ing to thirty-nine. (iii. xxviii and tents are chiefy extracted from XXVI.)

two eminent writers, Michaëlis This work was “ originally deo and Lardner. The former has slicaieri'' 10 the Duchess ot'. orth. displayed so much ingenuity and limberland, daughier of Lady discernment, and the latter such Herifird, the friend of Dr. Warts a depib of learning, as give the and Vis. Rowe. The Duchess greatest advantage to such as liould bring dead before the appearance avail themselves of their labours.” of the fourth edition, that is "con. A friend of the editor supplied a secrated to her beloved and hon. " short account of the several oured memory." The Editor ha sects and heresies that prevailed ving frequent occasion to celebrate in the times of Christ and his the ancient Percys, could not fail Apostles;" also “ A Key to the to attract the notice of ihe inodern Prophecies contained in the Rev. possessors of their wealth and elation." This liule work has titles. This publication is indeed passed through several editions, understood 10 have procured for and been adopted in the Univer. him lhe appointment of vom suic sities. chaplain to the Duke, and thus to In 1769, Mr. Percy preached have rendered bis advancement in the “ Serinon before ihe Sons of the church no longer problemati. the Clergy, at their annual Meet. cal.- Mr. Percy,' however, was ing at St. Paul's." The same not content without showing that year he was appointed one of the he had pa dalla nuion, amidst bis royal chaplains, and probably lit rary pursuil, to subjects im. now took his degree of Doctor of mediately connected with bis Diviniiy. clerical pretensions.

In 1770, he appeared again as In this same year (1765), he an editor. The curious work publishedihatjustly popular"little committed to his care we had ugmanual," as he names it in a casion to quote, and it is frequent. dedication to the Bishop of Dur. ly referred to, in the last edition ham, 06 A Key 10 the New of the Reliques, as the North. Testament; giving an account of umberland Household Book. It the several books, their contents, is entitled “ The Regulations and their authors, and of the times, Establishments of the Household places, and occasions on which of Henry Algernon Percy, 5th ibey were respectively wrillen.” Earl of Northumberland," from In an unassuming preface, it is 1512 to 1525. It appears that remarked that " a clear introduc. " a small impression was printed tory illuswation of the several by order of the late Duke and bookis of the New Testament, Dutchess of Northumberland, to shewing the design of their wri. bestow in presents to their friends;" ters, the valure of their contents, but it has been since reprinted and whatever else is previously entire in the 4th volume of the necessary 10 their being read second edition of the Antiquarian with understanding, is a work, Repertory, 4to. In the Editor's that, if well.executed, must prove Preface, this 5th Earl is described the best of commentaries and fre. as a " nobleman of great magnifie quently supersede' the want of all cence and taste, who had a just other." Of this work," the con. passion for literature, and was a

liberal patron of such genius as to have been sufficiently tenacious that age produced.” He adds, of the good opinion of the noble $ the bare mention of my lord's house to which he was now or my lady's library deserves no. attached. Boswell has preserved tice, at a time when many of the a curious proof of this, in that first nability could hardly read, or collection of crash and treasure, write their names."

the Life of Johnson, which our · During the same year, 1770, limits will not allow us 10 introwas published by Dr. P. with a duce. See Bo-well, ii. 215. 4to. dedication to the Duke of North. If Dr. Percy had set his mind umberland, “ Malleti's Northern on attaining to hiyb station in Antiquities, in his Introduction the church, the fear of disapto the History of Denmark, or a pointment soon subsided. His Description of the Manners, Cus. rise was now rapid. lo 1778, he toms, Religion and Laws of the became Dean of Carlisle, and in anrient Danes, and other North. 1782, Bishop of Dromore. He ern Nations, including those of was no longer known to the pub. our Saxon Ancestors; with a lic except by occasional commu. translation of the Edda, or System nications to his literary friends. of Runic Msthology, and other Alr. Nich I had been assisted by Pieces from the antient Islandic him in his “ Select Collection of Tongue; translated from Monsieur Miscellaneous Poemy.” He now Mallett's Introduction a l'Histoire contributed to the “ History of de Dannemarc, with additional Hinkley," and, in 1786, to an Notes by the English translator, edition of the “ l'atler, with Notes, and Jorancin's Latin Version of in 6 vols." Dr. Kippis mentions the Edd 1." Mallett's work ap- his obligations to Dr. Percy, in peared in 1763, and very carly the Pretace to his Isf. vulume of engaged the attention of his trans. Biog. Brit, and in 1784, was in. lator, who bas given a Preface of debted to him, in the 4th volume, some lengib, designed principally for the Life of Cleveland, the to prove', against ihe opinions of bilter satirist of republicans, to bis author, sihat the Teutonic whom Dr. P. was collaterally re. and Celtic nations were originally lated. This life is short and af. two distinct people.”

forded occasion for little more In 1771, the muse of Percy than judicious selection. There gratified his patrons by the pub. is one observation on the effect of lication of The Hermit of Wark- 6 paying court 10 timporary pre. worih, a Northumberland Ballad, judices," which is well worthy of in three Fits or Cantos ;" wbich, quotation. Clervelund's " sube except the beautiful song in Duns. jects and his manner of writing, ley's collection, 0 Nancy wilt inade bim exirensely popular a. thinu go with me, comprizes, we mong his contemporaries, but enbelieve, the whole of his original tirely forgotten and disregarded poetry. Warkworth was one of since.-Contemporary with Milthe titles of the Duke of North. ton, he was in his tune exceedingly umberland, and a castle of that preferred beture him; and Milname, a part of his princely po. ton's own nephew tells us, he sessions. Dr. Pi appears indeed was by some esteemed the best of the English ports. Bui Cleive. death, he steadily maintained his land is now sunk, into oblivion, habitual checrsulness; and in his while Milton's lame is universally last painful illness he displayed dittused. Yet Milion's works such fortitude and strength of could with difficulty gain admis. mind, such patierice and resignasion to the press, arine time whenit tion to the Divine will, and exwas pouring forih those of Cleive. pressed such heartfelt thankfulness land in innumerable impressions. for the goodness and mercy shown But bchold the ditterence! The to him, in the course of a long and press now conunually leems with happy life, as were truly impresa, republications of the Paradise sive and worthy of that pure Chris. Lost, &c. whereas, the last edi- tian spirit in him so eminently tion of Ciriveland's works was in conspicuous,"-G. Mag. 81. Pi. 1687." (B. Brit. iv. 622 ) 2. P. 153.

Drumuie, a diocese of very It is added, in a notc to one of small extent, and inhabited by several elegiac tributes to his scarcely any Roman Catholics, memory, thal 6 his personal ex. afforded dulie's in a Protestant crlions, his charges to his clergy, Bishop, and facilities for their his distribution of the scriprures, performance. These duties Dr. and other religious tracts, his enPercy has the reputation of hav. couragement of literary societies, ing well performed for thirty years, and above all, his encouragement in which he survived every bishop of Sunday Schools, will be long whom he four:d in Ireland. The remembered with gratitude in the following account of the occupa. North of Ireland."-G. Mag. 81. tions of his life and the circum. 550. N. stances of his death, has been Bishop Percy died at the See given upon authority nut to be House of Dromore, Sep. 30, 1811, fairly questiuneri.

in the 83d year of his age. He 6. Ai Diomore he constantly left iwo daughters, having survived resided, promoting the instruction an only son, and his wite, a lady and comfort of ihe poor with un. of Northamptonshire, who died remilung alli nijon, and superine in 1806, aged 75. The fate of tending the sacred and civil inter- his successor, formed a striking ests of the diocese with vigilance contrast to his own; for the Pro. and assiduity; revered and beloved vost of Trinity College, Dublin, for his piery, liberality, benevo. Dr. Hall, who was clected or lence and hospitaliiy, by persons rather appointed Bishop of Dro. of every rank and religious de. more, died a few days after his nomination. Under the loss of consecration, before he could take sight, of which he was gradually possession of his See. . deprived, some years before his

N. L. T.


Present S!ate of Religion in Ice. in a parish ; and the total num. land,

ber of churches in the island soine. [From Sir. G. S. Mackenzie's Travels what exceeds three hundred. The in Iceland. 4to. pp. 324–333.) duty of each parish devolves upon

The reformation of religion ull a single priest ; with the permisIceland took place A. D. 1551 ; sion, however, if his own circumsince which period the doctrines stances do not allow the full disof the Lutheran church, as it exists charge of his duties, to take an in the northern kingdoins of Eu. assistant from among the young rope, have been strictly maintail)men educated for the church, ed in the island. Al the present who have not yet obtained a pes. time, not a single dissentient is to

manent situation in life. The be found from the established re- nuinber of the officiating ipinisters ligion of the country; and the of religion is of course various, at only instance of the kind on re- different times, though never grea!. cord, is one which occurred about ly exceeding that of the parishes.' the end of the 17th century ; when linmediately superior to the com. HELGO EIOCFIDAS, a man who mon priests, are the provosts, or had acquired much knowledge of deacons, whose office is is to ex: German literature, espoused the ercise a general superintendence Socinian doctrines, and taught over the churches in each Sissel. them openly to his children and and who are chosen, in general, friends; till con: peiled by the judg- from a regard to their talents and ment of the ecclesiastical court to respectability of character. There make a public renunciation of his are nineteen of these deacons in belicta Doctrinal discussion is of the island; but their number is course, little known among the included among that of the priests, Icelanders; and the contests which just inentioned, as they severally have existed in their church, relatc have parishes allotted to them, of chiefly to external ordinances, and which they discharge all the ordi. to the situation and rights of the jury duties. A small additional clergy of the island.

stipend is attached to the office, The religious establishment of which readers their situation someo Iceland is formed on a more ex- what superior to that of the other tensive scale, than might have clergy. been expected froin the nature of During a period of seven con, the country and the condition of turies, Iceland was divided into the people. The inhabited parts two bishopricks; that of Skalholt, of the island are divided into 184 comprehending the southern, that parishes; a division which gives of Hoolum the northern, districts to each parish an average popu. of the island. The secs becoming lation of about 260 persons. vacant at the same time, they From the great extent, however, of these districts, it has been .

* Sysselma term applied to the subin many instances found neces- divisions of. Iceland. sary to erect more than one church


were united in 1797, by the order tertaining the country priests, who of the Danish government; and come to barter their commodities the title of Bishop of Iceland was with the merchants at this place. conferred upon the learned and The patronage of the church in respectable Geir Vidalin, the pre- Iceland, was formerly in the hands sent possessor of this dignity. The of lhe people and the proprietors duties of the office are important of land; was afterwards assumed and extensive. The bishop super. by the bishops, as the representa. intends the general concerns of the tives of the papal authority; and religious establishment, and the finally, at the period of the Re. particular affairs of each church in formation, was transferred to the the isiand: he inspects the con. crown of Denmark. The power duct of the priests, regulates any is now, in most cases, exercised ecclesiastical disputes which may by the governor of the island, occur, ordains those who are en. with the assistance and advice of tering upon the pastoral office, the bishop. The revenues of the and watches over the education clergy are derived in part from and moral conduct of the people the lands annexed to the churches; at large. It is a part of his duty partly from tithes upon the landed also, to visit at stated periods, the property of the country. These different districts of his diocese, tithes are paid by the farmers, in for the purpose of personal in. a ratio determined, not by the spection; and the farmers of the quantity of produce raised upon country are required to assist him, each farin, but by the fixed rents while making these journies, with of the land. To afford an idea of every accommodation, which their the extreme scantiness of the pro. means may afford. The appoint. vision which is thus made for the ment of the bishop is entirely clergy, it may be sufficient to state vested in the crown. While there the general fact, that the whole were two bishoprics in Iceland, revenue by tithe, in 184 parishes, the revenues of each were ex. does not exceed the sum of 6400 tremely small, and ill-adapted to specie dollars ; giving an average support the dignity, scarcely even of 34 or 35 dollars for each parish the necessary duties of the office. in the island. The distribution of In consequence of the union of the the stipends is by no means equal, sees, a considerable augmentation owing to the difference in the exwas made in the revenues of the tent and value of the land under present bishop, which now amount cultivation in different districts, to about 1600 dollars per annum; The most valuable living in the derived chiefly from the public island is that of Breidè.bolstadr, treasury of the island. Did he re. in:Rangaavalle Syssel, the stipend side in the interior of the country, of which is upwards of 180 dollars: this sum would raise him to the the parish contains 376 people, highest rank of, opulence; but In the parish of Kröss in the same making his abode in Reikiavik, he district, where there are two is subject to many additional ex- churches, and a population expences, not only from the differ- ceeding 500, the stipend amounts ent mode of life among the Danes, only to 33 dollars. In Aarnes but also from the necessity of en. Syssel, the parish of Torfastadir,

« ElőzőTovább »