Q. 181. Why are we to pray in the name of Christ?

A. The sinfulness of man, and his distance from God by reason thereof, being so great, as that we can have no access into his presence without a mediator P; and there being none in heaven or earth appointed to, or fit for, that glorious work but Christ alone, we are to pray in no other name but his only!

Q. 182. How doth the Spirit help us to pray?

A. We not knowing what to pray for as we ought, the Spirit helpeth our infirmities, by enabling us to understand both for whom, and what, and how prayer is to be made; and by working and quickening in our hearts (although not in all persons, nor at all times, in the same measure)



profession. Ver, 15. For we have In whom we have boldness and not an high priest which cannot be access with confidence by the faith touched with the feeling of our in

of him. but was in all points

9 John vi. 27. Labour not for the tempted like as we are, yet without

meat which perisheth, but for that sin. Ver. 16. Let us therefore come

meat which endureth unto everlastboldly unto the throne of


that ing life, which the Son of man shall we may obtain mercy,

and find grace

gite unto you: for him hath God to help in time of need. 1 Joha

the Father sealed. Heb. vii. 25. V. 13. These things have I written

Wherefore he is able also to save unto you that believe on the name

them to the uttermost that come of the Son of God, that ye may

unto God by him, seeing he ever know that ye have eternal life, and

liveth to make intercession for them. that ye may believe on the name of

Ver. 26. For such an high priest be. the Son of God. Ver. 14. And this

came us, who is holy, harmless, una is the confidence that we have in defiled, separate from sinners, and him, that, if we ask any thing ac.

made higher than the heavens ; cording to his will, he heareth us.

Ver. 27. Who needeth not daily, as Ver. 15. And if we know that he

those high priests, to offer up sacrius, whatsoever we ask, we

fice, first for his own sins, and thep know that we have the petitions

for the people's; for this he did once, that we desired of him.

when he offered up himself. 1 Tim. 181. P John xiv. 6. Jesus saith un

ii. 5. For there is one God, and one to him, I am the way, and the truth, mediator between God and men, the and the life; no man cometh unto

man Christ Jesus. the Father but by me.

Isa, lix. 2. r Col. üi. 17. And whatsoever ye But your iniquities have separated do in word or deed, do all in the between you and your God, and

name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks your sins have hid his face from you,

to God and the Father by him. Heb. that he will not hear. Eph. ji. 12.

xiii, 15. By him therefore let us offer


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tion in the Spirit, and watching these alone, but for them also which thine inheritance : feed them also, house of thy servant, that it may fore, that, first of all, supplications, and with thy blessing let the house

prayers, intercessions, and giving of of thy servant be blessed for ever.

those apprehensions, affections, and graces which are requisite for the right performance of that duty.

Q. 183. For whom are we to pray 1 ?

A. We are to pray for the whole church of Christ upon earth'; for magistrates“, and ministers W; for ourselves *, our brethren", yea, our enemies ? ; and for all sorts of men living", or that shall live hereafterb; but not for the dead“, the sacrifice of praise to God con

authority; that we may lead a quiet tinually, that is, the fruit of our lips, and peaceable life in all godliness and giving thanks to his name.

honesty. 182. SRom. viii. 26. Likewise the w Col. iv. S. Withal, praying also Spirit also helpeth our infirmities : for us, that God would open unto us for we know not what we should a door of utterance, to speak the pray for as we ought: but the Spirit mystery of Christ, for which I am itself maketh intercession for us with also in bonds. groanings which cannot be uttered. * Gen. xxxii. 11. Deliver me, I Ver. 27. And he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of brother, from the hand of Esau : for

pray thee, from the hand of my the Spirit, because he maketh inter.

I fear him, lest he will come and cession for the saints according to

smite me, and the mother with the the will of God. Psal. x. 17. Lord, children. thou hast heard the desire of the

y James v. 16. Confess your faults humble: thou wilt prepare their

one to another, and pray one for heart, thou wilt cause thine ear to

another, that ye may be healed: the hear. Zech. xii

. 10. And I will effectual fervent prayer of a righpour upon the house of David, and

teous man availeth much. upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem,

Z Mat. v. 44. But I say unto you, the spirit of grace and of supplica. Love your enemies, bless them that tions; and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they you, and pray for them which deshall mourn.

spitefully use you, and persecute you., 183. * Eph. vi. 18. Praying al

a 1 Tim. ii. 1, 2. (See above in. " ways with all prayer and supplica

b John xvii. 20. Neither pray I for thereunto with all perseverance, and shall believe on me through their supplication for all saints. Psal.

word. 2 Sam. vii. 29. Therefore Xxviii

. 9. Save thy people, and bless and lift them up for ever.

continue for ever before thee: for ul Tim. ii. 1. I exhort there

thou, O Lord God, hast spoken it, îhanks, be made for all men : Ver. 2. For kings, and for all that are in

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nor for those that are known to have sinned the sin unto death

Q. 184. For what things are we to pray? it in A. We are to pray for all things tending to the glory of urth God, the welfare of the church', our own pole good": but not for any thing that is unlawful i.

Q. 185. How are we to pray?

A.Weareto pray with an awful apprehension of the majesty of God',and deep sense ofourown unworthiness', necessities",


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this that thou hast done? Thou didst h Psal. cxxv. 4. Do good, O
fast and weep for the child while it Lord; unto those that be good, and
was alive; but when the child was to them that are upright in their
dead, thou didst rise and did eat hearts.
bread. Ver. 22. And he said, While il John v. 14. And this is the
the child was yet alive I fasted and confidence that we have in him, that,
wept; for I said, Who can tell whe if we ask any thing according to his
ther God will be gracious to me,

will, he heareth us.
that the child may live? Ver.. 23. 185. k Eccl. v. 1. Keep thy foot
But now he is dead, wherefore should when thou goest to the house of
I fast? can I bring him back again? God, and be more ready to hear,
I shall go to him, but he shall not

than to give the sacrifice of fools:

for they consider not that they do di John v. 16. If any man see his evil. brother sin a sin which is not unto

1 Gen. xviii. 27. And 'Abrahama death, he shall ask, and he shall give answered and said, Behold now, ! him life for them that sin not unto

have taken upon me to speak unto death. There is a sin unto death; I

the Lord, which am but dust and do not say that he shall pray for it.

ashes. Gen. xxxii. 10. I am not 184, e Mat. vi. 9. After this man

worthy of the least of all the ner therefore pray ye : Our Father mercies, and of all the truth, which art in heaven, Hallowed be

which thou hast shewed unto thy f Psal. li. 18. Do good in thy

m Luke Xv. 17. And when he good pleasure unto Zion: build thou came to himself, he said, How many the walls of Jerusalem. Psal. cxxii. 6.

hired servants of my father's have Pray for the peace of Jerusalem; they bread enough and to spare, and I shall prosper that love thee.

perish with hunger! Ver. 18. I will Mat. vii. 11. If ye then, being arise and go to my father, and will evil, know how to give good gifts say unto him, Father, I have sinned unto your children, how much more

against Heaven, and before thee, shall

your Father which is in heaven Ver. 19. And am no more worthy to give good things to them that ask

be called thy son; make me as one of thy hired servants,


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then? I will pray with the spirit, it be possible, let this cup pass from upto you, What things soever ye the confidence that we have in him,

and síns"; with penitent', thankful, and enlarged hearts”; with understanding", faith', sincerity', fervency", love ", and perseverance *, waiting upon him with humble submission to his will ?.

Q. 186. What rule hath God given for our direction in the duty of prayer ?

A. The whole word of God is of use to direct us in the duty of prayero; but the special rule of direction is that

form * Luke xvii. 13. And the pub. desire when ye pray, believe that ye lican, standing afar off, would not receive them, and ye shall have them. lift up so much as his eyes unto hea. James i. 6. But let him ask in faith, ven, but smote upon his breast, say nothing wavering: for he that wavering, God be merciful to me a sinner,

eth is like a wave of the sea, driven Ver. 14. I tell you, this man went

with the wind, and tossed. down to his house justified rather

t Psal. cxlv. 18. The Lord is nigh than the other : for every one that

unto all them that call upon him, 'exalteth himself shall be abased; and

to all that call upon him in truth. he that humbleth himself shall be

Psal. xvii. 1. Hear the right, O exalted.

Lord, attend unto my cry; give ear • Psal. li. 17. The sacrifices of

unto my prayer that goeth not out God are a broken spirit : a broken of feigned lips. and a contrite heart, o God, thou

u James v. 16.The effectual wit not despise.

fervent prayer of a righteous map P Phil iv. 6. Be careful for no. availeth much. thing: but in every thing by prayer

1 Tim. ü. 8. I will therefore and supplication, with thanksgiving,

that men pray every where, lifting let your requests be made known

up holy hands, without wrath and unto God.

doubting. 91 Sam. i. 15. And Hannah

Eph. vi. 18. Praying always answered and said, No, my lord ; I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit ;

with all prayer and supplication in I have drunk neither wine nor strong

the Spirit, and watching thereunto drink, but have poured out my soul

with all perseverance, and supplica

tion for all saints. before the Lord. 1 Sam. ii. 1. And

y Micah vii. 7. Therefore I will Hannah prayed, and said, My heart look unto the Lord : I will wait for rejoiceth in the Lord, mine horn is exalted in the Lord: my mouth is

the God of my salvation : my God

will hear me. enlarged over mine enemies; because

1 2 Mat. xxvi. 39. And he went a I rejoice in thy salvation. ri Cor. xiv.

little farther, and fell on his face, 15. What is it

and prayed, saying, O my Father, if and I will pray with the understanding also ;

as thou wilt.


me: nevertheless, not as I will, but

186. a 1 John v, 14. And this is

s Mark xi. 24. Therefore I say


form of prayer which our Saviour Christ taught his disciples, commonly called The Lord's Prayer b. Q. 187. How is the Lord's prayer to be used ?

A. The Lord's prayer is not only for direction, as a pattern, according to which we are to make other prayers; but

may also be used as a prayer, so that it be done with understanding, faith, reverence, and other graces necessary to the right performance of the duty of

prayer Q. 188. Of how many parts doth the Lord's prayer consist?

A. The Lord's prayer consists of three parts; a preface, petitions, and a conclusion.

Q. 189. What doth the preface of the Lord's prayer teach us?

A. The preface of the Lord's prayer (contained in these words, Our Father which art in heaven) teacheth us, when we pray, to draw near to God with confidence of his fatherly goodness, and our interest thereino; with reverence, and all other child-like dispositions', heavenly affections, and due apprehensions of his sovereign power, majesty, and gracious condescension": as also, to pray with and for others

Q. 190. What

that, if we ask any thing according

8 Psal. cxxiii. 1. Unto thee lift I to bis will, he heareth us.

up mine eyes, O thou that dwellest b Mat. vi. 9,–13. After this manner in the heavens. Lam. iii. 41. Let therefore pray ye: Our Father, &c.

us lift up our heart with our hands Luke xi. 2, 3, 4. And he said unto

unto God in the heavens. them, When ye pray, say, Our Fa

h Isa. lxiii. 15. Look down from ther, &C.

heaver, and behold from the Ira. 187. Mat. vi. 9. Compared with

bitation of thy holiness and of Lukę xi. 2. (See above in letter b.] thy glory: where is thy zeal and 189. d Mat. vi. 9.

thy strength, the sounding of thy Luke xi. 13. If ye then, being bowels, and of thy - mercies toevil

, know how to give good gifts wards me? are they restrained ? unto your children;

how much more Ver. 16. Doubtless thou art our shall your heavenly Father give the

Father, though Abraham beig. Holy Spirit to them that ask him? norant of us, and Israel acknow. Rom. viii. 15. For ye have not re

ledge us not: thou, O Lord, art ceived the spirit of bondage again to

our Father, our Redeemer, thy fear; but ye have received the Spirit

name is from everlasting. Neh. i. 4. of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba,

And it came to pass, when I heard

these words, that I sat down and f Isa. lxiv. 9. Be not wroth very

wept, and mourned certain days, sore, O Lord, neither remember ini. and fasted, and prayed before the quity for ever; behold, see, we be

God of heaven, Ver. 5. And said, I seech thee, we are all thy people.

beseech thee, O Lord God of



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