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by men of the first character and honourable resignation, had not respectability, who uninfluenced at once succeeded in defeating his by any personal. corsideration, great plan of acadeinical improve. were anxious for the improvement ment, and in cutting off the sources of the youth committed to their of his support in the University. . charge. A formidable opposition, Engaging. Therefore, in the study however, was soon exci ed, in of medicine, be removed in Lon. which Dr. Powell, master of St. don, in September, 1776, and after Joh''s College, whose own society two years probation, and a diwas distinguished by the advan- ploma from St. Andrews, com. tages of superior discipline, and menced practice as a physician. some other heads of houses, unfus. In the interim Mos. Jebb had tunately took the lead. In the accompanied him in an excursion controversy which arose on this to Harrowgale, from whence they occasion also Mrs. Jebb engaged, visited the justly celebrated Archand after a few articles in the deacon Blackburne at Richmond Whitehall Evening Pust, she pub. on the Swale. From their first lished separately a Letter to the establishment in the metropolis, Author of an Observation on the ihey had regularly frequented the Design of establishing Annual Ex. congregativn formed by Mr. Lind. aniinations at Cambridge. In this sey in Essex-street, for the exljulle tract, she ably repelled the press worship of one only God; objections of Dr. Powell, the associating also with this eminent supposed observer, and his adher. seceder, and with Dr. Priesitey, ents, and demonstrated the im. his coadjutorin the cause of scrip. portant benefits which must arise tural enquiry, on the most trendly, from the adoption of so salutary terms. And as in the midst of a scheme.
his professional engagements, Dr. As Mr. Jebb, in his Theological Jebb was still anxivusly alive to Lectures, had never disguised bis all that might concern the public beliet in the Divine Unity, as op.welfare, Mrs. Jebb, with, equal posed to the received opinions, ardour seconded all his views. he grew uneasy under the dis With him she reprobated the de. charge of his clerical duties, and sign of coercing the American, was as little satished at the thoughts colonies; with him she rejoiced in of converting his benefices into a the tailure of the unprincipled at.. kind of lay estate. After suffering tempt. She also joined in his exmost sensibly in, bis health and ertions to procure a reform in the spirits, he resigned his preferments, representation of the people in, in September, 1775; and, in this Parliament, as the only effectual conscientious proceeding, he was safeguard of their saored righits; cheared with the hearty concur. and took a leading part with him rence of Mrs. Jebb, who deemed in the discussion, of, all, the great no duty superior, in such delicate constitutional: questions, which circumstances, to preserving the were agitated in the public prints. integrity of bis own mind. He. Amongst these the liberties of the would still, however, have con- Irish, nation, were, pre.eminent, tinued at Cambridge, if his oppou from the formidable attitude which nents ayailing themselves of bis that nation had of late assumed;
and they were amongst the first to in which the opposing parties point out the propriety of admit. were engaged, and saw much ting the Roman Catholics to the stronger grounds of alarm than of full enjoyment of ihe elective fran- satistaction in the conduct of either chise, as a means of consolidating side. And they were consequently its recently acquired independence, very desirous that the real friends and of interesting every portion of liberty should withbold ibrir of the inhabitants in pursuit of support from any administration the much wished reform. which might be formed, antil the
For a time they concurred in members should decidedly declare applauding the principles and their resolution to bring forward conduct of Mr. Fox; and again and carry into effect a substantial in condemning his apparent deser. reform in the constitution of the tion of those principles, on the ill. House of Commons. fated coalition with Lord North, Mrs. Jebb's sentiments on the in 1783. And yet, when Dr. transactions of this important crisis Jebb, in a desponding moment, have fortunately been preserved, was lamenting that great man as in her correspondence with Major irretrievably lost to the cause of Cartwright, the steady and consis. freedom, his wife encouraged him tent advocate of the people's never to despair;. 66 for Mr. Fox, rights. she was convinced, on some hap- u pier occasion would prove him. been such confusion or such conduct,
« Never," she observed, “has there self still worthy of his former since Charles's time every body has fame."
been alarmed. Such folly mismanageBut they were very far from ment, and Stuart-like hehaviour, was being deluded by the specious pre.
very near bringing in the old ministry
again, nor can see how any ministry tences of Mr. Piut, whose sincerity can siand, as things are at present. unthey doubted, and whose new less they will come to the people. connections they deemed on the Cæsar has friends, and Pompey has whole as objectionable as those in friends, but few are friends to Rome :
every hour of the day am I reminded of which his rival was involved. As a the above. I hope the counties will reformer, indeed, Dr. Jebb hadi awake out of their sound sleep some approved Mr. Pitt's early exer. time ; but at present P see not the lease tions, and, on his first appearance a
disposition, and what is worse. I do not
see any set of men inclined to rouse as a candidate to represent the thum:' One party wants to call the ati University of Cambridge, had tention of the people to the unconstitu: given him a decided support: but tional interterence of the king which, afterwards, on bis elevation to the by the bye, the people here are ready premiership, he saw so much to s
enough to notice"; and the other would
have the people join :he king to deliver disapprove in his proceedings, that he was actually hesitating to vote
la allusion to the indignant com for him, wherr Mrs. Jebb observed, ja
plaint ar Cato a Cæsar hath friends and that "as he promised fairly, she, Pompey hath friends, but none are! thought a fair trial at least should friends to Rome."-See Give UE OUR be given him."
Righty, a tract by Major Cartwright, They were also
and also Sir , published in 1782, p sufficiently
Y Letters to the Marquis of Tavistock, by aware, that it was, a contest for the same, in 1812 ; p. 47.. power rather than for principle, f 21st Dec. 1783.
him from a faction. But I see every day that such majority does not speak the more and more the necessity of forming voice of the people.The Doctor took an association of the friends of the peo- some steps this morning about a meetple, independent of any party whatever: ing here; but our party are a rope of an association which should make their sand, and we do not know where to find own terms before they joined, either them, nor whether any one would supCæsar or Pompey. From the conversa. port us: and if it failed many would tion of many independent people, I think throw all the blame on the Doctor, for the time is approaching which would be their conduct gives us no reason to exvery iavourable to this idea, for the cry pect favourt. We are endeavouring to is, Cæsar is wrong and Pompey is revive the cause of the people, by getwrong,' and surely if the people would ting a meeting of the Delegates c lled but know their own consequence, they for Monday morning, and after that to might in time make their own choice, call a Quintuple; but if the people do and dictate to either *. - What have we not come to their senses before chat ime, been doing all this time, but endeavour- I shall tremble for the consequence. As ing to etfect what the Revolution did yet, I am not without hope, that if the not do-to restore the constitution. The Union should take place, for so it is to Revolution polied down one sovereign be called, because the word Coalition has and set up another. Both parties talk become odious, there are many who will of supporting the coustitution, and of see that the two parties having joined for their Revolucion principles. But it is their own interest, are not very likeiy to the business of the friends of liberty, at pay any regard to that of the people, this important crisis, to do so nething and therefore that it will be highly nefor the people, and to make future revo- cessary for them also to form a union in lutions unnecessary. We, herefore, support of their own rights. 1--And as who mind a reform more than any party at the best we may expeci that the updispuies, and think nothing gained un per regions will be very clou iy, and that less we restore the constitution, must do the sun will shine very little upon us, what we can to keep the atlair alivet.-- without a storm of some sort or other, I am determined if possible never to de- our only hope is that it may be of such spair of the commonwealth : and I al- a nature as to purify St. Stephen's before ways endeavour to persuade others to there is too great á calm. -If Parlia. make the same resolution. If a particle ment should be dissolved, and the people, of despair was in my nature, it would , for fear of disturbing the elections, or not fail to shew itself at such a time as hurting a favourite candidate, or some this. The whole attention of the pub- such nonsense, do not call out for a relic is taken up with the wranglings of formi, we are ruined and undone. Wo the two parties, the doubts of a dissolu- think that if the Parliament br dissolved tion, and now also with the idea of a the king should say, it is because it does general coalition. But what can we ex- not speak the sense of the people. pect from a grand coalition of all the General Cunningham, it appears, has abilities in the kingdom, meaning you assured the Irish House of Commons know the abilities of the two Houses, that the present ministers would be but that, when they feel their own found as unfriendly to a Parliamentary strength, they will plunder the East, reform as their predecessors had been, at and enslave this nation at their leisure? which the House seemed well pleased. For as to the two Bills, Mr. Fox's was a The Doctor transcribed the whole pas subversion of the constitution, and Mr. sage from an Irish paper, and sent it to Pitt's will certainly put it into the power Mr. Pitt, with his own sentiments upon of the king to subvert it. If we have it, and gave him to understand that many no more coalicions, I think we shall be persons would be very "indifferent who able to persuade one party that it is their was minister, if the septennial bill was interest to reform and indeed, I do not repealed, and a substantial reforma not see how Pitt can attempt to stand upon any other idea ; for the majority * 220 Jan. 1784. being against him, his only excuse is † 26th Jan. 1784.
I 29th Jan, 1784.
8 23d Feb. 1784.' * 14th Jan. 1784. [17th Jan, 1784.
1 3d March, 1784.
in the representation procured. *-The lerance, they deprecated the con. Irish House of Commons have given inuance of the slave-trade, and leave to bring in a Bill for a reform; but it is though it will be thrown out the imposition of any restraints or for they say the crown as well as the penalties for a difference of relia parliament has shown its disapprobation gious faith. No disappointments, of the measure. The idea of letting the no illiberal aspersions could nar. Roman Catholics have some share in the choice of representatives is gaining row
grow the philanthropy of their ground; and if they do take them in, no hearts: looking forward in the administration can stand long against firm persuasion that under the such united force. But with us the care of a presiding providence all king's name becomes tou comi on, and the majesty of the people is almost for things would ultimately and in. gotten. I tell you then once more, we fallibly terminate in good. must push the association with all our Mrs. Jebb's affection for her might; it is the grand specific for the husband, thus identified with her disorder of the times; it must be taken or we dic."'t
cu love of freedom and of virtue, was
unimpaired by the lapse of years. These passages, selected from a
But a union of this deep and inti. very interesting series of Mrs.
mate nature was too soon unforJebb's letters, sufficiently display
tunately closed. Dr. Jebb, whose the accuracy and justice of her
professional and public exertions views, and their strict accordance
had brought on a premature decay with those plans of constitutional ;
in his constitution, was sinking improvement, which her husband
fast in a decline, and his afflicted was labouring to advance.
wife, after attending him On their return from an excur.
fruitless excursion to Cheltenham sion to Buxton in the autumn of
for relief, watched over his pillow 1784, their attention was again
with most anxious solicitude, and directed to the great cause of par
received his last sigh on the evenliamentary reform, whilst from
ing of March 2, 1786. the alarming proceedings of the
As Mrs. Jebb's strength of mind government in Ireland, they were
was only equalled by the tender, induced to form no very favourable
ness of her sensibility, few can presage of the intentions of the
justly estimate her grief. She ministry at home. They were
had lost not merely a husband, led into a discussion of the RIGHTS
a partner in a common interest; OF JURIES and the Law OF LI.
but her guardian and protector, BELS, from the memorable casc
her guide, pbilosopher and friend.' of the Dean of St. Asaph; and y
Yet she had the remembrance of the importaut questions which
his talents and his virtues to con. that case involved. They took,
sole her, which few but those if possible, a still more lively in.
who like her possessed a congenial terest in the benevolent design of
spirit could enjoy. And with improving the construction and
this consolation she rose superior management of prisons, and of a
to ber loss, whilst through life she mitigating the severities of the ;
invariably spoke of him, though penal code. And as the decided
still without repining, in language anemies of oppression and into. ,
of the deepest regret. 6th March, 1784.
She continued, however, 03 2411 March, 1784. · terms of the strictest intimacy
with his surviving friends; with ral cause of parliamentary reforma, Mr, Brand Hollis whom he highly By degrees, as she formed new esteemed; Dr. Disney his like. quaintance, she also gained new miaded and failhful biograpber; friends; tip few persons were at Mr. Lofft his much devoted pupil; any time introduced to her society Mr. Lambert bis strenuous adhe. without wishing to cultivate her rent in the affairs of the Univer. esteem. She was ever casy of sity; Mr. Jennings one of his access, and the friends of freedom earliest associates in the Unitarian and humanity, when duly recom. congregation; Major Cartwright mended to her notice, were always bis supporter in the scbeme of welcome guests. equal representation; and Mr. (To be concluded in our next.] Wyvill his coadjutor in the gene.
EXTRACTS FROM NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Penal Laws which aggrieve the
the alone bears the whole burden. . Catholics of Ireland.
Now, the proprietors, or lords in
fee, of the lands in Ireland, are [From A Statement, &c. Part II. continued from our last No. p. 549.)
(as to about four.fifth parts) pro.
· testant noblemen, gentry, and corCHAP. VII.
porations; the residue belongs to Om the Laws which disqualify Catholics, Dissenters, and others. the Catholics from voting at Pam Next, the holders of the interme. rish Vestries.
diate tenures between the propri. The lands of Ireland are almost etors and occupiers are, probably universally occupied by tenants in pretty equal portions, Prótes. holding separate tracts, under tants, Catholics, and Dissenters. leases, generally subject to con. These intermediate tedures have siderable yearly rents, and for necessarily arisen from the state terms of lives or years. There is of Ireland during the last one probably na instance (although hundred years; its provincial sinot uncommon in England) of a tuation; the absence, the indofarmer, cottager, or peasant, in lence, or the prudence of the proIreland, being also the absolute prietors: the industry, skill and owner (whether in fee-simple, or intelligence of the resident lessees. by copy bold, or otherwise) of the They are of considerable value; land, which he cultivates. Be. fluctuating according to local cirsides his yearly rent, he is also cumstances, the duration of the chargeable with all tithes, parish lease, &c. They are very pro. rates, county cesses, public taxes, ductive of profit'rents ; especially and other outgoings. No part of if granted previously to the general these taxes falls upon the proprie. rise in the value of lands in Ire. tor of the soil, or upon any of the land; and, in the instances of very persons deriving intermediate in. early date, they are intrinsically terests between the proprietor and more valuable than the interests the actual, accupier: the latter which the very proprietors enjoy