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Q. 69. What is the communion in grace which the members of the invisible church-have with Christ?

A. The communion in grace which the members of the invisible church have with Christ, is their partaking of the virtue of his mediation, in their justification', adoption", sanctification, and whatever else, in this life, manifests their union with him ".

Q. 70. What is justification ?

Ă. Justification is an act of God's free grace unto sinners", in which he pardoneth all their sins, accepteth and accounteth their persons righteous in his sight y; not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them?, but only

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69. * Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, y 2 Cor. v. 19. To wit, that God whom he did predestinate, them he was in Christ, reconciling the world also called; and whom he called, unto himself, not imputing their tresthem he also justified ; and whom passes unto them; and hath comriithe justified, them he also glorified. ted unto us the word of reconcilia

u Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated tion. Ver. 21, For he hath made us unto the adoption of children him to he sin for us, who knew no by Jesus Christ to himself, ac that we might be made the cording to the good pleasure of his righteousness of God in him. Rom. will.

iii. 22. Even the righteousness of 1 Cor. i. 30. But of him are ye God, which is by faith of Jesus in Christ Jesus, who of God is made Christ unto all and upon all them untó us wisdom, and righteous that believe ; for there is no differness, and sanctification, and redemp

Ver. 24. Being justified freely tion.

by his grace, through the redempa 70. * Rom. iii. 22. Even the righ

tion that is in Jesus Christ : Ver. 25. teousness of God, which is by faith Whom God hath set forth to be a of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all propitiation through faith in his them that believe ; for there is no blood, to declare his righteousness difference.' Ver. 24. Being justified for the remission of sins that are freely by his grace, thiough the re past, through the forbearance of demption that is in Jesus Christ : God. Ver. 27. Where is boasting Ver, 25. Whom God hath set forth then? It is excluded. By, what law to be a propitiation through faith of works? Nay; but by the law of his blood, to declare his righteous

faith. Ver. 28. Therefore we conness for the remission of sins that clude, that a

man is justified by: are past, through the forbearance faith without the deeds of the of God. Rom. iv. 5. But to him law. that worketh not, but believeth 2 Tit. iii. 5. Not by works of on him that justifieth the ungodly, righteousness which

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obedience of one shall many be inade the prophets witness, that through Heb. X. 10. By the which will we

for the perfect obedience and full satisfaction of Christ, by them, and God imputed to them, and received by faith alone

Q. 71. How is justification an act of God's free grace ?

4. Although Christ, by his obedience and death, did make a proper, real, and full satisfaction to God's justice in the behalf of them that are justified o; yet in as much as God accepteth the satisfaction from 'a surety, which he parame pot might have demanded of them, and did provide this surety, his only Son", imputing his righteousness generation, and renewing of the

is not justified by the works of the Holy Ghost, * Ver. 7. That being law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, justified by his grace, we should be even we have believed in Jesus e everlastir made heirs according to the hope of Christ, that we might be justified by eternal life. Eph. i. 7. In whom we the faith of Christ, and not have redemption through his blood, works of the law : for by the works the forgiveness of sins, according of the law shall no flesh be justified. to the riches of his grace.

Phil. iii. 9. And be found in him, a * Rom. v. 17. For if by one

not having mine own righteousness, man's offence death reigned by one ;

which is of the law, but that which much more they which receive

is through the faith of Christ, the abundance of grace, and of the gift righteousness which is of God by of righteousness, shall reign in life faith, hy one, Jesus Christ.

Ver. 18.

71. ° Rom, v. 8. But God comTherefore as by the offence of one mendeth his love towards us, in that phy, and judgment came upon all men to con

while we were yet sinners, Christ demnation; even so by the righ died for us.

Ver. 9. Much more teousness of one, the free gift came

then, being now justified by upon all men unto justification of

blood, we shall be saved from wrath life. Ver. 19. For as by one man's

through him. Ver. 10. For if, when disobedience many were made sin

we were enemies, we were reconners; so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. Rom.

Son; much more, being reconciled, iv. 6. Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man

we shall be saved by his life. Ver. whom God imputeth righteousness many were made sinners ; so by the

19. For as by one man's disobedience without works, Ver. 7. Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are righteous. forgiven, and whose sins are cover

di Tim. ii. 5. For there is one ed. Ver. 8. Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute

God, and one Mediator between

God and men, the man Christ Jesus; sin. b Acts X. 43. To him give all

Ver. 6. Who gave himself a ransom

for all, to be testified in due time. his name, whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins.

are sanctified, through the offering Gal. ä. 16. Knowing that a man

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shall prosper in his hand. Ver. 1l. yourselves: it is the gift of God.

to them, and requiring nothing of them for their justification but faith ', which also is his gifts, their justification is to them of free grace".

Q. 72. What of man came not to be ministered knowledge shall my righteous serunto, but to minister, and to give his - vant justify many; for he shall bear life a ransom for many. Dan, ix. 24. their iniquities. Ver. 12. Therefore Seventy weeks are determined upon will I divide him a portion with the thy people, and upon thy holy city, great, and he shall divide the spoil to finish the transgression, and to

with the strong; because he hath make an end of sins, and to make poured out his soul unto death : and reconciliation for iniquity, and to

he was numbered with the transgreso bring in everlasting righteousness, sors; and he bare the sin of many, and to seal up the vision and pro

and made intercession for the transphecy, and to anoint the most holy. gressors. Heb. vii. 22. By so much Ver. 26. And after threescore and was Jesus made a surety of a better two weeks shall Messiah be cut off,

Rom, viii. 32, He that but not for himself: and the people spared not his own Son, but delivered of the prince that shall come shall him up for us all, how shall he not destroy the city and the sanctuary;

with him also freely give us all things? and the end thereof shall be with 1 Pet, i. 18. Forasmuch as ye know

flood, and unto the end of the that ye were not redeemed with corwar desolations are determined. ruptible things, as silver and gold, Isa . liii . 4. Surely he hath borne

from your vain conversation received our griefs, and carried our

by tradition from your fathers; Ver. yet we did esteem him 19. But with the precious blood of stricken, smitten of God, and afflict- Christ, as of a lamb without blemish ed. Ver. 5. But he was wounded and without spot. for, our transgressions, he

2 Cor. y. 21. For he hath made bruised for our iniquities; the chas

him to be sin for us, who knew no tisement of our peace was upon sin; that we might be made the righhim; and with his stripes we are

teousness of God in him. healed. Ver. 6. All we, like sheep,

f Rom. iü. 24. Being justified freehave gone astray : we have turned iy by his grace, through the redempevery one to his own way; and the

tion that is in Jesus Christ; Ver. 25. Lord hath laid on him the iniquity

Whom God hath set forth to be a of us all. Ver. 10. Yet it pleased the propitiation through faith in his

blood, Lord to bruise him ; he hath put

to declare his righteousness for the him to grief: when thou shalt make remission of sins that are past, his soul an offering for sin, he shall

through the forbearance of God. see his seed, he shall prolong his

Eph. ii. 8. For by grace are ye days , and the pleasure of the Lord

saved,

through faith ; and that not of He shall see of the travail of his

h Eph. i. 7. In whom we have soul, and shall be satisfied: by his redemption through his blood, the

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Q. 72. What is justifying faith?

A. Justifying faith is a saving grace', wrought in the in? heart of a sinner by the Spirit k and word of God!, whereby he, being convinced of his sin and misery, and of the disability in himself and all other creatures to recover him out of his lost condition, not only assenteth to the truth use of the of the promise of the gospel ", but receiveth and resteth upon Christ and his righteousness, therein held forth, for pardon of sino, and for the accepting and accounting alor his ji forgiveness of sins, according to the and to the rest of the apostles, Men

and brethren, what shall we do? 72. i Heb. x. 39. But we are not • Acts xvi. 30. And brought them out, of them who draw back unto perdi and said, Sirs

, what must I do to be his only tion; but of them that believe, to saved ? John xvi. 8. And when he is stified are the saving of the soul.

come, he will reprove the world of k 2 Cor. iv. 13. We having the

sin, and of righteousness, and of judgsame spirit of faith, according as it is ment : Ver. 9. Of sin, because they written, I believed, and therefore believe not in me.

Rom. v. 6. For have I spoken :: we also believe, and when we were yet without strength

, pelning mis therefore speak. Eph. i. 17. That in due time Christ died for the unthe God of our Lord Jesus Christ, godly. Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he the Father of glory, may, give unto

quickened, who were dead in tres. you the Spirit of wisdom and revela

passes and sins. Acts iv. 12. Neither tion in the knowledge of him : Ver. is there salvation in any other : for 18. The eyes understanding

there is none other name under heabeing enlightened; that ye may

ven given among men whereby we know what is the hope of his calling, must be saved. and what the riches of the glory of

also

Eph. i. 13. In whom ye his inheritance in the saints, Ver. 19. And what is the exceeding greatness

trusted, after that ye heard the word

of truth, the gospel of your of his power to us-ward who believe,

tion: in whom also,' after that ye according to the working of his believed, ye were sealed with that mighty power.

Holy Spirit of promise. i Rom. x. 14. How then shall they o John i. 12. But as many as reo call on him in whom they have not

ceived him, to them gave he power, believed ? and how shall they believe

to become the sons of God, even to in him of whom they have not them that believe on his name. heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher ? * Ver. 17. So

Acts xvi. 31. And they said, Believe then faith cometh by hearing, and

on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou - hearing by the word of God.

shalt be saved, and thy house. Acts m Acts ii. 37. Now when they

*x. 43. To him give all the prophets
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Q. 73. How doth faith justify a sinner in the sight of God?

A. Faith justifies a sinner in the sight of God, not because of those other graces which do always accompany it, or of good works that are the fruits of it?, nor as if

grace of faith, or any act thereof, were imputed to him for his justification, but only as it is an instrument by which he receiveth and applieth Christ and his righteousness s.

Q. 74. What is adoption ?

4. Adoption is an act of the free grace of God, in and for his only Son Jesus Christ ", whereby all those that are justified are received into the number of his children

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P Phil. iii. 9. And be found in him, is of the law, but that which is not having mine own righteousness, through the faith of Christ, the righwhich is of the law, but that which teousness which is of God by faith. is through the faith of Christ, the Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that a man is righteousness which is of God by not justified by the works of the law, faith. Acts xv. 11. But we believe but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even that, through the grace of the Lord we have believed in Jesus Christ, that Jesus Christ, we shall be saved, even

we might be justified by the faith of

Christ, and not by the works of the 73. 9 Gal. iii. 11. But that no man

law: for by the works of the law is justified by the law in the sight of shall no flesh be justified. God, it is evident: for, The just shall 74. + 1 John iii. l. Behold what live by faith. Rom. iii. 28. Therefore

manner of love the Father hath bewe conclude that a man is justified by stowed upon us, that we should be faith without the deeds of the law.

called the sons of God! * Rom. iv. 5. But to him that u Eph. i. 5. Having predestinated worketh not, but believeth on him

us to the adoption of children by Jethat justifieth the ungodly, his faith sus Christ to himself, according to is counted for righteousness. Com

the good pleasure of his will. Gal. pared with Rom. X. 10. For with the iv, 4. But when the fulness of the heart man believeth unto righteous time was come, God sent forth his ness, and with the mouth confession Son, made of a woman, made under is made unto salvation.

the law, Ver. 5. To redeem them that S John i. 12. But as many as re

were under the law, that we might ceived him, to them gave he power

receive the adoption of sons. to become the sons of God, even to

W John i. 12. But as many as rethem that believe on his name. Phil.

ceived him, to them gave he power iii. 9..And be found in him, not hav

to become the sons of God, even to ing mine own righteousness, which

them that believe on his name.

X 2 Cor.

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