« ElőzőTovább »
grievously debased. Those who would introduce foreign usages and amusements amongst us, to the interruption of our present quiet mode of spending the Sunday, are either enemies to true religion, or indifferent to the real good of the people; or they are ignorant of what contributes to form in them that character which every true friend of his country would wish them to possess."
Sent by Ignota (from Gilly's Narrative, &c.)
TO PREVENT INFECTION. MR EDITOR, I SEND you a few extracts, for the Cottager's Visitor, with which I have lately met in the course of reading. As typhus fever is very prevalent in many places, I add the rules for the prevention of infection, which I cut out of a report of the London Fever Hospital, and which it may be useful to reprint at this moment.
Copies are distributed gratis by the Institution, and can be had of any of its officers. Your obedient servant,
IGNOTA. RULES TO BE OBSERVED IN THE APARTMENTS OF
THOSE WHO ARE CONFINED BY INFECTIOUS FEVERS.
1. It is of the utmost importance to the sick, and their attendants, that there be a constant admission of FRESH AIR into the room, and especially about the patient's bed. The door, or a window, should therefore be kept open both day and night, care being taken to prevent the wind from blowing directly on the patient. * 2. An attention to CLEANLINESS is indispensable. The linen of the patient should be often changed; and the dirty clothes, &c. should be immediately : To prevent Infection... 375 put into fresh cold water, and afterwards well washed. The floor of the room should be cleansed every day with a mop, and all discharges from the patient should be immediately removed, and the utensils
3. Nurses and attendants should endeavour to avoid the patient's breath, and the vapour from the discharges; or, when that cannot be done, they should hold their breath for a short time. They should place themselves, if possible, on that side of the bed, from which the current of air carries off the infectious yapours.
4. VISITORS should not come near to the sick, nor remain with them longer than is absolutely neces, sary; they should not swallow the spittle, but should clear the mouth and nostrils when they leave the room.
5. No dependance should be placed on vinegar, camphor, or other supposed preventives, which, without attention to CLEANLINESS and admission of FRESH AIR, are not only useless, but, by their strong smell, render it impossible to perceive when the room is filled with bad air or noxious vapours.
N. B. If these rules be strictly observed, an infectious fever will seldom, if ever, be communicated; but if they be neglected, especially where the patient is confined to a small room, scarcely one person in fifty who may be exposed to it can resist the contagion : even infants at the breast do not escape it, though, providentially, less liable to be affected than adults.
Since infection originates in close, crowded, and dirty rooms, those who make a practice of admitting the fresh air, at some convenient time, every day, and of frequently cleansing and fumigating their apartments, bedding, furniture, &c. and washing the walls with quicklime, mixed with water, in the room, go the right way to preserve their families from malignant fevers, as well as from other diseases.
It may not be improper to describe the process of fumigation, which is extremely simple, and easily performed.
« Take an equal quantity of powdered Nitre and strong Vitriolic Acid, or Oil of Vitriol (about six drachms of each are sufficient); mix them in a tea-cup, stirring them now and then with a tobacco-pipe, or piece of glass; the cup must be removed, occasionally, to different parts of the room, and the fumes will con-, tinue to arise for several hours.” · The “Chlorate of Lime” has of late been very gene. rally used, and does really correct the bad air, instead of merely substituting a strong scent in its place, like camphor, vinegar, &c. &c.
A CAUTION. A FARMER lately lost a number of valuable pigs, by: the practice (said to be not unfrequent) of putting the lid of a copper vessel into the hog-wash, to clean it. The wash is generally sour, and therefore takes off the verdigris, so that the copper comes out clean; but the liquor becomes deadly poison. A number of haymakers were made very ill, and narrowly escaped death, in consequence of their soups being left to stand in a copper vessel. - Times Newspaper.
EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM SIR EARDLYU3 fasistent, I WILMOT TO HIS SON,
, ".10. [Written in the Year 1764.] Itsinel's - I take the first vacant hour I have, at this month, to acknowledge the receipt of your letter, and to assure you of my love and affection. I doubt not you will second my endeavours to cultivate your mind, and prin41111.** Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleaș. , !)
A few Suggestions on Lukewarmness. 377 cipally to implant in it principles of honour and truth: and, however you may be exalted or depressed in the world, the resolution of acting upon these principles will give you the greatest degree of happiness that is to be found in this world. But, above all things, remember your duty to God, for, without his blessing, my love and affection for you, can neither promote your happiness here, or hereafter; and whether my heart be full of joy or grief, it will always anxiously desire that all my children may be more distinguished for their goodness, than for their greatness.”
PO presidendi rinas st!..', From another Letter. .
bokado " Let me recommend a constant attendance on prayers; for religious habits give religious practices; and, whatever resolutions you may make, if Religion does not bind the observance of them upon your mind, human reason will be too weak for the impulse of human passions.-Be assured that all knowledge is not worth a single wish, if it do not lead its owner to think humbly of himself.”
** STORMS arise about every man, for the trial and exercise of his faith and obedience; and are often sent by God to awaken men's minds, and to call forth their attention to their real happiness both here and hereafter ; they are frequently meant as the kindest admonitions, and are the messengers of God's favour and goodness! ...... That God may take you under his protection, is the incessant prayer of your most affectionate father, John EARDLY WILMOT."
A FEW SUGGESTIONS ON LUKEWARMNESS SHEWN
DURING DIVINE SERVICE. PEOPLE, for the most part, shew by their conduct in Church, what motives have brought them thither.
-Some attend Divine Service out of compliance with the custom of their country; others frequent it with a wish to please their Minister; the object of not a few is to hear something in the sermon that will “ please their ear;" and multitudes are desirous to obtain some worldly end, the fulfilment of which depends upon their habitual presence in the house of God.
The extreme indifference which is seen in the conduct of many, clearly proves that their attendance at Church is caused by one or other of these motives. And what solemn mockery, what presumptuous arrogance, what deliberate insult is such conduct towards that God whom we all profess to adore, and in whose immediate presence we are assembled! Ye, to whom conscience whispers that you are guilty on this point, pause and reflect upon your danger. If you enter God's house with a firm resolution, by his aid, devoutly and sincerely to join in the Service, you will leave it with a blessing upon your sincere endeavours to please him. If you go thither, and allow your minds to wander upon earthly objects, you will quit it twofold more the child of Satan than you were before;- you will call down a curse from on high, instead of a blessing; and when summoned before your Judge in the next world, will be asked, as the guest was at the marriage feast, why you had not on a wedding garment; and, like him, be bound hand and foot, and cast into outer darkness, where shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. . Sent by “ AN ANXIOUS REFORMER OF MORALS."
ON CHRISTIAN SELF-DENIAL. (From the Bishop of Chester's “ Practical Exposition of the
Gospel of St. Matthew and St. Mark.") Every Christian is called to self-denial, in renouncing his own will, and submitting it to the will of his heavenly Father. If man had remained innocent, if