Execution of John Bird, at Maidstone. 429 and you talk of them as if they were nothing; and as if there was no need to seek to get rid of them." -

" That is not my meaning, Sir. It is needful that taxes should be raised for the support of the nation, and to pay the just demands of those of whom the State has borrowed money: but I don't wish to see any unnecessary expenses in the government, or any taxation made or continued that can be avoided ; but still, I mean to say that those people who grumble most tax themselves ten times more than they are taxed by government, and I know, that, if they would follow any advice, the greater part of them would now have nothing to grumble about; and I believe I owe my present prosperity to thinking of that rule, 'Don't tax your self; and I know, that all that government can do for the removal of taxes, will do no good to those who will not look to themselves, and take off the burdens which their own extravagance, and pride, and folly, lay upon them; for, as · Poor Richard' said, when I was a boy, 'Though the taxes are indeed heavy, yet we are taxed twice as much by our pride, three times. as much by our extravagance, and four times as much by our folly. That saying of Poor Richard's, Sir, has. been the same to me as if any man had left me a good estate.”

V. ...i busetii,

. .$0 ** EXECUTION OF JOHN BIRD, AT MAIDSTONE., This boy, who was hanged for murdering another poor boy, 'named Taylor, was only fourteen years old. This murder seems to have been committed for the sake of getting some money which Taylor had been to fetch for his father, who received relief from a neigha bouring parish. Bird seems to have been a boy of a hard and savage disposition. It would be useless, and disgusting, to give the particulars of this dreadful deed. But the crimes which we, every day, read of, from what are called the smaller offences even to those of the most

deep and deadly kind, shew what the mind of man is, when uninstructed in the principles of religion, and uninfluenced by the grace of God. Let every parent then remember that his children are committed to his care by the Almighty himself; and that a day will come, when a solemn account must be given of the manner in which the parents' duty has been discharged ;--and let them feel, too, that nothing but a principle of religion can restrain their children from the commission of crimes,-nothing but God's grace can keep them from sinking under the power of temptation to sin. Let parents then use such means of instruction as may guide their children in the right way; and let them seek for the help of God's Spirit to lead themselves, and those committed to their charge, in the path of holiness towards God, and uprightness towards their fellowcreatures. A course of obedience to the will of God, and of regard to the good of our fellow-creatures, is the only way to be happy and to be safe.

The parents of this unhappy boy, whose crimes brought him to his miserable end, took no pains to lead him in the right way ;-in truth, they never knew that way themselves ;-and thus we are not surprised to see what was his wretched life, and his dreadful end.

The following extract is taken from the Globe newspaper :

"The parents, particularly the mother, of this boy, are said to be persons of the most immoral and depraved habits, and to have brought up their children, two boys and a grown-up girl, in total ignorance of all religious belief.

“The parents are donkey drivers, and keep three or four of these animals, with which they travel about the neighbourhood of Chatham, Rochester, &c., hawking things for sale ; and on these poor animals they are said (the woman especially) to inflict, at times, the most cruel tortures."

Extracts from different Authors. 431 EXTRACTS FROM DIFFERENT AUTHORS. Lust is fatal to the best understandings, it perfectly besots and reigns over them with uncontrolled power. -Abp. Tenison.

No one who is earnest in prayer for deliverance: from the power of sin did ever continue to be under the dominion of sin.-V.

Real Christian believers, as they grow older in grace, become wiser in the kingdom, more catholic, patient, forbearing, candid, and forgiving. They see a thousand mistakes and often wilfulness in their own early profession; and these incline them, through an increase of wisdom and strength, to suffer kindly the infirmities and frailties of others. They then love what is sincere, encourage what is weak, pardon what is childish, endure what is troublesome, correct what is evil, and pray, not rave, when they see but slow improvements.-Leighton.

That which linketh Christ to us is his mere mercy and love towards us. That which tieth us to him is our faith in the promised salvation revealed in the word of truth. That which uniteth and joineth us among ourselves, in such sort that we are now as if we had but one heart and one soul, is our love. Hooker.

The light of knowledge doeth well, but the due ordering of affection doeth better.- Bishop Hall. - The stars in their courses fight against unbelief; the works of God give hourly confirmation to the Law, the Prophets, and the Gospel, of which one day telleth another, and one night certifieth another; and the validity of the sacred writings can never be overthrown, while the moon shall increase and wane, and the sun shall know his going down.--Dr. Johnson.

If a person gives much of his time to prayer, and yet lives in the practice of some known sin, it is certain that his prayers are not the sincere and spiritual offerings of his heart.-V.

Religion has a natural tendency to impart health and vigour to the body, because it preserves a man from those distempers which proceed from unsubdued lusts, and diffuses over the mind that calm serenity and heartfelt joy, which even upon the body exercise a medicinal influence.-Lawson on the Book of Proverbs.


In this month gather fruit, as it ripens, for present use, or for store. Most kinds of fruit may be preserved a considerable time on the tree by the use of nets, or wool, or crape; the wool or crape should be wrapped round the peaches or apricots separately, and will defend them against wasps and flies.-Making nets is a good and pleasant employment for winter evenings ;-a net or two may enable a cottager to sell late fruits at a great price. Gardener's Calendar.

Bees. A person who was engaged in thatching a stack at Richmond, observed a swarm of bees flying across a field near him; instead of the usual means, he instantly set out with a sheaf of straw, held it up in the midst of the colony on wing, and the swarm settling on it, were carried to a convenient spot for being hived.--Sheffield Iris.

A very large crop of the avanacea, or skinless oats, was cut in a field in the parish of Ashford, near Barnstaple. If it be true, as stated, that this species of oat produces from eighty to ninety bushels per acre, and that each bushel yields 50lbs. of four, there can be little doubt that properties so desirable will bring it into general use.-West Briton.

It is remarked, says a writer in a French scientific work, that many persons have been seriously attacked, in consequence of eating mouldy bread, with the symptoms usually produced by poison. Infants are particularly liable to be affected this way. The custom of making a supply of bread which is to last them for several days, and the consequent risk of its becoming mouldy, renders this circumstance worthy of attention.-Globe.

TO CORRESPONDENTS. We have received the communications of B.; R. L.; A. A. S.; C. D.; C. S. R.; S. R.; L. S. R.; Autumnus ; 1. M.; a Friend to the Poor ; Kirdfordiensis; A Correspondent, and some anonymous papers.

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BEFORE we enter upon the awful and deeply interesting history of our Saviour's sufferings, which is appointed to engage our attention during passion week, our Church calls us to prepare for the study of it, by a suitable disposition of heart, without which the mere recital of what our Lord hath done and suffered for us, will profit us nothing.

What this disposition is, we are taught in the Epistle for this day. Here we learn that Christ came into the world, not only to be a sacrifice for sin, but also an example of godly life. Would we embrace the offers of his love, and thankfully meditate on his precious death, we must first strive to be lowly as he was lowly. The mind of Christ must be in us, though we be not required to suffer such things as he suffered. The meekness, humbleness, long-suffering, patience, and submission to his Father's will, which formed the most remarkable features of his character, it must ever be our aim to copy.

In vain for us hath Christ died; in vain for us hath his blood been shed, if we follow not the blessed steps of his most holy lifę. O how should it lighten every load of earthly sorrow to reflect that he who is our King and Lord, he who hath paid the ransom for

NO. 10.-VOL. XI. U

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