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Anne, Anna, Hannah, Nancy or Ninon, Heb. Gracious or Kind. See Joan and Jane. Anne Killigrew, the young poetess whose memory was so honoured by Dryden. Anne Dacier, famous for her learning. Ninon de l'Enclos, the modern Leontium. See Adam.
Anthony, Gr. Flourishing. Marc Anthony, the Triumvir. Antonio Allegri, called Correggio, from his birth-place, the great painter. Anthony Vandyke, the great portrait painter. Anthony Watteau, the painter of elegant intercourse. Anthony Ashley Cooper, Lord Shaftesbury, the philosopher. Anthony Francis Prevot, the French novelist. Anthony Benezet, an American philanthrophist.
Arabella, Lat. A Fair Altar, Arabella Fermor, the heroine of the Rape of the Lock under the title of Belinda.
Archibald, Germ. A Bold Observer.
Arthur, Gr. from the constellation Arcturus or Great Bear. According to others, from a British word signifying Mighty. It was first rendered famous by the old hero of British romance.
Augustus, Augusta, Lat. Increasing. Waxing in Honour. Unless it rather come from the Greek, and mean Splendid, or Illustrious. It was first given as a name to Octavius Cæsar, and has ever since been common in princes' families.
Barbara, Gr. Foreign.
Bartholomew, Heb. The son of him who made the waters to rise. An evident allusion to the passage of the Red Sea.
Basil, Gr. Kingly.
Beatrice, Lat. Happy, or Happy-making. The name of Dante's favourite.
Benedict, Benet or Bennet, Lat. Blessed. Benedict Spinoza, the philosopher.
Benjamin, Heb. The Son of the Right Hand, or the Son of Days. Ben Jonson. Benjamin Franklin.
Bertha, Germ. Bright.
Cæsar. Some say a Moorish word for an Elephant : others, a name significant of the operation called Cæsarian ; others, Grey Eyes; and others, Well Haired, or Born with Hair. From Julius Cæsar it became an imperial family name, and title of honour.
Caleb, Heb. Hearty.
Caroline, the Latin female of Charles or Carolus. - Catharine, Gr. Pure.
Cecil, Cecilia, Cicely, Lat. Grey-eyed. It has been chiefly used after Cecilia, the Musical Saint.
Charity, Gr. The Delight of Doing Good; Beneficence; Love to all both in Thought and Deed. It originally comes from a word signifying a Saluting Joy; and was the same, among the Greeks, as Grace, and the Sentiment of Beauty. The three goddesses whom the Romans called Graces, the Greeks called Charities.
Charles, Germ. Valiant, Prevailing, the same word as the Valens of the Romans, or the more modern Valentine. Charlemagne, or Charles the Great. Carl Von Linne (Linnæus) the great naturalist. Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu, the philosopher. Charles Mordaunt, Earl of Peterborough,
Charlotte, the German female of Charles.
Christopher, Gr. Christ's-Bearer. An allusion to the patient duty of Christians; but by some brought from a legend of a saint, who is said to have carried Christ over a piece of water. Christopher Columbus. Christopher Marlowe. Christopher Martin Wieland. Sir Christopher Wren.
Clara, Clarissa, Lat. Clear. The name of Richardson's heroine ; most likely adopted by him intentionally.
Clement, Clemence, Clementina, Lat. kind and Forgiving. Perhaps originally from a Greek word signifying a vine ; when it would mean Tenderly Inclining; Apt to Embrace. Clement Marot, the early French poet.
Comfort, Lat. Strong with ; Helping to Bear. A female name, rare and good.
Constance, Constantia, Constantine, Lat. Firm, Constant; lite. rally Withstanding, or as we now say, Standing by us. A name of noble meaning.
Cornelia, Lat. From Cornu, a Horn, the ancient emblem of plenty. It has been made a favourite with posterity by that fine maternal Spirit who produced the Gracchi.
Cuthbert, Sar. Bright Knowledge. Cyprian, Gr. A native or inhabitant of Cyprus, the isle of Venus. The fortune of this name is singular. It is given to women in reproach; but men were first christened by it after a father of the church. ****
Daniel, Heb. Judgment of God. Daniel de Foe.
David, Heb. Beloved. David Rizzio. David Teniers. David Garrick. See Adam.
Debora, Heb. A Bee. Tas
Denys, Dennis, from Dionysius or Dionysus, the Greek name of Bacchus. According to some, it comes from a Syrian word alluding to lameness or pain in the thigh, in reference to the birth of Bacchus. Others make it a Greek compound, signifying the Divine Mind or the Spirit of the Universe. The modern use of it came from St. Denis of France. See Adam.
Diana, Gr. It means Jove's Daughter. It used to be a favourite name in the times of the old stately French romance; and has survived chiefly among people of rank.
Dorothy, Dorothea, Dora, Gr. God's Gift. The same as Theodora. It was the name of our late cordial actress, Mrs. Jordan. The Italians, who make pretty words of every thing, turn it into Dorabella, or Dora the Fair.
Drusilla, Heb. Dewy Eyes. The familiar abbreviation of it is Dru, which appears to have been a man's name in Camden's time, but
derived either from a Saxon word, signifying subtle, or most likely from the French and old English word Druerie or Drury, which meant Gallantry.
Edgar, Sar. Happy Power.
Edith, formerly Eade, Ada, &c. from the Saxon word signifying Happy. It was the name of Pope's mother.
Edmund, Sar. Happy Peace. Edmund Spenser. Edmund Halley. Edmund Burke..! 21555
Edward, Sar. Happy Guarder or Keeper. Edward Fairfax. Edward Gibbon. Edward, Lord Herbert of Cherbury.
Edwin, Sar. Happy Winner. It is a favourite name in the Sandys family, of whom was Sandys the poet.
Eleanor, Eleonora, Sar. All Fruitful. But Camden brings it from Helen, Gr. One who takes Pity. Spenser seems to derive it also from the Grecian Helen, as he spells it Hellenore.
Eliza, Elizabeth, Betsey, Isabel, for they are all of one stock, Heb. The Oath of the Lord; or, Camden says, Peace of the Lord. Isabel, or Isabella, is only the termination of Eliza with the addition of Bella. See Dorothea. It seems strange at first how the name of Eliza got into Virgil's Æneid, as that of the sister of Dido; but the sisters were of -Phænician origin, and thus the name gets back to Asia.
Emma. Some think the same as Amie or Amelia; others, an old German or Norman word signifying a Good Nurse ; others the same as the Saxon Elgiva, Help-mate. It was the name of Charlemagne's daughter, who married his secretary Eginhart.
Erasmus, Gr. Loveable, Amiable. The name was introduced by the celebrated scholar of Rotterdam. It seems to have become a fa. vourite in the Dryden family, perhaps when they were growing lukewarm to popery.
Ernest, Germ. Sincere and Ardent. Earnest. According to Camden, it is Cæsar's word Ariovistus; which, say the Italian genealogists, is the origin of the name of Ariosto. It is evident from the Commentaries, that the Romans must have mauled foreign appellations as badly as the French do now; so much so, that it seems impossible to recognize the pithy Celtic names in their lengthened Latinisms.
Esther, Heb. Secret. ! Everard, Germ. Well Reported, according to some; but Camden thinks with others, that it means a good kindly disposition or Towardness.
Eugene, Eugenia, Gr. Well Born. 2. Euphemia, Gr. Well Spoken.
Eustace, Gr. Well Standing; not easily turned aside. The fit name of the famous French patriot Eustace St. Pierre, who delivered - himself up to Edward the Third, as a sacrifice for his fellow-citizens.
Eve, Eva, Heb. Giving Life.
Felix, Felicia, Lat. Happy. The same as the Greek Macarius, and the Saxon Edith. Lope Felix de Vega Carpio.
Ferdinand, Fernando, Fernan, Hernan, is 'a name of very disputed origin. Camden thinks it may come from the German words Fred and Rand, Pure Peace; and this appears a very likely etymology, for names alter strangely in making the Grand Tour. Hernan Cortes.
Flora, Lat. Flowery. Florence, a name both of men and women, Lat. Flourishing. Francis, Frances, Franck, from the German Franc, which signifies Free, as opposed to Servile; whence our metaphorical word Frank, and the old saying of Frank and Free. It is the same word as French. Francesco Petrarca. Francis Rabelais. Francis Bacon. Francis Quevedo. Francis Beaumont. Francis de la Rochefaucault., Francis de Salignac de la Motte Fenelon. Francis Marie Arouet de Voltaire. See Anthony. Francis is one of the pleasantest names in use. It has a fine open air with it;—a sound correspondent to it's sense.
Frederick, Germ. Rich Peace. Frederick Schiller. George Frederick Handel. Frederick of Prussia. It was brought among us by the Germans.
Folk, Foulk, Sar. Folk or People. A very popular meaning, answering to the Publius of the Romans. Sir Fulke Grevile, the Friend of Sir Philip Sydney.
Gabriel, Hel. The Strength of God. This appears to have been at one time a common name among rustics, if we may judge from the reproach of clownishness conveyed in the old saying of a “great Gaby.”
Geoffrey, Jeffrey, Germ. Joyful Peace. Geoffrey Chaucer.
George, Gr. Husbandman, Tiller of the Earth; the same as the Latin Agricola. In spite of the word Georgics, one is surprised to find this name of Greek origin, it has retained so little of it's character, and been so much identified with modern England. It was the national Saint that brought it into such repute; a personage who, according to Gibbon, turns out to have been no greater than a jobber and contractor, of very equivocal character. George Buchanan." George Chapman. George Frederick Handel. George Berkeley. George Louis le Clerc, Count Button. George Washington.
Georgiana, a compound of George and Anne.
Gerard, Gerald, often corrupted into Garret. Female Geraldine, Germ. All Towardness; Perfect Good-will.
Cerard Douw. The name of Lord Surrey's celebrated mistress, real or poetical, was Geraldine.
Gertrude, Germ. All Truth. Gervas, Jervas, Jervoise, Germ. All Fast or Sure. Gilbert, Gerni. Gilt-Bright; or as Camden rather thinks, according to an old spelling, Gislebert, Sar. Bright Pledge, like the Pignora Amoris of the ancients, and our modern phrase of a Pledge of Love.
Giles, “Miserably disjointed,” says Camden, by the French, from the Lat. Ægidius, Gr. Aigidion. A Litile Kid. The word G is still translated into Latin Ægidius. Camden thinks however that it is probably brought from Julius, as Gillian from Juliana: which appears the more likely from the French word Jules for Julius.
Godfrey, Germ. God's Peace. Godfrey of Boulogne, who went to make war in the Holy Land.
Grace, Lat. Grace, in the sense of Favour.
Guy, from the Italian Guido, which they derive from the French Guide. A Guide or Conductor. Guido Reni. In this country, the name is probably from our hero of romance, Guy Earl of Warwick.
Hector, Gr. Defender. This, like Solomon and Alexander (Sawney) came to have a contemptuous mock-heroical meaning, for an obvious reason.
Helen, Gr. One who takes Pity. Paris and the Trojans must have differed on the applicability of this name.
Henry, Henrietta, Harry, Harriet, Germ. Rich Lord: the same as the Greek Plutarch. Henry the Fourth. Henry Purcell. Henry St. John, Lord Bolingbroke. Henry Fielding. Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey. Herbert, Germ.
Bright Lord. Horatio, Horace, Lat. Camden says he is ignorant of the etymology of this word, but with his usual acuteness offers us that of Horatos or Horatikos from the Greek, " as of good eyesight.” Etymologists after him have translated it, Worth looking at. Worthy to be beheld. Sightly. Query? Whether it was a name given in gratitude to the Horæ or Seasons, who were always supposed to be bringing us something new, and one of whose pleasantest gifts were children. See Theocritus. Sy rakousiai, v. 105.
Hubert, Sar. Bright Hue.
Hugh, Germ. The same as our English word Hough. To cut and lame. Hugo de Groot, or Grotius. Hugh Middleton. Humphrey, Germ. Home Peace. See John.
The Italians, we have been told, make a similar butt of their word Onufrio.
Isaac, Heb. Laughter. The Gelasius of the Greeks. Isaac Newton. Isaac, or (as he more Judaically spelt it) Izaak Walton.
Isabel. See Elizabeth.
Jane, from Joan and Joanna, the female of John. Lady Jane Grey. Joan of Arc.
Jacob, James, Giacomo, Giacopo, Iago, Jachimo, Jacques, Heb. A Supplanter, or Tripper-up: in allusion to the birth of Jacob.
James Chrichton the Admirable. James Thomson. K. James the First I of Scotland. Jean Jacques Rousseau. James Cook.
[We miscalculated our room this time, owing to the breaks in the print, which
make such a number of paragraphs; otherwise this article would not have been left unfinished. The rest will appear, of course, next week.]
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