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NOTICE. A Correspondent has brought a charge of Plagiarism against the writer of “ Living AUTHORS, A DREAM,” which appeared in one of our late Numbers. We have too bigh an opinion of that writer's originality to suppose that any other person ever dreamed his dream; but, like people who are fond of repeating their dreams, he way, for any thing we know to the contrary, have related it before. We wish, to put the matter out of doubt, that he would send us his third dream, without delay, and, if it is akin to the former, and has never been seen elsewhere, the accusation will be laid to rest.

The Correspondents of the EDINBURGH MAGAZINË AND LITERARY MISCELLANY are respectfully requested to transmit their communications for the Editor to ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE and COMPANY, Edinburgh, or Longman and Company, London; to whom also orders for the Work should be particularly addressed.

Printed by George Ramsay & Co.

THE

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE,

AND

LITERARY MISCELLANY.

OCTOBER 1820.

ABSTRACT OF SOUTHEY'S LIFE OF creases the strength and authority of WESLEY.

your body over your mind, that thing We have already made our readers be in itself." The perusal of " Jere

is sin to you, however innocent it may acquainted with the peculiar circum- my Taylor's Rules of Holy Living

and Dying,” made a deeper impresWesley was passed ; and suggested sion on his imagination, and led him the probability of their having so in to resolve to dedicate all his life to pursuits, as to give a colouring to his God. The doctrine of predestination character in manhood." At Oxford, mother advised him to employ his

next engaged his attention; and his while an undergraduate, his manners

time and his powers in making his were free and cheerful; and he was

own calling and election sure. distinguished by his attention to his studies, his knowledge of Hebrew, Dr Potter, Bishop of Oxford, and in

In 1725, Wesley was ordained by and dexterity in wielding the wea. the ensuing spring he was elected a pons of logic. He wrote to his father fellow of Lincoln College. From this concerning some scruples which he time he began to keep a diary, a pracfelt as to the motives which ought to tice formerly very general, to which influence those who take orders, and both history and biography have been was answered by the good old man, greatly indebted. Eight months after that he did not like " a callow cler. his election to a fellowship he was apo gyman;" but his mother advised pointed Greek lecturer and moderator him to become a deacon as soon as he of the classes. At this period he dem could, that he might have the greater voted “ Mondays and Tuesdays to inducement to apply himself to the the classics ; Wednesdays to logic and study of practical divinity: As the ethics ; Thursdays to 'Hebrew and view which is taken of Christian du- Arabic; Fridays to metaphysics and ties in the noted work De Imitatione natural philosophy; Saturdays to oraChristi, revolted him at first, he ap- tory and poetry, bat chiefly to come plied to his parents for advice on the position in these arts; and the Sabsubject, and was thus judiciously an

bath to divinity. It appears by his swered by his mother : “ Would you diary also, that he gave great attenjudge of the lawfulness or unlawful- tion to mathematics.” But though ness of pleasure,” said she, “ take he had resolved to adhere to this this rule :-whatever weakens your scheme for several years at least, he reason, impairs the tenderness of

your

was soon convinced, “ that there are conscience, obscures your sense of

many truths it is not worth while to God, or takes off the relish of spi- know." Yet he continued full of buritual things,--in short, whatever in- siness, and found time for writing by

rising an hour earlier in the morning, See Numbers for May and July 1820. and going into company an hour late

in the evening. As his religious feel- nected with the rise and progress of ings grew upon him, he began to long Methodism. He was born at the for seclusion from the world, and to Bell Inn in the city of Gloucester at gratify this desire a school with a good the close of the year 1714. He says salary was proposed to him

in the of himself, that he hated instruction, dales of Yorkshire. What effect re- stole from his mother's pocket, often tirement and picturesque scenery appropriated to his own use the momight have had upon his mind, it is ney that he took in the house, and impossible to say, as the school was from his cradle to manhood could see otherwise disposed of. He now went nothing in himself “ but a fitness to to officiate as curate of Wroote, one of be damned.” About his tenth year, his father's livings, but was recalled his mother made a second, and an uns to his college two years afterwards. happy marriage ; and during the afHaving again taken up his abode at fliction to which this led, his brother Lincoln College, he became a tutor read aloud Bishop Ken's Manual for there, and presided over the disputa- Winchester scholars, a book which at tions, which were held six times a that time affected him greatly, which week in the hall. Sometime before he afterwards purchased, and found it his return to the university, he was of much“ benefit to his soul.” While told by “ a serious man,” whom he at school he had a theatrical turn, and went many miles to see, that “the the remembrance of having enacted a Bible knows nothing of solitary reli- part in girl's clothes covered him with gion,"—words which Wesley never confusion of face in future life. Bew forgot; and it happened that such so- fore he was fifteen he began to assist ciety was prepared for him at Oxford his mother in the public house ; " at as he and his adviser would have length he put on his blue apron and wished. While he officiated at Wroote, his snuffers, * washed mops, cleanhis brother Charles, a student of ed rooins, and became a professed and Christ's Church, had associated with common drawer.” In the little leitwo or three undergraduates, who met sure which such employment affords, for religious improvement. As they he read Thomas à Kempis, and comlived by rule, and received the Sacra- posed sermons. The prospect of a ment weekly, they attracted notice, servitor's place at Oxford induced and became objects of ridicule. “They him soon after to return to the gramwere called in derision the Sacramen- mar school, and at the age of eigh; tarians, Bible-bigots, Bible-moths, the teen he was removed to the UniverHoly, or the Godly Club. One per- sity; he was drawn to the Methodists son, with less irreverence and more by kindred feelings, obtained an introlearning, observed, in reference to duction into their society, “ began to their methodical manner of life, that live by rule, and to pick up the very a new sect of Methodists was sprung fragments of his time, that not a moup, alluding to the ancient school of ment might be lost.” physicians known by that name,” The Wesley's party was now about appellation was not inapt, and though fifteen in number: at first they it was first given to Charles Wesley met on week nights to study the and his companions, it was afterwards classics, and on Sunday evenings adopted by his brother John, and be- for divinity; but religion soon became the appropriate designation of came the sole business of their meetthe sect of which he was the founder. ings; they visited the prisoners and

Among the members of the Metho- the sick, communicated once a week, dist Society was Mr Morgan, a man and fasted on Wednesdays and Frimorbidly constituted both in body days, after the example of the primiand mind. He instructed little chil- tive church. They now rather afdren, yisited the sick, and prayed with fected than shunned singularity, and the prisoners. He died young after much ridicule and disapprobation were a long illness, and the Wesleys have thereby provoked and expressed. commemorated his virtues as they de- Wesley wrote to his father for advice, serve, Two others of them afterwards and was directed to obtain the Bishop's acquired celebrity, namely, Hervey, approbation to his proceedings, which, the author of Meditations, a book which has become singularly popular; Supposed to mean scoggers, as sleeves and Whitefield, a man eminently con are still called in some parts of England.

he said, " I cannot do less than valde parent and pastor, “ if you are not indifprobo. Thus encouraged, he con- ferent whether the labours of an aged fasulted the bishop, who sanctioned the ther, for above forty years in God's vine. visiting of the prisons. About this yard, be lost, and the fences trodden down time Wesley became personally ac

and destroyed ; if you consider that Mr M. quainted with Law, the author of do not ; and that the prospect of that

must in all probability succeed me if you • Christian Perfection,” &c. who, in

mighty Nimrod's coming hither shocks my the frequent interviews which he had soul, and is in a fair way of bringing down with him, did what he could to check my grey hairs with sorrow to the grave; the ambitious spirit by which even if you have any care for our family, which then he was actuated. Sir," said must be dismally shattered as soon as I am he, “ I perceive you would fain con- dropt ; if you reflect on the dear love and vert the world ! but you must wait longing which this poor people have for God's time. Nay, if after all he is you, whereby you will be enabled to do pleased to use you only as hewer of God the more service, and the plenteouswood or a drawer of water, you should ness of the harvest consisting of near two submit,-nay, you should be thank

thousand souls, whereas you have not many ful to him who has honoured you so haps alter your mind, and bend your will

more souls in the University, you may per. far.” The visits to Law were per- to His, who has promised, if in all our formed on foot to save money to give ways we acknowledge Him, He will direct to the poor ; nay, so anxious was he our steps.” p. 67. to provide for the poor, that he would not be at the expence of having his His brother Samuel pressed upon hair dressed, but wore it long, and John the duty of obedience to parenflowing loose upon his shoulders. tal authority. “I left Oxford,” said

The report of the singularity, and he, “ with all its opportunity of good, the austerity of the Wesleys' con- on a worldly account, at my

father's duct, determined their brother Sa- desire. I left my settlement by the muel, a man of great worth and dis- same determination, and should have cretion, to go to Oxford, and judge of thought I sinned both times if I had their demeanour on the spot; and not followed it.” He reminded him though he approved of the principles also, that having taken orders, he was by which they were actuated, he saw solemnly engaged to undertake the clearly that they were carried to a great cure of souls before God, and his and dangerous excess. And after a High Priest, and his Church.” But severe illness, and the falling off of Wesley replied to both in a manner some of his associates, John was led characteristic of his peculiar mode of to the reflection, that the conse- thinking. His own salvation would quences of his singularity were di- be rendered impossible by a residence minution of fortune, loss of friends at Epworth-he should be involved and reputation." His family, and in intemperance in sleeping, eating, especially his father, were anxious and drinking, before he had been there that he should obtain the living of a month-at Epworth he would be Epworth-where he had been born an object of respect, but at Oxford he where his father had so long officiated endured the contempt of the Cross : the -and where his mother and sisters schools, too, of the prophets were there, were settled; but under the pretence and was it not a more extensive beof attending “ to his own well-being nefit to sweeten the fountain, than to in spiritual things,” he chose to con- purify a particular stream? The tinue at Oxford. As inducements to charge of two thousand souls ! I see him to comply with his desire, his fa- not how any man living can take iher endeavoured to convince him, that charge of a hundred. As to the love acts of austerity, or a solitary life, were of the people of Epworth—how long nothing in themselves; that acade- will it last? Only till I come, and tell mical studies were merely preparatory them their deeds are evil.” He seems to the active duties of life; and that to have taken no notice of the advanit became us not to fix on one single tage which his succeeding to his fapoint of duty, but to take in the com- ther would have been to his mother plicated view of all the circumstances and the younger branches of the fain every state of life that offers. mily. Samuel, though aware of the

folly of reasoning with a man pos* If," says the carnest and affectionate sessed of such notions as he had exs

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pressed, yet, as he had requested to regarded himself rather as a missionknow his farther thoughts, asked him ary than a chaplain, and hoped to if more was necessary for the very make many converts among the Inbeing of his Christian life, than for dians; but when the subject was menthe

salvation of all the parish priests tioned to Tomochici, a chief who had in England ? “What you say of con- been in England, it appeared that untempt is nothing to the purpose, for, foreseen obstacles had arisen. if you go to Epworth, you shall, in a are all in confusion,” said he, “yet I competent time, be despised as much am glad you are come. But we would as your heart can wish. Wesley ad- not be made Christians as the Spamitted the force of his ordination niards make Christians: we would be dath, but denied that it had the mean- taught before we are baptized." He ing put upon it by his brother; but seems never to have learned the Into put an end to his perplexity on that dian language, and scarcely to have head, he applied to the Bishop to attempted the conversion of the naknow the extent of its obligation. tives. He and Delamotte taught each The answer was in these words: “ It a school : the shod scholars of the doth not seem to me that, at your or- latter exulted over their unshod comdination, you engaged yourself to un- panions: and Wesley undertook to dertake the cure of a parish, provided humble this feeling of superiority. you can, as a clergyman, better serve With that view he went to teach the God and his church in your present school of his friend without shoes or or some other station." Wesley be- stockings. The boys stared, but the lieved he had all reasonable evidence unshod party soon felt the comfort of that this was the case, and here the being thus countenanced. In his clediscussion ended.

rical function he pursued a system of Wesley, the father, died the en- discipline greatly too severe for the suing spring. The mother was left spiritual advantage of his people. He with little or no provision, and was insisted upon baptizing children by supported chiefly by her eldest son immersion--would not receive as sponSamuel. Some time after this, Wes- sors persons who were not communi. ley was introduced to Mr Oglethorpe, cants would not admit a pious dis the founder of the colony of Georgia, senter to the communion, unless he who, after some negotiation, engaged would submit to be re-baptized- NOT both hiin and his brother Charles to would read the funeral service over go out as its chaplains. They em- another for the same reason. He was barked in 1785, and from that day accused also of making his sermons his printed journals commence. Sea satires upon particular persons. . Yet veral Moravians, going to join a party with his rigid adherence to the letter of their brethren from Herrnhut, were of the rubric, his disposition to inno on board the same vessel. With these vate began to manifest itself. He die companions the Wesleys put their vided the public prayers, performing ascetic principles in full practice. the morning service at five o'clock, They lived on rice or biscuit, left off the communion office, with a sermon, supper, and slept on the floor. Their at eleven, and the evening service at mode of life on board was full of la- three. These, and a number of other bour. They rose at four, and spent novelties, made a plain speaker tell the day in religious exercises, and him, “ The people say they are Prohard study. After a tedious and tem- testants, but as for you, they cannot pestuous voyage, they anchored in the tell what religion you are of.” Charles, Savannah river, near the site of the too, set " Frederica in an uproar." new settlement. On landing the bro. He tried to reform the conduct of thers separater. Charles went, with some of the lady colonists, and the Ingham, one of the English passere still more hopeless task of reconciling gers, to Frederica, a settlement on the their jealousies and hatreds, and suc. west side of the island of St Simons. ceeded in forming them into a cabal John and Delamotte, also an English against himself. He was shot at, and passenger, took up their lodging with almost murdered. Before he had the Germans at Savannah. These been six days at Frederica, he was so people, says John, were always em deeply involved in disputes of various ployeol, always cheerful, and in good kinds, that he declared he would not humour with one another. Wesley spend six days more in the same mans

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