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A
Africa, South, Correspondence and Papers relating to the affairs of, 447
-the Quarterly Review' and its article on 'English Policy in

South Africa,' 447—defence of British policy, 452—the abolition of
slavery in the Cape Colony, 453—the management of the aborigines,
454-the Orange River Territory, 457—the Transvaal Republic, 458
—the Dutch Boers of the Cape Colony, 461—their system of 'im-
boeking,' 464—its cruelty, 464-attempts made by Mr. Steyn and
others to put it down, 465—wars between the Boers and the natives,
470—the Orange River Free State, 471—the Basuto rebel Moshesh,
472_war between him and the Free State, 474—the history of the
Diamond Fields, 476-charge of repeated breach of faith answered,
479—the question of Responsible Government considered, 481.
Ants of Switzerland,' review of, and of works on Ants, 67—the study
of the order Hymenoptera the most interesting of all the studies of
the insect world, 67—the researches of Leuwenhoek and Swam-
merdam, 68—M. Pierre Huber, the historian of Ants, 68—M. Forel's
three families of social ants, 70—the nests and architectural abodes
of ants, 71-the nest of the wood-ant, 71—the paper-made nest of
the Lasius fuliginosus, 73—on various insects being found in ants'
nests, 91-allusions to the ant in the Bible, 91-harvesting ants, 93

- Forel on the structure of an ant's mouth, 93—as to the mutual
social affection of ants, 95—Sir J. Lubbock's experiments, 96—M.

Forel on the stinging and biting properties of ants, 98.
Arctic Lands, review of works treating of by Lieutenant Payer and

Captain Nares, 155--sailing of the Tegetthoff,' 156-reach 76° 22'
N. latitude, 63° 3' E. longitude, 158—the “Tegetthoff's' drift, 161–
Lieutenant Payer and a portion of the crew set out with sledges, 162
-the expedition successful only in part, 167–

-as was that under-
taken by Sir G. Nares, 168.
Attic Orators from Antiphon to Isaeus,' by Jebb, R. C., reviewed,

333 — familiarity of the Athenians with eloquence and oratory,
333—attempt of Socrates to prove to them that knowlerlge without
reality was fatal to real growth of the mind, 334—Mr. Jebb’s main
object, 335—illiberal criticism on his work by Mr. Mahaffy, 335
note-contrast between Oriental and Greek thought, 337–Athenian
deliberative and forensic eloquence, 338—Antiphon, 340--Ando-
kides, 345—the rhetor Lysias, 347—Isocrates, 351—Isæus, 354–
Demosthenes, 355.

С
Caucasus, the Frosty, review of Mr. F. C. Grove's, and works by other

authors treating of the Caucasus, 44—the Caucasian provinces
thrown open by means of railroads, 44-advantages afforded to

Russia thereby, 45-especially as regards the Turkish provinces in
Asia Minor, 45—Herr von Thielmann's journey, 57— Captain Tel-

fer's, 60—Herr Radde's • Vier Vorträge über den Kaukasus,' 66.
Clermont (Fortescue), Lord, 299. See Fortescue, Sir John.
Cross and Sword, by Gregor Samarow, review of, 506—Herr Meding,

ex-secretary of the King of Hanover, the author of the book, 506–
the novel partly political romance, and partly unpolitical romance,
506——sketch of the love-romance portion, 507—a midnight meeting
of the secret society of the Avengers, 508—Mister Brooklane and
his rencontre with Niccolo Costanzi, an agent of police, 511_the
historical foundation of the novel, 513—Napoleon III.'s interview
with General Fleury on the eve of his departure to St. Petersburg,
513—the causes of the Franco-Prussian War, 515–Napoleon III. at
Metz, 518—his interview with General Changarnier, 519—and with
General Bazaine, 520-scene at the railway station at Verdun, 512
-the Emperor and the Prince Imperial arrive at the camp at
Chalons, 524-scene between the Emperor and Prince Napoleon,
525—the Emperor at Sedan, 527— Marshal MacMahon wounded,
529—the surrender at Sedan, 530—how far the writer of the novel
can be trusted for his facts, 532.

E
Eastern Question. See Turkey and Wellington.
Ephesus, Discoveries at, by Mr. J. T. Wood, review of, 204—the
earlier temples of the Ephesian Artemis, 204—the story of An-
droklos, 205—the goddess Artemis, 206—Ephesus and Lydia, 207

-Cræsus lays siege to Ephesus, 208—building of the ancient Ar-
temision at Ephesus, 209–burning of it by Herostratus, 210—the
new Artemision began by Deinokrates, 211-Mr. Wood's discove-
ries at Ephesus, 211-its commercial prosperity, 213—the Great
Theatre, 214-treasure intrusted to the care of the priests of Ar-
temis, 215—the will of Salutaris, 215—number of sacred ministers
employed in the Artemision, 218—Mr. Wood's plan of its restoration,
219—his excavations, 223-sculptured decorations, 225—the Goths,
in A.D. 262, burn the famous shrine, 226.

F
Fortescue, Sir John, Knight, Chief Justice of England and Lord

Chancellor to King Henry the Sixth, review of his Works as col-
lected and arranged by Lord Clermont, 299-antiquity of his family,
300—the Fortescues of Wimpstone in South Devon, 302–birth,
education, and early career of Sir J. Fortescue, 305—his ‘ De Lau-
dibus Legum Angliæ,' 307—complete defeat of the Lancastrians at
Barnet, 308-Sir J. Fortescue's imprisoment, release, and pardon,
308—his death, 309—his two principal works, 309—his son Martin,
founder of a new colony of Fortescues in North Devon, 311—the
Fortescues of Fallapit, 312—the Fortescues of Hertfordshire and
Buckinghamshire, 319—the Irish Fortescues, 328–William Henry,
Earl of Clermont, 328–Lord Carlingford, 329—the Fortescues of
Castle Hill, 330—Lord Ebrington, 331.

G
Gospel, the Fourth, review of works treating of, 1-views in relation

thereto of the author of Supernatural Religion,' 3—testimony of
Irenæus to its authenticity, 3-of Justin Martyr, 5-of Eusebius, 6

- probable date of its composition, 7-remarks by the author of
Supernatural Religion 'as to its authenticity, 8-on the discrep-
ancies between the narratives of the fourth Gospel and those of the
Synoptic Gospels, 11—the internal objections to the genuineness of
the fourth Gospel considered, 18 mistakes' of its author, 25-his
geographical errors, 28—his predilection for the Septuagint Version,
28—no proof of his not being a Hebrew, 31—the history of John
the beloved disciple narrated differently in the fourth Gospel and
the Synoptic Gospels, 32 - alleged incompatibility between the
fourth Gospel and the Synoptic Gospels in their respective accounts
of the birth of Christ and of His personal character and claims, 34–
as to the question whether the Last Supper and the Crucifixion took
place on the 14th Nisan or on the 15th Nisan, 41-results of an

inquiry into the origin of the fourth Gospel, 42.
Gentz, Chevalier, his Despatches to the Hospodars of Wallachia, review
of, 535.

K
Kingsley, Charles, Life of, reviewed—his marriage, 419_his honest

confession of faith in the teachings of the English Church, 421-his
admiration for the works of Professor Maurice, 422—his · Saint's
Tragedy,' 422_his · Alton Locke,' 424—his ‘Yeast' and his · Letter
to Chartists,' 425—his manner and mannerisms, 427—his ‘Hypa-
thia,' 428—his' Westward Ho!' 429—his readiness to write letters,
430—-many of which were in verse, 431–his • Two Years Ago,' 432
-his The Heroes' and the 'Water Babies,' 433—his poem “ An-

dromeda, 433—his minor poems, 434—becomes the Regius Pro-
fessor of Modern History at Cambridge, 435—his fifteen months'
illness, 436_his “Prose Idylls,' 439-made a canon of Chester
Cathedral, 440_his Town Geology,' 441–his essay "Thrift,' 442
-his sermons as a canon of Westminster Abbey, 443—his visit
to America, 444—his last sermon in Westminster Abbey, 445—his
death, 445.

L
Lorenzo de' Medici, by Alfred von Reumont, review of, 228---Roscoe's

Lorenzo the Magnificent,' 228-origin of the family of the Medici,
231–Giovanni de' Medici, 2324his son Cosimo, 232–his son
Piero, 236—conspiracy of Diotisalvi Neroni and his associates against
the life of his father Piero, 239-Lorenzo's marriage with Clarice,
241-Guicciardini's account of the government of the Medici, 243—
conspiracy of the Pazzi, 244—the Council of Seventy, 252–Gio.
vanni de' Medici made a cardinal at the age of fourteen, 257— last
days of Lorenzo de' Medici, 257—his character and government
described by Guicciardini, 258—causes of Lorenzo de' Medici's

celebrity, 261.
VOL. CXLV. NO, CCXCVIII.

QQ

M

Mediterranean Deltas, review of works treating of, 99—surprising

result of imperceptible, unslumbering, long-continued action in
working physical changes, 99—changes going on in the basin of
the Mediterranean, 101--remarks on the rainfall in various parts
of the world, 103—its effect on rivers, 104-rise and fall of tides,
105-on the formation of islands and deltas at and near the mouths
of rivers, 107-the Tiber, 114—the Po and the Brenta, 116–
Venice, 116- the Nile, 118—its annual deposit, 124-changes
going on in the coast of Egypt, 125-antiquity of the Egyptian
delta, 129—its change since the Exodus of the Israelites, 130–
irrigation needed to make the delta productive, 133.

P

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Paston Letters, the, review of, 135 - mystery connected with the

originals, 135—the Pastons, 137—Norfolk in the fifteenth century,
138—William Paston, 'the good judge,' 139_his son John, 141-
marries Margaret Mauteby, 141-treatment of children by their
parents in the fifteenth century, 142—Sir John Fastolf, 145—his
affection for John Paston, 149—the Pastons in 1500, 154 — Sir
Robert Paston, 154.

R
Railway Profits and Railway Losses,' Note on, 563.
Russia. See Wallace.

S
Shelburne, Earl of, Life of, by Lord Edmond Fitzmaurice, reviewed,

170—the author's ample materials for his work, 170— Earl of
Shelburne's early career, 171—his connexion with Lord Bute and
Henry Fox, 172-opposes the Regency Bill, 177—the Rockingham
Ministry, 177—Shelburne becomes Secretary of State in Chatham's
Ministry, 178—the Bedford party, 179—Shelburne in retirement,
180 — he becomes disliked by both Whigs and Tories, 195 —
formation of the Coalition, 195—defeat of Lord Shelburne's Ad-
ministration, 197—Bancroft's graceful tribute to Shelburne's skill
and prudence in negotiating for peace, 197—Mr. Pitt's Ministry, 199

-no offer of office made to Shelburne, 200—becomes Marquis of
Lansdowne, 201—his death at Bowood, 203.
Sicily, brigandage in, review of works treating of, 487-contrast be-

tween the loveliness of Nature and the murderous habits of the
Sicilians, 487—the vendettas causes of frequent murders, 489_the
camorras, 490—the Mafia, 491—the latifondi of Sicily, 495-
the gabellotti, 495—state of public safety, 496—illustrated by an
example, 497—the Sicilian brigand, 498—causes of the present
chaotic social state of Sicily, 501–difficulty of constructing roads,
503—the Italian Government imperatively called upon to remedy
the evils existing in Sicily, 504—Note on the Article, 567.

T
Tennyson, Alfred, review of his 'Queen Mary' and 'Harold,' 383 —

proper meaning of the word 'dramatic,' 383—how far these poems
can be said to be dramas, 384—Mr. Tennyson's earlier productions,
384—his opening scene good, 387—his conception of Cranmer, 388
—of Courtenay, 389—of Thomas White, 391–Philip well deline-
ated, 396—Mary's growing hopelessness and final despair well de-
picted, 400—remarks on the poet's delineation of Queen Mary, 401
-his . Harold'a contrast to his 'Queen Mary,' 403—sketch of the
purport of the drama, 405- Aldwyth, 405—Harold, 405–Edith,
407— William of Normandy, 409 — scene between Aldwyth and
Harold, 410-death of Harold, 411-Mr. Tennyson's mannerisms,

413—his chivalrous feeling and patriotism, 414.
Turkey and Russia, the wisest course for a statesman to adopt on the

Eastern Question, 263—position assumed by the Sultan, 264-
sufferings of the Servians, 264–state of Bulgaria, 265-Lord Bea-
consfield's speech on Nov. 9, 265—causes of the present threatening
state of affairs in the East, 266—misrule of the Porte, 267—the
policy of Russia, 269—the Principalities incapable of self-government
and self-defence, 273-neutralisation of the Black Sea, 275-Russia's
aggressive war in Central Asia, 276–General Ignatieff as Russia's
representative to the Porte, 277—Prince Gortschakoff and the Treaty
of Paris, 278—striking similarity between the present state of affairs
in the East and that about the year 1828, 279-course adopted then
by the Duke of Wellington, 279—his Memorandum, 280—views
held by Lord Ellenborough and Sir R. Adair, 282-the present con-
dition of the Turkish means of defence, 285—and of Russia's means
of attack, 286—can Russia afford a war with Turkey ? 287—War of
1829,547—Treaty of Adrianople, 550—Protocol of March 31, 1877,
562.

W
Wallace, D. Mackenzie, M.A., review of his ‘Russia' and works by

other authors treating of Russia, 358-result of his labours unsatis-
factory, 358-chief effect of the emancipation of the serfs, 359—
reasons assigned for Russian aggression, 360—bad effects of Russia's
immense standing army, 360—Russian taxation enormous, 362—
Russia's wisest policy, 363—her deficiency in eminent commanders
and statesmen, 364--the Court the sole reformer, 365-real condi-
tion of Russia, 366—low character of her merchants, 367—the
• Zemstvo,' 368—the 'Mir,' or communal tenure of land, 369—
Mr. Wallace's error in calling this system a capital specimen of re-
presentative constitutional government, 375—the system sustained
mainly for fiscal purposes, 377-secret or revolutionary societies,
379-extract from the 'Moscow Gazette' showing the depraved
habits of the peasantry, 380-great falling off in the trade and

exports of Russia, 381–her new Law Courts, 382.
Wellington, Duke of, review of the sixth volume of his “Despatches,

Correspondence, and Memoranda,' 534—the negotiations of 1826
and 1827 on the Eastern Question paralleled and almost repeated in

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