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READ THE FOLLOWING TESTIMONIALS FROM PRESIDENTS OF

NEW ENGLAND COLLEGES. Your Dictionary is truly a Thesaurus of the English Language, and leaves but little to be desired in that line.

J. T. CHAMPLIN, D. D., President of Water ville College, Maine. The work appears to me to be altogether unsurpassed.

LEONARD WOODS, LL. D., President of Bowdoin College. No scholar can afford to be without your Dictionary.

N. LORD, D. D., President of Dartmouth College. The mature scholarship which this work evinces is, to me, its most pleasing feature, where we have learning without pedantry, and the fruits of the most accurate and liberal research without ostentation.

CALVIN PEASE, D. D., President University of Vermont. The Dictionary will prove an enduring monument of the learning, industry, patience, and scholarly wisdom of its author, and will place him high among the great lexicographers of the English language.

BENJAMIN LARABEE, D. D., President of Middlebury College. The standard Dictionary of our language.

C. C. FELTON, LL. D., President of Harvard College. A proud monument of accurate scholarship.

MARK HOPKINS, D. D., President of Williams College. I make this (Worcester's Dictionary] my standard in orthography and pronuncistion,

B. SEARS, D. D., President of Brown University. You do not ask for any opinion * and for that very reason I am the more disposed to give you one.

It is but a short time since that I was led to commend arother Dictionary ; * * but now it must be withdrawn in favor of yours. E consider your Dictionary, in almost every respect *

as superior to any of its predecessors. In truth, I never expected to see an English Distionary se thorough, complete and satisfactory.

, , Trinity College, Hartford. 1 have looked chiefly, during the short time I have had the work, for the more unusual scientific terms, and I am gratified to find how very extensively your industry has ferreted them out. Scientific men, I am sure, will be thank, ful that you have given them sütz full and accurate definitions of the terms employed in the latest standard works. n. bow different from the Dictionaries published twenty years ago!

EDWARD HITCHCOCK, D. D., LL. D., Late Pres. of Amherst Col.

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THE

(OLD) FARMER'S ALMANACK, CALCULATED ON A NEW AND IMPROVED PLAN,

FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD

1863;

Being 3d after BISSEXTILE or LEAP Year, and (until July 4) 87th of Am. Independence.

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Botol
BY ROBERT B. THOMAS.

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This is the page, whose letters shall be seen
Changed by the sun to words of living green ;
This is the scholar, whose immortal pen
Spells the first lesson hunger taught to men;
These are the lines that heaven-commanded toil
Shows on his deed, — the charter of the soil !

0. W. HOLMES

BOSTON: PUBLISHED BY BREWER AND TILESTON.

Sold by the Booksellers and Traders throughout New England. (Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1962, by SWAN, BREWER & TILESTON

in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.]

SSS

TO PATRONS AND CORRESPONDENTS. ONCE more we present you our familiar pages, and wish you many a happy new year. Events, of the utmost importance to each one of us and to our posterity, have passed before the eyes of the American people, in quick succession, since the issue of the last number of our work, and we can look up to an overruling Providence as the Guide and Disposer of them all for our good and the welfare of our country. May the same Hand guide us, and the same Smile lighten our pathway to a future more glorious than the past.

The record of events connected with the war, begun in our last number, will be found continued in this, and brought down to July, 1862. This will be found convenient for future reference, and the numbers should be carefully preserved.

We owe our acknowledgments for communications, answers to problems, etc., to many friends in various parts of New England, and regret that our limited space does not permit us to give their names in full. We thank them cordially for their numerous and welcome favors, and trust they will continue them.

The beautiful motto on the title-page, and the stanzas at the heads of the calendar pages, are selected from the writings of the talented author of “SONGS IN MANY KEYS,” Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes, a poet of whom our country is justly proud. Some of the best selections in our pages, heretofore, have been from his witty and polished pen.

All communications should be directed to me, care of the publishers, and sent previous to July 1st, and we will promise “that no-efforts shall be spared to make the Almanack useful, pleasing, and worthy the continued patronage of its numerous friends.

Aro Phomas.

MARRIED WOMEN. - The last Massachusetts Legislature passed a law affecting the rights and powers of married women doing business on their own separate account. This act provides that a certificate shall be filed in the Clerk's Office of the city or town where it is proposed to do such business, and also sets forth many other requirements and duties, and if no such certificate shall be filed, such married woman shall not claim any property employed in said business, as against any creditor of her husband. And, also, if any such married woman shall fail to file such certificate, the husband may do so ; and if neither of them do so, then the husband shall be liable upon all contracts lawfully made, in the prosecution of such business. This statute is chapter 198, acts 1862, and took effect on the first day of July, 1862.

INJURIES TO REAL ESTATE. — A law was passed by the Mass. Legislature of 1862, to prevent injuries to dwelling-houses, as follows:

Whoever wilfully or maliciously injures, defaces, mars or destroys, either in whole or in part, any dwelling-house or other building, whether upon the inside or outside, not being the owner thereof, and not having the right so to do, by virtue of any contract with the owner thereof, shall be liable to be punished by imprisonment in the jail not exceeding sixty days, or by fine not exceeding fifty dollars."

MEETINGS OF FRIENDS IN NEW ENGLAND. Yearly, beginning with select, 7th day af- mo., N. Bedford ; 1st 5th d., 7th mo., Falter 2d 6th day, 6th mo., 9th hour, morn., mouth ; 1st 5th d., 10th mo., Sandwich. at Newport, R. I. Public for worship, 1st Falmouth: 5th d. before 1st 6th d. in mo., day following, at Newport and Portsmouth, at Windham, 2d and 9th mo. ;, Westbrook, 10th hour, morn., and 4th, afternoon. For 6th ; Durham, 11th. Smithfield : 2d 5th d.. business, at Newport, 2d day, 9th hour. 8th mo., Bolton; 2d 5th d., 11th mo., Smith

This yearly meeting comprises the quar- field ; 2d 5th d., 2d mo., Worcester ; 2d 5th terly meetings of R. Island, Salem, Sand- d., 5th mo., Northbridge. Vassulboro' : 20 wich, Falmouth, Smithfield, Vassalboro', 6th d., 1st and 9th mo., Vassalboro' ; 5th Dover and Fairfield, held as follows:- R. and 11th mo., East Vassalboro'. Dover, Island : 1st 5th d., 8th mo., Newport ; lst N. H.: 4th 5th d. of the mo. ; Dover, 4th; 5th d., 11th mo., Somerset'; Ist 5th d., 2d North Berwick, 8th; Sandwich, 10th mo., Providence ; 1st 5th d., 5th mo., East Rochester, Ist. Fairfield: Hallowell, 4th Greenwich. Salem : 4th 5th d., 5th' mo., d. before 2d 6th d., 2d and 9th mo. ; FairAmesbury; 3d 5th d., 8th mo., Lynn ; 3d field, 4th d. before last 6th d. of 5th mo., 5th d., 10th'mo., Weare ; 3d 5th d., 1st mo., and 4th d. before 2d 6th d. of 11th mo.

ECLIPSES OF THE SUN AND MOON FOR 1863.
In this year there will be two eclipses of the Sun, and two of the Moon :
I.- A PARTIAL ECLIPSE OF THE SUN, May 17th, visible in Europe and the north-

western part of North America.
II.- A TOTAL ECLIPSE OF THE Moon, June 1st, partly visible as follows:

Total Phase ends, ... Th. 15m., P. M., Mean time at Boston.

Moon leaves shadow, 8h. 22m.,
III. - AN ANNULAR ECLIPSE OF THE SUN, November 11th, visible in the Southern

Ocean.
IV.-A PARTIAL ECLIPSE OF THE Moon, November 25th, visible as follows

Moon enters shadow, 2h. 31m., A. M.,
Middle of eclipse,....4h. 12m., Mean time at Boston.
Moon leaves shadow, 5h. 52m.,

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The longitudes of the following places are counted west from Greenwich, while the differences of time refer to Boston. (+) added to, (-) subtracted from, Boston time. Place. N. Lat. W. Lon. Diff.

Place.

N. Lat. W. Lon. Diff. Augusta, Me.... 440 19'690 50 + 5|Boston,

142 21 71° 3' Eastport, 44 54 66 56 #17 W Vorcester,

42 16 71 48 3 Bangor,

44 48 68 47 + 9 Springfield,“ 42 6 72 36 Portland, 43 40 79 15 + 3 Pittsfield,

42 27 73 16 Brunswick,“ 43 53 69 55 + 5 Hartford, Conn... 41 46 72 41 Concord, N. H.. 43 12 71 292 New Haven, “ 41

18 72

55 Dover,

43 13 70 54 + 1 Newport, R. I. 41 29 71 18 Montpelier, Vt. ..... 44 17 72 38 - 6 New York, N.Y. 40 43 74 0 -12

NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE PLANETS. OO The Sun.

Mars.

h Saturn. DO The Moon.

Jupiter.

H Uranus. Mercury.

The Earth.

Neptune.
Venus.

Vesta.
Juno.
Pallas.
Ceres.

NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE ASPECTS.
Conjunction, or in the same degree.

Opposition, or 180 degrees. Sextile, 60 degrees.

Dragon's Head, or Ascending Node. Ó Quartile, 90 degrees.

Dragon's Tail, or Descending Node. Trine, 120 degrees.

NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE SIGNS OF THE ZODIAC. 1 p Aries, head. 5 2 Leo, heart.

9 I Sagittarius, thighs. 2 8 Taurus, neck. 6 HR Virgo, belly.

10 W Capricornus, knees. 3 a Gemini, arms. 7 = Libra, reins.

11 .. Aquarius, legs. 4 5 Cancer, breast. 8 m Scorpio, secrets. 12 # Pisces, feet.

.

CHRONOLOGICAL CYCLES FOR 1863. Golden Number, 2 Dominical Letter, D | Roman Indiction,

6 Cycle of the Sun, 24 Epact,

11 Julian Period, 6576 MOVABLE FEASTS AND FASTS FOR 1863. Septuagesima Sunday, Feb. 1 Good Friday, April 3 | Holy Thursday, May 14 Shrove Sunday, “ 15 EASTER SUNDAY,

5 Whit Sunday,

24 Ash Wednesday, 6 18 Low Sunday, « 12 Trinity Sunday,

31 First Sunday in Lent, “ 22 | Rogation Sunday, May 10 Advent Sunday, Nov. 29

DEFINITIONS. (COSTINUED FROM LAST YEAR.) DOMINICAL LETTER. - One of the first seven letters in the alphabet, used in the Al

manacs to represent Sunday. EPACT. - The difference in length between time as measured by the sun, and time as

measured by the moon. The excess of the solar month above the lunar synodical

month, and of the solar year above the lunar year of twelve synodical months. Roman ÍNDICTION. - A period or cycle of fifteen years, the origin of which is rather

obscure. Gibbon says: “The term and the use of the indictions, which serve to ascertain the chronology of the Middle Ages, was derived from the regular practice of the Roman tributes. The emperor subscribed with his own hand, and in purple ink, the solemn edict or indiction, which was fixed up in the principal city of each diocese during two months previous to the first day of September. And, by a very easy connection of ideas, the word indiction was transferred to the measure of tribute which it prescribed, and to the annual term which it allowed for payment.” This cycle, called the Roman indiction, is said by some to have been instituted by Constantine the Great, in place of Olympiads.

From Worcester's Quarto Dictionary of the English Language.

COMMENCEMENTS, ANNIVERSARIES, AND VACATIONS, OF COLLEGES AND THEOLOGICAL SCHOOLS, IN NEW ENGLAND. HARVARD, AT CAMBRIDGE, Mass.-Com., com. ; 4 w. from Thurs. before Christmas. 3d Wed. July. Vaca., 1st, from end of first WESLEYAN, AT MIDDLETOWN, Conn. term, 6 w. ; 20, from end of second term Com., 4th Wed. in June. Vaca., 4 w. from

commencement week), 6 w.; the academi-com. ; 8 w. from Dec. 1 ; 2 w. from May 4. cal year being divided into two terms of UNIVERSITY OF VERMONT, AT BURLING20 weeks each, and beginning at com. TON.-Com., 1st Wed. in Aug. Vaca., com.

CAMBRIDGE Theo. SEM., at CAMBRIDGE, 4 w. ; 1st Wed. in Dec. 8 W., and 1 w. Mass. – Vaca., same as Harvard College from 2d Wed. in May.

Torts COLLEGE, MEDFORD, Ms. — Com., MIDDLEBURY, AT MIDDLEBURY, Vt. – 20 Wed. in July. Vaca., 1st, from end of Com., 2d Wed. Aug. Vac., com. 4 w.; last 1st term, 6 w.; 20, from end of 21 term, 6 Wed. Nov., 8w.; 1 w. fr. 4th Wed. April. w. Col. year divided as at Harv. Col.

DARTMOUTH, AT HANOVER, N. H.-Com., AMHERST, AT AMHERST, Mass. — Com., last Thurs. in July. Vaca., 4 w. from com.; 20 Thurs. in Aug. Vaca., 4 w. from com. ; 7 w. beginning in Nov., and 2 w, in May. 6 w. from the Wed. before annual Thanks BROWN, AT PROVIDENCE, R. I. - Com., giving ; 3 w. from the 3d Wed. in April. 1st Wed. in Sept. Vaca., from 2d Wed. in

WILLIAMS, AT WILLIAMSTOWN, Mass. — July to com., and from 3d Wed. in Jan. Com., 1st Wed. in Aug. Vaca., 5 w. after to 3d Wed. in Feb. com. ; from 4th Tues. in Nov., 6 w. ; 3d BOWDOIN, AT BRUNSWICK, ME. - - Com., Tues. in Apr., 2 w.

1st Wed. in Aug. Vaca., at com., 3 w. ; ANDOVER THEOL. SEM., AT ANDOVER, from last Wed. in Nov., 8 w.; from 3d Mass. — Anniv., 1st Wtd. in Aug. Vaca., Wed. in April, 2 w. 7 w., and 5 w. preceding last Wed. in May. WATERVILLE, AT WATERVILLE, ME.

Newton Theo. INST., At NEWTON, Ms.Com., 2d Wed. in Aug. Vaca., at com., Anniv., last Wed. in June. Vac., 9 w. from 4 w. ; from 20 Wed. in Dec., 8 W.; from anniv., and also 3 w. fr. last Wed. in Jan. 1st Wed. in May, 1 w.

YALE, AT New Haven, Conn. — Com., MAINE WESLEYAN SEM., AT READFIELD, last Thurs. in July. Vaca., 7 w. from com. ; ME.- Two terms, of 15 weeks each. Fall 2 w. before 1st Wed. in Jan., and 3 w. before term com. 1st Wed. in Aug. Spring term 1st Wed. in May, when the terms com. com. Ist Wed. in March. TRINITY, AT HARTFORD, Conn.

Com., BANGOR Theo. SEM., AT BANGOR, ME. Thurs. before July 4th. Vac., 9 w. from Anniv., last Wed. Julý. Vac., fr.do., 12w.

EXECUTIVE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES (JUNE, 1862). ABRAHAM LINCOLN, III., President, $25,000 Salmon P: Chase, Ohio, Sec. Trea., $8,000 Wm. H. Seward, N.Y., Sec. State, 8,000 Caleb B. Smith, Ia., “ Inter., 8,000 Gideon Welles, Conn., Navy, 8,000 Montgomery Blair, Md., Post. Gen., 8,000 Elw. M. Stanton, Pa.,

8,000 Edward Bates. Mo., Att'y 8,000 AMERICAN PRESIDENTS. Age when

Where Born. Date of Birth. Term of Office. term expired. Died. Geo. Washington, Va., Feb. 22, 1732, 1789 to 1797, 66, Dec. 14, 1799 John Adams, Mass., Oct. 19, 1735, 1797 to 1801,

July 4, 1826 Thomas Jefferson, Apr. 2, 1743, 1801 to 1809,

July 4, 1826 James Madison, Mar. 5, 1751, 1809 to 1817,

June 28, 1836 Jaines Monroe,

Apr. 2, 1759, 1817 to 1825, do., July 4, 1831 John Q. Adams, Mass., July 11, 1767, 1825 to 1829,

62,

Feb. 23, 1848 Andrew Jackson,

Mar. 15, 1767, 1829 to 1837, 70, June 8, 1845 Martin Van Buren, N Y., Dec. 5, 1782, 1837 to 1841,

59. Apr. 24, 1862 Wm. H. Harrison, Va., Feb. 9, 1772 1841

69, Apr. 4, 1841 John Tyler,

Mar. 29, 1790,

1841 to 1845, 55. Jan. 17, 1862 James K. Polk,

Nov. 2, 1795,

1845 to 1849, 54, June 15, 1849 Zachary Taylor,

Nov. 24, 1784, 1849 to 1850, 65, July 9, 1850 Millard Fillmore, N. Y., Jan. 7, 1800, 1850 to 1853,

53. Franklin Pierce, N. H., Nov. 23, 1804, 1853 to 1857, 53. James Buchanan, Penn., Apr. 13, 1791, 1857 to 1861,

69. Abraham Lincoln, Ky., Feb. 12, 1809, 1861

COMMERCIAL VALUE OF GOLD AND SILVER COIN. American Gold,

Par. $50 Pieces, U. S. Assay, .... American Gold Coin, with the

$20 do. do. do.......1 do. do. motto “E Pluribus Unum"

$10 do. do. do.......2 do. do. over the eagle,

1.05 to 1.06 American Half Dollars, .51 to .514 Victoria Sovereigns,

4.80 “ 4.81 do. Quar. do. .254 Old Sovereigns,.

4.78 " 4.80 Sp. and Mx. do., perfect, .23 Guineas,..

4.95 " 5.00 do. do. do. do., imperf. 20" .22 Napoleons (Twenty Francs),. 3.80“ 3.83 Mexican Dollars,..

1.05 Ten Thaler Pieces,.

7.80

Peruv. and other 8. A. Dolls. 1.02 Prussian Ten Thaler Pieces,. 8.00 Spanish Pillar Dollars,... 1.05 “ 1.10 Ten Guilder Pieces, 3.90 " 3.93 Prussian Thalers,..

.65 Ducats,... 2.15 " 2.20 Five Franc Pieces,..

.95 Patriot Doubloons (liable to

German Crowns,

1.06 change daily), .15.40 “15.45 French Crowns,

1.08 Spanish Doubloons, do. do...16.00 “16.10 English Silver £,..

4.60

War,

Va.,

do. do..

do.

S. C.,

N. C.,
Va.,

p.ct. dis.

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