the square of the greater tiz” that she was troubled with. A gentleman is equal to 14, minus the greater; and also present, who had himself been a severe suf- the product of their second powers increased ferer with the same complaint, said to her, by the product of the less by the square of “ Did you ever try electricity, madam? I the greater, plus the product of the two tried it, and in the course of a short time it numbers, is equal to 600 diminished by the completely cured me.” “Electricity!" ex- product of the greater plus 2 multiplied by claimed the old lady -"yos, I've tried it to the square of the less into the cube of the my satisfaction. I was struck by lightning greater. about a year ago, but it didn't do me a morsel of good!”
Through you my brightest virtues are dis-
Soon as you deign my presence to command, The morrow was a bright September morn;
And me permit to kiss your snow-white The earth was beautiful as if new-born;
hand, There was that nameless splendor every in grateful sense of this high honor, bend;
Lo! at your feet, behold a valued friend : where, That wild exhilaration in the air,
The obligation dies with parting breath, Which makes the passers in the city street
And, like true friendship, only ends in
death. Congratulato each other as they meet.
My first's the last destructive for
of Nature's fairest form below; A vain man's motto is, “ Win gold and
My second is proud Albion's boast, wear it;” a generous; “Win gold and share
And both defends and decks her coast; it;" a miser's, “Win gold and spare it;” a My whole (such change from union flows), profligate's, “Win gold and spend it; a
Tho bitterest boon the earth bestows. broker's, “Win gold and lend it;” a gambler's, “Win gold and lose it;”
& wise man's, “Win gold and use it."
THE FIGURE 9.
sum of figures which, added together, continANSWER TO PROBLEM T.
ually makes nine. For example: All the 7-15-48.
first multiples of 9, as 18, 27, 36, 45, 54, 63,
72, 81, sum up 9 each. Each of them multiANSWER TO PROBLEM U.
plied by any number whatever, produces a 250 rods. similar result; as 8 times 81 are 648, these
MulANSWER TO PROBLEM V.
added together make 18, 1 and 8 are y.
tiply 648 by itself, the product is 419,904 A, $2; B, $6.50; C $11; D, $8.25; E, $12.87. the sum of these digits is 27, 2 and 7 are 9.
The rulo is invariable. Take any number ANSWER TO PROBLEM W.
whatever, and multiply it by 9, or any mul72 hogs, 144 lambs, and 432 sheep. tiple of 9, and the sum will consist of fig.
ures which, added together, continually ANSWER TO RIDDLE.
number 9. As 17 multiplied by 18 equals Charles II. Letter R.
306, 3 and 6 are 9; 117 multiplied by 27 ANSWER TO AGRICULTURAL ENIGMA.
equals 3,159, the figures sum up 18, 8 and 1;
are 9; 4,591 multiplied by 27 equals 330.552. And lo, it was all grown over with thorus, the fignres sum up 18, 8 and 1 are 9. Again, and nettles had covered the face thereof, and 87,363 multiplied by 54 equals 4,717,422 the stone wall thereof was broken down. added together, the product is 27, or 2 and 7
3 aro 9, and so always.
(Prosorve this Sehodale for future roseronce.]
FROM AND AFTER AUGUST 1, 1864.
Verbatim copy of Official Dooument issued by the Commissioner of Internal
Acknowledgment of deeds, exempt.
cannot be found, .05; of redemption of land sold Atidavit, .03; in suits or legal proceedings, ex- for taxes, .05; of birth, marriage, and death, .05; empt.
of qualification of school teachers, .05; of protits Agreement or Appraisement (for each sheet, or in an incorporated company for a sum not less
piece of paper on which the same is written), .05. than $10 and not exceeding $50, .10; excceding Assignment or transfer of mortgage, lease, or $50, and not exceeding $1,000, 35; excteding
policy of insurance, the saine duty as the orig- $1,000, for every additional $1,000, or fractional inal instrument; of patent right, .05.
part thereof, .15; of damage, or otherwise, and Bank Checks, drafts or orders, &c., at sight or all other certificates or documents issued by any on demand, .02.
port warden, marine surveyor, or other person Bills of Exchange (Foreigo), drawn in; but acting as such, .25. payable out of, the U. 8., each bill
of set of three Certified Transcripts of judgments, satisfacor more, must be stamped. For every bill of tion of judgments, and of all papers recorded ench set, where the sum inade payable does not or on file, .05. (N. B. - As a general rule, exceed one hundred dollars, or the equivalent every certificate hi
has, or may bare, a thereof in any foreign eurrency in which such legal value in any court of law or equity, will bills may be expressed, according to the stand- require a stamp duty of 5 cts.) ard of value tixed by the United States, .02. Charter Party, or letter, memorandum, or other For every additional hundred dollars, or frac- writing between the captain, owner, or agent of tional part thereof in excess of one hundred dol- any ship, vessel, or steamer, and any other perlars, .02. Foreign, drawn in, but payable out son relating to the charter of the same, if the of the United States (if drawn singly or in du- registered tonnage of said ship, vessel, or steamer plicate), pay the same duty as Inland Bills of Ex- does not exceed one hundred and fifty tons, change. [The acceptor or acceptors of any Bill $1.00; excceding one hundred und fifty tons, of Exchange, or order for the payment of any and not exceeding three hundred tons, $3.00; sum of money drewn, or purporting to be drawn, exceeding three hundred tons, and not exceed. in any foreign country, but payable in the United ing six hundred tons, $5.00; exceeding six hunStates, must, before paying or accepting the same, dred tons, $10.00.
place thereupon a stamp indioating the duty;) Check, draft, or order for the payment of any Bills of Exchange (Inland). draft or order, sum of money exceeding $10, drawn upon euy
payable otherwise than at sight or on demand, person other than a bank, banker, or trust comand any promissory note, whether payable on pany, at sight or on demand, .02. demand or at a time designated (except bank Contract. (See Agreement.) Broker's, .10. notes issued for circulation, and checks made Conveyance, deed, instrument, or writing. and intended to be, and which shall be, forth- whereby lands, tenements, or other realty sold, with presented for payment), for a sum not shall be conveyed, the actual value of which exceeding one hundred dollars, .05. For every does not exceed $500, .50; exceeding $500, and additional $100, or fractional part thereof, .03. not exceeding $1.000, $1.00; for every additional (The warrant of attorney to confess judgment $500, or fractional part thereof in excess of on a note or bond is exempt from stamp duty, if $1,000, .50. the note or bond is properly stamped.)
Endorsement of any negotiable instrument, Bills of Lading, of vessels for ports of the exempt.
United States or British North America, exempt; Entry of any, goods, wares, or merchandise at or receipt for goods to any foreign port, .10. any custom-house, either for consumption or Bill of Sale of any vessel, or part thereof, when warehousing, not exceeding one hundred dolthe consideration does not exceed five hundred lars in value, .25; exceeding one hundred doldollars. .50; exceeding $500, and not exceeding lars, and not exceeding five hundred dollars in $1,000, $1.00; exceeding $1,000, for each $500, or value, .50; exceeding five hundred dollars in fractional part thereof,.50; of personal property value, $1.00; for the withdrawal of any goods or (other than ship or vessel), .05.
merchandise from bonded warehouse, .50. Bond, personal, for the payment of money (See Gaugers' returns, if for quantity not exceeding
Mortgage); official, $1.00; for indemnifying any 300 gallons, gross, .10; exceeding 500 gallons, .23. person for the payment of any sum of money Insurance Marine, Inland, and Fire), where where the money ultimately recoverable there- the consideration paid for the insurance, in cash, upon is $1,000, or less, .50. Where the money premium notes, or both, does not exceed $10,.10; recoverable exceeds $1,000, for every additional exceeding $10, and pot exceeding $50, -23; ex$1,000, or fractional part thereof, .50.
ceeding $50, .50. Bonds, - County, city, and town bonds, railroad Insurance (Life), when the amount insured
and other corporntion bonds, and scrip, are sub- does not exceed $1.000, .25; exceeding $1.000, ject to stamp duty (See Mortgage); of any de- and not exceeding $5.000, .50; exceeding $5.000, scription, other than such as are required in $1.00; limited to injury to persons while travellegal proceedings, and such as are not otherwise ling, cxempt. charged in this Schedule, .25.
Lezse of lands or tenements, where rent does Certiácates of deposit in bank, sum not exceed- not exceed $300 per annum, .50; exceeding
ing one hundred dollars, .02; of deposit in bank, $300, for each additional $300, or fractional part sum exceeding one hundred dollars, .05; of thereof in excess of 300, .50; perpetual, subject stock in an incorporated company, .25: general, to stamp duty as a "conveyance," the stamp .03; of record upon the instrument recorded. duty to be measured by resolving the annual exempt; of record upon the book, exempt; of rental into a capital sum; clause of guaranty of weight or measurement of animals, coal, wood, payment of rent, incorporated or indorsed, five or other articles, except weighers' and measurers' cents additional. returns, exempt: of a qualideation of a Justice Manifest for custom-house entry or clearance of of the Peace, Commissioner of Deeds, or Notary the cargo of any ship, vessel, or 'steamer for a Public, .05; of search of records, .03: that cer- foreign port, if the registered tonnage of such taln papers are on tile, .05; that eertain papers ship, vessel, or steamer, does not exceed 300 tons,
$1.00; exceeding 300 tons, and not exceeding matches or less, .01; over 100 matches, and not 60 tons, $3.00; exceeding 600 tons, $5.000.
exceeding 200, .02; for each additional 100, or Measurers' Returns, if for quantity not ex fraction of 100, .01. ceėding one thousand bushels, .10; exceeding Photographs, Ambrotypes, Daguerreo one thousand bushels, .25.
types, &c., on each picture when the retail Mortgage, trust deed, bill of sale, or personal price shall not exceed 25 eents, .02; exceeding
bond for the payment of money exceeding 25 cents, and not exeeeding 60 cents, .os; exceed$100, and not exceeding 8500, -50: exceeding ing 80 cents, and not exceeding $1,05; exceed$500, for every additional $500, or fractional part ing $1, for each additional dollar or fraction, ,05. thereof in excess of $500, 50.
Playing Cards, value not over 18 cents per Pawners' Checks, .05.
pack, .02; exceeding 18 cents, and not exceeding Pension Papers. - Powers of attorney, and all 25 cents, .04; exeeeding 25 cents, and not ex.
other papers relating to applications for boun ceeding 50 cents, .10; exceeding 50 cents, and ties, arrearages of pay, or pensions, or to receipt not exceeding $i, .15; exceeding $1, for each thereof, exempt.
additional 50 cent in excess of $1, .05. Passage Ticket from the United States to a
foreign port, costing not more than $35, .50; costing more than $35, and not exceeding $50, $1.00; for every additional $50, or fraetional
GENERAL REMARKS. part thereof in excess of $50, $1.00. Power of Attorney to se or transfer stock, Revenue stamps may be used indiscrimior collect dividends thereon, .25; to vote at elec- nately upon any of the matters or things tion of incorporated company, .10; to receive or enumerated in Schedule B, except propriecollect rents, .25; to sell, or convey, or rent, or lease real estate, $1.00; for any other purpose, .50.
tary and playing card stanıps, for which a Probate
of Win, or letters of administration, special use has been provided. where the value of both real and personal estate
Postage stamps cannot be used in payment does not exceed $2,000, $1.00; for every addi.
of the duty ehargeable on instruments. tional $1,000, or fractional part thereof in excess It is the duty of the maker of an instruof $2,000, .30; bonds of executors, administrators, ment to afnx and cancel the stamp required guardians, and trustees, are each subject to a thereon. If he rreglects to do so, the party for stainp duty of $1.00; certificate of appoint- wiose use it is made may stamp it before it is
ment, .05. Protest upon bill, note, check, or draft, .25.
used; but in no case can it be legally used Promissory Note (Sce Bills of Exchange,
without a stamp; and it issued after the 30th Inland); deposit note to mutual insurance com
of June, 1864, and used without a stamp, panies, when policy is subject to duty, exempt;
it cannot be afterwards effcctually stariped. renewal of, subject to the same duty as an orig- Any failure upon the part of the maker of an inal note.
instrument to appropriately stamp it, renders Quit Claim Deed, to be stamped as a convey him liable to a penalty or two hundred dolance, except when given as a release of a morte lars. gage by the mortgagee to the mortgagor, in which Suits are commenced in many States by case it is exempt. Receipt for the payment of any sum of money
other process, than writ, viz., summons, waror debt due exceeding $_), or for the delivery of rant, publication, petition, &c., in which cases any property, .02; for satisfaetion of any mort
these, as the original processes, soverally regage or judgment or decree of any court, ex- quire stamps. empt.
Writs of Scire facias are subject to stamp Sheriff's return on writ, or other process, ex duty as original processos. empt.
The jurat of an amndavit, taken before a Trust Deed, made to secure a debt, to be Justice of the Peace, Notary Public, or other
stamped as a mortgage; conveying estate to uses, officer duly authorized to take affidavits, is
to be stamped as a conveyance. Warehouse Receipt for any goods, wares, or
held to be a certificate, and subject to a stamp merchandise, not otherwise provided for, de- duty of five cents, except when taken in suits posited or stored in any public or private ware or legal proceedings. house, not exceeding $500 in value, .10; exceed Certificates of loan, in which there shall aping 8500, and not exceeding $1,000,.20; exceed-pear any written or printed evidence of an ing $1,000, for every additional $1,000, or frac- amount of money to be paid on demand, or at tional part thereof in excess of $1,000,.10; for any a time designated, are subject to a stamp duty goods, &c., not otherwise provided for, stored or deposited in any public or private warehouse or
as “ Promissory Notes."
The assignment of a mortgage is subject to yard, .25. Writs and legal documents : Writ, or other
the same stamp duty as that imposed upon original process by which any suit is commenced the original instrument; that is to say, for in any court of record, either of law or equity, every sum of five hundred dollars, or any 50. Writ, or other original process issued by a fractional part thereof, of the amount secured court not of record, where the amount claimed by the mortgage at the time of its assignment, is 8100, or over, .50. Upon every confession of there must be afñixed a stamp or stamps dejudgment or cognovit for $100, or over, except in noting a duty of nifty cents. cases where the tax for a writ has been paid, .50. Writ, or other process on appeals from justices'
When two or more persons join in the execourts, or other courts of interior jurisdiction, to cution of an instrument, the stamp to which a court of record, .50. Warrant of distress, when
the instrument is liable under the law may be the amount of rent claimed does nct excecd affixed and cancelled by any one of the par$100,,25; when amount exceeds $100,.50. Writs, ties. summons, and other process issued by a justice In conveyances of real estate, the law proof the peace, police or municipal court, of no vides that the stamp affixed must answer to greater jurisdiction than a justice of the peace the value of the estate or interest eonveyed. in the same State, exempt. Writs, or other process in any criminal or other suits commenced
No stamp is required on any warrant of by the United States in any State, exempt. Offi- | attorney accompanying a bond or note, when cial documents, instruments, and papers issued such bond or note has affixed thereto the or used by officers of the United States Govern- stamp or stamps denoting the duty required ; ment, exempt.
and whenever any bond or note is secured by Proprietary Medicines, &c., retail price not mortgage, but one stamp duty is reguired on exceeding 25 cents, .01; exceeding 25 cents, and such papers, such stamp duty Weing the highest not exceeding 50 cents, .03: exceeding 50 cents: rate required for such instruments, or either and not exceeding 15 conts, .03: exceeding, 75 of them. In such case, a note or memorancents, and not exceeding $1, .04; exceeding $1, for each 50 cents or fractional part of above
dum of the valuo or denomination of the $1, .02.
stamp afxed sliculd be made upon the margin Perfumery and Cosmetics ~ same as above.
or in the acknowledgment of the instrument Friction Watches, a package, containing 100 which is not stamped.
The following table contains the difference between the time of High Water at Boston and several other places,
When the sign is prefixed to the hours and minutes in the table, the time must be subtracted from the Boston time; and when the sign + is prefixed, the time must be added to the Boston time, h.m.
h.m. Albany, +4 12 Charleston, - 4 15 New London,
- 2 36 Bay, Buzzard's, - 3 50 Fryingpan Shoals, - 500 Newport,
- 3 50 'Narraganset, -8 53 Georgetown Bar, - 4 30 Norfolk,
-3 00 St. Mary's, - 200 Harbor, Amelia, 3 00 Philadelphia,
+ 2 57 Bermuda Inlet, 4 30 Island, Block, - 3 53 Plymouth,
0 00 Cape Ann,
-2 30 Cod, 0 00 Marblehead,
0.00 Port Jackson,
-3 30 Fear,
3 30 New Bedford, 3 53 Providence,
+ 4 15
THE UNITED STATES.
From the National Almanac. The existence of the United States of America, as a separate and independent natlon, usually dates from July 4, 1776, when the second Continental Congress passed the Declaration of Independence dissolving all connection with Great Britain. The colonies, however, were virtually under their own government from the time of the meeting of the Second Continental Congress, May 10, 1775, which body continued its sittings during the greater part of the Revolutionary War, and had the general direction of affairs. The powers of this Congress were not defined; there was no settled form of government; but their authority being of a revolutionary or provisional character, they exercised such as the necessities of the times required.
THE REVOLUTIONARY GOVERNMENT continued until the Confederation was organized, the Articles for which were adopted by the Congress as early as November 15, 1777, but were not finally ratified by all tie colonies until March 1, 1781. On the following day (March 2, 1781), Congress assembled under the Confederation.
THE CONFEDERATE GOVERNMENT was intended to be perpetual; but it was soon found to be so defective, ineflicient, and even powerless, that a convention of dele, gates was called to meet at Philadelphia on the 14th of May, 1787, “ for the sole and express purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation, and reporting such alterations and provisions therein as shall render the Federal Constitution adequate to the exigencies of the Government and the preservation of the Union.”
THE CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT was the result of the deliberations of this Convention; for they adopted, on the 17th of September, 1787, that great and wise charter known as the Constitution of the United States. Eleven of the States having ratified this Constitution, Congress, on the 17th of September, 1788, resolved that it should go into operation on Wednesday the 4th day of March, 1789.
The powers granted by this Constitution are distributed among three separate and distinct bodies: the Legislative powers being vested in a Congress; the Executive power in the President of the United States; and the Judicial power in one Supreme Court, and such inferior courts as Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.
RANK OF THE STATES AND TERRITORIES ARRANGED ACCORDING
TO THE ORDER IN WHICH THEY CONTRIBUTED INTERNAL RIVE-
From the National Almanao.
61,304 Pennsylvania, 5,226,488 California,
59,561 Massachusetts, 4,830,501 Maine,
514,638 District Columbia, 45,350 Ohio, 3,217,481 New Hampshire, 483,692 Kansas,
38,000 Illinois, 2,012,592 Wisconsin,
409,307 Nevada Territory, 22,905 Connecticut, 1,552,615 Michigan,
344,419 Colorado Territory, 21,079 Kentucky, 1,382,772 Iowa,
285,963 Nebraska Territory, 12,338 New Jersey, 1,227,444 Vermont,
202,336 New Mexico Terri-
9,918 Maryland 961,406 Louisiana,
154,341 Washington Territory,8,263
5625. JEWISH CALENDAR. 1864-1865. Jan. 28, 1864. 1st of Shebat.
Sept. 22. 2d day of Tishri of New Year. Feb. 27. 1st of Adar.
24. Fast of Gedaljah. Maroh 9. Fast of Esther.
30. 10th day of T'ishri. Day of 12. Purim.
Atonement, 28. lst of Nisan.
6. 15th day of Tishri. Feast of April 11. lst day of Passover.
Tabernaeles. 1st day. 12. 2d day of Passovor.
6. 2d day of Tabernacles. 17. 7th day of Passover.
11. 7th day of Tabernacles. 18. 8th day of Passover.
12. 22d day of Tishri. Feast of the 27. 1st day of Ljur.
8th day, May 26. 1st day of Siwan.
13. 23d of Tishri. Rejoicing with 31. 1st day of Pentecost.
21. 1st day of Cheshwan.
Nov. 19. 1st of Kislew.
Dec. 13, 1864. 25th of Kislew. Dedica24. 1st of Ab.
tion of the Temple. Aug. 1. 9th of Ab. Fast. Destruc
19. 1st day of Tefes. tion of the Temple.
28. 10th day of Tefes. Fast. Siege 23. 1st day of Elul.
of Jerusalem. Sept. 21. 1st day of Tishri. Year 1625
ends. IMPORTANT SUGGESTIONS TO GUARD AGAINST FIRE. The following suggestions by the Chief Engineer of the Boston Fire Department, to the inhabitants of that city, are so excellent, and so appropriate for all localities, that we transfer them to our pages, and trust they may be carefully heeded.
Keep matches in metal boxes, and out Never take a light into a closet, of the reach of children.
Place glass shades over gas lights in Wax matches are dangerous, and should show windows, and do not crowd goods be kept out of the way of rats or mice. near them.
Fill fluid and camphene lamps only by No smoking should be permitted in daylight, and never near a fire or light. warehouses, particularly where goods are
Do not deposit coal or wood ashes in packed or cotton stored. wooden vessels, and be sure burning cin Where furnaces are used, the principal ders are extinguished before deposited. register should always ho fastened open.
Never place a light or ashes under a Stove pipes should be at least four staircaso.
inches from wood-work, and guarded. Never take a light to examine a gas All hatch ways or openings in the floors meter, or gas pipes inside a building. of stores, factories, or warehouses, should
Be careful never to place gas, or other always be closed at night. lights, near
All iron doors between tores should Do not read in bed by lamp-light. be ciosed at night, or when not in use. OLD AND HOMELY PROVERBS FOR EVERY DAY IN THE MONTH.
1. Get thy spindle and thy distaff ready, 17. Idleness is the sepulchre of a living and God will send thee flax.
2. Better ride an ass that carries us 18. The devil tempts all men; but the than a horse that throws us.
idle man tempts the devil.
20. Never measure other people's corn 4. Love rules without a sword.
by your own bushel. 5. Trust thyself only, and another shall 21. He who spares vice wrongs virtue. not bctray thee.
22. Despatch is the soul of business, 6. Nothing is lost on a journey by stop- and method is the soul of despatch. ping to pray or to feed your horse.
23. Like plays best with like: when 7. Every vicious indulgence must be the crane attempted to dance with the paid for cent per cent.
horse, she got broken legs. 8. Better to be alone than in bad com 24. A full vessel must be carried carepany.
fully. 9. To say little and perform much is 25. That is often lost in an hour which noble.
costs a lifetime. 10. Every man thinks his own geese 28. Keep yourself from opportunities, are swaps.
and God will keep you from sins. 11. Circumstances
27. The pitcher that goes often to the straightest stick appears crooked in well gets broken at last. water.
28. Give a rogue an inch, and he will 12. An honest man is none the worse take an ell. because a dog barks at him.
29. Many a cow stands often in the 13. When you are an anvil, bear; when green meadow, and looks wistfully at you are a hammer, strike.
the barren heath, 14. He laughs best who laughs last. 30. A handful of common sense is worth 15. He that can't paint must grind colors. a bushel of learning. 16. Wise distrust is the parent of se
31. The fire should burn brightest on curity.
one's own hearth.