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stock in the early Virginia colony, says, “ All the inhabitants give their cattle in winter is only the husks of their Indian corn, unless it be some of them that have a little wheat-straw; neither do they give them any more of these than will serve to keep them alive; by reason whereof they venture into the marshy grounds and swamps for food, where very many are lost.” And Clayton, too, writing more than a century ago, says that “they neither housed nor milked their cows in winter, having a notion that it would kill them.” A Swedish traveller, who visited the colony in 1749, writes, “ Their cattle are allowed to wander through the woods and uncultivated grounds, where they are half starved, having long ago extirpated almost all the animal grasses by cropping them too early in the spring, before they had timo to form their flowers or to shed their seeds." The stock in other parts of the country fared no better. In severe winters the cattle, in great numbers, died of starvation and exposure, and no efforts were made at improvement till within a recent period. A half a century would cover nearly all the atiempts made to improve the quality and increaso the value of the cattle of the country.
GARGET, OR INFLAMMATION OF THE UDDER. This disease is so eommon and so troublesome in dairy stock that the method of treatment should be well understood by every farmer.
The best and most rational treatment for garget is, undoubtedly, to apply hot water to the bag by a sponge or a large cloth. Keep dipping and applying as long as the water remains hot. Then take a soft, dry cloth and wipe the udder till it is perfectly dry. At the same time give a simple cathartic, as follows: Take 14 lbs. of sulphate of magnesia (epsom salts), add two table-spoonfuls of powdered ginger, and dissolve in water,
Pour down in a bottle. The atuendant may hold the cow with one hand at the horn and the other at the muzzle; introduce the bottle at the side of the mouth, and pour in slowly.
This treatment should begin, of course, early, and before the disease gets into a chronic state.
If the bag is very heavy, suspend it by bringing a long cloth or band under it and fastening it over and in front of the hips. If it slips forward, fasten another strip on the back side of the first, between the legs, and bring it up and fasten to the bandage at the top.
This is very important in severe cases. It will readily be seen what a support it must be to a heavy and inflamed bag, its own weight causing and increasing the irritation and inflammation. If the disease is not arrested by this treatment, and suppuration takes place, or the formation of matter, it is past cure. If the inflammation is subdued, but the bag is still hard, give the cow hýdriodate of potassa daily, 10 grain doses three times a day, and apply the tincture of iodine to the surfaco. That will bring it down.
The common practice of sticking a plug of garget root into the dewlap is too absurd. It is designed to set up a counter irritation, and no doubt has a slight effect to do it; but going so far from the seat of the disease, which is an inflammation of the bag, or the mammary glands, results in a loss of these glands before the effect can be produced by the remcdy; that is, the disease progresses faster than the cure. The course suggested above is the best, and the only rational and scientific treatment we know of.
The hydriodate of potassa may be got of any apothecary. Tell him to tako half an ounce of hydriodnte, or iodide of potassa, and dissolve it in three gills, or about twelve ounces of water. That will give it in the proportion of 10 grains to a tablespoonful. To administer, put the table-spoonful of the solution into a half pail of water. The animal should be kept from drinking till she is really thirsty, and she will drink it readily, and may be allowed to take as much water as she likes afterwards. Give at the same rate, 10 grains, or a table-spoonful of the solution, three times a day.
After a few days, or if you choose at first, the spoonful of the solution may be mixed in the food, some grain or mash, but it is a little preferable in the water. There is nothing known, in the whole range of medicines, that will operate on inflamed or diseased glands like lodine and its compounds.
The tincture of iodine is a little more expensive, and so to apply it economically, use a small brush, or a little piece of fine sponge. Don't get your hands in it unless you want to take the skin off. Brush on only the diseased part. That will, perhaps, raise a blister. Wait till the blister heals up, and then apply again. It raises a counter irritation, and is the best thing known to draw out the hardness or lumps in the bag.
LUCKY FARMERS. Some farmers get the reputation of being lucky because they meet with suecers. People little know how sharply they look ahead, how carefully they make their calculations, or how they contrive to have the very best stock in the whole neighborhood. Look round the homestead. It has an air of neatness and comfort. Tho finest shade and ornamental trees adorn the farm. They have the best breeds of cattle, and keep them in the best manner. They are industrious, thrifty, honest; but the world is very apt to say, “ They are lucky" Lazy men are seldom lucky.
CORRECTED SEPTEMBER, 1868. Lotters. The maximum standard weight for the single rate of letter postage is one half oz. avoirdupois. The rate of postage on all domestic letters not exceeding one half oz. shall be uniform at three cents; and for each half oz., or fraction thereof, of additional weight, an additional rate of three cents, to be in all cases prepaid by postage stamps. Drop or LOCAL LETTERS, two cents per half oz., prepaid by stamps; and no further fee can be charged for delivery, or for taking from Street boxes to the malls. IRREGULAR MATTER. - Letter rates are to be charged on irregular matter, part writing and part print, except that publishers may send and receive proof-sheets, and advise patrona, by writing on papers, when their subscription is up, at printed matter rates. On unclassified matter, where no specific rate is set down, letter postage is charged. SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' LETTER8 are exempt from this extra charge, and may go unpaid if franked. Returned DEAD LETTERS, free. Foreign dead letters subject to conventional stipulations with the respective governments. Letters not finding owners at the office named, must be forwarded, when the place is known, free. The Postmaster-General may pay not more than two cents for carrying letters in vessels not carrying mails, such letters to be put in post-office on arrival in port; if for local delivery, another two cents should be affixed. No fees are allowed for letters collected by a carrier on a mall route.
Newspapers, Magazines, &c. – Newspaper, or second class postage, is, for papers not over four ounces each, per quarter, once a week, 6 cts.; twice, 10 cts.; three times, 15 cts.; six times, 30 cts.; seren times, 35 cts., and so on, adding one rate for each issue more than once per week, to be prepaid for not less than three months nor more than a year, at the office of reception. Publishers of weekly news papers may send within their county free. On magazines issued less often than once a week, one cent for four ounces to regular subscribers. Special bargains may be made by the Postmaster-General for transporting packages of newspapers, &c. Þublishers inust be notified when papers are not taken out for one month, which notice may be sent free. BilLS AND RECEIPTs for subscriptions may be enclosed in papers and go free; any other written enclosure imposes letter postage. Publishers may exchange papers free, not exceeding sixteen ounces in weight.
Books - Not over 4 0%. in weight, 4 cts.; between 4 and 8 oz., 8 cts.; between 8 and 12 oz., 12 cts. ; &c.
Miscellaneous Including pamphlets, occasional publications, transient newspapers, handbills and posters, book manuscripts and proof-sheets, whether corrected or not, maps, prints, engravings, sheet music, blanks, flexible patterns, flexible samples and sample cards, phonographic paper, letter 'envelopes, postal envelopes or wrappers, cards, paper, plain or ornamental, photographs, seeds, cut tings, bulbs, roots, and scions, not over 4 oz. in weight, 2 cents; over 4 oz., and not over 8 oz., 4 cts.; over 8 oz., and not over 12 oz., 6 cts.; over 12 oz., and not over 16 oz., 8 cts. All matter not above specified is charged at letter postage : all classes, except as above mentioned, must be prepaid.
Money Orders - For any amount not exceeding $50 on one order, are issued in the principal offices, on payment of the following fees : Orders not exceeding $20, 10 cts.; over $20, and not exceeding $30, 15 cents; over $30 and not exceeding $40, 20 cents; over $40 and not exceeding $50, 25 cents.
Foreign Letters (except to England and Ireland) should indicate on the outside the route by which they are to be sent, as the difference by various routes is
great. To Great Britain and Ireland, not over' oz., 12 cents, prepayment optional. To France, not over 4 oz., 15 cents; not over " oz., 30 cents, prepayment optional. Austria, Prussia, and German States, by North German Union direct, 10 ceuts; by North Germ.closed mail, via England, 15 cts., prepayment optional. Switzerland, by North German Union direct, 15 cents; by North German closed mail, via England, 20 cents; by French mail, 21 cents for oz.; 42 cts. not exceeding '4, oz.; via closed mail, 15 cents, all prepayment optional. Italy, via North German Union direct, 14 cents; by North German closed mail, via England, 19 cents; by closed mail, 15 cente, all prepayment optional.
CANADA, including New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, 6 cents if prepaid, 10 cents if not prepaid. Prince Edwards Island, 10 cents, prepayment optional; Newfoundland, 10 cents, prepayment required. Cuba, Bermuda, Mexico, Panama, Aspinwall, and Sandwich Islands, 10 cents, prepayment required. Brazil, by American packet, 10 cents, prepayment required; via England, 34.cents; prepayment required; via France, 33 cents 14 oz., 66 cents 2 oz., prepayment optional.
EAST INDIES, by British mail via Southampton, 28 cents; British mail via Marseilles, 36 cents; via North German Union direct, 27 cents; via North German Union closed mail via England, 32 cents, all prepayment required. Australia, British mail, via Southampton, 22 cents; British mail via Marseilles, 30 cents; British colonies, via Panama, 22 cents, all prepayment required. China, via San Francisco, 10 cts.; by French mail, 30 cts. for 94 oz., 60 cts. for oz.; except Hong Kong, British mail, via Southampton, 34 cts., via Marseilles, 42 cts., via North German Union direct, 27 cts., via North Germ. Union, closed mail, via England, 32 cts., prepay't required.
Sore Throat, Cough, Cold, GROWN'S and similar troubles, if suffered to progress
, result in se
, rious Lung, Bronchial, and Asthmatic Affections, oftentimes incurable. Few are aware of the importance of checking a cough, or “common cold,” in its first stage.
That which in the beginning would yield to a mild remeFOR
dy if neglected, soon attacks the Lungs.
Coughs and Colds are often overlooked. A
continuance for any length of time causes irritation of the AND Lungs, or some chronic Throat Disease.
BROWN'S BRONCHIAL TROCHES reach directly the seat of the disease, and give almost instant relief.
The Troches are offered with the fullest confidence in their efficacy; they have been thoroughly tested, and maintain the good reputation they have justly acquired. For Public Speakers, Singers, and those who overtax the voice, they are useful in relieving an Irritated Throat, and will render articulation casy. To those exposed to sudden changes in the weather, they will give prompt relief in Coughs and Colds, and can be carried in the pocket to be taken as occasion requires.
Your Troches are too well and favorably known to need commendation.- - Hon. CHAS. A. PIELP3, Pres. Mass. Senate.
I recommend their use to Public Speakers. Rev. E. H. CHAPIN.
Ihrve never change my mind respecting them from the first, excepting to think yet better of that which I began thinking well of.. Rev. HENRY WARD BEECHER.
They have suited my case exactly — relieving my throat so that I could sing with zase. — T. DUCHARME, Chorister French Parish Church, Montreal.
JOIN I. BROWN & SONS, Boston, Proprietors.
BROWN'S VERMIFUGE COMFITS,
Or Worm Lozenges.
Much SICKNESS, undoubtedly, with children and adults, attributed to other causes, is occasioned by worms. The “ Vermifuge Comfits," although effectual in destroying worms, can do no possille injury to the most delicate child. This valuable combination has been successfully used by physicians, and found to be safe and sure in eradicating worms, so hurtful to children.
CHILDREN HAVING WORMS require immediate attention, as neglect of the trouble often causes prolonged sickness.
SYPTOMS OF WORMS IN CHILDREN are often overlooked. Worms in the stomach and bowels cause irritation, which can be removed only by the use of a sure remedy. The combination of ingredients used in making “ Brown's Vermifuge Comfits” is such as to give the best possible effect with safety.
Msessrs. JOHV I. BROIN & SON. As I have used your “Worm Comfits” in my practice, for two years past, with always good success, I have no hesitation in recommending them as a very superior preparation for the purpose for which they are intended. As I am aware they do not contain any Mercury, or other injurious substance, I consider them perfectly safe to administer, even in the most delicate
ALVAH HOBBS, M. D, Boston, Jan. 27, 1864. Physicians recommend and prescribe Brown's VERMIFUGE COMrits.
SOLD BY DRUGGISTS, CHEMISTS, AND DEALERS IN MEDICINES.
CONSISTING OF THE PRIMER, or FIRST READER, Illustrated, THE SECOND READER, THE THIRD READER, THE FOURTH READER, THE INTERMEDIATE READER, THE FIFTH READER. THE SIXTH READER. The higher books of this New Series were first published in the summer * 1863. Since that time they have been introduced into the Public Schools of Boston, New York, Chicago, l'ortland, and of many other important plaers. The lower books, for Primary Schools, consisting of " The Primer, or First Reader," “ The Second Re:der," and " The Third Reader," were first published in September, 1861. They are printed with Good TYPE, are BEAUTIFULLY ILLUSTRATED, and the selection of pieces is VARIED ANI ENTERTAINING.
TESTIMONIALS. & These testimonials for the Grammar School Series were given before the new Primary Readers were published.
From John A. ANDREW, Gov. of Mass. I think the work (the Sixth Readers has been executed with a single eye to the promotion of general culture, good English style, the introduction of young minds to good writers, and of teaching them, while pupils at school, the greatly neglected art of reading well.
From Join G. WHITTIER.
From John D, PHILBRICK, Superintendent of Public Schools of Boston, From present indications, I feel warranted in saying, that reading in our Grammar Schools will be advanced during the year twenty-five per cent. in consequence of the introduction of this serics.
From Rev. A. L. STONE, D. D., Pastor of Park Street Church, Boston, The volumes are aglow with wit, humor, eloquence, pathos, and the purest and loftiest sentiments of patriotism, huinauity, and religion.
From Rev. R. H. NEALE, D. D., Pastor of First Baptist Church, Do They evince thorough scholarship, extensive and accurate information, and a perfect mastery of the subject in hand. From Prof. Geo. HOWLAND, Principal of Public Migh School, Chicago, M.
I consider Hillard's “Sixth Reader,” now in use in my school, by far the best Reader that has been presented to the educational public.
From G. F. PHELPS, Principal of Eaton School, New Haven, Conn. The Introduction, by Prof. Bailey, is the most practical treatise oz Zlocu. tion I have ever seen, It marks a new era in the teaching of reading.
Teachers and School Committees are invited to address the publishers. 18 vorable terms will be given for introduction. BREWER & TILESTON,