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who are persons amon which this ispudences cussed on
suided the once fallen agents of Popery abroad, to regain their ,-seats, and the power of doing mischief.
From what cause can it have arisen, that this · Question of 12. the repeal of the Penal Statute, has been discussed on grounds 1.250 partial ? A stranger to our jurispudence might easily conbclude, from the debates which this · Question' has excited, that
the only persons among the subjects of this United Kingdom, who are aggrieved by the provisions of the penal code, are the professors of the Roman Catholic faith ; the case of the entire li body of Protestant Dissenters having been overlooked by the is writers and speakers who have advocated the cause of the Petitationers for Emancipation. On the principles which these advocates have avowed, the restrictions oppressive to Dissenters ought immediately to be removed, and the way opened for their
admittance to the full exercise of their civil rights. min Lord Grenville has publicly declared, that, in his opinion, it ixte would be an act of undeniable wisdom and justice, to communi"cate to our fellow subjects professing the Roman Catholic reli
gion, the full enjoyment of our civil constitution. Aware, however, that the relations of the Roman Catholics to a foreign power, are considerations of great moment in this question, his Lordship qualines the proposed measure, by suggesting the adoption of suitable arrangements maturely prepared, which are well known to comprehend the reservation of the influence of the Crown over the nomination of Roman Catholic bisiiops. Were the circumstances in which the necessity of interposing this Veto arises, removed, or did they not exist, his Lordship's · act of
undeniable wisdom and justice' would be cleared of every difficulty. Now, in whatever respects professors of the Roman * Catholic religion are considered as being unwisely and unjustly
excluded from the enjoyment of our civil constitution, Protestant Dissenters maintain a title neither less clear nor less strong. Their claims, (and which they cannot be charged with obtruding upon the public attention,) are entirely divested of all those dif. ficulties which adhere to the Catholic claims. They acknow. Jedge no foreign authority, they have no infallible bead of the
cburch' at Rome to dictate the laws of their obedience; they do not profess an exclusive creed ; their attachment to the civil constitution under which they live, is unquestionable, and their submission to the laws is exemplary. If, then, to say the least, the Protestant Dissenters are, as to their political character, not inferior to the professors of the Roman Catholic religion, it must be an act of undeniable wisdom and justice to exonerate", them from the restrictions of penal statutes, by their admission ? to the full enjoyment of our civil constitution. To repeal those ..., statutes in favour of Catholics,' and leave them binding and galling on Protestants, would be palpable injustice. To the in
it, questionant to this they
Protestant Dissenters the civil constitution of England, as now established, owes, more than to any other class of subjects, it preservation ;-is it just then that any of those rights, which they have ever been the foremost in securing to the community, sbould be with held from them?
The Letter now before us, is written with some ability, but i has no claiin to praise for excellence of arrangement or perspi: cuity of style ; it is indeed perplexed and obscire.
The Author proposes to investigate the original rights which man retains on entering into the social state, and to the enjoy. ment of which every member of the community, not stained by crime or rendered infamous by punishment, is, under the British constitution, equally and fully entitled; the nature and spirito the constitution, previous to and at the period of the Revolution of 1.88; to review the conditions to be performed by every cardidate for the honours and privileges of the State, previous to bis competency to hold or to enjoy them; and to prove that such conditioris cannot be injurious or repugnant to the letter or the spirit of the Christian Religion.
As it would be vain to attempt an analysis of this volume, me shall satisfy ourselves with furnishing our readers with the following extracts :
The policy of the Church of Rome has been peculiarly marked, by requiring an obedience to its decrees, so implicit and unqualified, that its votaries, in a spiritual sense, are (in contradiction to the meaning of terms) the subjects of a temporal, though denominated : spiritual king'om; and as that authority is most arbitrary which least defined, the Church of Rome ascertains no limits beyond why its power cannot extend; but “ wise in its generation," proportion the obedience required to the necessities which may demand then and by affixing crime even to doubt, and apostacy to inquiry, to origin and nature of its assumed spiritual authority is so overud dowed and obscured from protane observation, that allegiance thereu becomes implicit and supreme, and the security extended to the stany for the performance of the duty of allegiance, rests upon the anal tion of its own infallible will !
The subject urges me to a detail which I could wish to arous were I not satisfied that though Catholics may be entitled to to.no tion, yet until they escape from their present yoke of bondage, must be incapable of enjoying the blessings of constitutional trees and therefore are unfit depositories of power or of privilege.' P.
• If political power and privileges should be still pursued.. lect that the success of the laitý must depend upon your apin prove, by primary and authentic evidence, that all the doctr puted to the Church of Roine, injurious to the security of a tional liberty, as upheld by some and denied by other count nów not only not recognized but formally abrogated and co by an authority equal to. that by which they were previousy
other councils, are rogated and condemned were previously imposed
MA. Hawksley's Sermon on the Protestant Reformation. 275 Endind confi- med, and which authority or council is the present standard is of of Catholic orthodoxy. You will, I doubt not, anticipate that un. risbasberring standard to which your doctrines and discipline have been compadapted, THE COUNCIL OF TRENT:-you are, therefore, posi
ively required to produce the record of this infallible council, duly mtuthenticated, for the examination of the Imperial legislature, to en. in ible them to discover, by actual inspection, whether those doctrines, 1njurious to the peace and security of man, which were either getur?jeraily or partially leld, maintained, practised, or imputed, at any 12.seriod, have been formally recited, condemned, repealed, and renounced, and in order to remove doubts and to ensure confidence.' pp 269, 272.
RK This appeal and this demand addressed to the Romish Clergy, umbes e entitled to serious consideration ; they ought to be fairly ature met. Religion can never be at variance with the real interests of this to ľ" society; and if an authority is acknowledged as a religious med in aus hority by "l'atholics,' it is just to require satisfactory evi
199, devce of its e tire separation from political obligation, an oblico poi gation exclusively under the cognizance of the State. the 'The Authur very forcibly endeavours to impress on the Roman
Catholic Clergy, as essential and particular duties at the present this immoinent, the · Restoration of the Scriptures' to the people, and Es the “ Renunciation of the Papal authority.' The Letter is ad
dressed to Lord Holland.
an Art XI. 1. The Protestant Reformation commemorated ; a Sermon Talo preached on Sunday Morning, viarch I, 1818, at Aldermanbury hotele Postern, London Wall By John Hawksley. 8vo. 1818. . bila 2. The Reformation from Popery commemorated. The Substance of tant. a Discourse delivered at the Independent Meeting House, Stow.
market, Nov. 9. 1817. By Willian Ward. 8vo. 1818. Lo A W HATEVER sentiments on subjects of ecclesiastical or civil is ' polity, may be eutertained by those who sustain the respongratis sible office of the Christian pastor among Protestant Dissenters, do we believe we run no fear of contradiction in asserting, that 017 the pulpit is rarely if ever made by them the organ of po
litical opinions. The great subjects of the evangelical ini. nistry, are rarely made to give way to topics of subordinate importance. An attendant upon the services of the Meeting
house, might in many situations listen for years without bearing á from the preacher any thing more than a passing reference to
the peculiar tenets of Nonconformity. At an ordination service,
snch sentiments are, as a matter of course, formally intromeduced ; but in a general way, this reserve bas been carried to in an extent which has left room for regret that the younger part
of the congregation should be suffered to grow up uninformed as $ to questions of great practical importance.
wasich, in thise to these effect ofat glorioempt which Pro received country, subject." directingsfra, to
The time was, when it was thought necessary to preach sermons against Popery. In the beginning of the last century, a course of sermons, having this avowed object, was undertaken by the London Dissenting Ministers, which are known under the title of Salter's Hall Lectures. We do not know that there is any immediate necessity for preaching against Popery now, or, indeed, for preaching against any species of error; but there is always need for preaching up the truth; and the great principles of the Protestant Reformation, as constitutivg a most important branch of truth, stand in as much need perhaps of being contended for, at the present period, as they have ever done. We are glad that the faint attempt wbich was made to turn the Third Centenary of that glorious era, to some moral account, had at least the effect of directing the public attention in some measure to the subject. But the general apathy with which, in this country, the proposal to commemorate that event was received, contrasted with the interest taken in it by the Protestants of the Continent, might serve to convince those who are the consistent advocates of the great principles of the Reformation, that something more than an anniversary reference has become requisite, in order to rescue them from neglect or utter forgetfulness.
An earlier attention was due to the few sermons published on the occasion alluded to. Those which head this Article we can cordially recommend, as presenting a concise but comprehensive view of the principles of Protestantism, in a style well adapted to subserve the great purpose of religious instruction. · Mr. Hawksley has appositely taken for his text, or motto, Psalm 1xxvii. il, 12. I will remember the works of the ? Lord : surely I will remember thy wonders of old.' The first part of the discourse is devoted to a brief sketch of the rise, progress, and ultimate character of Popery. Under the second division, he expatiates on the advantages which have been con• ferred upon us by our deliverance from its bondage.' These be sums up in the following particulars : “the unrestrained circulation
of the scriptures :' . freedom of thought and of profession in all the concerns of religion ;' •a purer doctrine and greater sim( plicity of worship,' more especially the re-establishment of that grand article, (stantis vel cadentis ecclesiæ articula) justification by faith alone! and, lastly,' a more correct and widely ? extended morality. Under the last head, he calls upon his audience to make a suitable improvement of the circumstances in wbich as Protestants, and as Protestant Dissenters, they are placed ; pot scrupling to affirm that by no denomiation of Christians are the principles of the Reformation better understood, • and more practically honoured, than by our truly apostical
urches.' The points above enumerated admit of a fair ground comparison. From this branch of the discourse, we select e following extract. 91. Your first and most obvious duty is the exercise of gratitude to pod. From him, the Father of lights, “ cometh down every good it and every perfect gift;" and his agency is therefore to be de
utly acknowledged in all the mercies we enjoy.. If his “ kingdom leth over all ;” if it extend to the most minute occurrences of an dividual's life; nay, if, as the Redeemer has assured us, a sparrow lleth not to the ground without our Father,” and “ the very hairs of ir head are all numbered ;"—very powerfully must we be impressed **th a persuasion of the energy of his arm, in the great and mighty
hievement we are now commemorating! bite. We are justly habituated to admit the peculiar intervention of ce:eaven, when we reflect upon the rapid propagation of the gospel in De pe first ages. When we advert to the power and policy that were
mbined against it ; when we recollect the nature of the doctrine aber dat was insisted on; and when we call to mind the character of the
incipal human agents--we are constrained to exclaim, in dwelling pon its triumphs, “ What hath God wrought !" pp. 26, 27.
I call upon you, in the second place, to appreciate highly, and to aintain inviolate, the principles which you have received. The bles. ngs we have been contemplating, as having emanated from the Re.
ormation, are unquestionably of the utmost value. Let us, then Chi "zek to impress upon our minds a sense of their importance. Let us steware of profaning them. And let us be anxious that they may be i nown and enjoyed by others who have not yet acquired them. 'O! We now much do we ourselves owe to their prevalence! We will pray, razhen, for their wider diffusion; and in our own separate spheres, will use concerned that they may be understood, and that they may be enerated. We will teach them to our children and associates. And
ve will be ready to protest against all arbitrary exactions which tend to impair or to obstruct them.
• I should deem myself highly culpable, if, on this occasion, and de in addressing this audience, I did not advert to the topic of Proteshal tant Nonconformity. It has directly flowed from the Reformation,
and is indeed its genuine and legitimate result. It is a subject of no inconsiderable moment, and a subject which it is especially desirable that our young friends should competently understand. It has long been lamented by many, that our principles as Dissenters are not so
fully comprehended, or so highly revered as they once were, and as in they still demand and deserve to be. And to this
cause, principally, is to be attributed the secession of any from our churches; for in the
humble estimation of the preacher, where the grounds of Nonconformity are really understood, they are sufficient to carry their own idence.
This want of acquaintance with the subject, is partly to be at. led to the neglect of domestic instruction; and partly to other Di
have seldom been forward to obtrude their senti. at
notice. They have generally acted upon the