Although the second table has little connection, if any, with the main point aimed at—the present trial not being conducted for profit merely, but more to test weights attained, and consumption of food required to obtain these--still, putting a money value on this food may help to bring out results more clearly. It is therefore assumed that the prices are alike for each lot, and as near the actual prices of the different articles at the time of the trial-say, pasture-grass at £3 per acre; clover at 3d. per stone, making the proportion of one-third hay at 9d. per stone; turnips at 89. per ton; mangolds at 12s. per ton; Indian corn at £8 per ton; oilcaks at £11 per ton; oats at 22s. per quarter, 40 lbs. per bushel.-Scotland Agricultural Journal.





Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Society, held at Toledo,

January 12, 13, 14, 1864.

This meeting was held in the court house at Toledo, commencing Tuesday morning January 12th, according to announcement-all needful preparation having been made by the members of the Horticultural Society of Toledo, who already had a fine display of fruits on the tables, especially of winter apples.

After an hour or so devoted to shaking hands and arranging fruits, the meeting was organized, with the President, Dr. J. A. WARDER, in the Chair, and M. B. Bateham, Secretary. An Address of Welcome was then delivered by J. Austin Scott of Toledo, Vice President of the Society, in behalf of the citizens of Toledo and the Lucas County Horticultural Society, expressing their interest in the meeting, and proffering to the delegates the hospitalities of their homes and firesides.

The Secretary made a report of the meeting of the committee ad interim, at Cleve land, during the State Fair in September, which was ordered to be published. He also presented a report of the Treasurer, which was accepted.

The President announced the following Committees:

On Credentials and Introduction of Delegates and Members Messrs. J. F. Hall, George Baker and M. Shoemaker.

The duties of this committee are to introduce delegates and members to the Society; furnish the Secretary with a list of their names; and to increase the membership of the Society by those in attendance, or who are interested in the subject of Pomology.

On Railroad Memorial-Messrs. Dr. J. A. Warder, M. B. Bateham, and M. Shoemaker.

The duties of this Committee are to collect statistics of horticultural products trans ported by rail within the limits of this State, and, after consulting similar committees in other States, they will unite with them in preparing a suitable memorial to the railroad corporations in the hope of inducing them to grant increased facilities for attendance at Pomological meetings and exhibitions.

On Fruit Lists--Messrs. Geo. Powers, A. Fabnestock and L. 8. Stowe.

This Committee will attend to the proper exhibition of the specimens presented, see that they are suitably displayed, and take the lists, with the nan es of exbibiters, and report the same to the Secretary.

On New or Rare Fruits— Messrs. F. R. Elliott, W. H. Scott, T. T. Lyon and Geo. M. Beeler.

This Committee is to examine the collections, so as to make selections of such specimens as they may deem of sufficient interest to bring before the Society for especial botice at this meeting

On Business and Resolutions-Messrs. M. B. Batebam, John R. Miller and A. E. Macomber.

This Committee will prepare the programme and order of exercises for the meetings. All resolutions and communications are to be referred to them for presentation to the meeting at the proper time.

On Nominations-Messrs. John R. Miller, L. S. Stowe and J. F. Hall.

It is the duty of this Committee to prepare a list of candidates for election to the several offices of the Society.

The following resolution was adopted by the Convention :

Resolved, That gentlemen from other States, who manifest an interest in Pomology by attending the meetings of this Society, be regarded as honorary members, and be invited to participate in the discussions, and that the Secretary send them our Annual Report when published.

Among the fruits on exhibition were 31 varieties of apples from the Indiana Pomological Society, presented by Geo. M. Beeler and Wm. L. Loomis of Indianapolis; also 85 varieties by J. Austin Scott of Toledo; 30 varieties by Peter Shaw, and 16 varieties by M. Shoemaker of same place ; 20 varieties by H. Kellogg of Lucas co.; 25 varieties by Jas. W. Ross, and 24 varieties of apples and 5 of pears by Geo. Powers of Perrysburg, besides numerous smaller assortments, from this and other parts of Obio, and some from Michigan-in all, over 300 plates of fruit. There were also 4 plates of fine Isabella Grapes from Jas. Dunipace of Perrysburg, and several bottles of wine from the same; also samples of excellent wine from H. T. Dewey of Sandusky, and others.

In the afternoon the attendance of members was quite good, representing nearly all parts of the State, and very respectable delegations were on hand from Indiana and Michigan.

The discussion on Apples, with the revision of the Fruit Catalogue for Ohio, was entered upon and occupied most of the afternoon and part of the next day.

In the evening, according to announcement, the Annual Address of the President was delivered before the Society, and was li tened to with marked attention and interest by a large audience. At its close a resolution was passed thanking the President for the address, and requesting a copy for publication in this report.


The American Pomological Society having issued (in 1862) a “Catalogue of Fruits for cultivation in the United States and Canadas, compiled from the reports of State and District Committees,” our Society, last year, resolved to take up this catalogue and carefully revise it with reference to its adaptation to the State of Obio; and, inasmuch as the different sections of the State are found so diverse in soil and elimate, that fruits which succeed well in one section are sometimes found worthless in others, it was thought best to divide the State into five sections, thus :

North eastern-geological character-sandstone, conglomerate and coal measures.
North-western-cliff limestone and sbale, drift mostly clay loam-plains.
Eastern, including also the South-eastern-sandstone and coal measures.
Central, including central western-cliff limestone and shale—clayey drift.

Southern, including South-western-mostly blue limestone, with marl and clayhills and river valleys.

For each of these sections, it was agreed there should be a separate column in the catalogue, with such signs or marks as would indicate whether the variety of fruit named was known and approved, or otherwise, in that section. The mode of proceeding adopted was, for the chairman to read off the names as they occur in the list, then call upon the members present from each section, in turn, to express briefly their opinions, the Secretary noting down the same in their several columns.

In this way the whole catalogue was gone over, with Apples, Peaches and Pears; and the results were compiled in a convenient form-devoting the first page to brief remarks, and the second to the tabular columns. This catalogue was again revised at the present meeting, and the whole is republished in this report.


EXPLANATION OF Columns.—The figures preceding the names refer to corresponding figures on the opposite page, to save repeating the names.

The first column, Season. S. stands for summer; A. autumn; W. winter ; E. early; L. late. Those not designated early or late, may be regarded as medium.

The second column, Use. K. kitchen, or for cooking ; M. market (or money); C. cider. Those not designated may be regarded as for desert or general purposes. Those marked A. are specially for amateurs, being too small, or otherwise unsuited for profit.

In the remaining columns, three dots thus, ... signifies that the variety is not sufficiently knowo or tested in that district; a dash - signifies that it is known, but does not succeed well or is not approved ; a star thus, * signifies it is generally approved ; two stars, ** much approved ; a dash and star, -* approved by some persons, or does well in some localities, not in others..



1. Alexander, showy, but poor quality; not approved or much grown. 2. Am. 8. Pearmain, fruit approved, but Benoni as good, and grows better. 3. Ashmore, little known in Ohio; approved by some.

Astrachan Red, generally commended, especially for market. 5. Autumn Swaar, (sweet,) not generally known; some like it.

Baldwin, good North and East, and in some localities South.
Baily Sweet, approved where known; not sufficiently tested South.
Baltimore, (of Elliot,) good market apple, North and East ; not generally known
Bellflower, generally approved ; not very productive or reliable.

Belmont, very popular North and East; not so good South. 11. Beauty of Kent, not much known or approved.

Benoni, much approved where known; especially South. 13. Bentley Sweet, good, late winter ; not generally known.

Blue Pearmain, not approved; coarse and inferior.
Broadwell, known only central and South ; approved there.
Bullock's Pippin, small, but fine flavor; for amateurs only.
Canon Pearmain, Southern ; long keeper; little known.

Carolina June, not generally tested ; approved by some. 19. Cogswell, not generally tested in Ohio ; good North.

Cooper, good, but variable; poor grower; not generally approved.
Cooper's Market, little known ; approved by some.

Danver's Winter Sweet, generally approved where known. 23. Dominie, not generally known; good and profitable for market. 24. Dutch Mignonne, showy, but too sour, little known. 25. Duchess of Oldenburg, handsome and fair quality ; little known. 26. Dyer, or Pomme Royal ; generally approved where known. 27. Early George, little known; similar to Harvest; better grower. 28. Early Harvest, approved by all, but not a good grower or very profitable. 29. Early Joe, small fruit, but very good, for amateurs only. 30. Early Pendock, or August ; good for market and cooking, 31. Early Red Margaret, small, little known; not generally approved. 32. Early Strawberry, generally approved, though rather small. 33. English Russet, (Poughkeepsie Russet.) One of the best Rassette. 34. Fallawater, (Tulpehocken,) large and popular everywhere, though second rats. 35. Fall Pippin, good and popular, not very productive. 36. Fall Jennetting, approved only for cooking and market. 37. Fall Queen of Kentucky, approved South ; little known elsewhere. 38. Fall Wine, bandsome and good, but slower grower; little known. 39. Fameuse, generally approved where known; especially North. 40. Fenton Sweet, handsome and good ; not generally known. 41. Fink, new, very long keeper; resembles Tewksberry Winter Blush. 42. Fort Miami, not much known; approved North-west. 43. Fourth of July, or Siberian August; resembles Tetofsky; handsome, nev. 44. Garden Royal, for amateurs only; little known in Ohio. 45. Gilpin, or Romanito ; approved as a long keeper ; small, second rate.

« ElőzőTovább »