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from a subject so revolting. The two individuals to whom * have referred by name, were men of most respectable stati and related to Fualdes, Bastide by biruh, and Jausion by nriage. The latter was a rich banker, and the fortner was . easy circumstances. The motives which impelled them to to bloody deed, are not distinctly stated, but as they subseques: rifled the house of the murdered man, it should seein that to were urged on by avarice. In all these particulars, there is no mention of Madame Mr. son, but it appears that, during the perpetration of the murdshe was in the house, and within hearing of the voices, a. tramplings, and struggles of the victim and his assassi: , She was afterwards discovered, and it was proposed : despatch her at once, in order to prevent her from commu. cating what she had heard and seen. This was opposed of Jausion, and as far as we can collect, she was sworn to secrer with the dead body still in her sight. Either in consequence . some imprudent hint of her own, or from some other casualty, it wo discovered that she was in possession of the facts, and she wo summoned on the trial as a witness; from that moment she bgan a series of half-revelations, retractions, apostrophes, e. clamations, faintings, and sentimentalizations, which has a parallel in the history of evidence. There were two or thrawkward circumstances which combined to produce all the parade and attitudinizing. First, there was the untoward diclosure, that Madame Manson was found in a brothel :—b “ they manage these things better in France,” as someboo we believe Sterne, said on another occasion, and as the lady wo a known sentimentalist, a candid construction was put upon to part of the business, and the judge assured her from the bene that the public was ‘convinced that she was carried to the hot* of Bancal by accident and against her will.” Secondly, ther was her oath, respecting which we believe she did not feel mar scruples. Thirdly, she was probably actuated by a feeling gratitude to Jausion, as the preserver of her life. But we cat not help suspecting that the great stimulus to all her eccentric ties, was the determination to produce an effect, by whateve means and at whatever expense. Let her motive however has been what it might, the result of her conduct was to produce to impression at once unfavourable to the prisoners and herself. Sh continued to say quite enough to shew that she was acquainte, with the transaction, but managed at the same time to commu. nicate far too little for the ends of justice. Notwithstanding a appeal from the judge, which was meant to be prodigiously in pressive, she still persevered in the same absurd and tantalizes conduct, until, evidently for the mere purpose of intimidation she was included in the act of accusation. From the prison o
he Capuchins, where she was confined, these Memoirs are dated, ind if they were intended to establish her innocence of intentional alsehood, we can only say that they have produced on us, an offect quite the reverse. Their great object is to shew that she icted under the influence of terror, and to get rid, by a string of trange and improbable assertions, of the evidence of a M. Clemendot, who deposed that she had to him confessed her knowedge of the transaction. She makes an attempt, at the same ime to divert the public suspicion from herself to a Mille. Rose Pierret. Our readers are aware, that the trial has terminated n the acquittal of Madame Manson, and the condemnation of he actual assassins, who have since been executed. The previous life of Mme. M. had been of a very equivocal descrintion. She was married, and separated from her husband; 5ut still continued to keep up a clandestine intercourse with him, although “she refused to live with him.” “Who shall interpret,” very pithily exclaims the Editor, “the caprices of a heart so way* ward, as to expect from the performance of duty, the pleasing * illusions of love? No one but Madame Manson.” In her own Memoir, she congratulates herself on having “formed an agree“ able acquaintance with a young man from Paris, who has ‘ been kind enough, she says, “ to visit her in prison,’ and to .ravel eight leagues to convey her special pleadings to her mother. After all, who is the guarantee for the authenticity of these . “Memoirs?” And are they not, like Herbert Croft's ‘Love “ and Madness,’ a mixture of fancy and fact
Art. VIII. 1. Domestic Pleasures; or, The Happy Fireside; illustrated by interesting Conversations. By F. B. Vaux. London. 1816. 2. The Book of Versions; or, Guide to French Translation; for the Use of Schools. Accompanied with Notes, to assist in the Construction; and to display a Comparison of the French and English Idioms. By J. Cherpilloud. 12mo. 3s.6d. London. 1817.
E cannot think that the business of education is really advanced by the multiplication of elementary books; nor that the mind of the pupil can obtain any advantage whatever by a long detention from the original sources of instruction. There are many parts of science, now taught empirically, which might be much more effectually acquired by the more laborious, but at the same time, more impressive process of experience and induction. It appears advisable to let the learner, as far as possible, make his own grammar; to initiate him merely into the necessary paradigms and forms which are the keys of knowledge, and then suffer him to ascertain their use by an immediate *Pplication to works of authority. In this process, though many
difficulties must be encountered, yet no time will be lost; a the very obstacles which may present themselves at the outwill afford a deeper insight into the mysteries of science, at give to its materials a stronger hold upon the memory. It the great fault of our present systems, that they deal too mu: in shifts and expedients; that they do not fairly throw the mir upon its resources, but by cqntinually supplying it with helps: relays, injure its firmness, hinder its speed, and take from it the experimental consciousness of strength, which is its surestro source and dependence. We are absolutely inundated with class of books, very entertaining, and on their own principle sufficiently useful, but in our apprehension, injurious in th: effect, in so far as they detain the mind from more substant nutriment. These summary remarks, which we may perhaps, should at future occasion present itself, take occasion to pursue to a mu greater and more satisfactory extent, have been partly suggests to us by the works before us. On the present plan they are use ful and amusing, and we are not aware of any better method; communicating the knowledge which they are intended to coo vey. Of Mr. Vaux’s book, we must, indeed, be permitted to say, that he has not gone very far in search of his materials, an that, though his dialogues are sufficiently entertaining, they or compiled from sources with which every body is familiar; ye. in the absence of books of more substance, and of original as thority, his volume may be advantageously introduced. To early annals of Rome, portions of natural history, interestir: anecdotes, and an account of the Eddystone Lighthouse, are is general contents. Mr. Cherpilloud's book is certainly less liable to our pref. tory objections, inasmuch as it leads the pupil at once to to purest sources of composition. The Compiler justly remarks, that it is necessary to go to French mind for French expression and in accordance with this principle, he has had recourse to th best French classics, for his exercises. So far as we have ex. mined this little work, the first and most essential part seems to be well put together, but the second, which is made up of ex tracts, with complete translations, from the French and Englis: classics, is, we think, of greatly inferior value. In this latter portion, with the exception of Pope's deistical prayer, we make no objection to the extracts themselves, but to the translations though chiefly taken from the best authorities, they have so litti pretence to accuracy, that they must have an injurious effect upon the learner, when offered to him as examples.
Art. IX. 1. The Advent of Christ, considered in a Course of Six Sermons, preached before the University of Cambridge in Dec. 1815, by the Rev. W. Mandell, B. D. Fellow and Tutor of Queen's College, 8vo. pp. 212. 1817.
. The Duty of Promoting Christian Missions, as connected with the peculiar Character of the Present Times. By the Same. 8vo. pp. 36. 1814. -
. Preparation for Death, enforced by the Uncertainty of Life. Preached on the Occasion of the Death of Basil Anthony Keck, Esq. By the Same. 8vo. pp. 36. 1815.
H. The only availing Method of Salvation. A Sermon preached before the University of Cambridge. By the Same. 8vo. pp. 24, 1817.
IF a practical demonstration were required of the inefficacy of prescribed formularies, and creeds of human invention, to produce uniformity of sentiment, nothing more would be necessary, than simply to appeal to the Sermons which are continually issuing from the University presses of Oxford and Cambridge, after having been delivered from the University pulpits. It would be easy to collect from these printed Discourses, without looking back to far distant years, an almost endless variety of discordant and contradictory statements, not merely on subjects of minor importance, but on those which affect the very vitals of Christianity. We will venture to affirm, without fear of contradiction, that there is no dissenting pulpit in the kingdom, from which are delivered such varying and even opposite dogmas, as those which proceed from the University pulpits, in spite of all the Articles of faith which have been subscribed, and the acts of uniformity which have been promulgated. To-day, one of the reverend professors or divines, to whose lot it has fallen to preach before the University, shall state and defend the doctrine of Baptismal regeneration, as consonantboth to the volume of Revelation, and the formularies of the Church of England; tomorrow, another of this learned body shall get up, and from the same pulpit, and before the same audience, denounce this doctrine as an unscriptural and Popish tenet, a dangerous and destructive error. Now it is maintained, that justification is obtained by faith alone without works; and now it is asserted distinctly, that heaven is the reward of human obedience, and that good works are meritorious in the sight of God. This preacher is decidedly Calvinistical, the next who is to officiate, is Arminian or Pelagian; and both are alike confident of the agreement of their system with the articles and homilies of their church. Who then will contend that these authorized tests are of any advantage, since they cannot produce even an external uniformity, or prevent the public exhibition, from the same pulpit, of sentinents as opposite as light and darkness e are far from adverting to this fact, with any feeling of
triumph, though it might be legitimately brought forward ; confirmation of those principles which are maintained by P. testant Dissenters. On the contrary, we cannot but conside as a matter of deep regret, that the very fountains of knowle: should be thus corrupted, and that theological errors of no or mary magnitude, should be scattered so abundantly in a s which is likely to yield a thousand-fold. When we reflect the place where, the persons by whom, and the audience in who presence, these contradictory statements are delivered, we ca: not but feel that the mischief they are adapted to produce inconceivably great. For, besides that error is in itself bewitt ing, and insinuates itself with great ease into the youthful mi in the present case, it comes invested with all the authority office, and accompanied with all the decorations of science r learning. The |. tendency of such discordant public o structions will be, to produce and cherish a taste for theologo controversy, among those who are ill prepared to wield so do gerous a weapon ; to perpetuate all the virulence of party spo —“While one saith, I am of Paul, and another, I of Apollos, and lead not a few to contemplate the pulpit rather as an aro intended for the display of polemic skill, than as a repository sacred truth. It should be remembered, that a great propo tion of the audience, on such occasions, consists of those you!'; whose religious principles are yet unformed, and yet who r destined to become public instructers; and is there not jo cause to apprehend, that the effect of such contradictory star ments, on their minds, will be to produce either a total indifferen: to religious sentiments, or a perpetual vacillation of mind betwee' these opposite and contending theories Either they will be d|. to range themselves with all the zeal of vehement partisseneath the banner of one or other of their ecclesiastical leader or, which is the more probable result, they will conclude, that sit: their professors, tutors, and heads of houses, are not agreed on the subjects, it is of no importance whether they believe them or not Articles of faith, and formularies of doctrine, will be subscrib. by them, as a mere form of introduction to the honours and eme luments of the Church, without even so much as the pretens to a correct knowledge, or firm persuasion, of the knotty point to which they relate. If, however, there must be a flood of baneful errors poure forth from these fountains of knowledge, we sincerely rejoic: that it is not unmixed with a portion of sound evangelical trut Though it may be leared, that the great mass of modern Un versity preachers are of a contrary description, it is gratifying know that there are some, who, (like the respectable Tutor a Queen's, whose sermons now lie before us,) are “not ashame “ of the gospel of Christ,”—make a firm and decided stas against the prevailing errors of the times, and contend earnest.