« ElőzőTovább »
PUBLIC PARKS AND MUSEUMS. BECAUSE the capital city of Massachusetts possesses a common of fifty acres, her citizens should not rest in the conceit that sbe has done all! that is desirable, in this direction, for the public good. The principal cities in Europe, and many in America, are much in advance of ours even in the mere extent of their places of popular education, while the superior caste displayed in their planting, and the museums of Horticulture, Natural
History, Fine Arts, etc., with which many of them are adorned, admonish us that we are far from understanding all the benefits which may be derived even from such limited spaces ás Boston may have at its disposal.
The principal park in London, Regent's Park, encloses an area of four bundred acres, and contains the buildings of the Zoological and Botanioal Societies, besides several others. Hyde Park con tains three bundred and eighty-seven acres, and there are others whose collective area amounts to
about five bundred acres more. All these are within the city, and are eurrounded by densely-peopled districts. In Paris, the Garden of Plants embraces nearly one bundred acres, and its attractions are greatly enhanced by the museums of Natural History, Anatomy, etc., wbich are there situated. The Garden of the Tuilleries contains abou: seventy acres ; tbe Bois de Boulogne extends over eighteen hundred and fifty acres ; and all of these parks are freely enjoyed by the humblest citizens. In Vienna they bave tbe Prater, a drive of four milzs long. Florence bas, in addi. tion to its unrivalled collections of Fine Arts and Natural History, the Cascine and the Boboli Gardens. The Borghese Gardens, # Rome, open
to the public, are three miles in circuit. Without mentioning further examples in the old world, New York, in the.new, has already established a Central Park, with a proposed Zoological Garden. Private munificence is said to have provided St. Louis with public pleasure-grounds ; and, at the antipodes, the city of Melbourne, Australia, has been mindful of the wants of future generations.
The great Sydenham Crystal Palace, near London -- though open to the public only on payment of a fee - deserves attention in this connection, if only to show that, in accordance with universal experience, all such institutions, to be successful, must be located in the principal cities. Al. though distant only a few miles from London, it has disappointed the expectations of its projectors, and is neither pecuniarily nor popularly what it might be if situated within or contiguous to the city.
Boston is not wont to be backward in matters pertaining to the public welfare, and the whole Commonwealth is interested in keeping the capital up to the standard of the age. Such a plan as was under discussion by a recent Legislature, to establish on the Back Bay territory a popular University of Practical Science, surrounded by a public park, would supply just what is needed to maintain the eduoational and industrial su
pre:pacy which has long been accorded to this community, but which it cannot claim much longer, unless some such effort as the one alluded to ie promptly made. For the credit of the State it is to be hoped that the parties who are engaged in this project will persevere until it is accomplished.
PLEURO-PNEUMONIA. A NIGHLY contagious and fatal disease among hurned cattle, commonly known as pleuro-pneumonia, was introduced into Massachusetts from Hol. land, by the importation of Dutch cattle, which arrived in Boston May 23, 1859. From Belmont, near Boston, it was carried to North Brookfield and vicinity, and spread, by contagion in every case, to a large number of berds, causing the loss of a great many bead of cattle. The Legislature was applied to in Mareb following, and appointed oummissio- rs to extir. pate the disease from the country, with an appropriation of $13,000. The contagion was found to be more widely spread than had been anticipated, and it became necessary to call an extra session of the Legislature, to take more vigorous measures and to appropriate larger suins of money. The disease may linger some tiine among us, and every farmer should be on his guard, and take the utmost precautions against its approach to his herd.
DEFINITIONS OF MEDICAL TERMS. As the introduction of the fatal contagious malady among cattle has led to the frequent use of technical terms applied to diseases, we give, as a matter of convenience and for ready reference, the following explanation of some of those terms under the head of "CONTAGIOUS," from the
valuable and elaborate edition of Woroester's Dictionary, recently published. Contagion, Dr. Worcester defines as capable of being transmitted by contact ; caught by approach ; infectious ; as, a “contagious disease," spreading from one to another.
Under the synonymes of this word he says : “ Contagious poisons communicate the property of producing similar poisons ; the small pox is characteristienlly a contagious disease By some writers the term contaSious bas been limited to diseases requiring actual contact for their com. munication ; but contagious matter appears often transmissible by tbe air ; bence the terms immediate and mediate contagion. Diseases propagated thr sugh the medium of the air are generally called infectious. Brande.” Diseases which attack great numbers of people at the same time are termed epidemic, as the influenza and the cholera. Diseases confined to particular localities are styled endemic, as the goitre and the ague ; and those which originate in the affections of the atmosphere, and have a resemblance to the plague, are termed pestilential. All these classes of diseases are, by Dr. Mann and some other recent writers, termed zymotic diseases.
Epizootic is defined as relating to, or diseased by, epizooty, which is a murrain or pestilential disease among cattle.
Sporadic diseases are such as are scattered, and not epidemic, springing up in avery season and situation, from accidental causes, and independently of any epidemic or contagious influence.
THE PRACTICAL AND SCIENTIFIC FARMER. What constitutes a good practical Farmer, in the fullest and highest sense? There must be not only physical strongth, and manual skill, in the use of implements, but also the intellectual qualities of sound judge ment, providence, discretion, and solid good sense. Is it not absurd to suppose a man can be a good practical farmer, who can do no more, and who knows no more, than to work like a slave day after day, without bringing the light of intelligence to bear on the toils of the band - with.. out trying to shorten labor, to increase his crops, and at the same time to dimini th his expenses ?
No! there is no business under the sun that requires such varied and accurate knowledge, such close and careful observation of the laws of Nature, and such constant study of the improvements in the mechanical arts, as farming, and there is no business that calls so constantly for the exercise of plain, practical common sense. Without this no man can be a good practical farmer, no matter how much science, or how much knowledge of other things he may bave. One thing is certain, that under the influence of practical farming, so called, the land of New England has notoriously deteriorated, to such an extent that it has been estimated that
at least a thousand millions of dollars would be required to repair ike offocts of a wasteful and exhausting system of cultivation.
INSECTS INJURIOUS TO VEGETATION. We are happy to be able to state that Harris' admirable treatise on Insects Injurious to Vegetation is in press, under the supervision of the Secretary of pe Massachusetts State Board of Agriculture. It will be
the most complete and beautifully illustrated work of its kind ever issued from the press. Every farmer and gardener should secure a copy as soon
POETRY, ANECDOTES, &c.
FROM THE ALBANT TRANSCRIPT.
It As, how soon
was well observed by . heuthen moraliut, The shades of twilight follow hazy noon, that it is not because things are ditheult Short'ning the busy day!- day that that we dare not undertake them. Bu
slides by Amidst th' uainished tolls of husbandry; they are traitors. In the practical pur.
bold then in spirit. Indulge no doubts ; Toils still each mora resumed with double suit of our high aim, let us dever los care,
sight of it in the slightest instance; for it To meet the icy terrors of the year ; is more by disregard of small thinge than To meet the threats of Boreas undismayed, by open and tagraut offences that seo And Winter's gathering frowns and boary come short of excellence. There is always bead.
a right and a wrong, and if you over Then, welcome, cold ; Welcome, ye snowy doubt, be sure you take not the wrong. nights !
Observe this rule, and every experience Heaven 'midst your rage shall mingle will be to you a means of advancernent. pure delights,
There is no trait of the human characAnd confidence of hope the soul sustain, ter so potential for weal or woe as drunWhile devastation sweeps aloog the plain. Dess, resolution. To the merchant it is Nor shall the child of poverty despair,
all-important. Before its irresistible enBut bless the power that rules the chang- ergy the most formidable obstacles being year ;
come as cobweb barriers in its path. DifAssured, though horrors round his cot-ficulties, the terror of which causes the tage reign,
pampered sons of luxury to shrink back That Spring will come and nature smile with dismay, provoke from the man of again.
lofty determination only a smile. The
whole bistory of our race - all nature, inKIND WORDS - WHY USE THEM? deed - teems with examples to show what
wonders may be accomplished by resolute 1. Because they always cheer him to perseverance and patient toil. whom they are addressed. They soothe him if he is wretched. They comfort him
REMEMBRANCE. if he is sad. They keep him out of the slough of despond, or help him out if he Go where the water glideth gently ever, happens to be in.
Glideth through meadows that the 2. There are words enough of the oppo-Wander beside our own beloved river,
greenest be, site kind ilying in all directions - Sour
And think of me ! words, cross words, fretful words, insulting words, overbearing words, irritating Wander in forests, where the small flower words. Now let kind words have a chance
layeth to get abroad, since so many so different
Its little gem beneath the giant tree; are on the wing.
List the dim brook pining as it playeth, 3. Kind words bless him that uses
And think of me! them. A sweet sound on the tongue And when the sky is silver pale at even, tends to make the heart mellow. Kind And the wind whistleth through the words react upon the kind feelings which lonely tree, prompted them, and make them more Go out beneath that solitary heaven, kind. They add fresh fuel to the fire of
And think of me! benevolent emotion in the soul.
And when the pale moon riseth as she 4. Kind words beget kind feelings tow
were dreaming, ards him that loves to use them. People
And treadeth with white feet the lulled love to see the face and hear the voice of
And think of me !
RELIEVED FROM ANXIETY.
deal of imaginary trouble, quite as useless The kings and awful fathers of mankind; as that of the man who was afraid he bad And some, with whom compared your lost money by the failure of a bank. “AS insece-tribes
soon as I heard of it,” said he, "my heart Are but the beings of a summer's day, jumped right up into my mouth.
Now, Have held the scale of empire, ruled the thinks I, sposin' I've got any bill on that storm
bank ? I'm gone if I have that's a Ol mighty war; thon, with unwearied fact. 8o I put on my coat and started hand,
for horne as fast as my legs could carry Disclaiming little delicacies, seized me. When I got there I looked keerfully, The plough, and greatly independent and found I hadn't got any bills on that Ured.
Ibank nor any other Then I felt easter."
such a man.
BY GEO. 8. HILLARD.
Hope is the sunshine of the heart; and Let no trifle tritting be ;
those young people who begin life with a If the salt of life is pain,
free gratitication of wants and a full sende Let e'en wrougs bring good to thee; of prosperity, lose the fine relish that Good to others, few or many,
comes with each new and hard-earned Good to all, or good to any.
indulgence, and the delight of adding to
another's pleasure by self-sacrifice Red GIRLS.
renunciation. They may well be pitied
for not knowing the enjoyments of gradual There are two kinds of girls. One is progress through their own power of perthe kind that appears the best abroad, severance. the girls that are good for parties, rides, vizita, balls, &c., and whose chief delight
GOD BLESS YOU. is ta such things ; the other is the kind
AXON. that appears best at home, the girls that are useful and cheerful in the dining room, How simply fall those simple words the sick room. and all the precincts of Upon the human heart, home. They wifer widely in character. When friends long bound'io strongest tien One is often a torment at home; the other Are doomed by fate to part! is a blessing. One is a moth, consuming You sadly press the hand of those ererything about her ; the other is a sun- Who thus in love caress you, beam, inspiring life and gladness all along And soul responsive beats to soul, her pathway. Now it does not necessa- In breathing out “God bless you rily follow that there shall be two classes of girls. The right education wiil coordify
INTEMPERANCE. both a little, and unite their gout qualitics in one. -Selected.
Intemperance is a habit that is almost certain to result in failure. Even the
moderate use of alcoholic stimulants, to THE WEST.
the man whose business requires a clear BY J. G. WHITTIER.
intellect and constant prudence, is at I hear the tread of pioneers,
teuded with danger. It clouds the perOf nations yet to be ;
ception, aod creates a feeling of boldness The fi.. low wash of waves where soon and recklessness, that may in a moment Shall rell a human sea.
thwart the best laid plan of years. The
business man who indulges at all in artiThe elements of empire here
ficial stimulants can never be sure of him. Are plastic yet aud warm,
self. And the chaos of a icighty world Is rounding into form.
ODE TO SPRING. Each rude and jostling fragment soon WRITTEN IN A LAWYER's OEFIOR. Its fitting place shall find,
This capital piece of humor appeared some The raw material of a State,
years ago in the London Punch. Its muscles and its mind.
Whereas on sundry boughs and sprays
Now divers birds are heard to sing, AFFECTATION.
And sundry flowers their heads upraise, LOCKE.
Hail to the coming on of Spring! Affectation in any part of our carriage
The songs of the said birds arouse is lighting up a candle to our defects. As young and green as the said boughs,
The memory of our youthful hours, and never fails to make us taken notice
As fresh and fair as the said flowers. of, either as wanting sense or sincerity.
The birds aforesaid, happy pairs !
Love 'midst the aforesaid bought en
In household nests, themselves, their han Attain the sum
Administrators, and assigas. of wisdom ; hope no higher, though all the stars
O busiest term of Cupid's court ! Thou knew'st by name, and all the ethe
When teuder plaintiffs actions bring i real powers,
Season of frolic and of sport, All secrets of the deep, all Nature's works,
llail, as aforesaid, coming Spring! Or works of God in hvaven, air, earth, or
COMPLIMENTAR.Y. And all the riches of the world enjoyedst, A chattering womaa, sitting at dinn, And all the ille, olo erapire ; only add next to Charles Lamb, and observing that Deeds to thy knowledge auswerable ; add he did not attend to her, remarked, “ You faith,
don't seem to be at all the better for what Add virtue, patience, temperance; add I have been saying to you." "No, love,
ma'am," he replied, but this gentleman By name to some called sharity, the soul the other side of me must, for it all came
ANSWER TO PKOBLEM L
466 and 841. great and the insignificant, is energy, invincible determination, -purpose once fixed, and then death or victory. That
ANSWERS TO RIDDLES quality will do anything that can be done 1. Anna. 2. Nun. 8. Maden in this world ; and no talent, no circum- 2 Gig. 6. Level 6. Ewe. stal.ces, no opportunities, will make a two-legged animal a man without it.
PROBLEM G. THE WREATH OF GRASSES.
A cistern has 4 pipes ; the first will fin FRANCKS 8. OSGOOD.
it in one half hour, the second in one The royal rose – the tulip's glow
quarter of an hour, the third in one eighth The jasmine's gold, are fair to see of an hour, and the fourth in one sixteenth But while the graceful grasses grow, of an hour. Required the time the four O, gather them for me!
running together will fill it. The pansy's gold and purple wing, The snowdrop's smile may light the lea;
PROBLEM H. But while the fragrant grasses spring,
A, B, and C's ages are such that A's My wreath of them shall be.
age, plus one half of B's, plus one half of PRKING Nuts. -- The Bellefontaine third of A's, plus one third of C's, equals
C's, equals 25 ; and B's age, plus one (Ohio) Republican says the Hoosiers, on 25 ; and C's, plus one fourth of A's, plus ibe Wabash turn their "ague shakes" to one fourth of B's, equals 25. What is the some account. They climb into the top age of each? of a “shell bark" just as the chill comes on, and by the time the “personal earth
PROBLEM I. quake" leaves them, there is not a hickory nut left on the tree.
A and B bought a Dutch cheese, in the
form of a ball, weighing 40 pounds, for 10 ANSWER TO PROBLEM C.
cents a pound, A paying four elevepths, 13 and 11.
and B the rest. When they came to di
vide it, A proposed to take for his share ANSWER TO PROBLEM D. as large & cube as could be cut from it ;
to which B. agreed. Did A gain or lose, and how much !
À 1st day, 1. 2. 3.
What two numbers are those whose sum is 581 4-7, and whose difference is 150 1-7?
Is ten times ten, told ten times o'er ;
And half exceeds all count and score.
ENIGMA. I am composed of 19 letters. My 6, 2 3, 16, 12, is what children are apt to do. My 5, 12, 17, 14, 7, is a shrub bearing beautiful flowers. My 3, 6, 14, 17, 4, 7, 11, 8, 13, 1, is a virtue that should be found in every household. My 4, 5, 2, 19, 16, 12, is made by farmers' wives. My 14, 19, 17, 4, 5, is what some do for a liv.
My 5, 2, 8, 18, 12, 13, is where we all would like to go. My 9, 17, 6, 4, 7, is what all good mothers should do. My 15, 11, 19, 13, is a sign. My 11, 3, 6, 4, 7, 19, 16, you do not keep house without. My 13, 19, 17, 14, is what every woman should be. My 18, 2, 16, 6, 11, 19, 13, 1, is a covering or garment. My 10, 3, 14, 5, is a solemn affirmation. My whole is an important maxim.
0. 11. 13.