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value of the crop, when a good number of trees are concerned, as would be the case where cultivated for market; but for balf a dozen or so trees, as in a private yard or garden, of course it won't pay.
Mr. - inquired if the practice of digging the ground and beating and rolling it hard, when the trees were in blossom, was not the substance of the Mathews Remedy for the curculio, of which there was a good deal of talk some years ago ?
Mr. Fabnestock said that he was a personal friend of Mr. Mathews, and was one of the committee to whom he imparted a knowledge of bis remedy for the purpose of having it tested and the result made known. That committee, of whom Mr. Barry was also a member, had never been satisfied that the remedy was sufficiently effective to answer the expectations of the publie or the desires of the inventor; and now that so long time bas elapsed he believed there was no object to be accomplished by keeping the matter secret. In fact it was already pretty extensively known, as we have just learned, and is a part of the method practised by Ellwanger and Barry, to wit, spading the ground under the trees, turning it over as deeply as can be done, and beating it bard just before the insects ascend the trees in the spring. At this time, it was claimed, the insects would be very near the surface of the ground, and if buried 4 to 8 ioches deep and the ground made bard above them, they were unable to make their way out. Mr. F. was of the opinion that if this was properly done at the right time, it was of considerable advantage, and no doubt contributed materially to the success of Messrs. Ellwanger and Barry, although they probably relied mainly on the jarring of the trees afterwards.
Mr. A. G. Hanford, of Columbus, spoke of the contrivance of Dr. Hull of Alton, III., for jirring plam trees. He has a light, folding frame, covered with cotton cloth, with an opening on one side to admit the body of the tree ; this is placed on top of a sort of wheelbarrow so constructed that it can be wheeled from one tree to another, and striking against the tree cause sufficient jar, by its momentum, the frame or catcher being at the same time brought into position without the operator baving to let go the handles of the barrow, except occasionally to empty out the insects.
Mr. Nelson said be bad tried the jarring process pretty thoroughly without success -did not think it would pay. Mr. Storrs had succeeded so well with it that he had to prop up bis plum trees to prevent their breaking down with fruit. Mr. Lyon bad seen good results from jarring; said the curculio often stings apples, as seen by its mark, but he thinks the worm does not live so as to come to maturity tbere, as he never could find a live one of considerable size in an apple; and the wound always seemed to have healed. He also thought the worms did not generally come to maturity in cherries, the fruit ripening too early for them.
Dr. Lungren, of Toledo, said he had paid much attention to the habits of the curbulio; he found that it was not disposed to fly from tree to tree, except when disturbed, or in search of the proper nidus for its eggs. He had considerable faith in Mathews' remedy, and also in jarring; but the latter would need to be continued for a longer period than three or four weeks, for he had discovered a second crop of the insects, depositing eggs, as late as the 1st of July; but probably this second brood is
not often so numerous as to cause much damage, especially as fruit is then so far advanced.
BLACK KNOT IN PLUM TREES.—Mr. Storrs said he formerly lived in Cortland Co., N. Y., and there the black knot very generally prevailed, as it does in many other parts of that State; he had recently seen it very bad in Western Pennsylvania, around Erie and Gerard; but he had not seen any of it in Ohio; he could not tell wby it should prevail in those States and not in this; bad noticed that it was, seemingly, worst in cold, clayey lands, where beech and hemlock timber prevails; he was not aware that the cause of the disease, or the remedy, had as yet been discovered.
Mr. Elliott, Mr. Stowe, a d several others were familiar with the disease, but bad never seen it in Ohio except in young trees brought from the East, and then it did not spread. Dr. Warder said the opinion had been put forth that this disease was caused by the curculio depositing its eggs in the young branches, when it could not find fruit; but this idea was erroneous and soon abandoned. The eggs of the curculio and other insects may have been found in the soft, pulpy substance produced by the disease, but that was an effect and not a cause of the evil. The real cause had not been discovered ; and no better remedy was known than cutting off the affected parts and burning them. Similar disease exists in some kinds of forest trees, as the scrub oak, in certain parts of the country.
ELECTION OF OFFICERS.
The Committee on Election made the following recommendation of officers for the
ensuing President - Dr23. AUSTIN SCONT BATETIAM, Of Colum. B. Marshall, Massiliou
For President-Dr. J. A. WARDER, of Cincinnati.
Committee Ad-Interim—G. W. Campbell, of Delaware ; S. B. Marshall, Massillon; F. R. Elliott, Cleveland ; J. R. Miller, Springfield, with the abore officers.
The report of the Committee was confirmed by the meeting, and the officers recommended were elected.
RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED. Mr. Elliott, of Cleveland, offered the following rosolution, which was unanimously adopted by the Society:
Resolved, That the President, Vice President, and Secretary of the Ohio Pomological Society be a Committee empowered in the name of this Society to petition the State Legislature for a grant of money sufficient to pay the traveling expenses of the Ad-Interim Committee, in examining, comparing and preparing a report on early and late summer fruits, or such as cannot be brought together for examination at our regular annual meetings.
Mr. Batebam offered the following, which was also adopted :
Resolved, That the Committee Ad-Interim be requested to make a report on Strawberries and other summer fruits, the coming season, from observations made by them
in two or more sections of the State, and that their traveling expenses for this purpose be paid by the Society as far as there may be funds on hand.
A resolution was also adopted thanking the President for the very able and gentlenanly manner in which he had presided over the deliberations of the Convention.
Another resolution was adopted by acclamation, thanking the citizens of Toledo for their very cordial and generous hospitality to the members and delegates of the Society from abroad, during the three days of the meeting.
NEXT MEETING OF THE SOCIETY.
Mr. Storrs, in behalf of the citizens of Painesville, O., invited the Society to appoint its next annual meeting at that place.
Mr. Miller did the same in behalf of the citizens of Springfield, O.
Several members of the committee expressed their preference for Painesville ; (and the Secretary of the Society is now a resident of that place.]
FRUITS AND WINES EXHIBITED. Indiana Horticultural Society, by G. M. Beeler, Secretary—31 varieties of Apples. J. A. Scott, of Toledo-85 varieties, most of them correctly named. M. Shoemaker, Toledo-16 varieties. Peter Shaw, Toledo—30 varieties H. Kellogg, Adams township, Lucas county—20 varieties. E. L. Nichols, Toledo-10 varieties. James W. Ross, Perrysburg—25 varieties. A. Fahnestock, Perrysburg~6 varieties. T. T. Lyon, Plymouth, Michigan—8 varieties. R. Marshall, Painesville-8 varieties. George Powers, Perrysburg—24 varieties. A. P. Reed, Waterville—10 varieties, M. B. Batebam, Columbus—4 varieties. James Dunipace, Wood county-10 varieties. H. Hefflebower, Montclovia, Lucas county—13 varieties. George Powers, Perrysburg—5 varieties of Pears. E L. Nichols, Toledo -1 variety ditto. James Dunipace, Wood county—4 plates of magnificent Isabella Grapes. George Baker, Toledo-2 pots oranges, in fruit.
H. T. Dewey, Sandusky–Catawba Wine, vintage of '62 and '63; Isabella, vintage of ’62 and '63; Kittridge, vintage of '63; Black Currant, vintage of '63.
James Dunipace, Wood county-Catawba and Clinton, vintage '61; Isabella and Clinton, vintage of ’62 ; Red Currant.
Mrs. Joseph Bell, of Washington township, Lucas county_7 varieties of Wines Elderberry, Isabella, Peach, Raspberry, Pear, Red and White Currant.
APPLE JELLY PROX CIDER. C. Cory & Sons, of Lima, Indiana, exhibited specimens of Apple Jelly made from
new cider on a sorgho evaporator. It was very much admired for its fine color and consistence, as well as excellent flavor. The opinion was expressed that the article will become one of considerable commercial importance, as well as a domestic luxury.
The following communication from the manufacturers was read : Ohio Pomological Society:
RESPECTED Sirs-We send you by express several specimens of cider jelly, which you will please have the goodness to test and dispose of ad libitum. It is made purely of the juice of the apple, without any admixture whatever, no sugar and no chemicals. The apples were ground and pressed in the ordinary way, and the cider, after being strained, and before its fermentation, was passed in a thin and nearly continuous current over the intensely heated surface of our clarifying and evaporating sugar pan. The whole process of cleansing and condensing to the requisite consistency for jellies, being about eight gallons into one, is performed in from twenty to thirty minutes from the time that the cider enters the clarifier until it leaves the opposite end of the evaporator, duly cleansed, condensed and cooked. From fifteen to twenty barrels of cider may be thus transformed per day of ten hours' service, on a pan of suitable dimensions for family or neighborhood use.
Our apparatus is made of copper, and proves equally adapted to the manufacture of these pleasant tarts and our northern sweets. It is observable that cider jellies do not (at least in our three years' experiments,) conjeal into candy, por mould on the surface. Its flavor also improves by age. The jellies herewith presented are of this past season's manufacture-were made of a mixture of tart and sweet apples, and the fair samples of several thousand gallons made in this region by ourselves and by others who have adopted our implements and method of manufacture. An abundance of the like may, in propitious seasons, be made to advantage in all the fruit-growing portions of our country. It has been much admired wherever introduced, and our physicians prefer it for their patients to other jellies made of the best materials. Respectfully submitted,
C. CORY & SONS, Lima, Ind. January 11, 1864.
MEETING OF THE AD INTERIM COMMITTEE.
At Cleveland, September, 1863.
DISCUSSION ON GRAPES AND PEACHES. This meeting was held on Wednesday evening, the week of the State Fair, for the purpose of examining some of the fruits on exhibition at the Fair, and discussing their merits, &c.
The season having been quite favorable for grapes, the display of this fruit was an. commonly fine, and embraced a large number of new varieties, or such as are but little known; hence it was thought best to devote most of the time of the meeting to this subject.
The President of the Society (Dr. Warder,) not being present, the Vice Presiden J. Austin Scott, took the chair. The Secretary, (Mr. Bateham,) stated the object of the meeting, and presented specimens of a number of varieties of grapes and peaches taken from the tables at the Fair, which he desired to bave examined and discussed these fruits not being in season at the usual time of the meetings of the society.
GRAPES. Cuyahoga.—Specimens doarly ripe, quite good. Mr. Batebam said he had beard several persons at the Fair express their dissent from the remarks of Dr. Taylor in our last report on this variety—that it deserved more praise than was there awarded it.
Dr. Taylor replied that for two or three seasons past, this variety had not met the expectatious of its friends; but it bad done better the present season, and he was persuaded when the new vines came into bearing, with proper treatment, it will sustain all reasonable expectations and representations that bave been made respecting it.
Lydia.-Specimens fine-from Mr. Carpenter, of Kelley's Island, and Mr. Campbell, of Delaware. Mr. Batebam said he bad seen the vines in bearing at Mr. Carpenter's, and was quite favorably impressed-more so than heretofore with this va. riety-be regretted that Mr. Carpenter was not able to be present and give the result of his experience. I
Mr. Campbell said the Lydia had fruited finely with him this season—though last year it showed some disposition, in common with many other varieties, to rot; less, however, than Catawba, Diana, Anna, and some others. This year it bas no superior in flavor and quality, except the Delaware, in my collection. Its time of ripening is only about one week later than Delaware ; berries large and very handsome—bunches on young vines rather small, though larger than those of Rebecca at same age. His present impression is that the Lydia will prove one of the very best light colored grapes yet introduced.
Allen's Hybrid. —Another white or light-colored grape-Mr. Campbell said it fruited well with bim this season, and is a very handsome and good grape. The bunches rather large and compact ; berries full medium, color and flavor much resembliny the Chassellas; skin thin, flesh tender and delicate--valuable for amateur culdur, but too delicate for market, or for distant carriage.
Mr. Bateham said he had hoped this would prove just what we wanted for a hardy white yrape ; but from wbat he had seen of the vine and fruit, he was afraid it was too much like its foreign parent to prove bardy and reliable here ; still he would recommend it for trial by amateurs. Dr Taylor spoke favorably of it, and thinks it may prove hardy and valuable.
R becca - Fine specimens exhibited, and the fruit esteemed by all present, but the feeline growth of the vine and liability to mildew in unfavorable seasons, were admitted ? bi serions objections.
Crearling -Specimens fully ripe--gord, but not high flavored—resembling Isabelje Hr. Bateham said he had found this in bearing the present season at Mr. Caip wei's, on Kelly's Island, also at Mr. Ensign's, in Lake county; be was pleased with the variety, especially on account of its earliness.