things (d), having more perfect knowledge of that way, he deferred them, and said, When Lysias the

chief captain Thall come down, I will know the ut23 termost of your matter. And he commanded a cen

turion to keep Paul, and to let him have liberty, and

that he should forbid none of his acquaintance (e) to 24 minister, or come unto him. And after certain days,

when Felix came with his wife Drusilla, which was

a Jewess, he sent for Paul, and heard him (f) concern25 ing the faith in Christ. And as he reasoned of (8)

righteousness, temperance, and judgment to come, Felix trembled, and answered, Go thy way for this

time; when I have a convenient season, I will call 26 for thee. He hoped also that money should have

been given him of Paul, that he might loose him :

Wherefore he fent for him the oftener, and.com-27

muned with him. But after two years, Porcius Feftus (h) came into Felix' room : and Felix willing to shew the Jews a pleasure, left Paul bound (ö).

(d) Though Felix was well acquainted with the nature of chrifa rianity, yet he was a partial and corrupt judge, and would not give fentence in favour of Paul. (e) To attend on and affif"him with their kind offices.

He heard him discourse concerning the doctrines and duties of Christianity: for it is in this large sense that the faith in Christ is. here to be understood.

See Chap. xvi. 31. (g) Justice, chastity, and the judgment to come, when every man must give account of his life.

Felix had been guilty of great injustice and oppression in his government, and lived in adultery with Drusilla, who was married to him indeed, but she left her lawful husband to live with him, which no form of marriage could justify. See Matt. xix. 9. Mark x. 12.

(h) Porcius Feftus, who succeeded Felix in the government, fent him a prisoner to Rome, to be tried for his crimes, where with great difficulty his life was fpared.

(i) Félix did not set St. Paul at liberty, as he might and ought to have done, but left him a prisoner. .




W when Festus was come into the Province,

after three days he afcended from Cesarea to 2 Jerusalem : Then the high-priest, and the chief of

the Jews, informed him against Paul, and besought 3 him, And desired favour against him, that he would

send for him to Jerusalein, laying wait in the way to 4 kill him. But Festus answered, that Paul should be

kept at Cefarea, and that he himself would depart 5 shortly thither. Let them therefore, said he, which

among you are able, go down with me, and accuse 6 this man, if there be any wickedness in him. And

when he had tarried among them more than ten days, he went down unto Cesarea, and the next day.

fitting in the judgment-seat, commanded Paul to be 7 brought. And when he was come, the Jews which

came down from Jerusalem, stood round about, and

laid many and grievous complaints against Paul, 8. which they could not prove; While he answered

for himself, Neither against the law of the Jews,

neither against the temple, nor yet against Cefar, 9

have I offended any thing at all. But Feftus willing to do the Jews a pleasure, answered Paul,, and said,

Wilt thou go up to Jerusalem, and there be judged Io of these things before me? Then said Paul, I stand

at Cesar's judgment-leat(a), where I ought to be judg.

ed: to the Jews have I done no wrong, as thou very II well knoweft. For if I be an offender, or have com

mitted any thing worthy of death, I refuse not to die: but if there be none of these things whereof

these accuse me (b), no man may deliver me unta. 12 them, I appeal unto Cefar. Then Festus, when he

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(a) It was the privilege of a Roman citizen to appeal from any jurisdiction in the country to the Emperor himself at Rome.

(6) But if I am not guilty of any of the things they lay to my charge, I ought to be defended againt them.


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had conferred with the council, answered, Haft thou

appealed unto Cefar? unto Cefar shalt thou go. 13 And after certain days, king Agrippa (c) and Ber14 nice came unto Cesarea to falute Feftus. And when

they had been there many days, Feitus declared Paul's

cause unto the king, saying, There is a certain man 15 left in bonds by Felix: About whom, when I was

at Jerusalem, the chief priests and the elders of the

Jews informed me, defiring to have judgment against 16 him. To whom I answered, It is not the manner

of the Romans to deliver any man to die, before that he which is accused have the accusers face to face,

and have licence to answer for himself concerning 17 the crime laid against him. Therefore when they

were come hither, without any delay on the morrow

I sat on the judgment-seat, and I commanded the 18 man to be brought forth. Against whom when the

accusers stood up, they brought none accusation of 19 such things as I supposed : But had certain questions

against him of their own superstition, and of one

Jesus, which was dead, whom Paul affirmed to be 20 alive. And because I doubted of such manner of

questions, I asked him whether he would go to Je-21 rusalem, and there be judged of these matters. · But

when Paul had appealed to be reserved unto the

hearing of (d) Augustus, I commanded him to be kept 22 till I might send him to Cefar. Then Agrippa said

unto Feftus, I would also hear the man myself. To-23 morrow, said he, thou shalt hear him. And on the

morrow when Agrippa was come, and Bernice, with

great pomp, and was entered into the place of hear(c) Agrippa was son of Herod Agrippa, mentioned Chap. xii. 1. Bernice was his sister, and supposed to live in incest with him. She was likewise fister of Drusilla, mentioned Chap. xxiv. 24.

(d) The Roman emperors called themselves by the title of Cesar, and Augustus, whatever was their proper name. See Matt.

The emperor to whom St. Paul appealed, was Nero.

xxii. 17.

ing, with the chief captains, and principal men of

the city, at Festus' commandment Paul was brought 24 forth. And Festus faid, King Agrippa, and all men

which are here present with us, ye see this man, about whom all the multitude of the Jews have dealt

with me, both at Jerusalem, and also here, crying 25 that he ought not to live any longer. But when I

found that he had committed nothing worthy of

death, and that he himself hath appealed to Auguf26 tus, I have determined to send him. Of whom

I have no certain thing to write unto my lord. Wherefore I have brought him forth before you, and specially before thee, o king Agrippa, that after

examination had, I might have somewhat to write. 27 For it secmeth to me unreasonable to send a prisoner,

and not withal to fignify the crimes laid against him.

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I THEN Agrippa faid unto Paul, Thou art per

mitted to speak for thyself. Then Paul stretched 2 forth the hand, and answered for himself; I think myself

happy, king Agrippa, because I shall answer for my

self this day before thee, touching all the things 3 whereof I am accused of the Jews : Especially, be

cause I know thee to be expert in all customs and

questions which are among the Jews : wherefore I 4

beseech thee to hear me patiently. My manner of life from my youth, which was at the first among

mine own nation at Jerusalem, know all the Jews, 5 Which knew me from the beginning (if they would

testify), that after the most straitest fect of our reli6 gion, I lived a Pharisee. And now I ftand, and am

judged. for the hope of the promise made of God un7 to our fathers : Unto which promise our twelve

tribes, instantly serving God day and night, hope to come: for which hope's fake, 'king Agrippa, I am 8 accused of the Jews. Why should it be thought a

8 accused

thing incredible with you, that God should raise the 9 dead? I verily thought with myself, that I ought

to do many things contrary to the name of Jesus of 10 Nazareth.' Which thing I also did in Jerusalem :

and many of the saints (a) did I shut up in prison, having received authority from the chief priests; and

when they were put to death, I gave my voice against II them. And I punished them oft in every fynagogue,

and compelled them to blaspheme; and being exceed

ingly mad against them, I persecuted them even unto 12 strange cities. Whereupon as I went to Damascus,

with authority and commission from the chief priests; 13 At mid-day, O king, I saw in the way a light from

heaven, above the brightness of the fun, shining round

about me, and them which journeyed with me. 14 And when we were all fallen to the earth, I heard

a voice speaking unto me, and saying in the Hebrew

tongue, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? It is 15 hard for thee to kick against the pricks (b). And I

faid, Who art thou, Lord? And he said, I am Jesus 16 whom thou persecutest. But rise, and stand upon

thy feet : for I have appeared unto thee for this purpose, to make thee a minister and a witness both of

these things which thou hast "feen, and of those 17 things in the which I will appear unto thee; Deli

vering thee from the people (c), and from the Gen18 tiles, unto whom now I send thee, To open their

eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive

forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them 19 which are fanctified by faith that is in me. Whereupon, 0 king Agrippa, I was not disobedient unto

, 20 the heavenly vision : But shewed first unto them of


(a) Many of the christians. See Chap. ix. 13, 39, 41.
(b Sec Chap. ix. 5.
(c) The people signifies the people of Israel, as Luke ii. 32.


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