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For I have received of the Lord that ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's

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Q. 168. What is the Lord's supper?

A. The Lord's supper is a sacrament of the New Testament”, wherein, by giving and receiving bread and wine according to the appointment of Jesus Christ

, his death is shewed forth; and they that worthily communicate feed upon his body and blood, to their spiritual nourishment and growth in grace; have their union and communion with him confirmed b; testify and renew their thankfulness, and engagement to God", and their mutual love and fellowship each with other,

members of the same mystical body?

as

Q. 169. How

me.

blood,

body, whether we be Jews or Gen thanks, he brake it, and said, Take,
tiles, whether we be bond or free;
and have been all made to drink into

eat; this is my body, which is broken

for you: this do in remembrance of one Spirit. Ver. 25. That there me. Ver. 25. After the same manner should be no schism in the body; but

also he took the cup, when he had that the members should have the

supped, saying, This cup is the new same care one of anorher. Ver. 26. And whether one member suffer, all

testament in my blood : this do ye, as the members suffer with it, or one

oft as ye drink'it, in remembrance of

Ver. 26. For as often as ye eat member be honoured, all the mem.

this bread, and drink this cup, ye do bers rejoice with it. Ver. 27. Now shew the Lord's death till he come. ye are the body of Christ, and men. 6 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing bers in particular.

which we bless, is it not the commu168. 2 Luke xxii. 20. Likewise also

nion of the blood of Christ ? the bread the cup after supper, saying, This

which we break, is it not the comcup is the new testament in my which is shed for you.

munion of the body of Christ ? a Mat. xxvi. 26. And as they were

ci Cor. xi. 24. (See above in .]

di Cor. x. 14. Wherefore, my eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and

dearly beloved, flee from idolatry.
it to the Ver. 15.

speak as to wise men;
disciples, and said, Take, eat ; this is judge ye what I say. Ver. 16. The
my body. Ver. 27. And he took the
cup, and.gave thanks, and gave it to

cup of blessing which we bless, is it

not the communion of the blood of them, saying, Drink ye all of it: Ver.

Christ ? the bread which we break, is 28. For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for

it not the communion of the body of the remission of sins.

Christ ? Ver. 21. Ye cannot drink the 1 Cor. xi. 23.

cup

of the Lord and the cup of devils : which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus, the same night in

table and of the table of devils. which he was betrayed, took bread :

1 Cor. X: 17. For we, being many, Ver. 24. And, when he had given

are one bread and one body: for we

16

e

are all partakers of that one bread.

169. f 1 Cor.

Q. 169. How hath Christ appointed bread and wine to be given and received in the sacrament of the Lord's supper?

A. Christ hath appointed the ministers of his word, in the administration of this sacrament of the Lord's supper, to set apart the bread and wine from common use, by the word of institution, thanksgiving, and prayer; to take and break the bread, and to give both the bread and the wine to the communicants : who are, by the same appoint

ment, to take and eat the bread, and to drink the wine, 3 in thankful remembrance that the body of Christ was bro

ken and given, and his blood shed, for them '.

Q. 170. How do they that worthily communicate in the Lord's

supper feed upon the body and blood of Christ therein ? A. As the body and blood of Christ are not corporally or carnally present in, with, or under the bread and wine in the Lord's suppers, and yet are spiritually present to the faith of the receiver, no less truly and really than the elements themselves are to their outward senses h; so they that worthily communicate in the sacrament of the Lord's supper, do therein feed upon the body and blood of Christ, not after a corporal and carnal, but in a spiritual manner; yet truly and really ', while by faith they receive

and

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169. f 1 Cor. xi. 23, 24. (See before

170. & Acts iii. 21. Whom the heaunder a. (Mat. xxvi. 26, 27, 28. (See. ven must receive until the times of before at a.) Mark xiv. 22. And as restitution of all things, which God they did eat, Jesus took bread, and hath spoken by the mouth of all his blessed, and brake it, and gave to

holy prophets since the world began. them, and said, Take, èat; this is my

b Mat. xxvi. 26. And as they were body. Ver. 23. And he took the cup'; eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed and, when he had given thanks, he it, and brake it, and gave it to the gave it to them; and they all drank disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is of it. Ver. 24. And he said unto my body. Ver. 28. For this is my them, This is my blood of the new blood of the new testament, which is testament, which is shed for many. shed for many for the remission of sins, Luke xxii, 19. And he took bread, i 1 Cor. xi. 24. And, when he had and gave thanks, and brake it, and given thanks, he brake it, and said, gave unto them, saying, This is my Take, eat; this.is niy body, which is body, which is given for you: this

broken for you : this do in rememdo in remembrance of me. Ver. 20.

brance of me. Ver. 25. After the same Likewise also the cup after supper,

manner also he took the cup, when saying, This cup is the new testament he had supped, saying, This cup is in my blood, which is shed for you. the new testament in my blood : this

thari them their

of the prare

and apply unto themselves Christ crucified, and all the benefits of his death k.

Q. 171. How are they that receive the sacrament of the Lord's supper to prepare themselves before they come unto it?

A. They that receive the sacrament of the Lord's supper are, before they come, to prepare themselves thereunto, by examining themselves of their being in Christ, of their sins and wants ; of the truth and measure of their knowledge ', faith P, repentance ? ; love to God and the brethren,

charity

ta

lea

Hi Cor. V. 7. Purge out there-' communion of the blood of Christ ? with Exod. xii. 15. Seven days body: for ye are all partakers of Christ is in you, except ye

us.

do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in re shall ye eat unleavened bread, even membrance of me. Ver. 26. For as the first day ye shall put away often as ye eat this bread, and drink

ven out of your houses, for whoso. this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death ever eateth leavened bread from the till he come. Ver. 27. Wherefore,

first day until the seventh day, that whosoever shall eat this bread, and soul shall be cut off from Israel. drink this cup of the Lord, unworthi. O I Cor. xi. 29. For he that eatly, shall be guilty of the body and eth and drinketh unworthily, eateth blood of the Lord. Ver. 28. But let

and drinketh damnation to himself, a man examine himself, and so let

not discerning the Lord's body. him eat of that bread, and drink of

P i Cor. xii. 5. (See above in letthat cup. Ver. 29. For he that eat

ter m.] Mat. xxvi. 28. For this is my eth and drinketh unworthily, eateth

blood of the new testament, which is and drinketh damnation to himself

, shed for many for the remission of not discerning the Lord's body. sins. ki Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing

9 Zech. xii. 10. And I will pour which we bless, is it not the com

upon the house of David, and upon munion of the blood of Christ ? the the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spi; bread which we break, is it not the

rit of grace and of supplications; and communion of the body of Christ?

they shall look upon me whom they 171. 11 Cor. xi. 28. But let a man

have pierced, and they shall mourn examine himself, and so let him eat

for him, as one mourneth for his only of that bread, and drink of that cup.

son, and shall be in bitterness for 2 Cor. xiii. 5. Examine your him, as one that is in bitterness for selves whether ye be in the faith ;

his first-born. 1 Cor. xi. 31. For if prove your own selves: know ye

we would judge ourselves, we should not your own selves, how that Jesus not be judged.

be bates ?

repro

1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of bless.

ing which we bless, is it not the fore the old leaven, that ye may

the bread which we break, is it be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover

not the comniunion of the body is sacrificed for

of Christ ? Ver. 17. For we, being Compared many,

are

one bread and one

that

charity to all men', forgiving those that have done them wrong; of their desires after Christ", and of their new obedience ; and by renewing the exercise of these graces *, by serious meditation, and fervent prayer

Q. 172. May

that one bread. Acts ü. 46. And vened. For even Christ our passover they, continuing daily with one ac

is sacrificed for us. Ver. 8. There. 'cord in the temple, and breaking fore let us keep the feast, not with bread from house to house, did eat old leaven, neither with the leaven their meat with gladness' and single-, of malice and wickedness; but with ness of heart, Ver. 47. Praising God, the unleavened bread of sincerity and and having favour with all the people. truth. And the Lord added to the church * I Cor. xi. 25. After the same daily such as should be saved. manner also he took the cup, when

1 Cor, v. 8. Therefore let us he had supped, saying, This cup is keep the feast, not with old leaven, the new testament in my blood : this neither with the leaven of malice and do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in res wickedness; but with the unleavened membrance of me. Ver. 26. For as bread of sincerity and truth. 1 Cor. often as ye eat this bread, and drink xi. 18. For first of all, when ye come this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death together in the church, I hear that till he come, Ver. 28. But let a man there be divisions among you; and examine himself, and so let him eat I partly believe it. Ver. 20. When of that bread, and drink of that cup. ye come together therefore into one Heb. X. 21. And having an high place, this is not to eat the Lord's priest over the house of God, Ver, supper.

22. Let us draw near with a true * Mat. v. 23. Therefore, if thou, heart, in full assurance of faith, haybring thy gift to the altar, and there ing our hearts sprinkled from an evil rememberest that thy brother hath conscience, and our bodies washed ought against thee; Ver. 24. Leave with pure water. Ver. 24. And let there thy gift before the altar, and us consider one another, to provoke go thy way; first be reconciled to unto love and to good works. Psal. thy brother, and then come and of. xxvi. 6. I will wash mine hands in

innocency: so will I compass thine ." Isa. lv. 1. Ho, every one that altar, o Lord. thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and Vi Cor. xi. 24. And, when he had he that hath no money; come ye, buy given thanks, he brake it, and said, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and Take, eat; this is my body, which is milk without money and without broken for you : this do in rememprice. John vii. 37. In the last day, brance of me. Ver. 25. After the that great day of the feast, Jesus stood same manner also he took the cup, and cried, saying, If any man thirst, when he had supped, saying, This let him come unto me, and drink. cup

is the new testament in blood; W i Cor. v. 7. Purge out there: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in fore the old leaven, that ye may

remembrance of me. be a new lump, as ye are unlea % 2 Chron. xxx. 18. For a multi.

& 3

tude

fer thy gift.

my

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I remembered God, and was trou, mercy on thee. Mat. v. 3. Blessed

Q. 172. May one who doubteth of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation, come to the Lord's supper ?

A. One who doubteth of his being in Christ, or of his due preparation to the sacrament of the Lord's supper, may have true interest in Christ, though he be not yet assured thereof"; and in God's account hath it, if he be dúly affected with the apprehension of the want of it, and unfeignedly desires to

be tude of the people, even many of

bled : I complained, and my spirit Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar

was overwhelmed. Selah. Ver. 4. and Zebulun, had not cleansed them. Thou holdest mine eyes waking: I selves, yet did they eat the passover

am so troubled that I cannot speak, otherwise than it was written : but &c. Ver. 7. Will the Lord cast off Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, for ever? and will he be favourable The good Lord pardon every one

no more? Ver. 8. Is his mercy clean Ver. 19. That prepareth his heart

gone for ever? doth his promise fail to seek God, the Lord God of his

for evermore? Ver. 9. Hath God - fathers, though he be not cleansed forgotten to be gracious ? hath he in according to the purification of the

anger shut up his tender mercies ? sanctuary. Mat. xxvi. 26. And as

Jonah ii. 4. Then I said, I am cast they were eating, Jesus took bread,

out of thy sight; yet I will look and blessed it, and brake it, and gave again toward thy holy temple. Ver

. it to the disciples, and said, Take,

7. When my.soul fainted within me, eat; this is my body.

I remembered the Lord, and my 172. a Isa. I. 10. Who is among you that feareth the Lord, that obey- holy temple.

prayer came in unto thee, into thine eth the voice of his servant, that

b Isa. liv. 7. For a small moment walkech in darkness, and hath no

have i forsaken thee, but with great light ? let him trust in the name of

mercies will I gather thee. Ver. 8. the Lord, and stay upon his God.

In a little wrath 1 hid my face from 1 John v. 13. These things have I

thee for a moment; but with everwritten unto you that believe on the lasting kindness will I have mercy on name of the Son of God; that ye

thee, saith the Lord thy Redeemer. may know that ye have eternal life,

Ver. 9. For this is as the waters of and that ye may believe on the name

Noah unto me: for as I have sworn of the Son of God. Psal. lxxxviii.

that the waters of Noah should no throughout. Psal. lxxvii. to Verse 12. Ver. 1. I cried unto God with my

more go over the earth; so have I voice: even unto God with my

sworn that I would not be wroth voice, and he gave ear unto me.

with thee, nor rebuke thee. Ver. 10.

For the mountains shall depart, and Ver. 2. In the day of' my trouble I sought the Lord; my sore ran in

the hills be removed; but my kind. the night, and ceased not : my soul

ness shall not depart from thee, nei

ther shall the covenant of my peace refused to be comforted. Ver. 3.

be removed, saith the Lord, that hath

are

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