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tessively overthrown. Every nt. the minister, and a pretender to thre tempt for the redress of grievances throne, often causes that kind of fear iri was, in the mean while, resisted ; see the necessity of exerting themselves
à king and ministry, which makes them a system of coercion prevailed; to gain popularity, in order to render and the friends of peace and reform their 'situation permanent. If the oppo were idly stigmatized as hostile to sition therefore should come in, they
must at least give us some proof that their country's Werrare. Atengin their opinion is not changed with their a partial change in the administrasituation; that if they delay, it is merely tion, in 1801, put a stop to the to wait for the most favourable opportucalamities of war : though hostili. nity: they must give us some kind of ties were, alas ! too soon resumed, a
bond, as it were, for our security. But,
d, alas! they will come into power, if they on the pretence of checking the do come in now, in perilous times, and career of a usurper, whom such will find it di Ficult to please any party, fatal policy had seated on the As a friend to the opposition, at least to throne of France. Nr. Pitt was
some of them, I could have wished Mr.
Pitt to have made the peace, bad as it afterwards recalled to power : not must be, and to have had aiš the odium indeed to the paramount authority of it; and also to have raised the new which he had formerly exercised taxes, which must be very heavy indeed. in Parliament; but, persevering if noks
-I keep praying for a peace, a good one
severing if possible, but any peace rather than in the same counsels, to elicounter continue in the direct road to ruin." the same humiliating defeats.
On the death of this minister, in And on the 20th of February, January, 1806. Mrs. Jebb bad the when the arrangements for a new satisfaction of seeing Mr. Fox invita ministry were completed, she again ed to the counsels of his sovereign, observed to the same correspon. although she was too well aware of dent, the difficulties by which he was sur. “ I believe that we think pretty nearly rounded, to expect the immediate alike of the present crisis, and that our accomplishment of almost any of fears and hopes are of a similar magnija
tude: but my constant prayer continues their common views. She looked to be
• Dhe looked to be for a speedy peace, with as ittle forward, however, to much par. loss of honour as possiblc. As for what tial advantage from the event; would be called a good jeace, it is more conceiving that whatever tended than we have any right to expect, and I to restore the blessings of peace, to such terms, as Buonaparte will think,
fear the present ministry, dare not agree , must be of the most essential im- in his situation, that he has a right to inportance. On the first appearancé, sist upon My hopes, therefore, of a indeed, of any change of ministry, speedy peace are not very greas, though
I rather expect to hear of a negociation she had clearly expressed her consta
for that purpose.--I have only seen Mr. viction of the very delicate circum. Wyvill once. he was then satistied with stances in which Mr. Fox and his Mr. Fox; but I see not what can be adherents must now succeed to done at present, except making peace, power. Ló a letter to Dr Disney and raising taxes to prepare for war if
Ys nécessary-Mr. Pitt did not live long Jan. 230, 1800, she sard : enough to convince the city or the peon
« A friend called before I was up. to ple sufficiently, that he was driving the inform me that Mr. Pitt died at four this nation to a precipice; and left it just in morning: I own I am one of those time to avoid the odium of the si rong who wished him to live. I did not fear measures, which must be resorted to, in his doing more evil, and I flattered my- the effort made for its preservatiun. I self that he might be the cause of good am one of those who wish that he had being done by others. An opposition to lived till other people had known and
thought of him as I did myself. I trem- of them to exult in the downfal of ble for those in power :-I wish well those ministore
those ministers, who, however re. to many of them. I often think of Noah's ark, clean and unclean, but it pregensible in some parts of their might now be as necessary as then; and conduct, had effected the abolition yet, if the vessel will only keep us above of the slave-trade; and were atwater till the dove returns with the olive tempting to restore, though but in branch, I shall be very thankful.”
part, the rights of conscience to Mrs. Jebb's alarm for the public all dissidents from the established safety was once more excited by church. Addressing herself again the rapidly declining health of to Dr. Disney, April 2d, 1807, Mr. Fox, in whom her confidence she said. was chiefly placed. She observes
« The king has made a precious change.
as in a subsequent letter, July 18th, The present ministry have been watch
" Mr. Fox, as I am informed, is much ing behind the scenes, and the king's better : I wish he may live to make a conscience greatly assisted them, and peace, which is the wish of his heart; pointed out the proper moment.. Yet I and I am told he lately said, If I can do not think he would have ventured only live to see a general peace I shall to exert his prerogative so soon, if certain think that I have lived long enough.' friends of liberty all over the country, But if he should die, I should fear that had not opposed their old friends, and even the abolition of the slave-trade made an outcry against them for not atwould not pass.”
tempting impossibilities. And even now,
when they have so very honourably reAgain), September 1st,
signed their post, they still continue to "I tremble lest the news from France abuse them, to the great delight of all should be unfavourable, for what but the new ministry and ebeir friends. The peace can save us: and yet, unless we Times of to-day begins to be afraid of make some concession with respect to peace : still I cry nothing but peace can the liberty of the seas, I think we have save us, and even that may come too no reason to expect it."
late.” . And on the 4th of October, Again, on the 10th of June, she when Mr. Fox was dead, and the observed, return of the Earl of Lauderdale “ As for the new ministry, it is so resolved on, she thus resumes the much for the king's interest to keep subject :
them, and their own interest to keep in,
that I fear it will not be very casy to « With the horrors of war before me, rout them. And then you know, we I see nothing very agreeable to ruminate are taught by all the violent friends of upon; but I will not yet entirely give up liberty, that the last ministry did noththe hopes of peace, and should not be ing but deceive the people, and that surprised to hear very soon that the af- both parties are equally bad. Some peo fair is settled. But if itis not, and Aus- ple seem to wish for a new party but tria should join in a new coalition, the where are we to get them? Who can carnage will be dreadful, and, in all pro- point out to us where those wonder bability, no party, all things considered, working men are to be found, who can a gainer.”
do the work of thirty years in a single Mrs. Jebb lamented the increaz. session ? Rome was not built in a day;
de nor can our state be repaired perhaps in ing divisions amongst the friends in
less time than that was in building. But of liberty, on matters of little im. I never despair: peace and patience, portance, when compared with wisdom and honesty, and a reform will the great constitutional questions follow of course; and then-but they in which they had so long agreed,"
W who live the longest will sec the most." And she regretted still more the And on the 24th of August she fatal delusion, which led so many remarked,
" It hurts me to see the friends of interference. She observed, August liberty abusing one another to the great 17th, 1808, in writing again to diversion of the worst party, and without the least hope of finding, in the Dr. Disney, whole kingdom, an administration that “As to Spain, I think the prospect of any would be suffered to do us half the good good is far from being clear, and it is very We wish, even if they were ever so well shocking to think of the blood wbich disposed."
they will have to wade through. In 'The atrocious attack on Copen.
short, the whole business is such a jum
" ble of contradictions, and is supported hagen, the first fruits of these new by men of such very different principles, ministerial arrangements, as a and for such very different reasons, that Christian she decidedly condemn. I am sick of the subject.”ed, conceiving it equally repug- September 28th, she resumed, nant to every principle of sound "As for peace, I fear I shall not live to policy and justice. In the letter see it ; nor do I see any good we are doing last quoted, she said,
by sending troops to Spain at a great ex
w pence, where they seem unwilling to re" You do not imagine that I can be
ceive them; and doing every thing we can blind or indifferent to what is passing in Portugal to disgust and make them jeaabroad or at home. Denmark has very lous of us. Our expeditions, I fear, are long taken up my attention. I feared time and labour thrown away, doing we should not let those friends to peace much mischief to others, without any remain quiet, although Buonaparte has chance of benefiting ourselves. We may not once desired them to give up their gain a bloody victory in Spain one day, neutrality, and they were entirely unpre- and the next may lose our whole pared to defend themselves. Every ex- army I wish we could be led to ertion, I believe, will be made by prince make a peace, but I fear 'nothing but · and people to repel this invasion ; and driving will do. Whatever else is done, I would advise the authors to prepare the door must be left open wide enough their backs for a scourge so highly de- for peace to entert." served."
In these sentiments Mrs. Jebb . Again, on the 12th of October,
help persevered to the last; July 20th, she observed, i
1811, 'she declared, “ The prospect both at home and abroad appears more gloomy every day.
" As for Portugal, I wish we had done I was much struck this morning with with
vion with it. We are draining our best blood, some verses in the beginning of the parting with our treasure, and starving seventh Psalm. I think they will put our own people, only to lengthen a war, you in mind of the kings of England and which I fear will prove our ruin; because Denmark, and that we shall agrec in W
chaoree in we will be tyrants of the ocean. In a time giving to each his due. Great pains are of peace there is no necessity for it, and is taken to commend our exploits at Co. time of war, we are always successful ; penhagen, and to shew not only their and may long continue to be so, if we wisdom and necessity, but even their do not ruin ourselves." humanity and justice : the former of . And she concluded this very these, because we might have been more interesting correspondence, Nocruel, though I scarcely see how; and the latter, because they refused our de- vember 20, 1811, in these words: nand, although they knew what would " At length people begin to open their be the cunscquence.”
eyes, and to see the desperate situation So decided, indeed, was Mrs. into which this detestable war has
brought us : but how to get us out of Jebb's aversion to war, that even
it grows every day more difficule; and the most plausible pretences, ad. duced in support of the war in the
, Ith August, 1809, peninsula, were insufficient to con.
+ 13th March, 181.. vince her of the propriety of any
I fear England, this moșt thinking na- scription of intolerance is disgrace. tion is very deficient in the ways and ful to the Christian name, and means necessary for such an ardious: undertaking. Certain ministers know how to extract money out of our pockets, to the full enjoyment of the rights and turn it to paper, or send it abroad of conscience, unrestrained by any to do mischiel : but further I fear they sort of penalty or disqualification
ot, and we know not where to whatsoever. find men who can teach them."
But whilst so large a share of But notwithstanding some of. Mrs. Jebb's attention was directed casional disszausfaction, she still to public affairs, no person could continued io think favourably, of
more readily descend, on proper the Whigs, making far greater al
occasions, to the intercourse of lowances for the difficulties with which they were surrounded, than children, and took pleasure in en some of her friends were disposed deavouring to amuse young per: to admit. She discriminated very sons, especially those of a mila accurately, between those who and traciable disposition. When were invariably true lo principle, devoting herself a schogl girl gt and those who at umes appeared a quick and lively turn, who was to be actualed chiefly by the lust for some days her visitor, Mrs. of power. “Our friend Romilly," Jebb' was much struck milk the she would say, "continues bonest, a
* animation and intelligence with and so does my favourite White whic
which, entering into the spirit of breado-Romilly always pleases the writer
pleases the writer, she recited some inters me, and that is some comfort : it esting passages of a popular plays hurts me to differ from my friends, and was thence led to disapprove or any one of whom I wish to the practice of encouraging such think well.-Whitbread is always recitations before a large audience, in the right: Mr, Fox himself, or lest the mind, which in youib so Dr. Jebb, could not have been easily
een easily acquires a bias, should be more desirous of peace."* In Sir induced to persevere in faii inchi. Samuel Romilly, indeed, she re- nation for the stage. M **** cognized an old acquaintance, On the death of Mr. Brand who, true to his early principles, Hollis, in 1804, Mrs. Jebb had was now attempting a revision of the happiness of seeing Dr. Dis. the penal code ; a subject in the "ney succeed to his estates, although, discussion of wbich he bad first from her ill-heakh, she could not engaged during his intercourse like his other friends, enjoy the with Dr. Jebb.. And in Mr. beauties or tbe hospitality of this Whitbread she beheld, not only fruto
truly classic mansion at the Hyde the intrepid advocate of a pacific te
C Few. persons, indeed, shared ses and constitutional policy, but the large
we largely as be did in her confidence steady asserter of religious liberty, and esteem for the justice which on the great principle maintained he had done, as a biographer, B. by Mr. Wyvill,t that every de. the merits of her husband, was en
t e hanced by bis undeviating atfen. * Letters to the Rev. Dr. Disney.*** tion to herself. Warmly interested
* Sce his Papers on Toleration, 4th ed. in whatever migbt involve the wel1812. -
fare of himself and his family, she
, entered with ardour into all his ever leave town I shall certainly either views and feelings on this unex. de on this unes be a candidate for a share of it, or desire
· to be admitted as a tenant of the pected change of fortune; although other. it svas attended with an irrepar. In the autumn of 1808, Mrs. able loss in her social enjoyments, Jebb experienced another dimi. which she could ill afford. In nution in her small society by the one of the first letters which she removal of Mr. Jervis from the addressed to him after his removal Unitarian chapel in Prince's. into Essex, she said,
street, Westminster, to the Mill. • " Every thing remnds me that my
bill congregation at Leeds. Amidst . friends have left® Sloane-street: I have all her afilictions her greatest connot seen Mr. Jervis, he ought to con- solation had been derived from the dole with m«, for he feels as I do.* I intercourse of her friends : she advise you entirely to drive care away; hedo you must not fatigue yourself with any'
Vi had already survived many of her thing. I am glad that Mr. Jervis has earliest connections, and could ill found his way at last ; and I desire that bear" the loss of one in every re. he will call upon me, as soon as he re- spect so estimable and so highly turns, that we may talk of you.t I rejoice to find that you like your ncigh
esteemed. She accompanied him bourhood so well: 1 sincerely wish you in thought, however, amongst his to surmise all that you desire to see in new engagements, and rejoiced my breast, all that is friendly and af. exceedingly in the respect and at. fectionate to you and your family, and be fully satisticd that all is there en
and tention which was so generally graved. I I have been made very happy paid to him on his arrival by the by the good accounts I have received of most liberal and intelligent inhabit. you and yours: you have done a great ants of the place. deal for one year, and done all well. I like ihe account you give me of your
In the same year, the present self and your daughter's occupations in writer being engaged in compiling the garden. By the bye, I shall hope the Memoirs of Dr. Paley, anxi. to hear from my young friend, and also ously sought the assistance of to see her in the spring. I long to Mrs. Jebb, and shall not readily see all your alterations and improve ments, as I dare say they all are; but, forget the alacrity with which she alas! that would be too great a treat for entered into the spirit of his en. me.*--My nerves would not now bear quiry, and endeavoured to recal a balloon, though I once thought I her scattered thoughts upon the could have ventured, if it would have
answered any good purpose.tt-As for subject, though in a very feeble · your doing the work of ten years in state of health. He was at once
one, your friend must at least have seen proud and happy in being able to that the Devil had nothing to do with record her testimony to the me. it; as his work is to destroy and laywaste, not to build, improve, and beau
rit of so eminent a man, from . tify.11-I have been more than usually whum no difference of character silent of late, but I do assure you, my or sentiment could alienate her thoughts have been more than ever with well founded esteem. Amongst you. I have attended you in your improvemcots, have been with Miss Dis. the extracts then made from ber Bey in her green-house, and even with correspondence, for the most part your cook in her new cottage i and if I foreign to the present work, there
is one passage so striking, and so • 6th Feb. 1805. 26th Feb. 17th Aug, Sth Oct.
characteristic, that no apology · 120ch Feb. 1806. '** 18th July.. can be necessary for its insertion
Ht roth Sept. toth June, 2807.
* 8th June, 1808.