Q. 159. How is the word of God to be preached by those that are called thereunto ?

A. They that are called to labour in the ministry of the word, are to preach sound doctrine ", diligently", in season and out of seasono; plainly P, not in the enticing words of man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit, and of power”;


unto nien.

led captivity captive, and gave gifts vernments, diversities of tongues.

Ver. 9. (Now that he Ver. 29. Are all apostles are all ascended, what is it but that he also prophets ? are all teachers ? are all descended first into the lower parts

workers of miracles? 1 Tim. iii, 10.of the earth ? Ver. 10. He that de. And let these also first be proved; scended is the same also that ascend. then let them use the office of a ed up far above all heavens, that he

deacon, being found blameless. might fill all things.) Ver. 11. And 1 Tim. iv. 14. Neglect not the gift he gave some apostles, and some that is in thee, which was given prophets, and some evangelists, and thee by prophecy, with the laying some pastors and teachers. Hosea on of the hands of the presbytery. iv. 6. My people are destroyed for 1 Tin. v. 22. Lay hands suddenly lack of knowledge: because thou on no man; neither be partaker of hast rejected knowledge, I will also other men's sins : keep thyself pure. reject thee, that thou shalt be no 159. m Tit. ii. 1. But speak thou priest to me; seeing thou hast for the things which become sound gotten the law of thy God, I will doctrine. Ver. 8. Sound speech that also forget thy children. Mal. ii. 7.

cannot be condemned; that he that For the priest's lips should keep is of the contrary part may be knowledge, and they should seek the ashamed, having no evil thing to say law at his mouth: for he is the niessenger of the Lord of hosts. n Acts xviii. 25. This man was in2 Cor, iii. 6. Who also hath made

structed in the way of the Lord; us able ministers of the new testa.

and, being fervent in the spirit, he ment, not of the letter, but of the

spake and taught diligently the spirit: for the letter killéth, but the things of the Lord,spirit giveth life.

° 2 Tim. iv. 2. Preach the word, 1 Jer. xiv. 15. Therefore thus saith

be instant in season, out of season; the Lord concerning the prophets reprove, rebuke, exhort, with all that prophesy in my name, and I lolig-suffering and doctrine. sent them not,-Rom. x. 15. And

Pi Cor. xiv. 19. Yet in the church how shall they preach except they be sent ?-Heb. v. 4. And no man

I had rather speak five words with taketh this honour unto himself, but

my understanding, that by my voice I he that is called of God, as was

might teach others also, than ten thou

sand words in an unknown tongue. I Cor. xii. 28. And God

? 1 Cor. ii, 4. And my speech, hath some in the church ; first, apostles ; secondarily, prophets;

and my preaching, was not with thirdly, teachers; after that miracles;

enticing words of man's wisdom, then gifts of healings, helps, go

but in demonstration of the Spirit

, and of power.

of you.

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faithfully', making known the whole counsel of God; wisely, applying themselves to the necessities and capacities of the hearers "; zealously ", with fervent love to God and the souls of his people y; sincerely ?, aiming



r Jer. xxiii. 28. The prophet that And the Lord said, Who then is that hath a dream, let him tell a dream; faithful and wise steward, whom his and he that hath my word, let hini

lord shall make ruler over his housespeak my word faithfully: what is hold, to give them their portion of the chaff to the wheat ? saith the meat in due season ? Lord. 1 Cor. iy. l. Let a man so

w Acts xviii. 25. This man was account of us as of the ministers of instructed in the way of the Lord; Christ, and stewards of the mysteries

and, being fervent in the spirit, he of God. Ver. 2. Moreover, it is re spake and taught diligently the things quired in stewards that a man be of the Lord, — found faithful.

2 Cor. v. 13. For whether we be s Acts xx. 27. For I have not beside ourselves, it is to God; or shunned to declare unto you all the whether we be sober, it is for your counsel of God.


Ver. 14. For the love of i Col. i. 28. Whom we preach,

Christ constraineth us, because we warning every man, and teaching

thus judge, that if one died for all, every man in all wisdom ; that we then were all dead. Phil. i. 15. Some may present every man perfect in indeed preach Christ even of envy Christ Jesus. 2 Tim. ii. 15. Study

and strife; and some also of good-will: to shew thyself approved unto God,

Ver. 16. The one preach Christ of a workman that needeth not to be

contention, not sincerely, supposing ashamed, rightly dividing the word

'to add affliction to my bonds : Ver. 17.

But the other of love, knowing that I 4 1 Cor. iii. 2. I have fed you with

am set for the defence of the gospel. milk, and not with meat: for hither

y Col. iv. 12. Epaphras, who is one to ye were not able to bear it, nei

of you, a servant of Christ, saluteth ther yet now are ye able. Heb. v. 12.

you, always labouring fervently for For when for the time ye ought to

you in prayers, that ye may stand be teachers, ye have need that one

perfect and conplete in all the will of teach you again which be the first

God. 2 Cor. xii. 15. And I will principles of the oracles of God; and

very gladly spend and be spent for are become such as have need of milk,

you ; though the more abundantly I

Ver. 13. love you, the less I be loved, For every one that useth milk is un

? 2 Cor. ii. 17. For we are not skilful in the word of righteousness : for he is a babe. Ver. 14. But strong

as many, which corrupt the word

of God: but as of sincerity, but meat belongeth to them that are of

as of God, in the sight of God full age, even those who by reason of speak we in Christ.

2 Cor. iv. 2. use have their senses exercised to dis


But have renounced the cern both good and evil Luke xii. 42,

things of dishonesty, not walking

of truth.

and not of strong meat.

and hypocrisies, and envies, and



that I daily at my gates, waiting at the I as weak, that I might gain the ing aside all malice, and all guile,

at his glory ', and their conversion", edification, and salvation 4

Q. 160. What is required of those that hear the word preached?

A. It is required of those that hear the word preached, that they attend upon it with diligence", preparation', and

prayer; in craftiness, not handling the word that I might by all means save of God deceitfully, but, by manifestation of the truth, commending our.

C 2 Cor. xii. 19. Again, think ye selves to every man's conscience in that we excuse ourselves unto you? the sight of God.

we speak before God in Christ : but 1 Thess. ii. 4. But as we were

we do all things, dearly beloved, for allowed of God to be put in trust

your edifying. Eph. iv. 12. For the with the gospel, even so we speak, perfecting of the saints

, for the work not as pleasing men, but God, which of the ministry, for the edifying of trieth our hearts. Ver. 5. For nei.

the body of Christ. ther at any time used we flattering

di Tim. iv. 16. Take heed unto words, as ye know, nor a cloak of thyself, and unto the doctrine; concovetousness; God is witness. Ver. 6. tinue in them: for in doing this thou Nor of men sought we glory, nei- shalt both save thyself and them that ther of you, nor yet of others, when hear thee. Acts xxvi. 16. But rise

, we might have been burdensome, as

and stand upon thy feet: for I have the apostles of Christ. John vii. 18. appeared unto thee for this purpose, He that speakech of himself seeketh

to make thee a minister and a withis own glory, but he that seeketh

ness both of these things which thou his glory that sent him, the same is

hast seen, and of those things in the true, and no unrighteousness is in

which I will appear unto thee; Ver

. him.

17. Delivering thee from the people

, b 1 Cor. ix. 19. For though I be

and from the Gentiles, unto whom free from all men, yet have I made

now I send thee, Ver. 18. To open myself servant unto all, that I might

their eyes, and to turn them from gain the more. Ver. 20. And unto

darkness to light, and from the the Jews I became as a Jew, that I

power might gain the Jews; to them that are under the law, as under the law,

they may receive forgiveness of

sins, and inheritance among them that I might gain them that are un

which are sanctified by faith that is der the law; Ver. 21. To them that in me. are without law, as without law, 160. (being not without law to God, but under the law to Christ,)

the man that heareth me, watching might gain them that are without law. Ver. 22. To the weak became

of Satan unto God, that

e Prov. vii. 34. Blessed is

posts of my doors.

fi Pet. ii. 1. Wherefore, lay

weak: I am made all things to all men,

prayer 6; examine what they hear by the scriptures *; receive the truth with faith, lovek, meekness, and readiness of mind ", as the word of God"; meditate, and confer of it?; hide it in their hearts?, and bring forth the fruit of it in their lives".

Q. 161. How

all evil-speakings, Ver. 2. As new

m Acts xvii. 11. These were more born babes, desire the sincere milk noble than those in Thessalonica, in of the word, that ye may grow there. that they received the word with all by. Luke viii. 18. Take heed there. readiness of mind, and searched the fore how ye hear : for whosoever scriptures daily, whether those things hath, to him shall be given; and were so. whosoever hath not, from him shall ni Thess. ii. 13. For this cause be taken even that which he seemeth also thank we God without ceasing, to have.

because when ye received the word & Psal. cxix. 18. Open thou mine

of God which ye heard of us, ye reeyes, that I may behold wondrous ceived it not as the word of men, things out of thy law. Eph. vi. 18. but (as it is in truth) the word of Praying always with all prayer and

God, which effectually worketh also supplication in the Spirit, and watch. in


that believe. ing thereunto with all perseverance,

• Luke ix. 44. Let these sayings and supplication for all saints; Ver. sink down into your ears: for the 19. And for me, that utterance may

Son of man shall be delivered into be given unto me, that I may open

the hands of men. * Heb. i. 1. my mouth boldly, to make known Therefore we ought to give the more the mystery of the gospel.

earnest heed to the things which we h Acts xvii. 11. These were more

have heard, lest at any time we noble than those in Thessalonica, in

should let them slip. that they received the word with all

P Luke xxiv. 14. And they talked readiness of mind, and searched the

together of all these things which scriptures daily, whether those things

had happened. Deut. vi. 6. And were so.

these words, which I command thee i Heb. iv. 2. For unto us was the

this day, shall be in thine heart, gospel preached as well as unto them:

Ver. 7. And thou shalt teach them but the word preached did not profit diligently unto thy children; and them, not being mixed with faith in

shalt talk of them when thou sittest

in thine house, and when thou walk. k 2 Thess. ii. 10. And with all

est by the way, and when thou liest deceivableness of unrighteousness in down, and when thou risest up them that perish; because they recei

9 Prov. ii. 1. My son, if thou wilt ed not the love of the truth, that

receive my words, and hide my comthey might be saved.

mandments with thee. Psal. cxix. 11. James i. 21.

Wherefore, lay apart Thy word have I hid'in mine heart, all filthiness, and superfluity of naugh

that I might not sin against thee. tiness, and receive with meekness the

r Luke viii. 15. But that on the ingrafted word, which is able to save

good ground are they, which in your souls.

an honest and good heart, baving


them that heard it.

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baptized into one body, whether righteousness of the faith which he we be Jews or Gentiles, whether had yet being uncircumcised; that he

we be bond or free ; and have might be the father of all them that be.

Q. 161. How do the sacraments become effectual means of salvation ?

A. The sacraments become effectual means of salvation, not by any, power in themselves, or any virtue derived from the piety or intention of him by whom they are administered, but only by the working of the Holy Ghost, and the blessing of Christ, by whom they are instituted.

Q. 162. What is a sacrament?

A. A sacrament is an holy ordinance instituted by Christ in his church', to signify, seal, and exhibit" unto those that heard the word keep it, and bring

162. t Gen. xvii.' 7. And I will forth fruit with patience. James i.

establish my covenant between me 25. But whoso looketh into the per- and thee, and thy seed after thee, in fect law of liberty, and continueth

their generations, for an everlasting therein, he being not

a forgetful covenant, to be a God unto thee, and hearer, but a doer of the work, this

to thy seed after thee. Ver. 10. man shall be blessed in his deed.

This is my covenant which ye 161. $ 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like keep between me and you, and thy figure whereunto, even baptism, doth

seed after thee; Every man-child also now save us (not the putting among you shall be circumcised. away of the filth of the flesh, but the

Exod. Chap. xii. Containing the instituanswer of a good conscience towards God) by the resurrection of Jesus

tion of the passover. * Mat

. xxviii

. 19. Christ. Acts viii. 13. Then Simon

Go ye therefore, and teach all na

tions, baptizing them in the name of himself believed also: and when he

the Father, and

of the Son, and of the was baptized, he continued with Holy Ghost. Mat. xxvi. 26. And, Philip, and wondered, beholding the miracles and signs which were done.

as they were eating, Jesus took bread,

and blessed it, and brake it, and gave Compared with Ver. 23. For 1 perceive, (said Peter to Simon,) that thou

it to the disciples, and said, Take, art in the gall of bitterness, and in

eat; this is my body. Ver. 27. And

he took the cup, and gave thanks, the bond of iniquity. 1 Cor. iii. 6. I have planted, Apollos watered ; but

and gave it to them, saying, Drink

ye all of it: Ver. 28. For this is God gave the increase. Ver. 7. So then, neither is he that planteth any

blood of the new testament, which is thing, neither he that watereth ; but

sins. God that giveth the increase. 1 Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we ali sign of circumcision, a seal of the been all made to drink into one Spirit.



shed for many, for the remission of

u Rom. iv. 11. And he received the

lieve, though they be not circumcised; that righteousness might be imputed

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