a fondness for change can hardly fail to produce mischief.

If thou shouldst become a favourite, employ thy influence to keep peace in the family. In all cases of difficulty, let thy mistress be acquainted, and entreat her to decide the matter. If any of thy fellow-servants are omissive in their duty, remind them in civil and obliging terms. If they will not take thy advice, thou hast nevertheless discharged thy duty. If thou findest any fellow-servant as well inclined as thyself, be her friend; but from the moment she is guilty of any fraud or injustice, or entertains thee with discourse against the person whose bread thou art eating, thou mayest suspect that she is foolish, ignorant, or perverse. Thou wilt generally find those who complain most of others most blameable themselves. Reason calmly with them. Advise them to consider the condition of their service, to · represent their grievances, not to condemn their judge before they appeal to him for justice.

As I have the happiness to be known to the Lady who will take thee as a servant into her family, I promise my. self it will be so much the better for thee, if thou art not wanting to thyself. She spoke in such obliging terms, and promised me so generously to be thy friend if thou deservest, that I hope she will be as a mother to thee. · Take care not to shuffle or equivocate, upon being accused of negligence. The more conscious thou art of neglect, the more thou shouldst beg pardon. Dirt and filtbiness fall within the observation of every one, but neatness and cleanliness is a silent recommendation. The decent and cleanly carry with them a presumptive proof of a virtuous disposition. Industry is generally the companion of cleanliness.

I must not conclude this discourse, without warning thee of the many fatal accidents which happen by fire. Nine in ten are the effects of downright carelessness, and


generally of servants, either from being in liquor, from gross ignorance, or unpardonable thoughtlessness. l charge thee to consider what misfortunes and miseries may be brought on others by this element, which is so admirable a servant, and so terrible a master.

There are some particulars, Mary, which, through the course of my life, I have observed with great exactness. '. Not to leave chimneys too long unswept. "

Not to make a great blaze in the fire-place. .
Not to leave a drawing-stove covered.
Not to leave a poker in a fire.
Not to leave a candle burning in a room.

Not to leave linon airing near a fire. 5-, Not to carry a candle into a stable without a lantloin.

Nor to venture the lanthorn and candle into a bay loft.

And, where the floor of any room is grown spungy by age, to keep the part so affected covered with something woollen, lest a spark should fall on it from a candle.

In "going to bed, use a short candle and a large flat Candlestick, and do not bring a liglited candle near a bed. • These are rules which I recommend to thee to be observed, as thou regårdest thy duty to God and thy neighbour, and as thou meanest to avoid the punishment which the laws of the land inflict on the careless, as well as the wilful.

Friendship being the strongest obligation to the practice of virtue, as it regards particular persons, and the greatest comfort amidst the various calamities of life, whatever thy fortune may otherwise be, I hope, MARY, thou witti find a friend. But be cautious in thy choice. A slight acquaintance is apt to lead the unwary into intimacies, which often prove deadly in their consequences. As to friendship with a woman of a blemished character, shun this, or thou wilt be suspected of entertaining the same sentiments. My dear MARY, observe these rules. Be slow in choosing VOL. I.

В вв

: a

a friend, and slo:ver still to change : Be courteous to all, intimate with few.

Einste with few. · Love, when supported by the judgment seems to include friendship : but, in regard to friendship between the sexes, in youth it is rarely to be foundl, without a mixture of love, oa one side or other; I mean, that tenderness which is so natural to the heart.

It is not uncommon for a woman to imagine herself the object of a man's love, whether she desires to be so or not, as vain men often mistake the civilities of women for love.

Nothing is so common in love as believing absurdities which favour the pressions, except the lavish professions which are made on such occasions ; and from hence arises tię danger. True love hath its root in virtue Constancy is united with it; and, where it subsists in the married ståte, ajversity cannot divide it from the heart. A man of a profligate character can never be a true friend to love, whatever a elistempered imagination may suggest. .

To be concluded in tbe Supplement.


ÇELEBRITY.. Genius is that gift of God which learning cannot con fer, zubicb ne

disadvantages of birth or education can wholly obscure."

:.:.DR. HAWKESWORTH: 1 AN ingenious writer, and author of the ADVENTURER, was bred a watchmaker ; but lie afterwarde applied to literature with so much success, that the merits of one of his works procured for him the degree of LL.D. from the Archbishop of Canterbury, and for his compilation of an account of Điscoveries made in the South Seas, he is said to have received £.6000 sterling. He afterwards became an East Iudia Director, , basi.. :;. AZ TRO



[ocr errors]

WILLIAM HOGARTH. THE celebrated Painter and Caricaturist,“ served an Apprenticeship to the art of engraving arms and cyphers m silver plate and his first employment, after he had begun business on his own account, was to engrave coats of arms and shopbills.'

· He, however, turned his attention also to painting as. well as engraving; in which professions united, he excelled 50 much, that the Harlot's Progress and other pictures by HOGARTH, stamp his reputation, and have long been deser vedly admired.


s How to make SEA WATER Fresh. THE most simple apparatus for this purpose is that invent: L ed by Dr IRVING, for which he received a reward of £3000. By this contrivance, all stills, still heads, &c. are rendered unnecessary; because the common boiler or kettle belonging to a thin, will serve as an effectual substitute: with this ought to be connected, a plain tube made of plate iron or sheet-tin, that may be casily procured on board. AS soon as the sea-water is poured into such vessel, the tube must be fitted to the lid or cover, round which a piece of wet Jinen may be applied, to adapt it the better to the mouth of the new still. When the water boils, the vapour should be suffered to pass freely for a minute, in order to clear the tube, which is then to be constantly moistened, by passing a mop clipped in the sea along its upper surface. The distillationi should be continued till three-fourths of the water be drawi off, when the brine ought to be taken out: thus any quanti, ty of pure water may be obtained.

- :

Substitutes for Soaj. A San article of domestic economy, Fuller's Earth might be n employed in the cleaning and scouring of any thing wonde en; being an excellent substitute for soap, of which great quana tities are consumed that might be saved in house cleaning.;

The Saw-dust of. fir and pine trecs, contains a very large proportion of resinous and saponaceous matter ; so that it has been usefully employed by the country people of Sweden and Norway, instead of soap, in washing coarse linen. * ;

* Directions for making an excellent composition to answer all the purposes of soap for tamily iis, will be given in our Supplement.



(Continued from page 522.) The most expeditious way to extinguish the Flames, and safest

method of going from Room to Room in saving Materials. . EVERY thing being ready, where should the Engines play! . Not, I conceive, upon the centre of the flames, unless there be a fair prospect of extinguishing them speedily; but rather on each side, to prevent them from spreading. If they should, nevertheless, appear to be extending themselves, and the adjoining buildings be in imminent danger, it will be right to consider how the communication may be cut off, whether by pulling down a part of those buildings, or othervise, Wet blankets or cloths may also be provided, to put upon the neighbouring houses, as well as upon stacks of corn,

hay, &c. if such happen to be near. Should there be no hope · of saving the house already in flames from being utterly cone

sumed, it would be advisable to pull it down as fast as pos. sible, by means of large fire-hooks, or the readiest substitute that can be found. Not only would some of the material: be thus saved, but the fire itself, by being either choked or disa persed, would be more speedily put out. Ive 2017

In passing from room to room, where the flames do not prevail to such a degree as actually to endanger life, I have been informed that the London Firemen creep along the floor, with their faces as near it as will allow them to more, and in this manner escape suffocation from the smoke and heated air. A striking example of the efficacy of this method is given in the Monthly Magazine for January last. The linen having taken fire in the laundry at Corby Castle, it was found impossible to enter the room in an erect posture, with out danger of immediate suffocation; but, by crawling or

En stooping * All things considered, I cannot help thinking that the greatest part of the water (whether impregnated with any of the non-combustibles or not) should be directed against the windward side of the building, as, in this case, the wind, instead of blowing up the flames will assist in preventing them from reviving on that particolar side, and the stream of water being carried forwards by the engine, as they disappear, towards the centre, and from thence to the in side of the house it is natural to suppose the fire will be more speedils and effectually extinguished,

$lhat the

« ElőzőTovább »