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faithful slaves rub their own clear of shower; and tripping lightly forward, any lurking drowsiness; and then tug with garments, and, perhaps, looks, a their respective mistresses by the toe or little the worse for the wear of the prethe shoulder, to rouse them up to per- ceding evening, plunge at once again, form the ablutional devotions usual at into all the depths of its amusements. the dawn of day. All start mechanic. Coffee, sweetmeats, kaliouns, as before, ally, as if touched by a spell ; and then accompanying every obstreperous recommences the splashing of water, and petition of the midnight song and dance; the muttering of prayers; presenting a and all being followed up by a plentisingular contrast to the vivacious scene ful breakfast of rice, meats, fruits, &c., of a few hours before. This duty towards noon the party separate ; after over, the fair devotees shake their having spent between fifteen and sixfeathers like birds from a refreshing teen hours in this riotous festivity.

Original Poetry.

SONGS.

THE LAST ROSE OF SUMMER.

AR, look upon those withered flowers,

And look upon that broken lute!
Why are those roses scentless, dead ?

Why are those gentle chords so mute?
A sun-beam pass'd and kissed those flowers,

Waked the young bloom, the incense sigh ;
But darkling clouds came o'er that ray,

The rose was left to droop, to die,
A wind breathed by and waked the lyre,

Oh never had it such a sound;
But soon the gale too rudely swept-

The lute lay broken on the ground ! These things are emblems of my heart;

And what has been thine influence there? You taught me first love's happiness,

How could you teach me love's d. spair !

MURAL REFLECTIONS WROTE WHILE ON THE
CROSS OF ST. PAUL's.

I.
The man that pays his pence and goes

Up to thy loliy cross, St. Paul,
Looks over London's naked nose,

Women and men :
The world is all beneath bis ken,
He sits above the Ball.
He seems on Mount Olympus' top,
Among the Gods, by Jupiter! and lets drop
His eyes from the empyreal clouds
On mortal crowds.

II.
Seen from these skies,
How small those eminets in our eyes

Some carry little sticks-and one
His eggs-to warm them in the sun :

Dear what a hustle

And bustle !
And there's my aunt. I know by her watst,

So long and thin,

And só pinch'd in,
Just in the pismire taste.

III.
O! what are men ?-Beings so small,

That should I fall
Upon their little heads. I must
Crush them by hundreds into dust :

iv.
And what is life and all its ages

There's seven stages!
Turnham-Greru! Chelsea ! Putney ! Fulham

Brentford ! and Kew!

And Tooting too!
And oh! what very listle nags to pull'em.

Yet each would seem a horse indeed,
If here at Paul's tip-top we'd got 'em,

Although, like Cinderella's breed,
They're mioe at bottom.
Then let me not despise a horse,
Though he looks smail froin Paul's high cross
Since lie would be, as near the sky,
Fourleeu bands high.

V.
What is the world with London in its lap?

Mogg's Map.
'The Thanırs, thai ebbs and flows in its broad channel

A Ady kemel.
The bridges stretching from its banks ?

Stone planks.
Ah me! hence could I read an admonition

To Mad Ambition !
But that he would not listen to my call,
Though I should stand upon the cross and ball,

LOVE'S LAST WORDS.

Light be around thee, hope be thy guide ;
Gay he thy bark, and smooth be the tide ;
Soft be the wind that beareth thee on,
Sweet be thy welcome, thy wanderings done.
Bright be the hearth, may the eyes you love best
Greet the long-absent again to buis rest;
Be thy life like glad music which flonleth away
As the gale lingering over the rose-tree in May.
But yet while thy moments in melody rall,
Be one dark remembrance left on tly soui,
Be the song of the evening ihrice sail ou thine ear-
Then think how your twilights were past a way here.
And yet let the shadow of sorrowing be
Light as the dream of the morning to thee !
one fond, faint recollection, one last sigh of thine
May be granted to love so devoted as mine!

ATHENEUM VOL. 11.

61

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ORIGINAL ANECDOTES--LITERARY NEWS—REMA RRABLE INCIDENTS, &c.

us.

On the most correct documents it is cal. great actions; and calling to mind the culated that no less than one hundred thou- heroic achievements of ancient times, sand human creatures are likely to fall vic: the brave general thus addressed his tims in Ireland, to Famine or Fever, in many cases to both ; and if means are not im- soldiers. < Comrades and fellow citimediately applied, other parts of Ireland, as zens! the decisive moment is arrived. well as the South and West, will most likely Surrounded by enemies, and deserted soon be visited with the same shocking by our friends, it only remains to know scene of men, women, and children, living, or endeavouring to live, on the leaves of if we will courageously imitate the er. trees, sea weeds, and other vegetables, on ample formerly set by our ancestors which horses and dogs cannot be preserved among these magnificent mountains ; alive : in consequence, the typhus fever is indeed upon the spot on which we now sweeping of hundreds of our fellow-crea- stand. An almost instant death awaits tures, where famine has not done so. CANOVA'S DEAD CHRIST.

If any one fear, let him retire; Canova is executing at Rome a new group

we will not reproach him; but let us of figures regresenting a dead Christ, the not impose upon each other at this Virgin, and Mary Magdalene. The same solemn hour. I would rather have a subject has often been treated by artists, bundred men firm and steadfast to their and, among others, by M. Angelo. however , asserted, that Canova bears away fight, might occasion confusion; or by

It is, duty, than a large army which, by the palm from all.

precipitous retreat, immolate the brave ANECDOTES. Postkumous Travels. The Royal Prus

men who would still defend themselves. sian General, Meine von Minutolt

, lately As to myself, I promise not to abanmade a scientific tour through Egypt and don you, even in the greatest danger. Syria, where he formed an excellent collec. Death and no retreat! If you particition of Egyptian antiquities, and got safely from Alexandria to Trieste, where they pate in my resolution, let two men were placed on board a vessel, to be con come out of your ranks, and swear to veyed to Berlin ria Hamburgh. During me, in your name, that you will be one of the late violent storms, the ship was faithful to your promises." unfortunately wrecked, between Heligoland and Cuxhaven. A few light boxes, contain

When the chieftain had finished his ing mumınies, were lately driven ashore on address, his soldiers, who had been the coast of Balje, in the dukedom of Bre- leaning on their arms, and listening in

The country people, on opening reverential silence, instantly hailed its them, were not a little terrified on finding conclusion with loud shouts of " we that they contained dead bodies—which they immediately buried. The mummies

will never desert you;" “ we will never have, however, been dug up, and delivered abandon you ;" “ we will share your to the Prussian authorities.

fate, whatever it may be.” Two men ALOYS REDING.

then moved out of each rank, as RedWhen the French armies entered ing had desired; and giving their Switzerland, at the commencement of hands to their chief, confirmed the oath the revolution, Aloys Reding resumed their comrades had taken. This treathe sword in favour of his country, and ty of alliance between the chief and his performed many splendid actions. But soldiers, was sworn in open day, and the armies of his enemies were too nu- in one of the sublimest scenes in all merous, and treachery and cowardice Switzerland; a treaty which, as the thinned his own ranks. At length the historian Zochockle observes, bears time arrived which was to decide the marks of patriarchal manners worthy issue of the contest. Certain death the simplicity of the golden age. These appeared to await the whole band of brave men fought and bled with the heroic Swiss. On the sublime heights resolution of heroes, and the enthusiasm of Morgarten, Reding appeared at the of patriots; but fate having for a time head of his troops. Morgarten bad decreed the subjugation of their counbeen a theatre for the performance of try, they fought therefore in vain.

men.

SECOND SIGHT.

SPIDER THREAD.

FRUIT TREES IN GERMANY. It had long been a question among philosophers, whether it was possible to render

In the Duchy of Gotha, there are many the labours of the spider subservient to the villages which obtain a rent of two or three benefit of mankind. In the earlier part of hundred dollars, or more for their fruit the last century, this question was partially trees planted on the road side, and on the solved by M. Bon of Languedoc, who fabri

commons. Every new married couple is cated a pair of stockings and a pair of bound to plant two young fruit trees. The gloves, from the threads of spiders. They rent is applied to parochial purposes. In orwere nearly as strong as silk, and of a

der to preserve the plantations from injury, beautiful grey colour.

the inhabitants of the parish are all made The predatory habits of the spider, how. answerable, each of whom is thus a watch ever: would seem to oppose an effectual upon the other; and if any one is caught barrier to their being bred up in sufficient in the act of committing any injury, all the numbers to render such a manufactory at all damage done in the same year the authors productive. The following arguments

of which cannot be discovered, is attributed against the probability of any real or per

to him, and he is compelled to atone for it manent advantage resulting from this at. according to its extent, either by fine or cortempt were published by Reaumur, whom poral punishment. the Royal Academy, had deputed to inquire into the matter.

The natural fierceness of spiders renders Mr. Editor.-Having seen in the them unfit to be bred and kept together. Literary Gazette an extract from ColoFour or five thousand being distributed in cells, fifty in some, one or two hundred in nel Stewart's admirable work,t menothers, the big ones soon killed and eat the tioning an extraordinary instance of smaller ones, so that in a short time there second sight occurring to a gentleman were scarcely one or two left in each cell; in 1773, I cannot forbear relating a own species is attributed the scarcity of conversation which I held with a young spiders, when compared with the vast num man at Brecon, S. Wales, within two ber of eggs they lay. Reaumur also affirms, years, on a vision seen by him and his that the web of the spider is inferior in father's servant at the same time, and strength and lustre to that of the silk worm, therefore the more extraordinary. and produces less of the material fit for use. The thread of the spider's web can

Mr. told me that he was walkonly bear a weight of two grains without ing from his own home to a village four breaking; and the bag sustains the weight or five miles distant, one afternoon, on of thirty six grains. The thread of a silk worm will bear two drams and a half, so

some business which required the farmthat five threads of the spider are necessary ing servant to accompany him ; just as to form a cord equal to that of a silk-worm; they came to the bridge which there and as it would be impossible to apply these crosses the Usk, they perceived a funeso closely together as to avoid leaving any ral procession, and he expressed some not be reflected, the lustre would conse- surprise to the man that they had never quently be considerably less. This was no heard of any death in the neighbourticed at the time the stockings were pre- hood, and they began to guess who it sented to the society by M. de la Hire. It could be. The funeral advanced; they was further observed, that spiders afford less silk than silk-worms, the largest bags saw various people, both on horseof the latter weighing four grains, the small. back and on foot, with whom they er three grains, so that 2,304 worms pro were perfectly well acquainted, and duce a pound of silk. The bags of a spi, with whom they would have spoken der weighs about one grain ; when cleared of the dust and filth they lose about two

on any other occasion; and these per-. thirds of that weight. The work of twelve sons came so near to them, that they spiders therefore, only equals that of one found it necessary to stand close up insilk-worm, and a pound of silk will require, to one of the corners* of the bridge. at least 27,648 spiders. But as bags are When the funeral had gone past they solely the work of the females, who spin them to deposit their eggs in, there must proceeded, and soon reaching the toli be kept 55,296 spiders to yield one pound bar, enquired of the man who lived of silk; and this will apply to good ones on there, whose funeral it was they had ly, the spiders in gardens barely yielding a twelfth part of the silk of the domestic met on the bridge ? He replied, no kinds. Two hundred and eighty of them

+ See Ath. p. 221. would not produce more than one silkworm; and 663,555 such spiders, would abutments, which form triangular recesses on the

• The bridges in S. Wales are generally built with scarcely yield a pound of silk !

bridge.

funeral had passed that day, nor had He replied, " I dined with my mother he heard of any person in the neigh- at two o'clécs, and might have taken a bourhood being dead. In great sur- single glass of wine with her or not, I prise, they eagerly mentioned the cannot recollect, but certainly not more. names of various persons, especially I was as well as I am now, and when those on horseback, who lived in the the funeral first appeared, was speakneighbourhood; he knew them well, ing to the man on the business we were but declared positively they had not going upon, and had no thoughts in my passed the bar that day, and it was not mind whatever, nor had either of us possible for them to have gone over the the slightest idea that we bad not sren bridge without doing so.

a common funeral, until we were conTwo or three days after this, a gen- pelled to give it up by the toll-keeper, tleman farmer in the neighbourhood and many other people on the road, died, and the man at the toll-bar through who must inevitably have seen it as which the funeral passed, said it was ourselves ; nor did any funeral take attended by the same persons in the place in the neighbourhood until the same situation described to him by one I have mentioned, about a week these two men, so far as he could judge; afterwards. To the circumstances I and several of them Mr. (the re- have mentioned I can safely take my later) declared he had seen and ques- oath, and so can the man that accomtioned, and they told him that they had panied me, who is well known as a very attended the funcral mounted, or dress. honest fellow, and still in our service." ed, in the very way himself and his There were many names mentioned father's servant described them ; but and incidents particularized in this stothat on the evening when the vision ry, which I have either forgotten, or took place, they were employed in remember insufficiently for recapitulatheir ordinary occupations.

tion; but this is the substance, and is The young gentleman from whom I too remarkable to be forgotten, or in received this account was well educat- my opinion accounted for by any ordied, and of good family. He appeared nary elucidation; and being completeto be two or three and twenty years of ly before us as to the time, persons, and age; was at that time improving him- place, has, at least, the advantage of self in a solicitor's office of great re- being fairly examined. spectability, and lived in the house

SUPERSTITION. where we had lodged for some weeks. The age of miracle has not followed the There was nothing in his conversation age of chivalry into oblivion. A very recent or conduct which indicated either hu- Continental Journal (June 1822) contains mour or fancy; still less was there in and Council of Bossagues, that on the 12th

the affidavit of M. Donnadieu, the Mayor him the appearance of melancholy or of last May, a girl of fifteen years of age, superstition; he was rather a dashy paralytic for more than three years, was young man, who would have laughed miraculously cured on the day of the festiat the story from another person. He

val of St. Fulcran, the patron saint of the

place. was by no means forward to relate this

PUNS. circumstance; but being asked to do so A Waterman the other day boasting of by a lady in the room, in consequence the proficiency of some of his pupils in the of some conversation which had arisen, now fashionable art of rowing, declared he did so in a plain and manly way ; 300n“ make a man of him," " Then," said as one who sincerely wished the thing a wit,“ he must be a Ro-man." had never happened to him, but could Puns do not deserve the reproaches heapconscientiously repeat the facts and as- ed upon them; they enliven society; and sert them.

we have heard hundreds of them in compaI enquired the time when this took Bad or good, here are two. In a par

nies where no pocket was ever picked. place; he said it was between five and ty, chiefly of medical gentlemen, discussix o'clock in a summer evening, the sing the power of animals to commuyear before, viz. 1819. May I ask, sir, if you were perfectly communicated in one instance by a duck.

I then said, nicate hydrophobia, it was asserted by a

learned Doctor, that the infection had been well at the time, and if you had dined?Many inferences were made from this fact,

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till an extra-professional visitor observed, said to be preserved in the Episcopal that the strongest lesson he could draw from Register of Ely, as a sort of proof of it was, to“ beware of Quacks."

the compulsion. THE QUAKERS. . Notwithstanding that the principles of

“ Proud Prelate, I understand you the Quakers will not allow them to sanction are backward in complying with your war, much less to contribute to its support, agreement: but I would have you unless when compelled, yet in the rebellion of 1745, a deputation of this society waited know, that I who made you what you on Sir W. Yonge and Lord Ligonier, with are, can unmake you ; and if you do an offer to furnish, at their own expense, to not forthwith fulfil your engagement, the troops employed in his majesty's ser: by God! I will immediately unfrock. of woollen waistcoats to be worn under their you. Your’s, as you demean yourself, other clothing. The offer was accepted.

66 ELIZABETH." DUCHESS OF BOLTON.

We know not what punishment will Lavinia Fenton (afterwards Duchess of be inflicted on us for inserting, as a cliBolton) was tempted by Rich from the Hay. max to these royal and noble epistles, market to Lincoln's Inn Fields, in 1728, by the letter of an unfortunate lieutenant. a salary of fifteen shillings per week : on the success of the Beggar's Opera, to secure

of foot; but it seems to us so characterthis valuable actress, he raised it to thirty istic, and so spirited a composition, shillings! and such was the rage of the town that our readers shall have it. The respecting her, that she was obliged to be billet was found by the Secretary at guarded home every night by a considera- War on his table, after the loss of Mible party of her confidential friends, to prevant her being run away with.

norca to the French, and is perfect of its kind.

“SIR-I was a Lieutenant withGenORIGINAL LETTERS.

eral Stanhope when he took Minorca, ANNE CLIFFORD, COUNTESS OF DORSET, for which he was made a Lord. I was

PEMBROKE, AND MONTGOMERY. a Lieutenant with General Blackney

The letter, which she is said to have when he lost Minorca, for which he written to Sir Joseph Williamson, then was made a Lord. I am a Lieutenant secretary of state, who sent to nominate still.

Sir, &c. &c. A. B." to her a member for the borough of Appleby, was first printed in a paper

When the British under Lord Nelson written by Lord Oxford for The World, were bearing down to attack the combined and again introduced by that · noble fleets of Trafalgar, the first Lieutenant of writer, in his article relative to this the Revenge, on going to see that all hands high-spirited woman.

were at their quarters, observed one of the

men devoutly kneeling at the side of his “I have been bullied by an usurper; gun; so very unusual an attitude in an I have been neglected by a court ; but English sailor exciting his surprise and cuI will not be dictated to by a subject; riosity, he went and asked the man if he

was afraid ? - Afraid !". answered the honyour man shan't stand.

est tar, with a countenance expressive of the “ Anne, Dorset, Pembroke, and utmost disdain, “No: I was only praying

Montgomery." that the enemy's shot may be distributed in We have given place to the above, the same proportion as the prize money, by way of introducing two other letters the greatest part among the officers.”

When the brave Corporal Caithness was not generally known, one by à royal, asked after the battle of Waterloo if he was the other from a humble, personage. not afraid, he replied, " Afraid! why I was The first is from Queen Elizabeth to in all the battles of the Peninsula !" and Heton, Bishop of Ely, who, it seems, ly related to a fear of losiog the day, he

having it explained that the question mere. had promised to exchange some part said, “ Na, na, I did na fear that! I was onof the land belonging to his newly-ac- ly afraid we should be all killed before we quired see, for a pretended equivalent; had time to win it." but demurred when he entered on the

BRITISH CARPENTER. office, either from a bope of enjoying On the surrender of Lord Cornwallis in his dignity without the penalty, or

the revolutionary war of America, the crew from a sense of shame at so palpable immediately conveyed to the Commt de

of the Loyalist, a frigate of 22 guns, was an injustice towards the church, pro- Grasse's fleet. or that ficet, the Ardent, bably the latter, because the letter is captured off Plymouth, made one, but she

DIFFERENT KINDS OF FEAR.

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