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victims to the disease are opium eaters and persons addicted to ardent spirits." Both in India and Eng. land, temperance is the great preventive of disease. Let those who have plenty, abstain from overloading the stomach, and those who have but little, spend it on what is really nutritious.
2. Avoid getting wet feet. If exposed to such an accident, especially avoid sitting down in damp clothes; change them as soon as possible, and keep in action till you can do so.
3. However weary, avoid lying down to rest on the damp ground. This caution is chiefly necessary to those employed in hard labour out of doors. Avoid also sleeping near, or passing over by night, any marshy swampy places.
4. Avoid sleeping in low, ill-ventilated rooms. All windows should be opened as soon as possible in the morning, and closed before the damp of evening comes on. Windows should be made to open as wide as possible, and to open from the top. Beds should be left open a considerable time to be aired.
5. Let the bowels be kept in regular action, but not by means of lowering purgatives; neither salts nor magnesia are proper ; rhubarb is very good. It may be chewed, or taken in powder or pills. The following electuary is very good to keep in the house for occasional use:-} oz. of flour of sulphur, i oz. of senna powder, 2 drachms of powdered ginger, į drachm of powdered saffron, 4oz. of honey*. Take half a tea-spoonful, or a tea-spoonful, as may be found to suit. Those whose calling necessarily exposes them to damp, should guard themselves against its effects, not by drinking spirits, for the effects of these, once passed off, leave the frame more than ever exposed to the approach of disease, but by the use of strengthening bitters. Infusions of bark, columbo or gentian, with spices, are the most suitable ; ginger is excellent.
6. If sickness should appear in the neighbourhood,
* Where honey does not agree, treacle sometimes will.
Einerally the chlori medicinettoptheory in
Hints on the Cholera Morbus. 525 or the family, several cautions are especially necessary:
Let the healthy be kept from the sick, except such as are necessarily engaged in attending upon them.
Let not several sick persons be crowded together : they aggravate each other's disease, and greatly increase the danger of spreading it to others. If possible, let each sick person have a separate and well aired apartment.
Do not depend on the use of camphor, pastiles, or other similar expedients, to destroy infection. They conceal, but cannot destroy, the injurious effluvia. By far the best medicines for counteracting infection, are the chlorides of soda and of lime; now pretty generally known. They, however, form no substitute for cleanliness and ventilation. The chief matter is, to keep a sick room well aired and perfectly clean. · A fire in a sick room greatly tends to purify it, by carrying the draft up the chimney. If a very small fire can be kept without making the room hot, it is desirable on this account. Those who attend the sick should, as much as possible avoid imbibing the effluvia of their persons and linen ; they should never approach the sick person with an empty stomach, and should go on that side of the bed between the window and the sick person, so that the effluvia may be carried from them.
Those whose duty calls them to attend the sick, should avoid gloomy imaginations. Nothing can more effectually open the constitution to infection than possessing the mind with an idea that we must necessarily take the disease, On the other hand, there is no safer course than to go on steadily in the path of duty, using every rational precaution, and cheerfully relying on the wisdom, power, and goodness of God.
But another train of thought is awakened by the rumour, or the approach of disease.
What if it should come, and we should be among its victims ?-are we prepared to meet it? Oh, how infinitely important is it that our sins should be blotted out through the atoning blood of Jesus Christ! that we should live a life of humble, happy communion with God, through his dear Son, having access by faith to our reconciled God and Father! that the Holy Spirit should be operating upon our sinful hearts, and renewing them, day by day, in advancing in holiness and fitness for heaven! What a happiness to be able to look death in the face, and to say, He was an enemy, but he is conquered, “thanks be unto God who giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ !"
If we are Christians, whatever troubles await us, we are not destitute of a refuge. He that dwelleth in the secret place of the Most High, shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty.
If we are Christians, we must love our country, and pray for it. “The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.”
If we are Christians we ought to be intent on Christian usefulness; and the apprehension or even rumour of approaching pestilence should stimulate us to fresh diligence and ardour. Perhaps the ability to do any thing useful may be speedily and suddenly cut off. Perhaps many of those for whom we ought to have prayed and laboured, may soon be beyond the reach of our labours and our prayers. “Whatsoever, therefore, our hand findeth to do, let us do it with all our might, since there is no work, nor knowledge, nor device, in the grave whither we go.* " E. C.
RECEIPTS. Mode of preserving apples, in North America, from
frost. Cover them, before the approach of frost with a thin linen cloth. This mode is also practised in Germany, and would probably answer for potatoes.
* Since the above has been printed, we find that directions, on the same subject, from the Board of Health, have been published in the Gazette. These directions, in many points, agree with those of E. C., and are well worthy of the serious attention of every family, and every person.-ED.
Selections from different Authors. 527
Cure of the Rot in Sheep. Take a quantity of rue leaves, bruise them well, express * the juice, and add an equal weight of salt. When any of the sheep are in great danger of being rotten, give them a table-spoonful of this once a week, or if not so bad, once in ten or twelve days. This will be found an excellent preservative, and, in fact, should always be given to sheep newly brought in, as it may preserve them in health, and can do them no harm.
British Herb Tea. Dried hawthorn leaves, two parts ; sage and balm one part; mix these well together, and they will make an excellent tea.
The above receipts have been sent to us; we have not tried them.
SELECTIONS FROM DIFFERENT AUTHORS.
“ Ye ought to be quiet, and to do nothing rashly." (Acts xix. 36.) A very good rule this is, to be observed at all times, both in private and public affairs ; not to be hasty and rash in our motions, but to reflect, and take time to consider; not to put ourselves or others into a heat, but to be calm and composed, and always keep reason on the throne, and passion under check. These words should be ready to us, to command the peace with, when ourselves or those about us are growing disorderly. “ We ought to be quiet, and to do nothing rashly;" to do nothing in haste, that we may have reason to repent of at leisure.-M. Henry.
Most people stand in awe of men's judgment more than of the judgment of God. How well were it if we would still the tumult of our disorderly appetites and passions, and check the violence of them with the con
* Squeeze out.
sideration of the account that, we must shortly give to the Judge of heaven and earth for all our violence. The Same.
There is not a tittle of sound evidence to prove that there can ever be any satisfactory or lasting enjoyment, which has not duty for its object, or its source, and true principle for our guide.—Captain Basil Hall.
EXTRACTS FROM THE PUBLIC NEWSPAPERS, &c.
CHOLERA MORBUS.—A child in India said to his teacher, “ Sir, I have found a remedy for the cholera morbus,” and pointed him to the ninety-first Psalm. Happy are they who can constantly apply to it.-Mrs. Copley's Tract.
ACCIDENT IN A COAL-PIT.- Inquisitions were lately taken at the Pentre, near Swansea, on view of the bodies of four men and two boys, who were unfortunately killed by an explosion of hydrogen gas, which took place in the Alltysreech Colliery, belonging to Sir J. Morris and Co. Several of the surviving men were examined, but it did not appear that any blame was attributable to the agent of the colliery, and a verdict of “ accidental death” was returned in each case. We understand that the workmen in this, as well as several other collieries in the neighbourhood, decline the use of the Davy lamp, and to their obstinacy in this respect, no doubt, is to attributed the fatal occurrence. -Cambrian.
We are truly sorry to find that the workmen in the collieries are so unwilling to use the lamp invented by Sir Humphrey Davy. This lamp, being made with a sort of wire gauze, gives light, without allowing the flame and the inflammable gas to come together. The light perhaps is not so good as that of a lamp unguarded; and moreover, the men frequently go down into the coal-pit with a naked lamp without injury; so that for the sake of a little more light, and perhaps thinking there is no danger, they will run the risk of their lives; for wherever the hydrogen gas is formed in the pit, the naked flame will assuredly set fire to it, and hence the number of accidents which we hear of from neglecting the means of safety.
TO CORRESPONDENTS. We have received the communications of B.; J.C.; F.; A Constant Reader; J. H. C. ; J. S. B.; S. L. A.; A Worcestershire Correspondent » E. C.; D. W.; C. S. R.; Pater; N. H. D.;: Q; Edith ; with several Anonymous Papers.