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for our union, who had fondly cherished at this shameful evasion of law and justice, such pleasing hopes of happiness arising that indignation was lost in pity for him from that union, and who had hailed it who could lower his princely plumes to with such affectionate and rapturous the dust, by giving his countenance and jog.
favour to the most conspicuous of those a. But, alas ! even tranquillity and con- bandoned and notorious perjurers. fort were too much for me to enjoy. From Still there was one whose upright mind the very threshold of your Majesty's man- nothing could warp, in whose breast insion the mother of your child was pursued justice never found a place, whose hand by spies, conspirators, and traitors, employ was always ready to raise the unfortunate, ed, encouraged, and rewarded to lay snares and to rescue the oppressed. While that for the feet, and to plot against the reputa- good and gracious father and sovereign retion and life, of her whom your Majesty mained in the exercise of his royal funchad so recently and so solemnly vowed to tions, his unoffending daughter-in-law had honour, to love, and to cherish.
nothing to fear. As long as the protecting In withdrawing from the embraces of my land of your late ever-beloved and everparents, in giving my hand to the son of lamented father was held over me, I was George the Third and the heir apparent to safe. But the melancholy event which dethe British throne, nothing less than a prived the nation of the active exertions of voice frorn Heaven would have made me its virtuous King, bereft me of friend and fear injustice or wrong of any kind. What, protector, and of all hope of future tran. then, was my astonishment at finding that quillity and safety. To caluminate your treasons against me had been carried on innocent wife was now the shortest road to and matured, perjuries against me had royal favour ; and to betray her was to lay been methodised and embodied, a secret tri. the sure fuundation of boundless riches and bunal had been held, a trial of my actions titles of honour. Before claims like these, had taken place, and a decision had been talent, virtue, long services, your own per. made upon those actions without my having sonal friendships, your royal engagements, been informed of the nature of the charge, promises and pledges, written as well as or of the names of the witnesses'; and what verbal, melted into air. Your Cabinet was words can express the feelings excited by founded on this basis. You took to your the fact, that this proceeding was founded councils men, of whose persons, as well as on & request made, and on evidence fure whose principles, you had invariably ex bished, by order of the father of my child, pressed the strongest dislike. The interest and my natural as well as legal guardian of the nation, and even your own feelings, and protector ?
in all other respects, were sacrificed to the Notwithstanding, however, the unprece. gratification of your desire to aggravate my dented conduct of that tribunal conduct sufferings and insure my humiliation. You which has since undergone, even in Parlia- took to your councils and your bosoin men ment, severe and unanswered animadvero whom you hated, whose abandonmentof, and sions, and which has been also censured in whose readiness to sacrificeme were their only minutes of the Privy Council-notwith- merits, and whose power hasbeen exercised in standing the secresy of the proceedings of a manner, and has been attended with consethis tribunal notwithstanding the strong quences, worthy of its origin. From this temptation to the giving of false evidence unprincipled and unnatural union have against me before it--notwithstanding that sprung the manifold evils which this nation there was no opportunity afforded me of has now to endure, and which present a rebutting that evidence-notwithstanding mass of misery and of degradation, accomall these circumstances, so decidedly fa- panied with acts of tyranny and cruelty, yourable to my enemies even this secret rather than have seen which inflicted on his tribunal acquitted me of all crime, and industrious, faithful, and brave people, thereby pronounced my principal accusers your Reyal father would have perished at to have been guilty of the grossest perjury. the head of that people. But it was now (after the trial was over) When to caluminate, revile, and betray discovered that the nature of the tribunal me, became the sure path to honour and was such as to render false swearing before riches, it would have been strange indeed it not legally criminal ! And thus, at the if caluminators, revilers, and traitors, had suggestion and request of your Majesty, not abounded. Your Court became much had been created, to take cognizance of less a scene of polished manners and refined and try my conduct, a tribunal competent intercourse, than or low intrigue and scurto administer oaths, competent to examine rility. Spies, Bacchanalian tale-bearers, witnesses on oath, competent to try, com- and foul conspirators, swarmed in those petent to acquit or condemn, and compe places wliich had before been the resort of tent, moreover, to screen those who had sobriety, virtúe, and honour. To enumesworn falsely against me from suffering the rate all the various privations and mortifi. pains and penalties which the law awards cations which I had to endute all the into wilful and corrupt perjury. Great as sults tllet were wantonly heaped upon me, my indignation naturally must have been from the day of your elevation to the Re
gency to that of my departure for the Con- country, consisting of inquisitors, spies, and tinent--would be to describe every species informers, to discover, collect, and arrange of personal offence that can be offered to, matters of accusation against your wife, and every pain short of bodily violence without any complaint having been comthat can be inflicted on, any human being. municated to her ; let the world judge of Bereft of parent, brother, and father-in-law, the employment of ambassadors in such a and my husband for my deadliest foe ; see- business, and of the enlisting of foreign ing those who have promised to support courts in the evterprise ; but on the meabought by rewards to be amongst my ene- sures which have been adopted to give final mies; restrained from accusing my foes in effect to these preliminary proceedings, it the face of the world, out of regard for the is for me to speak; it is for me to rele character of the father of my child, and monstrate with your Majesty : it is for me from a desire to prevent her happiness from to protest ; it is for me to apprize you of being disturbed ; shunned from motives of my determination. seltishness by those who were my natural I have always demanded a fair trial. associates : living in obscurity, while I This is what I now demand, and this is reought to have been the centre of all that fused me. Instead of a fair trial, I am to was splendid ; thus humhled, I had one be subjected to a sentence by the Parliaconsolation left—the love of my dear and ment, passed in the shape of a law. Against only child. To permit me to enjoy this this I protest, and upon the following was too great an indulgence. To see my grounds :daughter; to fold her in my arms; to The injustice of refusing me a clear and mingle my tears with hers; to receive her distinct charge, of refusing me the names of cheering caresses, and to hear from her the witnesses, of refusing me the names of lips assurances of never ceasing love ; thus the places where the alleged acts have been to be comforted, consoled, upheld, and committed ; these are sufficiently flagrant blessed, was too much to be allowed me. and revolting; but it is against the consti. Even on the slave mart the cries of " Oh! tution of the Court itself that I particularly my mother, my mother ! Oh! my child, object, and that I most solemnly protest. my child !" have prevented a separation of Whatever may be the precedents as to the victims of avarice. But your advisers, Bills of Pains and Penalties, none of them, more inhuman than the slave-dealers, re- except those relating to the Qucen of Henmorselessly tore the mother from the child. ry the Eighth, can apply here; for here
Thus bereft of the society of my child, your Majesty is the Plaintiff. Here it is or reduced to the necessity of cmbittering intended by the Bill to do you what you her life by struggles to preserve that society, deem good, and to do me great harm. I resolved on a temporary absence, in the You are, therefore, a party, and the only hope that time might restore me to her in complaining party. bappier days. Those days, alas ! were You have made your complaint to the never to come. To mothers and those House of Lords. You have conveyed to mothers who have been suddenly berest of this House written documents sealed up. the best and most affectionate and only A Secret Committee of the House have daughters—it belongs to estimate my suf- examined these documents.
They have ferings and my wrongs. Such mothers reported that there are grounds of proceedwill judge of my affliction upon hearing of ing; and then the House, merely upon the death of my child, and upon my calling that Report, have brought forward a Bill to recollection the last look, the last words, containing the most outrageous slanders on and all the affecting circumstances of our me, and sentencing me to divorce and deseparation. Such mothers will see the gradation. depth of my sorrows. Every being with a The injustice of putting forth this Bill heart of humanity in its bosom will drop a to the world for six weeks before it is even tear, in sympathy with me. And will not proposed to afford me an opportunity of the world, then, learn with indignation contradicting its allegations is too manifest that this event, calculated to soften the not to have shocked the nation ; and, inhardest heart, was the signal for new con. deed, the proceedings even thus far are spiracies, and indefatigable efforts for the such as to convince every one that no jusdestruction of this afflicted mother ? Your tice is intended me. But if none of these Majesty had torn my child from me; you proceedings, if none of these clear indicahad deprived me of the power of being at tions of a determination to do me wrong hand to succour her; you had taken from had taken place, I should see, in the conme the possibility of hearing her last pray- stitution of the House of Lords itself, s ers for her mother; you saw me bereft, certainty that I could expect no justice at forlorn, and broken-hearted; and this was its hands. the nioment you chose for redoubling your Your Majesty's Ministers have advised persecutions
this prosecution ; they are responsible for Let the world pass its judgment on the the advice they give they are liable to constituting of a commission, in a foreign punishment.if they fail to make good their
charges; and not only are they part of my On these grounds I protest against this judges, but it is they who have brought in species of trial. I demand a trial in a the bil; and it is too notorious that they Court where the Jurors are taken imparti. have always a majority in the House ; so ally from amongst the people, and where that without any other, here is ample proof the proceedings are open and fair. Such a that the House will decide in favour of trial I court, and to no other will I willingthe bill, and, of course, against me. ly submit. If your Majesty persevere in
But further, there are reasons for your the present proceedings, I shall, even in the Ministers having a majority in this case, Houses of Parliament, face my accusers ; and which reasons do not apply to conimon but I shall regard any decision they may cases. Your Majesty is the Plaintiff'; to make against me as not in the smallest de you it belongs to appoint and to elevate gree reflecting on my honour ; and I will Peers. Many of the present Peers have not, except compelled by actual force, subbeen raised in that dignity by yourself, and mit to any sentence which shall not be almost the whole can be, at your will and pronounced by a Court of Justice. pleasure, further elevated. The far great I have now frankly laid before your Ma." er part of the Peers hold, by themselves jesty a statement of my wrongs, and a deand their families, offices, pensions, and o. claration of my views and intentions. ther emoluments, solely at the will and You have cast upon me every slur to which pleasure of your Majesty, and these, of the female character is liable. Instead of course, your Majesty can take away when. loving, honouring, and cherishing me, a. ever you please. There are more than greeably to your solemn vow, you have four-fifths of the Peers in this situation, pursued me with hatred and scorn, and and there are many of them who might with all the means of destruction. You thus be deprived of the far better part of wrested from me my child, and with her their incomes.
my only comfort and consolation. You If, contrary to all expectation, there sent me sorrowing through the world, and should be found, in some Peers, likely to even in my sorrows pursued me with unreamount to a majority, a disposition to re- lenting persecution. Having left me noject the bill, some of these Peers may be thing but my innocence, you would now, ordered away to their ships, regiments, go- by a mockery of justice, deprive me even vernments, and other duties; and, which of the reputation of possessing that. The is an equally alarming power, new Peers poisoned bowl and the poniard are means may be created for the purpose, and give more manly than perjuired witnesses and their vote in the decision. That your Ma- partial tribunals; and they are less cruel, jesty's Ministers would advise these mea inasmuch as life is less valuable than hosures, if found necessary to render their nour. It my life would have satisfied your prosecutiou successful, there can be very Majesty, you should have had it on the little doubt ; seeing that they have hitherto sole condition of giving me a place in the stopped at nothing, however unjust or odious. same tomb with my child : but, since you
To regard such a body as a Court of would send me dishonoured to the grave, I Justice would be to calumniate that sacred wiil resist the attempt with all the means name; and for me to suppress an expres- that it shall please God to give me. sion of my opinion on the subject would (Signed) CAROLINE, R. be tacitly to lend myself to my own de Brandenburgh House, August 7, 1820. struction, as well as to an in position upon the nation and the world.
Erccution of James Wilson.-On the la the House of Commons I can disco- 30th ult. at 3 o'clock, James Wilson, who rer do better grounds of security. The was convicted of high treason before the power of your Majesty's Ministers is the Special Commission, (see page 176,) was same in both Houses; and your Majesty hanged in front of Glasgow jail, and then is well acquainted with the fact, that a ma beheaded by a person in a mask, who with jority of this House is composed of persons an axe cut off his head at one stroke. Since placed in it by the Peers and by your Ma- receiving sentence, he has been regularly jesty's Treasury:
visited by the Rev. Mr Ewing, the Rev. it really gives me pain to state these Dr Dewar, and the Rev. Dr Wardlaw, and things to your Majesty; and if it gives several other persons distinguished for your Majesty pain, I beg that it may be piety. observed and remembered that the state 9.-Erecution of Ilardie and Baird. ment has been forced from me. I must Yesterday Andrew Hardie and John Baird, either protest against this mode of trial, or convicted of high treason at Stirling, (see bg tecitly consenting to it, suffer my ho- page 176,) were executed at that place, by Dour to be sacrificed. No innocence can se. hanging and decapitation, agreeably to cure the accused if the Judges and Jurors their sentence. They hoth behaved with be chosen by the accuser; and if I were inuch propriety and met their fate with tacitly to submit to a tribunal of this de. firmuess. "Hardie wag 27 years of age, and scription, I should be instrumental in my was bred a weaver.-Baird was 31 years of own dishonour.
age, also a wenver. They had both been in
the aruny, and neither of them were mar. of infringing on the rights of the church, ried.
however in appearance they had seemed to Military Arrest of a Clergyman !—The do so, and in the amplest manner apologiRev. William Gillespie, minister of Kells, sed for their conduct; the Presbytery were has published a discourse, under circum. pleased to accept their apology, and agreed stances that may well be deemed extraordi- to sist all further procedure in the business nary. This Reverend Gentleman has for
Reunion of the Secession Church. This some years acted as chaplain to the Stewart- heppy event was
consummated on Friday the ry Yeomanry, and on Sunday the 30th July, 8th instant, in Bristo Street Meeting-house, he preached before the corps, which was Edinburgh, the spot on which, seventythen assembled at Kirkcudbright, one of three years before, the separation took place. the most loyal and patriotic discourses The two Synods met in the morning of ever delivered from a pulpit. In his that day, the General Associate Synod in prayer, however, after many petitions in their Synod-house, Nicolson Street, and behalf of his Majesty, he added the words, the Associate Synod in the Rev. Mr Lo. “ Bless also the Queen ;" and for this he thian's Meeting-house, Portsburgh; and was placed under military arrest by his after having finished the business that had commanding officer, Colonel Gordon, who been submitted to them severally, adjoumis also Sheriff of the Stewartry of Kirkcud- ed, constituted, to Bristo Street, at halla bright. This proceeding excited a strong past twelve o'clock, walking in regular orfeeling of surprise-particularly among der to the place of meeting ; first the Mithe members of the 'resbytery of Kirk- nisters, then the Elders, Probationers for cudbright, who are no s:rangers to the the Ministry, and Students of Divinity. soundness of Mr Gillespie's political prin. After the two Synods were seated in a part ciples, and who are themselves in the gene. of the Meeting house which had been rail. ral practice of praying for her Majesty. ed in for their reception, and in alternate
Another singular circumstance, with pews, so that they were completely inter. which the above mentioned proceeding ap- mingled, the two Moderators in front of pears connected, took place on the 16th the pulpit, and the two clerks at a little July. The parish of Crossmichael being distance on the right and left, the senior vacant, the Rev. Mr Jeffrey of Girthon Moderator gave out a Psalm, (cii. 17--22,) was on that day appointed to preach ; and in which the Synods and the whole attend on that occasion, as was his constant prac. ing multitude joined. The senior Mode. tice, he prayed for the Queen Sir Alex. rator (the Rev. Dr Jamieson, Edinburgh, Ander Gordon, Stewart-Depute, and his son, belonging to the General Associate Synody Mr James Gordon, Sheriff of the Stewartry, then ruse, and called on the Clerk of the were present, and, after service, requested Synod whom he represented to read their Mr Jeffrey to convene a meeting of the last minute. After the Clerk had done so, Kirk-session, which he did accordingly; the junior Moderator, (the Rev. Mr Bal. when Mr James Gordon proposed a resolu. mer, of Berwick, belonging to the Assocition, that no minister appointed to preach ate Synod,) in like manner called on the in that parish, during the vacancy, shonld Clerk of the Synod whom he represented pray in express words for the Queen. Sir to read their last minute. The minutes read Alex. Gordon and Mr Jeffrey being the only by the Clerks in succession were nearly in persons present, besides the mover, the reso- the same words, and to the following effect: jution was of course carried; Mr Jeffrey pro “ The General Associate Synod, having testing, and appealing to the Presbytery. accepted the Basis of Union, and having,
The Presbytery, on the 20 August, or by the good hand of God upon them, now dered the resolution in question to be era- finished all their own business, and all presed from the Session Book of Crossmi- paratory arrangements, this Synod, with chael. At the same time, they took into fervent gratitude to God for having led consideration the case of Mr Gillespie's them thus far, and in humble dependence arest by Colonel Gordon for praying for on his grace, to bless the solemo and inthe Queen, when they unanimously agreed teresting step which they are now about to that the Chaplain of the corps had done take, and to enable them to improve the nothing to merit such treatment, and came privileges, and discharge the duties which to the resolution of laying the Command. are about to devolve upon them in conse" ant's conduct before the next General As- quence of it-do resolve, and hereby resembly of the Church of Scotland.
cord their resolution, forthwith to repair to However, on the oth instant, Sir Alex- the appointed place, that they may unite ander Gordon and his son appeared at with their brethren of the other Synod, to the bar of the Presbytery, and having be known by the name of The United there stated, that, in o'bedience to the judge' Associate Synod of the Socession Church,' ment of the Presbytery of the 2d of August, coinposed of the Associate (commonly cal. they had erased from the records of the led Burgher) Synod, and of the General Kirk-session the minute in which the ob. Associate (commonly called Anti-Burgher) noxious resolution in question was contain. Synod, that they may henceforth walk with ed, and declared that they had no intention them in the fear of God and in the comfort
of the Holy Ghost, striving together for the Court by prayer. He was succeeded the faith of the Gospel, for the purity f by the Rev. Dr Pringle, of Perth, and divine ordinances, and for the enlargement the Rev. Dr Hall, of Edinburgh, the two of the Church of Christ."
next in seniority of the Ministers present. The articles which form the basis of The former led the devotions of the union were then read, the whole members Assembly by singing Psalm xc. 13-17, and of both Synegls standing. After this was by prayer ; and the latter by reading the done, the senior Moderator stood up and 17th chapter of John, singing Psalm Ixxii. said, " I declare, in the name of the Ge. 17–19, and by prayer. After the devotionperal Associate Synod, whom I represent, al exercises were finished by singing Psalm that the General Associate Synod is hence- cxlvii. I-5, the roll of the United Associate forth one with the Associate Synod ;” and Synod was called by the former clerks, and the junior Moderator, in like manner, rose business adjourned till Tuesday at 11 and said, “ I declare, in the name of the o'clock. Associate Synod, whom I represent, that The multitude who witnessed this event, the Associate Synod is henceforth one with memorable in the history of the Secession, the General Associate Synod." The two was immense : but, notwithstanding the Moderators immediately gave each other pressure of the great crowd, eager to gain the right hand of fellowship, in which they admittance, the whole was conducted with were followed by all the Ministers and Els the greatest order." ders belonging to both Synods.
Upwards of three hundred gentlemen The United Associate Synod now calle connected with the Secession, and several ed the senior Minister present in the house of the Magistrates, dined together in to take the Chair, and officiate as Modera. Oman's new rooms, Waterloo Place, after cor. Accordingly the Rev. David Greig, the public services were finished, and sperit of Lochgelly, took the Chair, gave out the evening with the greatest harmony. a Psalm, (Psalm cxxxiii.) and constituted
APPOINTMENTS, PROMOTIONS, &c.
3 Dr. Lt. Blathwayte, Capt, by purch. vice 1. CIVIL.
Watson, ret. 27th July 1820.
do. The Berbice Gazette, of the 24th of June, an
Cornet Bagot, Lt. by purch.
do. nounces the appointment of George Gordon, Esq.
8 Cornet Kelso, Lt. do. vice Elliott, 21 as President of the Court of Justice, and Judge of
20th do. the Vice Admiralty Court of that Colony.
H. Clagett, Cornet do.
do. II. ECCLESIASTICAL.
12 J. B. Daubuz, do. do. vice Haydock,
ret. Aug. 11. Rev. Robert James Carr, D. D. to be 16 Comet Baillie, Lt. do. vice Beauchamp, Dean of the Cathedral Church of Hereford.
20th July 15. Rev, D. Martin of Inverness, admitted mi.
Williams, fm. 2 D. G. Cornet do. nister of the parish of Abernethy.
13 Gent. Cadet W. Osborne, fm. R. Mil. 16. Rev. James Dobie, ordained minister of the
Coll. Cornet by pur. vicc Duncombe, Associate Burgher Congregation at Annan.
2 Dr. Gds.
do. JX. George Pelsham, Bishop of Exeter, to be 21 Lt, Boulton, Capt. by purch. vice Kent, Bishop of London.
9th do. 19. Sir C. Macdonald Lockhart, Bart. present
Cornet Rycroft, Lt. do.
do. ed Mr John Wilson, preacher of the gospel, to the
A. Wathen, Cornet do.
do. church and parish of Covington, vacant by the 92
do, do. vice Taylor, ret. death of the Rev. Bryce Little.
21. Rt. Rev. William, Bishop of Llandaff, to be 3 F. Gds. Capt. Rodney, Capt. and Lt. Col. by Dean of the Cathedral Church of St Paul, Lon.
purch, vice Wigston, ret. 3d do. don.
Lt. - Keppel, Lt. and Capt. by pur, do. 22. The King has been pleased to present the
Hon. C. B. Phipps, Ens. and Lt. do. Reverend Francis Williani Grant to the church of
17th do. the united parishes of Dyke and Moy, in the Pres
Capt. Stockdale, Adj. vice Elrington, bytery of Forres, and county of Moray, vacant by
do. the death of Mr James Smith, late minister there. IF Lt. M'Conchy, fm. h. p. 58 F. Lt. vice Also to present the Reverend Hector Maclean to
20th July the church and parish of Lochalsh, in the Presby.
4 Lt. Col. Piper, Lt. Col. by purch. vico tery of Lochcarron, and county of Ross, vacant
Brooke, ret. by the death of Dr Downie, late minister there.
Lt. Mackenzie, Capt. by purch. vice Also to present the Reverend David Cannon to
27th July the united churches and parishes of Strathmartine
Ensign Breton, Lt. by purch. do. and Mains, in the Presbytery of Dundee, and
Qua. Mast. Serj. B. Doran, Qua. Mast. county of Forfar, vacant by the translation of Dr
vice Richards, dead
20th do. Nionil to St Andrew's.
11 Capt. Fitz Clarence, fm. Cape Corps,
Capt. vice Walker, h. p. 7 W. I. Reg. III. MILITARY.
15 Bt. Maj. Conolly, Maj. vice Meadows, R. Horse G. Cornet Lord H. A. Hill, to be Lt. by
27th July, purch, vice Lambard, ret.
Lt. Forde, Capt.
do. 20th July 1820. Ensign Galway, Lt.
do. Rowland Hill, Cornet by purch. : 16 C. F. Thompson, Ensign, vice Brand,
17th Aug. 2 Dr.Gids. Comet Duncombe, fm. 19 Dr. Cornet,
Qua. Mas. Serj. G. King, Qua. Mas. vice Williams, 16 Dr. 21st June
vice Gallie, 9 R. Vet. Bu, 27th July F. Copland, Cornet by purch. vice C. 30 Lieut. Sutherland, from h. p. York Smíth, 2 F.G.
Chas. Lieut. vice Davies, 35 F. do. T. Bates, do. do, vice Moore. 35
Davies, fm. 30 F. Lieut. vice pro.
Nixon, h. p. York. Chass. do.