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Cattle, entries of Thoroughbred, 1863 ... 38 Curl and blister of Peach leaves........ 460

awards on " . ....... 40 | Cereals, memoranda on ...............

entries of Work Oxen and Steers. 40

awards on "

" .. 40 Drain-Tile Machine..

entries of Fat Cattle and Milch Cows Draining, philosophy of........ ...... XXX

awards on " " " .. 41 Deep Plowing, hints on

xxxiii

statements of Exbibiters of Cattle. Depth for covering Wheat............ xxxix

entries in Sweepstakes Cattle..... 42 Dickinson, W., letter on Breeding Horses. 167

awards on " " .....

Feed Cutter, Buckeye....

Cider and Wine Mill with Press, combined

| Fence, Portable Brace....
Corn Sheller, Higby's ........

Flour and Grain, awards on ............

Corn Separator, "

Statement of Dutton & Preece. 93

Cultivator, Briggs' improved ...

| Flowers, Stove and Green House, Profes-

Churn, J. S. Colburn's

sional, awards on............. 103

Clothes Wringer, Putnam's..

Amateur, awards on..........
Cider Mill and Press ........

Fine Arts, awards on.............
Cabinet-ware, awards on...

Farm Crops, statements of........
Chemicals, awards on...

Feeding, Theory and Practice of, by Stone-
Cheese, awards on...

henge..................

S. E. & H. N. Carter's statement..

Bedding for Horses.

A. Bartlett's statement .........

Dressing or Grooming...

E. C. Cox's statement........... | Food for Horses, analysis of ......
C. H. Dunbar & Son's statement. 6 66 " in England........
Hammon Stevens' statement.....

French Merino Sheep in Ohio...........
John J. Eldridge's statement ....

Forshhammer on Minerals in Plants.....
H. F. Giddings' statement ......

Forage Plants, chemico pbysiological char-
Commended list of articles of 1863......

acteristics...............
County Societies, abstracts of reports....

Foot-Rot in Sheep.........

officers of ............

Cattle, species of......................

Goats, Cashmere, awards om. ... ......

definition of race, tribe, kind, &c..

Report of Committee......

origin of races..

371 | Grain Drill, Smith, Barnes & Co.......

methods of Breeding............

375 Grapes, awards on...................... 110

Breeding and Management, by T.

List of, exhibited by Geo. W. Camp-

C. Jones ..

388 bell..........

.......... 111

Breeding and Feeding, by Prof. Gangee John, Microscopic Worms in Man 494

....... 403

Expense in Breeding ............ 386 | Horses, entries in Thoroughbred.........

in-and-in Breeding, and Thorough

awards in "

Breeding .........

entries in Roadsters.............

Crossing .......

awards in "

...........44-46

......

Refreshing of Blood

entries in Horses for General Pur-

Pastures............

poses......................... 46

Thoroughbred .........

awards in Horses for General Pur-

Comstock’s Rotary Spader........

poses...............
Canada, agriculture in...... ..... xxviii entries in Draft.......
Chemistry and Physiology in agriculture. li

awards "
Crops in Prussia.

...... lxxv

entries in Matched Horses and

Cotswolds in Ohio ....

Chemico physiological characteristics of

awards in Matched Horses and

plants .......

....... 431

Mares......

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116

ladependent Societics..................... 162 Necdle, Shell and Wax Work, awards on. 68

Native Fruits, Catalogue of............. 108
Jacks and Mulas, awards on............. 55
Jones, T. C., on Cattle Breeding and Man. Obio State Fair, for 1863............... 37
agement ................... 388 Oviatt's Improved Thresher and Scpara-

tor...........

.....61-62
Klippart, John II., Essay on Sheep....... 201 Opinions of the Press. .....

translation of Settegast 293 Officers of County Societies............. 165

compilation of Origin
of Cattle........... 364 Proceedings of Board..........
translation of Geo. May | Presidents of County Boards, names of

on methods of breed Premiums on Cattle, discussion on.......

ing ............... 375 Plowing, question about.....
* " Translation of Doctor Poultry, awards on.......

Grouven on Charac Pitchfork, Randell's Horse........

teristics of Plants... 431 Plows, awards on.......
Condition of Agricul Philosophical and Surgical Instruments,
ture in Ohio....... xvii awards on.........

Peaches, awards on........
Liebig, on the action of manures ........ Ivii Pears, awards on....
Labor, wages of in Ohio...

.lxvii Plums, awards on....
Lustre Wool, Growth of.

Quinces, awards on.........

Leicesters in Ohio,

Pears, list of, by Ellwanger and Barry...

Lime, Chloride of.............

492 Plums, "

Plants, Chemical and Physiological of va-

Members, election of....

I rious Forage Plants..... ..... 431

Machinery, Engines, etc., awards on..... 60 Philosophy of Draining................ Xxx
First Division, "

Plowing, hints on deep...............,xxxii'
Second Division, "

69 Plants, importance of hybridization....... xliii
Third Division, "

74 Physiology and Chemistry in Agriculture li
Mills, Champion Nonpareil .....

75 Physiologist, task of in Agriculture...... lix

201

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President's Address........ ...... vii Sheep, Essay on Varieties and Culture of

Potatoes, H. V. Bronson's statement of... 163 in Obio-J. H. Klippart ............. 201

Geo. Manchester's " ... 164 Sheep, Growth of Lustre Wool.......... 201

Precocity of Development in Cattle...... 403 French Merinos and their grades.. 228

Development under natural

French Merinos, description and

circumstances........... 405

1 statements of ..... ........ 231

Development under artificial

Saxons and their grades.........

circumstances........... 407 Saxops, description and statements

Development under domesti-

of..

236

cation........ ...... 409

Silesians ..

particular results of the forc-

South Downs........

........
ing system. ......

415

South Downs, description and state-

Plants, what they feed on........

ments of .

242

Forage, chemico physiological char-

Cotswolds ..

........ 24

acteristics of...

Cotswolds, description and state-

Pear, Apple and Quince Blight...

ments of .....

249

Pork, diseased...

Leicesters .........

250

Sheep Husbandry in Ohio.............. 253

Randall, H. S., Address of....... 340 Negretti Breeding of, by W. Sette-

Raspberries, awards on.....

gast..........

Rotary Spades, Comstocks.

Spader, Comstock's Rotary ............

River Counties, statistics of...

Statistics of Crops in Ohio for 1863 .....

Report of Treasurer..

act in relation to.............

Races of Cattle, origin of......

Scioto valley, statistics of..............cviii

artificial.

Stonehenge, Essay on Feeding Horses ... 181

Settegast, W., on Negretti Sheep........ 293

Salisbury, J. H. and C. B., on Microscopic

State Board, proceedings of .......

researches ................ 450

State Agricultural Fund....

on Peach leaf curl and blister. 460

State Board, members of........

Soil we cultivate......... ........ 484

Societies, District and County.....

deep stirring of........

........ 485

District..

exbaustion of .

........ 488

State Fair Grounds, location of.

Sheep, awards on Merinos, Fair of 1

Tobacco Question................ 24 and 28

16 “ Silesians

Tools and Household Implem'ts, awards on 79

Report of Committee.....

Turnip crop in Canada ............... xxvii

awards on Leicesters.......

Treasurer's Report.........

........ ix

Report of Committee.......

Trichinea ..................

awards on Cotswolds........

66 “ South Down and Fat Vehicles, awards on ........ .........
Sheep ....................

Vegetables, Roots, &c., awards on ......
Swine, Large Brecds, awards on .......

Small Breeds, awards on... 59 Wheat Drill.........

Sweepstakes on Swine ...... 60 | Wood Saw .........
Seed Separator and Cleaner.....

66 Worked Metals, awards on.......
Sewing and Knitting Machines, awards on 86 | Wooden Ware, awards on,
Sewing Machines, Wheeler & Wilson's... 87 | Wool, growth of Lustre ............... 201
Silk and Fabrics of Silk, awards on ..... 88 | What Plants feed on, and Minerals in the
Stoves, Castings, &c., awards on ........ 90 asbes of Plants......... ....... 422
Saddlers’and Shoemakers' Ware, awards on 91 Wbeat, how deep to sow.... ...... xxxxiii

........ lxvii
Sugar Evaporators and Mills, awards on.. 100 | Wages in Ohio ..............
Statement of Farm crops......
..... 163 Western Reserve ........

........cxvi

............... 494

::::::

PRESIDENT'S REPORT.

To the General Assembly of the State of Ohio :

The Eighteenth Annual Report of the Ohio State Board of Agriculture, is herewith respectfully submitted to your honorable body. The Report will be found to embrace, as the law directs, “the proceedings of the Board for the past year, and an abstract of the proceedings of the several County Agricultural Societies, as well as a general view of the condition of agriculture throughout the State,” &c.

The active operations of the Board for the past year have been limited to making the necessary arrangements for holding the Annual State Fair, and to give encouragement, by means of premiums, to the better culture of some important field crops. The Annual Fair was held in the city of Cleveland, and was well attended, and doubtless contributed greatly to stimulate those present to attempt the better management of their farms, and higher styles of culture.

The reports from County Societies give evidence that the agriculture of the State was not paralyzed by the withdrawal of laborers from the State for the defense of the country. The increased use of machinery, moved by animal, water, and steam power, in farming operations, has enabled farmers to accomplish the usual amount of labor with a diminished number of hands. The County Fairs of this year have been better attended than those of last year, and have been held in a larger number of counties.

For a general statement of the condition of the agriculture of the State, you are respectfully referred to the report on this subject, made to the Board by its Corresponding Secretary.

An exhibit of the financial condition of the Board will be found in the Treasurer's report. It will be seen from this that a larger balance now stands to the credit of the Board than at any previous period of its his. tory.

The Board would again respectfully but earnestly recommend the acceptance, on the part of the State of Ohio, of the grant of land made by Congress for the establishment and support of agricultural schools. There

cannot be a question among the well informed of the utility of such institutions, neither can there be much doubt of the great necessity of such an institution in Ohio at the present time. Nearly every other Northern State has already accepted the Congressional grant on the conditions specified, and has thus obtained an advantage over Ohio of earlier and better selections from the public domain.

The Board would also again urge the propriety of an annual appropriation of $3,000 to defray the expenses of this Board, and for the promotion of its objects, in lieu of the present agricultural fund derived from escheats of lands and show licenses. The revenue of the Board derived from these sources has been so irregular and uncertain as seriously to embarrass the operations of the Board, and to prevent any systematic course of investigations and experiments, which would otherwise have been undertaken. It is with regret on the part of the Board that its operations have been thus limited by the want of funds. Agricultural surveys, original investigations and experiments, the pnblication of a quarterly journal, with other kindred labors, would have been cheerfully undertaken, if the sum placed annually at the disposal of the Board would have justified the ex. penditure.

Trusting that the General Assembly will be able to devise measures adapted to promote not only the interests of agriculture, but all the best interests of the State,

I am your obedient seryant,

N. S. TOWNSHEND,

President of the Board. Avon, Dec. 31st, 1863.

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