« ElőzőTovább »
Diagrams. VI. The Resolution of Equa- formation. By C. W. Rordansz, 8vo. tions by Approximation, and indeter- 18s, boards, minate Analysis. VII. A numerous Universal Commerce; or, the Com. and miscellaneous collection of Ex merce of all the mercantile cities and amples, for further practice. The towns of the world : containing a geowhole designed as a question-book for the graphical description of each place; its use of schools and private study. By weights, measures, monies; course and James Harris, Teacher of the Mathe. operation of exchange; imports and exmatics, Walworth, 12mo. 4s. bound. ports, &c. with pro forma sales of mer.
An Introduction to Geography. By chandise from Antwerp, Bremen, HamMrs. Sherwood, Author of Little Henry
burgh, Rotterdam, &c. the net duties and his Bearer, &c. 2s. half bound. payable in Great Britain on importa
The History of France, from the tion, and the drawbacks on exportation earliest periods to the second return of of foreign merchandise. By the Editor Louis XVIII. By Frances Thurtle, of Mortimer's Commercial Dictionary. 12mo. 7s. 6d.
8vo. 10s, 6d. boards, The First French Guide, containing an easy Spelling-book and Reading
MISCELLANEOUS. Exercises, &c. By J. Cherpilloud, The Works of Charles Lamb, 9 vols. 12mo.
.f.cap. 8vo. 12s.
A Vindication of the University of
Cambridge, from the Reflections of Sir An Abridgement of all the Custom James Edward Smith, President of the Laws in force in Ireland, and of the laws Linnean Society, contained in a pamphwhich regulate the trade from Ireland to let, entitled, “ Considerations respectand from all places in his Majesty's ing Canıbridge,” &c. By the Rer. dominions, and in the dominions of fo- James Henry Monk, B.D. Fellow and reign powers; including the duties, Tutor of Trinity College, and Regius drawbacks, bounties, and allowances Professor of Greek in the University of payable on goods, inward and outward, Cambridge, Svo. 3s. 6d. with rates ; particularly where the laws The twenty-fourth volume (or the in Ireland differ from those on the same third of a New Series) of a complete subject in Great Britain, Also a sketch Collection of State Trials and Proceedof the origin and progress of Customs in ings for High Treason and other crimes Ireland; a Chronological Table of the and misdemeanors, from the earliest Statutes; and a copious Index to the period to the year 1783 ; with notes and work. By John Heron, of his Majesty's other illustrations. Compiled by T. B. Customs, Dublin, 8vo. 11. 1 s. boards. Howell, Esq. F.R.S. F.S.A. and continued
from the year 1783 to the present time, MEDICAL.
by Thomas Jones Howell, Esq. royal Observations proving that Dr. Wil. 8vo. 11. 11s. 6d. boards, son's Tincture for the Cure of Gout and Altham and his Wife, a Domestic Rheumatism, is similar in its nature Tale, foolscap 8vo. 5s. 60. and effects to that deleterious prepara- Ashford Rectory; or, the Spoiled Child tion, the Eau Medicinale. By William Reformed, containing a short introduc. Henry Williams, M.D. F.L.S. Fellow of tion to the sciences of architecture, the Royal College of Physicians, 4to. 4s. and heraldry. By Frances Thurtle,
4s. 6d. MERCANTILE.
New Tales. By Mrs. Opie, 4 vols. European Commerce; or, Complete 12mo. 11. 8s. Mercantile Guide to the Continent of The Angler's Vade-Mecum. By W. Europe : comprising an account of the Carroll, post 8vo. Is. trade of all the principal cities of the The Edinburgh Gazetteer, Vol. II, continent, copious tables of their mo Part I. 9s. nies, exchanges, weights and measures, Part VIII. of Green's Botanical Dicwith their proportion to those of Eng. tionary, with plates, coloured and plain. land; the local regulations of each Part XI. of Aspin's Systematic Anaplace, their tariffs of duties, methods of lysis of Universal History: containing buying and selling, tares and other al the fabulous ages of Greece, continued. lowances; together with numerous offi- The Philosophical Library, a very co. cial documents, ordinances, &c. form. rious collection of the most rare and ing a complete code of commercial in- valuable reprints of ancient morality,
&c. as for example, the lives and morals cally considered : a Sermon, preached of Confucius, Epicurus, and Isocrates; before the Master and Elder Brethren the morality of the East from the Koran, of the corporation of Trinity-house, ou &c.; the political mischiefs of popery, May 18, 1818. By the Rev. R. Mant, as far as it regards the interests and li. D.D. Rector of St. Botolph's, Bishops. berties of the Catholics themselves; a gate, &c. Is. Summary of the ancient Irish Christi. A Sermon, preached in the parish anity and its four gospels; a Looking church of St. Mary, Rotherhithe, on Glass for Popes and Priests, with a ge May 3, 1818, in aid of the Charity nuine Catalogue of the holy relics of the School of that parish. To which is sube Roman Catholic Church. Vol. I. 8vo. joined, an account of the success of the 15s. 6d.
new system of education in Southern
Africa. By Robert Jones, D.D. late POETRY.
Senior Chaplain at the Cape of Good The Family Shakespeare: in which Hope. Is. nothing is added to the original text, A Reply to a Letter written by the but those words and expressions are Rev. J. Siinons, Rector of Paul's Cray, omitted which cannot with propriety purporting to be on the subject of cerbe read aloud in a family. By Thomas tain errors of the antinomian kind, Bowdler, Esg. F.R.S. and S.A. 10 vols.
which have lately sprung up in the West royal 18mo. 31. 3s,
of England. By Thomas Snow, seceder Translations from Camoens, and other from the National Religious EstablishPoets; with original Poetry. By the ment. 2s. 6d. Author of “Modern Greece," and the
Plain Preaching ; or, Sermons for the “ Restoration of the Works of Art to Poor and for People of all Ranks. By Italy," 8vo. 48.
Rev. R. Mayo. 12mo. 6s. * Bodiam Castle; a Poem in six Cantos,
A Sketch of the History of Churches with Notes, 8vo. 10s. 63.
in England: applied to the purposes of The Gentleman : a Satire, written
the Society for promoting the enlargeduring the years 1812, 1813, 1814, and ment and building of churches and 1815, 8vo. 45.
cbapels. To which is added, a Sermon, The Rhapsodist; or, Mes Souvenirs : on the Honour of God, in places of pub. in an Epistle to Aristus. By Richard lic worship. By John Brewster, M. A. Esmond Comeford, Esq. 8vo. 16s. or Rector of Egglescliffe, and Vicar of 4to. Il. Is, boards.
Greatham, in the county of Durbam.
3s. 6d. POLITICAL.
Meditations of a Neophyte; with Rational Reform on Constitutional Notes. post 8vo. 6s. 6d, boards. Principles, addressed to the Good Sense Observations on the Doctrine, Dis. of the English Nation. By a Barrister, cipline, and Manners of the Wesleyan 8vo. 7s. 6d. boards.
Methodists; and also of the Evangelical Ap Inquiry concerning the Popala Party, as far as the latter adhere to the tion of Nations, containing a Refutation same system: including strictures oa of Mr. Malthus's Essay on Population. the notions entertained by both, respectBy George Ensor, Esq. 8vo. 128. ing a Divine Providence, and the un
lawfulness of amusement among ChrisTHEOLOGY.
tians. By the Rev. Latham WaineA Letter to the Hon, and Right Rev. wright, M.A, F.A.S. of Emanuel Col. Henry Ryder, D.D. Lord Bishop of lege, Cambridge, and Rector of Great Gloucester. By the Rev. Rich. Warner, Brickhill, Bucks. 8vo. 6s, boards. of Bath. To which is added, a Bio- Serious Advice to a Young Minister graphical Sketch of the late Rev. Archi of the Gospel, on important subjects bald Maclaine, D.D. with Notes and connected with the Christian Ministry. Anecdotes. 'Second edition, 3s,
By Joseph Freeston, Author of an An. An Essay on the Fall of Man, and swer to the Question/" Why are you the necessity of a Mejdator, proved by not a Socinian?”' &c. 12mo. 3s. 6d. argument from the coincidence between Consolation for Mourners ; Five Ser. reason and fact, and the combined mops, entitled, Faith's Estimate of Afagreement of both with Revelation. By flictive Dispensations. By the late Rev. G. Moase. 12mo. 4s. i
John Hill. is, 6d. The Suvereignty of God, in the natural A Letter to the Right Rev. the Lord world, and the agency of man, practi. Bishop of St. David, one of the Patrons of the London Society for promoting Esq. late his Majesty's Secretary of Christianity among the Jews, on the pro Embassy, and Minister Plenipotentiary ceedings and prospects of that society; to the Court of Persia. With maps, co dated Moscow, Feb. 24, 1818. With an loured costumes, and other engravings Appendix, containing some interesting from the designs of the Author. Royal documents illustrative of the present 4to. 31. 13s. 6d. state of the Jews on the Continent. By A Journey round the coast of Kent; the Rev. Lewis Way, M.A. of Stansted containing Remarks on the principal obPark, Sussex. 23. 6d.
jects worthy of notice throughout the Sermons on various Subjects. By whole of that interesting border, and the James Lindsay, D.D. 8vo. 12s. bds. contiguous district; including Pensburst
The Holy Minister, a Sermon, preach and Tunbridge Wells, with Rye, Win. ed at the annual meeting of the Minis chelsea, Hastings, and Battle, in Sussex: ters educated at Homerton Academy, being original Notes made during a May 19, 1818. By Robert Winter, summer excursion. By L. Fussell, Esq. D.D. 8vo. 1s. 6d.
With maps, 8vo. 9s. boards. The Apostacy of the Church of Rome, England Described; being a concise and the Identity of the Papal Power delineation of every county in England with the Man of Sin. By W. Cunning and Wales; with an account of its most hame, Esq. 8vo. 48. 60.
important products, notices of the prinScripture and Common Sense, on the cipal seats, and a view of the transacdoctrines of Regeneration and Baptism. tions, civil and military, &c. By John By the Rev. Melville Horne, 2s. 6d. : Aikin, M.D. being an enlargement of the
work by that Author, entitled, England · TRAVELS AND TOPOGRAPHY.
Delineated. 8vo. 14s. boards. A Journey from India to England, A new History and Description of through Persia, Georgia, Russia, Po. York. By William Hargrove, 3 vols. land, and Prussia, in the year 1817. By royal 8vo. 11. 16s. Lieut. Colonel Johnson, C.B. illustrated Travels in Canada, and the United by numerous engravings, 4to. 21. 2s. States of America, in 1816 and 1817.
A Second Journey through Persia to By F. Hall, Esq. late Military Secre. Constantinople, between the years 1810 tary to Gen. Wilson, Governor in Caand 1816. With a Journal of the voyage uada. 8vo. 14s, boards. by the Brazils and Bombay to the Per An Autumn near the Rhine; or, sian Gulf; together with an account Sketches of courts, society, and scenery, of the proceedings of bis Majesty's Em in some of the German States bordering bassy under his Excellency Sir Gore on the Rhine. 8vo. 14s. Quseley, Bart. K.S.L. By J, Morier,
Art. I. .1. A Treatise upon the Poor Laws. By Thomas Peregrine
Courtenay, Esq. M.P. 8vo. 1818. 2. Considerations on the Impolicy and Pernicious Tendency of the Poor
Laws; with Remarks on the Report of the Select Committee of the House of Commons upon them; and Suggestions for improving the Condition of the Poor. By Charles Jerram, A.M.
Vicar of Chobham, &c. 8vo. 1818. 3. A Summary View of the Report and Evidence relative to the Poor
Laws, published by Order of the House of Commons, with Observa. tions and Suggestions. By š. W. Nicoll. 8vo. 1818. 4. Observations on the Circumstances which influence the Condition of
the Labouring Classes of Society. By John Barton. 8vo. 1817. 5. An Inquiry into the Nature of Benevolence, chiefly with a view to - elucidate the Principles of the Poor Laws, and to show their
immoral Tendency. By J. E. Bicheno, F.L.S. 8vo. 1817. 6. Minutes of Evidence taken before the Committee appointed to consider
of the several Petitions relating to Ribbon Weavers. Ordered by
the House of Commons to be printed, 18th March, 1818. M ORE than four hundred volumes on the subject of the N Poor Laws, are enumerated by Şir Frederick Eden, and still this vast and intricate subject, vast as regards its bearings upon human happiness, and intricate on account of its involving in the discussion the fundamental principles of political science, is continuing to employ and to baffle the sagacity of our legislators and philosophers. Not fewer than sixty-six statutes (forty of the number during the present reign) have been passed since the famous 43d of Elizabeth, (which was itself a digest of all the existing laws on the subject,) in brder to give perfection to the present system. And now, the eventual abolition of the wbole, the clearance of the Statute-Book from the total nuisance of the Poor Laws, is represented as the only adequate remedy for this gigantic mischief, the political 'plague of
Vol. X. N.S.
• England.' One writer, whose name carries with it very considerable weight, * has not scrupled to affirm, that No Scheme • for the amendment of the Poor Laws' merits the least attention,
which has not their abolition for its ultimate object.' And even the Committee of the House of Commons seem to be of opinion, that their abolition would be decidedly beneficial, could it be effected with safety. In the interim, some remedial regulations are on all sides admitted to be indispensably necessary, in order to arrest the accelerating progress of the evil. "The strongest conviction of the impolicy and mischievousness of the system, has as yet,' remarks Mr. Courtenay, 'induced
no man to propose its total and immediate abrogation ;' while those who are for proposing palliatives, are willing that every partial amendment should have a tendency towards a general
abandonment. As to the best means of introducing a reform, however, there fortunately exists a diversity of opinion which will, we hope, secure the rigid and suspicious examination of any legislative project of the nature of experiment. It will be well if the clamour and the panic which have spread through all ranks, on the subject of the Poor Laws, and the vehement eloquence with which the dangers arising from the Law of Relief have been aggravated, should not favour the passing of enactments not less injurious, in some points of view, than the evils they are ostensibly designed to remedy.
All that we shall attempt in the present Article, is, to introduce our readers to a general view of the question itself; we shall then proceed to examine the measures proposed, by way of mitigating the existing burden. There are a few previous considerations which, although some of them may appear little better than truisms, the reader may find it very convenient to carry with him into the investigation.
In the first place, whether there exist a Law of Relief, or not, there will always remain a portion of the community in a state of poverty. Whether the Poor Laws tend to lessen, or to increase, the sum of Pauperism, they are not the cause of poverty. This is a state wbich, under any conceivable circumstances of society, must be incidental to a large portion of the labouring classes. When the population of a country has attained the point at which the supply of labour is fully adequate to the demand, the wages of labour are not likely to remain much higher than suffices for the bare subsistence of the labourer and his family. This is poverty, when a man can earn no more than he must expend in the supply of his daily wants ; and when liis earnings fall below the sum requisite for his main
* Ricardo “ On the Principles of Political Economy and Tax. “ation." p. 113.