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sations shew, as the translator ob- the following, the last of them, serves as that the poetry of the especially, not very cogent :-Scalds chiefly displays itself in 6«That this fine eastern pastoral images of terror," In å note to was designed for a vehicle of rethe Duing Ode of Regnar Lod. ligious truths, is an opinion hand. brog, attributed to the yth cen. eddown from the earliest antiquity. tury, the translator, in the expres. That it may be so, has been clearly slun of “a mass of weapons," de- proved by one of the best critics tecis 6 a sncor on the Christian of the age (Dr. Lowth): and that religion, which they considered as it is so, may bestrongly presumed, the religion of cowards, because not only from that ancient and it would have corrected their universal opinion, but from its savage manners,' or rather be being preserved in a book, ali cause they had not witnessed the whose other contents are of a di. Crusades into the East, or the vine religious nature.” wars for “ religion and social While the New Translation order" in Christian Europe. was in the press, so appeared a

In 1764, was published, in one new edition of the Praelectiones, , small volume, 12mo.' The Song - with notes, by Michaëlis,” who, of Solomon, newly, translated from according to our translator's postthe original Hebrew, with a Cuin. script, (p. 103) differs from Lowth, mentary and Annotations. This as to the Song of Solomon “ being translation has been long ascribed a sacred allegory, and is inclined to Mr. Percy, and we apprehend, to look no further than the literal nav be now confidently regard - meaning. Yet allows it to be a ed as the production of his pen. production not unworthy the ceThe tianslator describes his work lestial muse, and thinks it was 215 " an atttempt to rescue one of inserted in the great code of sathe most beautiful pastorals in cred and moral truths, to shew the world, as well as the most that wedded love has the express ancient, from that obscurity and approbation of the Deity.” It is confusion, in which it has been surprising that the learned profesinvolved by the injudicious prac. sor could discover any recommentice of former commentators. The dation of marriage, in the story generality of these,” he complains, of an amorous prince, possessed “ have been so busily einployed already of 6 threescore queens in opening and unfolding its alle, and fourscore concubines, yet gorical meaning, as wholly to neg. inclined, like a modern grand lect that literal sense, which ought seignior, to add another bride to to be the basis of their dis. his seraglio. It is yet more to coveries.” On the contrary, it is be admired that our translator bis “ sole design to establish and could conjecture (p, 103), “ that illustrate the literal sense;" pro. this elegant description of conposing," in a future attempt, to jugal love is, after all, only a enquire, what sublime truths are veil to shadow that divine and concealed under it.” The traus. lender regard which subsists belator's reasons for exprcting to dis. tween the Redeeiner and the souls cover “ sublime truths,” conceal- of men ; a subject,” he adds, "of ed in the Song of Solomon, are so much importance as to deserve

a particular and distinct inquiry, lator regrets as “the assistant and and therefore reserved for a file companion of his studies, the inture undertaking."

structor of his youth, and the cor. Dr. Waits bas hinted at the respondent of his riper age." progress of good sense and sober- In 1768, appeared " The Out. mindedness as to the religious use lines of a New Commentary on of the Song of Songs. In a later Solomon's Song, drawn by help edition of the Preface to his Lyric of Instructions from the East.” Poems, first published in 1709, The author, the late Mr. Harmer, he has this nole:-“ Solomon's since well known by his “ ObserSong was much more in use vativns on Divers passages of amongst preachers and writers of Scripture,” commends “ the learn. divinity, when these poems were ing, the candour and the elegance written, than it is now, 1736.” displayed in the New Translation." Whiston, about this time, in a Of this he makes large use, if in. Discourse on the subject, had deed his own work were not oc. called in question, not only the casioned by its publication. He divinity, but the moral decorum of however, differs from Bossuet and the book, alledging " the general the translator, and contends, in character of vanity and dissolute. opposition to the latter, that the ness, which reigns through the Song of Songs was occasioned by Canticles, in which there is not Solomon's marriage with Pharaoh's one thought that leads the mind daughter, introducing among the toward religion, but all is worldly characters a former wife degraded and carnal, to say no worse.” At on occasion of that marriage. the date of the New Transla- This work of Mr. Harmer being, tion," it had become quite safe for we believe, little known, in com. a clergyman, without incurring parison with bis “ Observations,', scandal, to consider the Canticles we subjoin from his preface the merely as a work of human genius, following explanation of his plan. prudentlı reserving the point of a " That two wives of Solomon, spiritual sense. In thus consider. the one just married, and another ing it, the translator adopted the wbose jealousy was greatly awak. scheme of Bossuet, who divides the ened by that event, are referred book into seven parts, each com- to, and indeed introduced as prehending one day of the nup- speakers, which is the ground-work tial festivities.

of the whole of what I have offer. The " Annotations," annexed ed, and, for aught I know, a to the New Translation, discover thought perfectly new, is a point a critical acquaintance with the about which I have very little customs and phraseology of the doubtfulness in my own mind, Hebrews, and are interspersed with though perhaps I may not be so apposite quotations from the Greek happy as to have the generality of and Roman Classics. In the my readers adopt the sentiment. preface, the notes marked B. are When I speak of my sketching ascribed to " the Rev. Mr. Binnel, out the interpretation of this vene. of Newport, in Shropshire," who rable Song, I would be under. died us while the sheets were stood to mean, as to the literal printing off," and whom the trans, sense of it, the giving of which the

author of the New Translation, with an Introduction, containing very judiciously observes, is the sonie remarks on a late New first duty of an expositor, without Translation of this Sacred Poem: which it is impossible to discover also a Commentary and Notes, what other truths are couched Critical and Practical. Written under it, though it has been ter- in the year 1769." This work is ribly neglected."

dedicated to Bishop Lowth, and in. Mr. Harmer communicates his troduced by a letter to an unnam. plan in Remark xij. and xiii. of ed reverend friend, in which the me Outlines. Dr. Priestley re. writer acknowledges his obligations marks on this poem, (Noies ii. to the New 'Translation, but pro92.) that every attempt made to ceeds to shew, that it is, in his give a sp: rtual meaning to it, “ apprehension, both defective has only servid to throw ridicule and faulty, in several respects.” on those who lave undertaken it." This commentator is certainly Yet Mr. liarmer found the gose more at home, in the spiritual pel.state allu ribrated in the Song sense of the Canticles, than his of Songs, adducing the likeness precursur, a disposition likely to be we may observe between Solo. encouraged by “ Dr. Gill's Ex. mon's marrying a Gentile princess, planation of the Divine Song," and making her equal in honour which he had just met with, as and privileges with his former well as Harmer's Outlines. To Jewish queen, and in her being both works he frequently refers. frequently mentioned afterwards in He not only speaks “ of Christ history, while the other is passed the heavenly bridegrom, whom over in total silence, and the Solomon, in this poem is certainly conduct of the Messiah towards meant to represent,” but his fancy the Gentile and Jewish churches." runs riot upon this notion, till be This learned Biblicist was still presently adds, " The author of further satisfied with his plan, the book of Canticles, (for Solobecause " the universal church is mon, as the rest of the prophets, spoken of under the notion of a was only the instrument,) the au. bride, and the Messiah as her hus. thor, I say, was not a man, but band, Ephes. v. He found also he who judges right; not from support in “ St. Paul's method of appearances, nor from any irregu. explaining the bistory of Sarah lar motion in his own breast, as and Agar," and at length arrived man dors, but who knows the inat all the determinateness that can most the ughts of his frail imper. be expected, in a matter that has fect creatures.” The “ three. been so perplexed by the learned, score queens and fourscore conand,' as he added, unlike a fierce cubines,” are considered as a sort polemic,“ of no greater conse. of heir looms, descended to Solo. quence to our salvation." mon, " the spoils of war in his

The New Translation gave oc- father's time, the purchase of his casion to another work which own treasure, or fallen to him as appeared some years after. It was his regal inheritance." Having published anonymously at Edin- thus disposed of these bosom slaves, bergb, in 1775, and entitled " The Whom eastern tyrants from the light of Song of Solomon, Paraphrased, smeha

heaven Sccludega

,

our commentator can bring him. sometimes in a pleasing transport self to believe that “however crim. agitale the whole frame. If you inal Solomon became in his old love me, keep my commandments, age," this early purchaser, if not saith our blessed Saviour. And inheritor, of queens and concubines, an excellent rule ir is, whereby to 66 suill retained the simplicity and judge of the reality of our afficinnocency of his youth, at the time lions. But then on the other side, this poem was wrote.” He can, let us not fancy we do this where however, express himself in a man. there are no affections at all." ner more creditable tv a ber Mr. Percy, as we have seen, projudgment. Having maintained posed to follow his New TranslaThat “a mind untainted by.vice, tion, by a search after " subline will find in the Song of Solomon, truibo,' concealed in the Song of solid instruction,” he adds:- Solomon. This he reserved tor a

"If we examine the lives of future undertaking. Mr. Har. such as bave been noted for en. mer, expressed a wish to see thusiastic fighis, we shall find, “what alligorical sepse be would that, if they have not lived in the put on Ibis antient poem,” and in practice of vice, (though too many ihe Commentary, published at of them have,) yet have they Edinburgh, hopes were entertained, been persons of wild and wanton “ of seeing such a work performed dispositions, careless of their con. by him.” Mr. Percy, however, duct, and more careless of their to the credil of his maturer judge conversation and studies, such as ment, appeared not to bave pura have had strong passions, and sued the subject further. If he been only kept from indulging ever addressed himself to the them by the restraints of consci. “ particular and distinct inquiry" ence, fear, regard for reputation, he had proposed, he probably soon or by having met with cruel dis. found it a labour more herculean appointments. Such persons, when than he bad expected, to assini. they take a turn to devotion, love late the sensual Solomon to the God with the same sensual affec. pure and holy Jesus. Their chations they were wont to feel for an racters would no more amalınagate human object, and find their own than " the iron and the clay," in warm ideas in places of scripture, the image presented to the imagi. where no such are really to be nation of the king of Babyloo, found. And though in all this Our industrious scholar soon ato they may not be absolutely crim. templid another subject, to his inal, yet are they too apt to de. successful prosecution of which ceive themselves and others. The he was principally indebted for love of God is not a sensible pas. ibat reputation he has acquired sion, nor to be judged or by the among the writers of his time. seeming pious affections which

[To be continued.] possess the imagination, and which

Died, October 5th, at Bewd. stitutions and numbers, with those ley in Worcestershire, SAMUEL of his own day, of which he reKENRICK, Esq. This excel- tained a most accurate remem. lent man was the third son of the brance. It was at college that Rev. John Kenrick, Minister of his acquaintance began with Dr. the Dissenting Congregation at Wodrow, who was also studying Wrexham in Denbighshire, and under Dr. Leechinan, and who was born at Wynnehall, in the has given so interesting an account same county, in the year 1728. of bis master, in the Memoir prea Having received his preparatory fixed to his Posthumous Sermons. education in that neighbourhood, Similarity of temper and pursuits he was sent, in the year 1743, 10 soon ripened their acquaintance the University of Glasgow. This into the closest friendship, which circumstaoce gave a colour to all only the death of Dr. Wodrow the events of his succeeding life: interrupted. (See M. R. vol. vi. p. and he always regarded it as most 122). They were accustomed to kindly ordered for him by Provi. meet after the hour of lecture, to dence. Having passed through compare and correct the notes the classes of languages and phi. which they had taken, and to purlosophy, he entered the Divinity sue the ideas which their teacher Hall, and attended the lectures of had suggested. Mr. Kenrick the celebrated Dr. Leechinan, never spoke of Dr. Leechman but who had been recently elected to with enthusiastic affection; re. the theological chair, after violent garding himself as indebted to him opposition from his orthodox for those rational and animating brethren. Time past lightly on views of God and of the Christian

with Mr. K. while he pursued his Revelation, which he early em- studies. The period of academical braced and cherished to the end

education and the place where it of life. His vacations were spent has been carried on, seldom fail to with his near relation, the Rev. be remembered with regret and Rob. Millar, minister of the Abbey affection by an ingenuous mind, Church, Paisley, the learned au. being endeared by two of the thor of the History of the Propa. highest pleasures which a human gation of Christianity. being can enjoy, the acquisition of Mr. K. continued at Glasgow knowledge and the formation of till the year 1750, when he was friendship. In the mind of Mr. engaged as Tutor to the two sons K. these feelings were peculiarly of James Milliken, Esq. of Milli. strong-being heightened, perhiaps, ken, in Renfrewshire. With the by the contrast between the stu. elder of these young men he set dies of his youth and the business out in the spring of 1760, to make to which his later years were de. a tour on the Continent. At the voted. Even when he was on the Hague, he became acquainted with verge of eighty, accident having the learned translator of Mosheim, renewed his connection with the who gave him much valuable in. University, his affection for his formation respecting the route Alma Mater revived with una.' which he was to pursue. From bated strength ; and he was de. Holland (as we were at war with lighted to compare its present in. France) they past through part of

VOL. VII.

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