sure step by iep,' requires at önce this impeachment, according to vigour and caution. By what mé. Dr. Pearce, was as follows: In the thod he proceeded in this work, South Sea year, the money of the may be known from his preface suitors in chancery was, by ancient and his notes. Some of his first custom, ordered by the lord chan. thoughts were retracted in the fub- cellor to be paid to the master in requent editions: but Dr. Pearce chancery, in court. Mr. Dormer, has generally pleased the public, one of the masters, had trafficked though he found it difficult to with the suitors money in 'Changeplease himself.

Alley, and, dying soon after, his When the church of St. Martin's accounts were found to be deficient was rebuilt, Dr. Pearce preached a 60,000l. This raised a violenc sermon at the consecration, which commotion againit Lord Maccleshe afterwards printed, and accome field, especially among some who panied with an Essay on the Origin had personal relentments. The and Progress of Temples, traced late king was then Prince of Wales, from the rude ftones, which were had lived separately from his fafirst used for altars, to the noble ther, as he had been ordered to do, trudure of Solomon, which he and the education of his childreá coosiders, as the first temple come had been detained from him, upon pletely covered. In this disserta. an opinion then given by ten of the tion he declares his conviction of twelve judges, called together, at the genuineness of the relation at. his majesty's commard, by Lord tributed to Sanchoniatho; and Macclesfield, upon this question ; clears the difficulties which embar. Whether the education of the grandrass bis opinion, by folutions drawn children did belong to their grand. from the Newtonian chronology, father, as fovereign, or 10 the Prince of which only an abstract had been of Wales as father? The answer of then published. Yet he does not the judges not being pleasing to think Sanchoniatho of much autho. the prince, he bore it with relent. rity ; but imputes his inaccuracy ment; and when the house of comand barreness to misinformation, mons took the affair of the suitors and want of materials s and regards money into consideration, all the his book, as one of the venerable members who paid their court at reliques of rude antiquity, and the Leicester House joined in the outwork of one, who had missed the cry, and came into the impeach. truth, rather than concealed it. ment. Lord Maccles Geld

His observations on that build. tried by the house of lords, was ing, which is called the temple of declared guilty, and received a few Dagon, removes part of the diffi- vere judgment. culty which presents itself in the 30,000l. (though he had before narration of the manner in which paid 10,000l. into chancery) upon Samson destroyed it.

an unrepealed ancient statute, and In 1725, the Earl resigned the directed to be confined in the great seal, which refignation was Tower till the money mould be soon followed with an impeach- paid ; which was soon done. The ment by the house of commons sent king, fully sensible of the hardthip up to the lords. The ground of of the sentence, and that it had



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been incurred chiefly on his account, of Bangor, and promised Lord informed Lord Macclesfield, that he Hardwicke to “ do it with a good intended to sepay the sum out of grace.” He accordingly made his privy purle, as fast as he could proper acknowledgments of the Spare the money. Within twelve royal goodness, and was conse. months his lord hip received 1000!. crated Feb. 12, 1748. Upon the and the next year a message from declining state of health of Dr. Sir Robert Walpole informed him, Wilcocks, Bishop of Rochester, the that he might send for 20001, more; Bishop of Bangor was several times but the king's death happening be- applied to by Archbishop Herring fore his lord thip sent for the latter to accept of Rochester, and the fum, the former was all he ever deanry of Westminster, in ex. seceived from the intended bounty change for Bangor, but the bishop of his gracious master.

then first signified his desire to obLord Macclesfield lived to the rain leave to resign and retire to a year 1732, and then died of a sup- private life. His lordship, how. pression of urine. Upon his as ever, upon being pressed, suffered ing if his physician was gone, and himself to be prevailed upon : being told that he was, he replied, My Lord, (said he to the Duke And I am going too, but I will close of Newcastle,) your grace offers my eye-lids myself, which he did, these dignities to me in fo generous and in a few moments expired. and friendly a manner, that I proAfter several disappointments, the mise you to accept them.” Upon deanry of Winchester becoming the death of Bishop Wilcocks he vacant, Dr. Pearce was appointed was accordingly promoted to the

* and in the year fee of Rochester, and deanry of 1744 he was elected prolocutor of Westminster, in 1756. Bishop the lower house of convocation for Sherlock died in 1761, and Lord the province of Canterbury. His Bath offered his interest for getting friends now began to think of him the Bishop of Rochefter appointed for the episcopal dignity, but Mr. to succeed him in the diocese of Dean's language rather declined it, London, but the bilhop told his However, after several difficulties lordship, that he had determined had been started and removed, he never to be Bishop of London, or consented to accept the bishoprick Archbishop of Canterbury.

dean in 1739,

As foon as it was known that the doctor was to be dean of Winchester, his friend Mr. Pulteney came to congratulate him on the occasion, and among other things which he then faid, one was, “ Dr. Pearce, though you may think that others, besides Sir Robert, have contributed to get you this dignity, yet you may depend upon it that he is all in all, and that you owe it entirely to his good will towards your; and therefore as I am now so engaged in opposition to him, it may happen that some who are of our party, may, if there thould be any opposition for menbers of Parliament at Winchester, prerail upon me to desire you to act there in asistance of fome friend of ours, and Sir Robert, at the same time may ask your affittance in the election for a friend of his own, againitt one whom we recommend : I tell you, thereföre, before-hand, iliat if you comply with my request, rather than Sir Robert's, to whom you are so very much obliged, I shall have the worse opinion of you."

In the year 1763, his lordship In 1768 he obtained leave to being seventy-three years old, and resign the deanry; in 1773 he loft finding himself less fit for the busio his lady, and after some months of ness of his ftations as bishop and lingering decay, he died at Little dean, informed his friend, Lord Ealing, June 29, 1774. Being Bath, of his intention to resign asked one day how he could live both, and live in a retired manner with so little nutriment? I live upon his private fortune. Lord said he, upon the recollection of an Bath undertook to acquaint his ma- innocent and well-/peint life, which jefty, who named a day and hour, is my only fuftenance. when the bishop was admitted alone This eminent prelate distinguish. into the closet. He told the king, ed himself in every part of his life that he wished to have some inter. by the virtues proper to his station. val between the fatigues of business His literary abilities, and applica. and eternity, and desired his ma- tion to sacred and philological jefty to consult proper persons about learning, will appear by the fol. the propriety and legality of his lowing catalogue of his works. A resignation. In about two months Thanksgiving Sermon for Pre. the king informed him, that Lord servation from the Plague, before Mansfield saw no objection, and the Lord-Mayor and Aldermen, that Lord Northington, who had 1723.-A Farewell Sermon, on been doubtful, on farcher confia quitring the Rectory of St. Barcho. deration, thought that the request lomew's, 1723-4.-A Sermon at might be complied with. · Unfore the Consecration of St. Martin's tunately for the bishop, Lord Bath Church, O&. 20, 1726.--A Serapplied for Bishop Newton to suc. mon on the Propagation of the ceed. This alarmed the ministry, Gospel, 1729-30.-A Sermon on who thought that no dignities Self-Murder, 1734.-A Sermon on should be obtained but through the Subject of Charity-Schools, their hands. They, therefore, op. 1735.-Concio ad Synodum Cleri, posed the resignation, and his ma.

in Provinciâ Cant. habita, 1741.jeky was informed that the bishops A Spittal Serinon, at St. Bride's, diliked the design. His majesty 1743.-A Sermon before the Lords, sent to him again, and at a third Jan. 30, 1748-9.-A Fast Sermon audience told him, that he must before the Lords in Westminster, think no more of refigning. The Abbey, March 14, 1760.-A Jubishop replied, “Sir, I am all bilee Sermon, in ditto, June 3, duty and fubmiffion,” and then re- 1760.–Three Letters in the Guara tired. *

dian and Spectator, mentioned

* With respect to the bishop's earnest desire of resigning his preferments, the Editor (his lordship's chaplain) obferves, that it gave occalion to much difquifition and conjecture. « As it could not be founded in avarice, it was fought in vanity, and Dr. Pearce was suspected as aspiring to the antiquated phrase of contempt of wealth, and defire of retirement. But the editor, who had the best opportunities of judging, feems strongly persuaded, that the intended resignation proceeded from the caules publicly alledged, a desire of dismission from pubac cares, and of opportunity for more continued study. Some of the bilhop's manuscripts confirm him in this opinion.



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above.Cicero de Oratore, 1716, on account of the Source from wbich 1732, 1746, 1771.-Longinus de they are derived, as forming ar Sublimitate, 1724, 1732, 1733:

authentic Supplement to the Account 1752, 1762, 1773.-Cicero de of we gave of the Author in our lafi ficiis, 1745, 1761. -An Account Volume.* of Trinity College, Cambridge, pamph. 1720. Epistolae duæ de TT is difficult for a man to speak de corruptis epistolarum N. T. lo- therefore, I thall be host. It may cis, &c. 1721.–A Letter to the be thought an instance of vanity clergy of the Church of England, that I pretend at all to write my on occasion of the Bishop of Ro. life; but this narrative hall con chester's commitment to the Tower, tain little more than the history of 2d ed. 1772.-The fame in French. my writings; as, indeed, almost -Miracles of Jesus vindicated, all my life has been spent in lite. 1727 and 1728. A Review of the rary pursuits and occupations. The Text of Milton, 1733.--Two Let- first success of most of my writings ters against Dr. Middleton, occa- was not such as to be an object of fioned by the doctor's letter to vanity. Waterland,'on the publication of I was born the 26th of April his treatise, intitled Scripture Vin. 1711, old style, at Edinburgh dicated, 3d edit. 1752.

I passed through the ordinary course Since his death a commentary of education with success, and was with notes on the four Evangelifts seized very carly with a paffion for and the Acts of the Apoftles; to- literatdre, which has been the rol. gether with a new translation of ing passion of my life, and the St. Paul's first Epifle to the Co- great source of my enjoyments. rinthians, with a paraphrafe and My ftudious disposition, my fo. notes, have been published, with briety, and my industry, gave my his life prefixed,' 'from original family a notion that the law was MS. in 2 vol. 4to. by his Lord- a proper profeflion for me; but I Thip’s chaplain, John Derby, A.M. found an unsurmountable averfion

to every thing but the pursuits of
philosophy and general learning ;

and while they fancied I was porExtracts from the Life of David ing upon Voet and Vinnius, ci. Hume, Esq; written by bimself. cero'aod Virgil were the authors

which I was fecretly devouring. Tbife Memoirs, as we are told in an My very Nender fortune, how.. 1. Advertisement by the Editor, were ever, being unsuitable to this plan

written by Mr. Hume, 'a few of life, and my health being a litMonths before his Death, and in a tle broken by my ardent appliCodicil to his Will they are order cation, I was tempted or rather id to be prefixed 10 the next Edition forced, to make a very feeble of bis Works. We flatier our felves trial for entering into a more active ikeriföre that they will not be un- scene of life. In 1734, I went acceptable to our Readers, as well to Brittol, with some recommen

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# Vid. Ann. Reg. Vol. xix. p. 27.


dations to eminent merchants, but during that time made a consider. in a few months found that scene able acceflion to my small fortune. totally unsuitable to me. I went I then received an invitation from over to France with a view of pro- General St. Clair to attend him secuting my studies in a country as a secretary to his expedition, retreat, and I there laid that plan which was at first meant against of life, which I have steadily and Canada, but ended in an incurion successfully pursued.

on the coast of France. Next year, During my retreat in France, to wit, 1747, I received an invis forft at Reims, but chiefly at La tation from the General to attend Fleche, in Anjou, I composed my him in the same flation in his mia Treatise of Human Nature. After litary embally to the courts of palling three years very agreeably Vienna and Turin. I then wore in that country, I came over to the uniform of an officer, and was London in 1737. . In the end of introduced at these courts as aid. 1738, I pablithed my Treatise, de-camp to ihe General, along with and immediately went down to my Sir Harry Erkkine and Captain mother and my brother, who lived Grant, now General Grant. at his country-house, and was em. I had always entertained a 10. ploying himself very judiciously tion that my want of success in and successfully in the improve. publithing the 'Treatise of Human ment of his fortune.

Nature, had proceeded more from Never literary attempt was more the manner than the matter, and unfortunate than my Treatise of that I had been guilty of a very Human Nature. It fell dead-born usual indiscretion, in going to the from the press, without reaching press too early. I, therefore, caft such distinction as even to excite the first part of that work anew in a murmur among the zealots. But the Enquiry concerning Human being naturally of a cheerful and Underftanding, which was publishfanguine temper, I very soon reco- ed while I was at Turin. But this vered the blow, and prosecuted piece was at first little more fuc. with great ardour my studies in cessful than the Treatise of Human the country. In 1742, I printed Nature. On my return from Italy, at Edinburgh the first part of my I had the mortification to find all Essays : the work was favourably England in a ferment, on account reccived, and soon made me en- of Dr. Middleton's Free Enquiry, tirely forget my former disappoint. while my performance was entirely ment.

overlooked and neglected. A new In 1745, I received a letter from edition, which had been published the Marquis of Annandale, invito at London of my Esays, “moral ing me io come and live with him and political, met not with a much in England ; I found also, that the better reception. friends and family of that young Such is the force of natural nobleman were desirous of putting temper, that these disappointments him under my care and direction, made little or no impreffion on me. for the fate of his mind and health I went down in 1749, and lived required it. I lived with him a two years with my brother at his twelvemonth. My appointments country-house, for my mother was

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