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a vile affectionsk; or outward, as the curse of God upon the
creatures for our sakes, and all other evils that befall us
A. The punishments of sin in the world to come, are severlasting separation from the comfortable presence of
God, and most grievous torments in soul and body, without intermission, in hell-fire for ever o.
Q. 30. Doth God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin and misery?
A. God doth not leave all men to perish in the estate of sin and misery P, into which they fell by the breach of the first covenant, commonly called the Covenant of Works 4;
the Lord, My punishment is greater Ver. 18. Cursed shall be the fruit of
now ashamed? for the end of those
29. 0 2 Thess. i. 9. Who shall be 1 Gen. iii. 17. And unto Adam he punished with everlasting destruction
said, Because thou hast hearkened from the presence of the Lord, and het unto the voice of thy wife, and hast
from the glory his power. Mark eaten of the fruit of which I con ix. 44, 46, 48,-To go into hell, manded thee, saying, 'Thou shalt not where their worm dieth not, and the eat of it; cursed is the ground for fire is not quenched. Luke xvi. 24. thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of And he cried, and said, Father Abrait all the days of thy life.
ham, have mercy on me, and send m Deut. xxviii. 15. to the end. Lazarus, that he may dip the tip But it shall come to pass, if thou of his finger in water, and cool wilt not hearken unto the voice of my tongue; for I am tormented in the Lord thy God, to observe to do this flame, all his commandments, and his sta 30. P 1 Thess. v. 9. For God hath tutes, which I comniand thee this not appointed us to wrath ; but to day, that all these curses shall come obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus upon thee, and overtake thee. Christ. Ver. 16. Cursed shalt thou be in
9 Gal. iii, 10. For as many as are the city, and cursed shalt thou be of the works of the law are under in the field. Ver. 17. Cursed shall the curse : for it is written, Cursed be thy basket and thy store. is every one that continueth not
law and the prophets"; Ver. 22.. risheth, but for that meat which
but of his mere love and mercy delivereth his elect out of it, and bringeth them into an estate of salvation by the second covenant, commonly called the Covenant of Grace".
Q. 31. With whom was the covenant of grace made ?
A. The covenant of grace was made with Christ-as the second Adam, and in him with all the elect as his seed
Q. 32. How is the grace of God manifested in the second covenant ?
Lle A. The grace of God is manifested in the second covenant,
in that he freely provideth and offereth to sinners a Mediator, 1
and in all things which are written in - 31.'s Gal. ii. 16. Now 'to Ab. the book of the law to do them, raham and his seed were the prow Ver. 12. And the law is not of mises made. He saith not, And to faith: but, The man that doeth seeds, as of many; but as of one, them shall live in them.
And to thy seed, which is Christ. r Tit. iii. 4. But after that the
[Ron, v. 15. to the end.] Isa. liii. 10. kindness and love of God our Sa. viour toward man appeared, Ver. 5.
Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise
him; he hath put him to grief: Not by works of righteousness when thou shalt nrake his soul an which we have done, but according offering for sin, he shall see his to his mercy he saved us, by the seed, he shall prolong his days; washing of regeneration, and renew. and the pleasure of the Lord shall ing of the Holy Ghost; Ver. 6. prosper
his hand. Ver. ll. He Which he shed on us abundantly,
shall see of the travail of his soul, through Jesus Christ our Saviour: and shall be satisfied: by his knowVer. 7. That being justified by his ledge shall my righteous servant grace, we should be made heirs justify many; for he shall bear their according to the hope of eternal iniquities. life. Gal. iii. 21. Is the law then
.32. t Gen. iii. 15. And I will against the promises of God? God put enmity between thee and the forbid : for if there had been a law given which could have given life, her seed: it shall bruise thy head,
woman, and between thy seed and verily righteousness should have been
and thou shalt bruise his heel by the law. Rom. iii. 20. Therefore
Isa. xlii. 6. I the Lord have called by the deeds of the law there shall
thee in righteousness
, and will no flesh be justified in his sight : for
hold thine hand, and will keep by the law is the knowledge of sin. Ver. 21. But now the righteous
thee, and will give thee for a ness of God without the law is
covenant of the people, for a light
of the Gentiles. John vi. 27. La. manifested, being witnessed by the
bour not for the meat which peEven the righteousness of God, which is by faith of Jesus Christ
endureth unto everlasting life, which unto all and upon all them that
the Son of man shall give unto believe ; for there is no difference.
you : for him hath God the Father sealed.
u ] John
and life and salvation by him"; and requiring faith as the condition to interest them in him , promiseth and giveth his Holy Spirit * to all his elect; to work in them that faith', with all other saving graces ? ; and to enablethem unto all holy obedience, as the evidence of the truth of their faith and thankfulness to God', and as the way which he hath appointed them to salvation a.
Q. 33. Was the covenant of grace always administered after one and the same manner ?
A. The covenant of grace was not always administered after the same manner, but the administrations of it under the Old Testament were different from those under the New
Q. 34. How
u i John v: 11. And this is the b James ii. 18: Yea, a man may record, that God hath given to us say, Thou hast faith, and I have eternal life; and this life is in his works : shew me thy faith without Son. Ver. 12. He that hath the thy works, and I will shew thee my Son hath life: and he that hath not” faith by my works. : Ver. 22. Seest: the Son of God hath not life.
thou how faith wrought with his W John iii: 16. For God so loved works ; and by works was faith the world, that he gave his only made perfect? begotten Son, that whosoever be C2 Cor, v. 14. For the love of lieveth in him should not perish, but: Christ constraineth us; because we have everlasting life. John i. 12. thus judge, that if one died for all, But as niany as received him, to then were all dead : Ver. 15. And power to become the
that he died for all, that they which sons of God, even to them that bea live should not henceforth live unto lieve on his name.
themselves, but unto him which * Prov. i. 23. Bahold, I will pour died for them, and rose again. out my Spirit unto you,
will make d Eph. ii. 10. For we are his known my words unto you.
workmanship, created in Christ Jesus Y 2 Cor. iv. 13. We having the unto good works, which God hath same spirit of faith, according as it is before ordained that we should walk wristen, I believed, and therefore in them. have I spoken: we also believe, and 33 e 2 Cor. iii. 6. Who also hath
made us able ministers of the new 2 Gal. v. 22. But the fruit of the testament; not of the letter, but of Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suf the Spirit : for the letter killeth, furing, gentleness, goodness, faith, but the Spirit giveth life. Ver. 7. Ver. 23. Meekness, temperance :
But if the niinistration of death, against such there is no-law.
written and engraven in stones, was * Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And I will put glorious, so that the children of my Spirit within you, and cause you
Israel could not stedfastly behold to walk in my statutes, and ye shall
the face of Moses for the glory keep my judgments, and do them. of his countenance, which glory
h Heb. X. 1. For the law having Ver. 8. And the scripture fore. i shadow of good things to come, seeing that God would justify the
the sign of circumcision, a seal of the blessing of Abraham might
Q. 34. How was the covenant of grace administered under the the Old Testament?
A. The covenant of grace was administered under the jalan Old Testament, by promises', prophecies”, sacrifices", circumcision', the passover, and other types and ordinances, which did all fore-signify Christ then to come, and were for that time sufficient to build up the elect in faith in the The promised Messiah', by whom they then had full remission of sin, and eternal salvation m.
Q. 35. How is the covenant of grace administered under the New Testament ?
A. Under the New Testament, when Christ the substance was exhibited, the same covenant of grace was and still
is was to be done away; Ver. 8. How though they be not circumcised; shall not the ministration of the
that righteousness might be imSpirit be rather glorious ? Ver. 9. puted unto them also. For if the ministration of
ki Cor. y. 7, Purge out theredemnation be glory, much more
fore the old leaven, that ye may doth the ministration of righteous
be a new lump, as ye are unleaness exceed in glory.
vened. For even Christ our pass34. f Rom. xy. 8. Now I say,
over is sacrificed for us. chat Jesus Christ was a minister of
1 [Heb. Chapters viii. ix. and x.] the circumcision for the truth of Heb. xi. 13. These all died in faith, God, to confirm the promises made
not having received the promises, unto the fathers,
but having seen them afar off, and 8 Acts üïi20. And he shall send
were persuaded of them, and emJesus Christ, which before was
braced them, and confessed that preached unto you. Ver. 24. Yea, they were strangers and pilgrims on and all the prophets from Samuel,
the earth. and those that follow after, as
m Gal. iii. 7. Know ye therefore, many as have spoken, have likewise
that they which are of faith, the
same are the children of Abraham. and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacri
heathen through faith, preached fices, which they offered year by saying, In thee shall all nations be
before the gospel unto Abraham, year continually, make the comers blessed. thereunto perfect.
Ver. 9. So then they i Rom. iv. 11. And he received
which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham. Ver. 14. That
foretold of these days.
the righteousness of the faith
come on the Gentiles through Jesus the promise of the Spirit through
we might receive
35. ” Mark
is to be administered in the preaching of the word“, and the administration of the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's supper; in which grace and salvation are held forth in more fulness, evidence, and efficacy, to all nations ?
Q. 36. Who is the Mediator of the covenant of grace ?
A. The only Mediator of the covenant of grace is the Lord Jesus Christ', who, being the eternal Son of God, of one substance and equal with the Father, in the fulness
35. Mark xvi. 15. And he said un glorious ? Ver. 9. For if the ministrato them, Go ye into all the world, and tion of condemnation be glory, much preach the gospel to every creature. more doth the ministration of righ
• Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, teousness exceed in glory, &c. * Heb, and teach all nations, baptizing them vili. 6. But now hath he obtained a in the name of the Father, and of niore excellent ministry, by how the Son, and of the Holy Ghost : much also he is the Mediator of a Ver
. 20. Teaching them to observe better covenant, which was establishall things whatsoever i have com ed upon better promises. Ver. 10. manded you: and, lo, I am with you For this is the covenant that I will alway, even unto the end of the make with the house of Israel after world. Amen.
those days, saith the Lord: I will Pl Cor. xi. 23. For I have recei- put my laws into their mind, and ved of the Lord that which also I write them in their hearts : and I delivered unto you, That the Lord will be to them a God, and they shall Jesus, the same night in which he be to me a people. Ver. 11. And was betrayed, took bread: Ver. 24. they shall not teach every man his And when he had given thanks, he neighbour, and every man his brobrake it, and said, Take, eat; this is ther, saying, Know the Lord: for all my body, which is broken for you: shall know me, from the least to the this do in remembrance of me. greatest.
Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye Ver. 25. After the same manner also therefore, and teach all nations, baphe took the cup, when he had sup
tizing them in the name of, &c. ped, saying, This cup is the new
36. r 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one testament in my blood: this do ye, God, and one Mediator between God as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance and men, the man Christ Jesus.
John i. 1. In the beginning was 2 Cor. iii. 6. to the end. Who the Word, and the Word was with also hath made us able ministers of God, and the Word was God. the new testament; not of the letter, Ver. 14. And the Word was made but of the Spirit: for the letter kill- flesh, and dwelt among us, and eth, but the Spirit giveth life. Ver. 7. we beheld his glory, the glory as But if the ministration of death, of the only begotten of the Father,) written and engraven in stones, was full of grace and truth. John x. 30. glorious, -Ver. 8. How shall not the I and my Father are one. Phil. ii. 6. ministration of the Spirit be rather Who, being in the form of God,