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SUPREME JUDICIAL AND SUPERIOR COURTS
IN MASSACHUSETTS. (CORRECTED 1860.) By an act of the Legislature of Massachusetts, in April, 1859, the Court of Common Pleas throughout the State, the Superior Court for Suffolk County, and the Municipal Court for Boston, were all abolished, and a Superior Court with teu Judges substituted.
SUPREME JUDICIAL COCRT OF Mass. SCPERIOR COORT OP MASSACHOSETTS. JORY TERMS. - For Barnstable and Dukes For Essex Co., (civil) at Salem, 1st Mon of Counties, at Barnstable 1st Tuesday of June and Dec., at Lawrt uce, 1st Mon. May. For Berkshire Co., at Lenox, 24 of March, and at Newburyport, 1st Mon. Tues. of May. For Bristol Co., at New of Sept; (crim.) at Lawrence, 4th Min. of Bedford, 21 Tues. of Nov. ; also at Taun- Oct., at Newburyport, 24 Mon. of May, ton, 3u Tues. of April. For Essex Co., at and at Salem, 3d Jon. of Jan. Salem, 30 Tu. of April and 1st Tu. Nov. For Middlesex Co., (civil) at Lowell, 20 For Franklin Co., at Greenfield, 21 Tu. of Mon. of March and 1st Mon. of Sept., April. For llampden Co., at Springteli, at Concord, 1st Mon. of June, and at 4th Tues. of April. For llampshire Co., Cambridge, 24 Mon. of Dec. ; (crim.) at at Northampton, 3d Tues. of April. For Cambridge, 2d Mon. of Feb., at Concurd, Middlesex Cw., at Lowell, 3d Tucs. of 4th Mon. of June, and at Lowell, 3d Mon. April ; also at Cambridge, 3d Tues. of of Oct. Oct. For Nintucket Co., at Nantucket, For Hampshire Co., at Northampton, Ist Tues. of July. For Norfolk Co., at (civil) 31 Mon. of Feb., 1st Mou. of June, Dedham, 30 Tues. of Feb. For Plymouth and 3d Mon. of Oct. ; (crim.) 2d Mon. of Co., at Plymouth, 2d Tues. of Muy. For June and 30 Mon, of Dec. Suffolk Co., at Boston, 1st Tues. of October For Franklin Co., at Greenfield, 3d Mon. and April. For Worcester Co., at Worces- of March and 20 Mon. of Aug. and Nov. ter, 24 Tues. of April.
For llampden Co., at Springfield, (civil)
24 Mon. of March and June, and 1st Mon. Law TERMS OF SUPREME JODICIAL COURT of Oct. ; (crim.) 34 Mon. of May, and 1st OF MASSACHUSETTS. -- A law term of the Mon. of Dec. Süpüreme Judicial Court shall be held at For Berkshire Co., at Lenox, (civil) 4th Boston on the first Wednesday of Janu- Mon. of Feb., June, and Oct. ; (crim.) ary of each year, which term may be ad- 1st Mon. of Jan. and July. journed, from time tu time, to such places For Norfolk Co., at Dedham, 4th Mon. and times as may be most conducive to of April, and 3d Mon. of Sept. and Dec. the despatch of business and the interests For Plymouth Co., at Plymouth, 2d of the public; and all questions of law, Mon. of Feb. and June, and 3d Mon. of whether arising upon appeal, exception, Oct. or otherwise, and from whatever court, For Bristol Co., at Taunton, 20 mon. shall be therein entered and deterinised, of March and Sept., and at New Bedford, il the same arise in either of the following 211 Mon, of June and Dec. Counties: - Essex, Suffolk, Middlesex, For Suffolk Co., (civil) at Boston, 1st Norfolk, Plymouth, Bristol, Barnstable, Tues. of Jan., April, July, and October ; County of Dukes County or Nantucket. (exm.) at Boston 1st Mon. of every month.
For Barnstable Co., at Barustable, Tues. And law terms of said court shall also next after 1st Mon. of April, and 1st Tues. annually be held as follows:
For Nantucket Co., at Nantucket, 1st At Lenox, for Berkshire Co., 1st Tues. Mon. of June and Oct. of September.
For Dukes County, at Edgartown, last At Greenfield, for Franklin Co., 1st Mon. Mon. of Jay and Sept. after 1st Tues. of Sept.
For Worcester Co., (civil) at Worcester, At Springfield, for llampden Co., 3d 1st Mon. of March, Non. next after 4th Mon. after 1st Tues. of Sept.
Mon, of Aug., and 24 Mon. of Dec.; and At Northampton, for llampshire Co., at Fitchburg, 20 Mon. of June and Nov.; 20 Mon. after 1st Tues. of Sept.
(crim.) at Worcester, 3d Mon. of Jan., 2d At Worcester, for Worcester Co., 4th Non. of May, and 3d Mon of Oct. ; and Tues. after 1st Tues. of Sept.
at Fitchburg, 20 Mon. of Aug. PROBATE AND INSOLVENCY COURTS IN MASSACHUSEIT3
JUDGES. (CORRECTED 1860.)
Barnstable Co., Jog. M. Day, Barnstablo Essex Co., Geo. F. Choate, Salem. Nantucket Co., Edw. M. Gardner, Nant. Midillesex Co., W. A. Richardson, Lowell. Dukes Co., Th. G. Mayhew, Edgartown. Worcester Co., Henry Chapin, Worcester. Ilampden Co., John Wells, Chicopee. Franklin Co., Chas. Mattoon, Greenfield. Hampshire Co., Sam. F. Lyman, Nyrtham. Bristol Co., Edm. II. Bennett, Taunton. Norfolk Co., Geo. White, Quincy. (Berksli. Plymouth Co., Wm. H. Wood, Mildleboro'. Berkshire Co , James T. Robinson, West
The Courts for Probate business to be held as now provided by law (see p. 33 of this work); and for Insolvency business to be held in the shire towns of the several counties, and at such other places and at such times as decided by the Judges. Both
PROBATE COURTS IN MASSACHUSETT 8. COUNTY OF SUFFOLK. - At Bouton, ev-14th Tues. of April and Jaly; at Adams, ery Mon. in each month, except July. Wed. next after 2d Tues. of Jan. and Oet,
and next after 4th Tues. of April and COUNTY OF ESSEX. - At Salem, 1st July. Tdes. of each month ; at Lawrence, 211 Tue), of each mouth, except April, May, COGNTY OF NORTOLE. - At Dalham, July, Aug. and Oct.; at Gloucester, 20 1st Tues. of every month ; at Quincy, tia Tues. of April and Oct. ; at Newburyport, Tues. of Feb., May, Aug. and Nov.; : 34 Tues. of each month, except March, Roxbury, every Saturday, except the Sd, May, Aug., Sept., aud Nov. ; at Haver. Ath and 6th Sat. of July, and the 1st and hill, in Tues. of May and Nov., at Ips- 20 Sat. of Aug. ; at Wrentham, 3d Tues. wich, 3d Tues. of March and Sept. of May, Aug. and Nov. ; at Medway, 3d
Tues. of Feb., June, and Oct. COCNYT OF MIDDLESEX.- At Camhridge, 21 Turs. of each month, except July, and COUNTY OF BRISTOL. - At Tamton, 1st 4th Tues. of Jan., Feb., March, April, Dues. of Jan., March and June, and Frid. Aug., Nov., and Dec. ; at Lowell, 1st Tu. r.ext after the 1st Tues. of Nov. ; at New of Feb., April, June, Sept. and Dec. ; at Bedford, 1st Tues. of Feb., Frid. next after Concord, 1st Tues. of Jan., March, Jay, the 1st Tues. of May, last Tues, of Aug., and Oct. ; at Oroton, 4th Tues. of May and ist Tues. of Dec. ; at Pawtucket, Isi and Sept., and at Framingham, 4th Tues. Tues. of April ; at Fall River, Frid. next of June and Oct.
after 1st Tucs. of April aud July, and 1st
Tues. of Oct. ; at Attleborough, 1st Tues. COUNTY OF WORCESTER. - At W. Brook- of May; at Norton, Ist Tues. of July ; at field, 21 Tues, of May and Oct. ; at Clin- Seekonk, 1st Tues. of Sept. ; and at Reton, 3d Tues. of May and Oct. ; at Tem- hoboth, Friday next after 1st Tues. of
pleton, Thurs. next after 34 Tues. of May Sept.
March and last Tues, of Aug. ; at East
Bridgewater, 1st Tues. of April, July and COUNTY OF HAMPSHIRE. - At North- Oct. ; at Bridgewater, last Tues. of Feb. ; ampton, 1st Tues, of every month ; at at North Bridgewater, last Tues. of July ; Amherst, 20 Tues. of Jan. and Aug. ; at at Middleborough, 1st Tues. of May and Belchertown, 24 Tues. of May and Oct. ; Aug., and last Tues. of Oct. ; at Ware. and at Chesterfield, 3d Tues. of May and ham, Wed. next after 1st Tues. of May Oct.
and Nov. ; at Abington, 20 Mon. of Jan. ;
and at Hanover, last Mon. of Sept. County Or HAMPDEN. - At Springfield, 1st Tues. of Jan., Feb., March, April, COUNTY OF BARNSTABLE. - At BarnJune, July, and Nov., and 4th Tues. of stable, 20 Tues. of Jan., Feb., March, Aug., April, Au, aed Sept. ; at Westfield, 3d Sept. and Dec., and 3d Tues. of May and Tues. of March, June, Sept. and Dec. ; at June ; at Sandwich, 21 Tues. after 1st Monson, 20 Tues. of June ; and at Palm- Mon. of Nov. ; at Falmonth, 211 Wedafter er, 2d Tues. of Sept.
1st Mon. of Nov. į at Harwich, 3d Mon.
of April and last Mon. of Oct. ; at Brews. COUNTY OF FRANKLIN. - At Greenfield, ter, Tues. next after 3d Mon. of A pril; 1st Tues. of every month except Nov. ; at at Dennis, Thurs. next after 20 Tues, of Northfield, 2d Tues. of May and Sept. ; Oct. ; at Orleans, Wed. next after 3d Mon. at Orange, 20 Tues. of March and Dec.; of April, and Tues. next after last Mon. of at Lock's Village, in Shutesbury, 20 Tues. Oct. ; at Wellfleet, Wed. next after last af July ; at Conway, 3d Tues. of May; at Mon. of Oct. ; at Truro, Thurs. next after Caarlemont, 4th Tues, of May; at Shel- 3d Mon. of April; and at Provincetown, burne Falls, 20 Tues. of Feb. and 4th Tues. Frid. next after 3d Mon. of April, and of Oct.
Thurs. next after last Mon. of Oct. COUNTY OF BERKSHIRE. - At Lenox, 1st DOKES COUNTY. - At Tisbury, 3d Mon. Tues. of Jan., Feb., March, April, May, of April, and 1st Mon. of March and Sept.; June, Supt., Oct. and Dec., 3d Tues. of at Edgartown, 3d Mon. of Jan. and July, July, and 24 Tues. of Nov. ; at Great Bar- and 1st Mon. of June and Dec. ; and at rington, Wed. next after 1st Tues. of Feb. West Tisbury, 3d Mon. of Oct. and May, next after 3d Tues. of July, and next after 2d Tues. of Nov. ; at Lanes COUNTY OF NANTUCKET. - At Nantachborough, 2d Tues. of Jan. and Oct., and et, 1st Tues. of overy month.
THE CULTURE OF THE GRAPE, Every farmer, and every owner of a cottage with a rod of land, ought to cultivate a few choice grapes. They require but a small space; they are ornainental, either pruned as a shrub or trained as a vino ; they are among the most healthy and luscious of all our fruits ; and, with proper care and attention, they produce an annual crop equal to any other in money value.
SOIL. - Soils that contain lime are best for the grape, but all soils that are light and rich, warm and friable, so that the roots can penetrate in overy way, will grow good grapes.
ASPECT. - A south aspect is best. If such is not at command, a sonthwest is next to be preferred, next south-east, next west, and lastly east. Protect the vines, if possible, from the north and east winds, and set them where they can feel the genial rays of the sun the whole day, or at least during the after part of the day. Light and heat are essential.
MANURES. -Stable manures, if used at all, ought to be used only, as a mulching or top-dressing. Bone-dust, ashes, sulphur or plaster, are among the best fertilizers. Soap-suds froun thé wash-tub may be poured round the roots at any season.
PRUNING. - The best time to prune is early in November ; but you may pruno any time after the fall of the leaf till March, except wben the wood is frozen. If pruned later than the first of March, the vine will bleed. In pruning or thinning out, in summer, do not remove the leaves. They are the lungs of the plant, and the hot sun must not be let in upon the fruit.
VARIETIES. -The Delaware, the Concord, the Diana, and the Hartford Prolific, are the best varieties for open culture. The Delaware is a small, bardy grape, of fine quality. The Concord is a good, hardy and prolific grape, earlier than the Isabella, and more reliable year after year. The Diana is a small grape, of fine favor, but thought by some to be too liable to mildew. The Catawba and Isabella are not suited to general oultivation in New England ; but in very warm and long seasons, and in very favorable locations, they yield a valuable and luxuriant crop.
MARKET DAYS. The chiof advantage which the English farmer has over us in New England is to be found in the great market facilities existing all over England. There are no less than eleven hundred and forty markets, or market days, in a year; and more than a thousand markets, at as many different points, are established by law.
In all ötber respeots the New England farmer is about as well situated for making farming profitable. We have a large population of consumers who are not producers, owing to the large predominance of the manyfacturing and commercial interests. And yet the farmer in England has to hire his land, in many cases at a high rent, -- from twenty-five to thirty dollars a year per acre being no uncommon price, and still succeeds in making money, living well, and laying up more for futare use than many of us.
An effort has been made to establish regular stated market days in Massachusetts. A committee of the State Board of Agriculture, after a full and complete survey and statement of the facts, give the following as the resalts of frequent markets in our midst :
"1. Greater convenience in buying and selling than we now enjoy. "2. A great saving of time. "3. Cash for all things sold.
"4. The removal of middle men, thus bringing the consumer and producer face to face.
“5. As a consequence of this removal, better prices to the farmer, and cheaper purchases to the consumer.
“7. More uniform prices, and a better and certain knowledge of market prices.
«8. An increase of social intercourse among farmers.
“9. More knowledge, by meeting people from a larger extent of terri. tory, and comparing products, and experience.
“10. A more extended interchange of products among farmers, by which each can sooner learn what he can buy cheaper than he can raise, and also have better means of making the necessary purchases and exchanges.
“11. As a consequence of the above, greater division of agricultural labor among farmers, and more skill and profit ; each devoting himself more to a single branch of agricultural production.
“ 12. Additional stimulus to do better by seeing a better article obtail a better price, and consequently a better and more thorougha culture throughout the land.
“ 13. By bringing the city produce-dealer to the market, making the productive farm, remote from Boston, nearly as valuable for agricultural purposes as a farm or market-garden in the peighborhood of a city.
"14. Additional facilities for the employment of labor. “ 15. Additional facilities for the transaction of business generally."
THE BOSTON SOCIETY OF NATURAL HISTORY. THE exhibition in Boston, during the winter of 1829-30, of a pretended skeleton of the Behemoth, occasioned the meeting of a few scientific gentlemen, to devise measures for preventing the repetition of such impostures. From this meeting originated the Boston Society of Natural History, which was formally organized April 28th, 1830, and has recently celebrated its thirtieth anniversary.
The objects of the society were the general diffusion of a knowledge of natural history by mutual interchange of information among its members, by its public meetings and lectures, and by its publications. The privi. lege of membership has never been restricted, and its valuable collections have been open to the public without charge, Its aim has been to extend, as widely as possible, its usefulness. A library and cabinet have been accumulated, which are surpassed in value by few in the country. Its publications are indispensable to the natrualist. The various departments of the natural history of Massachusetts and New England have been described in volumes justly considered models of their class.
The society bas reason to be proud of its thirty years' record.. In the almost universal taste for the study of natural history, and in the munificent patronage bestowed by the State and by individuals upon institutions for its promotion, the society recognizes the results, in part, of its own labors. In the efforts which it is now making, in connection with other associated institutions, to establish in Boston a public University of Practical Science, it merits a share of the bounty which has been so freely given for kindred purposes, and is entitled to the cordial support and active aid of every intelligent citizen.
AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION. The basis for the intelligent pursuit of every business is laid in our common-school system. But, strange as it may seem, nothing is taught ja them which has special reference to the wants of those who are to gain their living on the farm. This must be regarded as a great defect in the system when it is considered that this large class is the only one which can get the special instruction nowhere else. This defect might be remedied, say the committee of the Massachusetts State Board of Agriculture, by, Ist, The ingrafting upon our common-school education the study of the elementary principles of geology, of agricultural chemistry, of physiology, and of botany. 2d, An agricultural school, with a farin attuched to it, in each county, to be devoted exclusively to agricultural instruction, vniting science with correct practice. The first suggestion is highly important.
EMBELLISH THE FARM. Don't be afraid to spend a little time in making things look neat and attractive about the farm. Slovenly management makes the boys bate farming and everything about the old howestend. Depend upon it, it will pay to make the place look as beautiful as you can, and that too in nore ways than one. You will enjoy it more yourself if it is well stocked with well-selected and thrifty fruit-trees ; and what stranger ever passed along a bighway, lined on either side with noble trees, rock-maple or cherry trees, horse-chestnuts or elms, without involuntarily asking, Who lives there?
Taste and time spent in ornamenting the farm will, to be sure, bave their reward ; and the children, ay, the children, will love the old homestead a thousand times better for its beauty, and feel its influence on their chüracters in later years.
Just look at it a moment practically. It don't cost so much as yon think for. Suppose a hundred acres to be owned to-day by Mr. A., and a bundred by Mr. P., buth similarly located and equally good in point of soil and natural qualities, without buildings, orchards, or anything else to make one place a cent more valuable than the other. Mr. A. and Mr. B. propose to build, each r? them meaning to cultivate bis bundred aeres as a farın. Mr. A. is particular in the location of his buildings. le scloets an elerated situation, which commands a wide and extended prospect, with a lavdscape stretching away as far as the eye can see, all studded with beautiful lakes and mountains and forests, and a broad ex. panse of beaven, of which the eye can never tire nor the beart grow weary. Here he builds a neat and substantial farin-house, with some re
gard to architectural beauty. It stands back from the road, with a wide and beautiful lawn, and, perhaps, a comely avenue lined with trees.
Everything about the house shows the marks of taste, thrift and comfort, and everything about the garden gives evidence of the care and attention of Mrs. A. and her daughters. The flowers and sbrubs which they love to plant and cherish, and among wbich they drink in the sweet, pure air, and grow healthy, and happy, and strong, through the spring and summer, make their home the most beautiful and lovely spot on earth to them, and the farmer and the farmer's sons would not willingly be absent from it for a single day. Every variety of fruit bangs in rich profusion, and grows yellow and golden as the autumn advances, filling the cellars with the means of making the winter more cheerful, and adding largely to the fund from which the comforts and luxuries of the family are to be obtained.
Fariner B. had the same amount of money that farmer A. bad. His land was equally well located. His bouse cost as much, but it was placed under the hill, because he thougbt the labor of carrying on his farm would be a little less. His barn cost as much, with the exception of the cellar, which he could not afford to finish. He bad no time to set put fruit-trees, and, besides that, there was no room for them around bis house, because it was set directly on the road, to save land. No piazza keeps the bot sun from the door or the windows; no vines croep luxuriantly up the sides of the house, or hang in rich festoons to delight the eye of re traveller, or the heart of farmer B. He looks only to what is substa! cial, and raises corn, potatoes and grain, a few ordinary apples, soine pork, mutton and beef, and is, withal, a pretty fair specimen of a plain New England farmer, honest and uprigbt, but a little behind the tines. He jogs on, very well to do in the world, without working quite
eo baru as Mi. A., to be sure, but without the same exultant pride and satisfacti
. . in the surroundings of his dwelling, till the time comes wben, for some reason or other, both farms are offered for sale. Whicb do you think will command the bighest price, and find a purchaser most readily ? He who does something, by the cultivation of ornamental trees, for the embellishment of his farm and the adjoining highway, is a public bene