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guard against unscriptural terms, such being scarcely known, and his arrival at as the Trinity, Trapsubstantiation, &c. it being distinguished only by the preA worldly society, on the contrary, lays sence of a few ecclesiastics, the kingdom down rules, to which it requires implicit of France not knowing or caring more obedience, and its leaders are in a pas- about the matter than they do in this sion if any one dares to call them in kingdom on the visitation of a bishop, question. An instance of this kind may or the arrival of the archbishop at a be seen in the late dealings of a Quaker watering place. society with a member, whose faith was The cause of the removal of his prein unison with that of its original found- tended holiness from a prison to a palace er and who defended it by scripture. is not known. It is connected, we may
The passing of the Dissenters' bill presume, with the council at Paris, and has also given occasion for a meeting of we may now expect to see its decrees the Deputies of the three Denomina- comc forth with the sanction of the tions, in which several appropriate re. head of the Romish sect. A stronger solutions were passed ; but one peculiar proof could not be given to the world of mark of distinction between them and ihe decline of power in this pretended the Methodists is, that in the latter the holy see. A few centuries ago the Pope merits of Lord Stanhope are peculiarly would have divided with the sovereign recognized, whilst they are entirely the homage at least of the country. overlooked by the Deputies, who speak Every where he could have created conof the distinguished services of Mr. fusion. Buonaparte has so clipped his Smith, their chairman. The correspon- wings, and is so secure of his obedience, dence between the Peer and the Com- that he is not afraid of any convulsion, moner was given in the last month's though he is nearly a thousand miles from number; and so far from depreciating his capital. In fact, the trick is comthe merits of either, we wish that pletely discovered, the impostor is dethe number of such champions was in- tected. He will be used only as far as creased in both houses. The exertions suits the purpose of the sovereign of the of Lord Stanhope will not be relaxed country, and the day is over of the prefrom the neglect of the Deputies to no- tended spiritual giving laws to the remtice them; for if he was to be biassed poral power of a country. This is a merely by popular favour, he has surely great point gained by the convulsions of the greater encouragement in the appro- the present times, and we wish it to be bation of the Methodists. To the Me. duly considered by our Catholic brethren thodists we are chiefly indebted for the in Ireland. Their pretended spiritual new bill, as without them not a little, head is now the subject of the enemy of we believe, would have been granted to this country. Can it be supposed that the chairman or the Deputies of the Christianity, which is intended for 'all three Denominations. The latter is, countries, should have sanctioned such indeed a small body in comparison with an absurdity, as that the subject of one the former, and having existed a long country should give laws or appoint time and meeting under old forms, it officers in another country. The great was less likely to be animated with error, however, has been in supposing, that zeal, which upon the present occa- that Christianity gave its sanction to the sion has done so much honour to the existence of such a body of men, as that Methodists.
, from which the Pope is elected, and of The religious world has witnessed which he is the head, Christianity knows another phenomenon, which, like the no such order. All Christians are mern" toleration bill, is a marked feature of bers of a royal priesthood and are a the present times. A bill, which, a peculiar people. All are laity, hundred years ago, would have set the The Bible Society continues its triwhole nation in a ferment, has passed umplis, and we rejoice in them. The almost without notice: the Pope, who more auxiliaries it receives, and the could not have moved fifty years ago greater the attachment expressed for without occasioning discussions in the claim the pure and unmixed word of God, binets of princes and a concourse, of the more attentive. We hope, the people, in every town through which members of this Society will be to the he passed, to prostrate themselves before precepts of religion. If they are de. the grand impostor, is now settled at sirous that every poor man should Tontainbleau : his passage to this place have the sacred volume in his cottage, durely they will not neglect the perusal their differences in a reasonable manner, of it in their own houses, and we will they now appeal to the mouth of the venlure to say, that if the Bible is read cannon to decide them. They cannot, without vote or comment for half a it is evident meet us on the seas; they dozen years, by so large a community have no ships of the line to cope with as the Bible Society, it will have à ours. Their war can be only of a material influence on the whole king- prædatory nature. We are vulnerable dom What will then become of the in our commerce, and agaiost that its words Trinity, Transubstantiation and privateers are to be directed. Here the like, and the doctrines nuder them, temporary success will, it is to be which have occasioued so much dispute feared, attend their first efforts; but in the world ? - What will become of such a contest cannot last long. Their the creeds and catechisms, which the privateers will he cut off one after established and other sects of this another, by the superiority of our kingdom have made the rules of their sparitime force. They are to try their faith? If the unsopbisticated precepts strength upon lagd, and direct their of our Saviour arc meditated upon, efforts against the Canadas. Here they no more will intolerance prevail, nor may produce the usual devastation and will priestcraft be known. Such are distress, and the disposition of our the effects to be expected from the colonies will be tried. Our ambassaextension of the Bible Society, and dour has quitted the country and left we hail the day, that witnessed the only a Charge des Affaires to conduct meeting in the Egyptian Mall, where the business that may still be transacted a Lord Mayor presided, and where a between the two powers, but the dif. Chancellor of the Exchequer expati. ficulties of adjustment are increased, tiated on the Divine treasures, and and the loss to us in merely cutting the union of all parties in diffusing off our trade with so large a tract of them over the whole world. The city country will be very considerable. of Loudon, under ils chief magistrate, The war is not popular over the forms an Auxiliary Society, and seve. whole country, and one circumstance ral inferior, though similar societies, may soothe us in this melancholy poshave been formed in various parts of ture of affairs, that one province seems the kingdom. Thus the Bible Suciety to have viewed war in its true light, will be enabled to exert itself with and considered it as a sufficient causa every prospect of success, and we shall for fasting and humiliation before God. be glad to see it really giving to the If this, indeed, were really the case worida Bible without note or comment; with all parties, if they were sufficiently that is, a Bible fairly translated from bumbled in their own minds, aud viewed the original scriptures, and without their fellow.creatures through the those notes and coloments, which are proper medium, the relationship to one to be seen in King James's Bible, the common Savionr, how could a war Bible, which they now circulate, and exist ? True Christians would find a which is far from being the Bible way to soften down existiug animosities. that agrees with the principle laid War degrades man to the state of chil. down by their Society.
dren, who are crying and quarrelling l'he politics of this world have much with each other for trifles, but it ilī in them of a mixed nature. War has becomes the manhood of reason. given its successes to differeut sides, We are not to be surprised at the at different parts of Europe, but we war between the two emperors of Eu. look with more auxiety to the other rupe: nor is it necessary to enquire side of the Atlantic. We had flattered closely into the cause of their differ. ourselves that the Voited States would ences. Buonaparte bas by his skill have continued to preserve themselves placed himself advantageously on the free from those calamities and those frontiers of Russia. He has seized that horrors which war, however just or part of Poland which Russia, in so necessary, brings in its train. We will barbarous a manner, tore away from allow them causes of complaint, but its ancient rufers. He proclaims liberty what do they all amonut to, compared and independence to the inhabitants; with the mischiefs of a single campaign freedom indeed of some consequence to The congress bas, however, thought the lower classes, for he has broken otherwise, and not being able to adjust the shackles of vassalage, and the higher classes are flattered wi!h being by the French against the Russiani, ngain the heads of their own people. such a measure may be expected. It They have made a confederacy of is singular that, in the last French which he is the patron, but he con Gives Balliin, there is a talk of the troops his services to a part of them only, for being teil into quarters for refresbient, in allowing them to legislate he does and if so, they may have to drea, the not admit their deliberations to extend attacks of Russians, in which case the to the part belonging to Austria. That assistance of the Swedes will be of no he tells them very gravely, is guaranteed, small importance. and the arguments which the diet uses But the most material intelligence so forcibly are to have no weight beyond received since our last, is from our a certain line. What else indeed could army in Spain, where victory, in the be expected from the conqueror, whose com; letest manner, has crowned the chief obj.ct is to distress his enemy, efforts of Lord Wellington and the pot to give live liberty to the world?" allied army under his command, Eng
The conquest of Buonaparte was lish valour was here seen in its poblest made in a very short time, and gives attitude, and the French have no longer him the command of a population of reason to boast of their superior tactics. upwards of five millions of persons and Lord Wellington made but a short A very fertile soil. His army is posted stay at Salamanca, and to the ea-t of along the Dwina, and the country that city he gave the enemy battle, between it and the Boristhenes. His after they had exhansted all their ulterior movements are not known, manoeuvres. A whole day was spent and there is reason to believe that the on both sides in displaying their forces resistance of the Russians is greater in various positions to each other, but. than he expected, and may prevent in the evening Lord Wellington made his progress to any great distance into a movement which decided at once the interior of the country. It is now the fate of the day. He marched bis supposed to be his object to march to columos direct against the enemy, Moscow, and the liberty granted to the which broke through every thing bepeasants of Lithuania will be extended fore them, dispersed the opponeuts in to the boors of Russia. They are to every direction, and it was a complete be allured to his standard by a greater rout, till the darkness of the night boon, for they are slaves of the soil, prevented the assailants from following and by the number of slaves, not of up farther their victory. The French acres, is wealth computed, Such a state general was severely wounded. In cannot bave been intended for human this and the following days upwards Iveings, but whether the time is come of fifteen thousand men were killed, to destroy such a system time will wounded or taken prisoners. They shew. The Russian is ignorant, bar, could not rally. The English pursued barous, uncivilized, incapable perhaps as far as Valadolid, and the king, of appreciating the value of the gift Joseph, who had advanced near to the offered to him, and France may be scene of action, was obliged to make a foiled in her attempt.
precipitate retreat from it. Marmont's The emperor of Russia is at the army discomfited, cannot again for a head of an immense army. The depots long tiine make head, and Soult's is at of ammunition and provisions destroyed too great a distance for affording any by him are immense, and by means of assistauce. The interval between our ships, great quantities have been the armies is now open for the exer. preserved, that were laid up in the tions of the Spaniards, and if they are maritime towns on the BalticThe really in the cause of Ferdinand, they English and Russians now act amica. have now the opportunity of making bly together, and Sweden is joined in it triumphant. A very short time will a firm alliance with them. From the discover their dispositions, and shew latter a great diversion is expected, by how far they merit the valour and skill the landing of a large body of troops which have been exhibited in their bee in what was called Swedish Pomerania, half. and if any thing efficacions is done
Rev. John Beverley, . .
the candour of bis temper. Mr.
Beverley was bappy, moreover, in : The Rev. Joan BEVERLEY, the acquaintance and friendship of whe lately died at Hull, aged
several excellent young men who seventy-nine, was forty-two years were then at Glasgow, from South minister, of the Unitarian chapel Britain. The late Mr. G. Walker, in that town.
1. Mr. Cappe, Mr. Urwick and He was born at York, of re. others were his collegiate associ. spectable parents, and had his ates. grammar learning under the Rev. On completing his course of J. Root, minister of the chapel in education he was, in 1757, chosen St. Saviour's Gate in that city. assistant to the Rev. Mr. Cording.
For the prosecution of academ. ley, of Hull, and, on his decease, ical studies, he went, in the eigh. the next year succeeded him in teenth year of his age, under the the pastoral office. care of the Rev. Dr. Rotheram of This office be diligently and Kendal. He was the last student faithfully executed, till a paralytic admitted into the institution there, seizure, in 1799, laid bim aside which produced many learned and from public services, and con. pious men, whose praise has been fined him almost entirely to his and will coniinue to be in the house, in a state of gradually innonconformist churches.
creasing debility, both mental and After the death of Dr. Rotheram corporeal, to the day of his death. he removed to the College of Glas. What he was the day will gow. Here he had great advan- declare.” In the mean time all tages of improvement in every who were acquainted with him branch of literature, which he did know that there was much in him not neglect. Dr. Leechman filled to admire and to imitale., at that time the theological chair, His heart appears to have been who was justly admired by all that early imbued with piety. In a knew him, for the extent and pro- letter written to him whilst he was fundity of his scriptural knowledge, at Kendal, by his affectionate the liberality of his opinions and pastor and friend, Mr. Ruot, on
b e the subject of extemporary prayer, * For an Account of Dr. Rotheram, the latter remarks that he would and his Pupils, see our sth Volume, p. be much aided in the service by 217, &c.
his acquaintance with scriptural VOL. VII.
phraseology, and particularly by perspicuity and energy that none his having committed to memory who sat under his ministry, even the whole Book of Psalms. the most stupid and inatientive of
Throughout every scene of life ihem, might have been at any loss his love to God and benevolence to know what he preached and to men were manifested in the tran. what they were to believe! He quillity of bis semper, the mild. had, however, the honour of being ness and chearfulness of his aspect, one amongst a very few of the and the conciliating affability of ministers belonging to the rational his manners.
Dissenters who had outslepped He was a Christian who might their cotemporaries in the ascent be adduced as an evidence of the to the temple of primitive Chris. efficacy of Unitarian principles in tianity. Half a century ago, be. forming a character of moral ex. fore, according to the prediction cellency of the highest order, and of Dr. Lardner, " the pride of in whom the superior and distin. Arianism had a fall," there were guishing effects of those principles not, perhaps, more than ten minis. were decisively realized. Happily ters in the kingdom who were for him he had never embraced known to coincide in the senti. any other, and was thereby saved ments contained in the Letter the labour and perplexity of cor- on the Logos," written by this recting a creed taken up in early Prince of modern divines, life, that would not bear the test Mr. Beverley's name stands of mature and rational investiga. with those of that small but truly tion. This circumstance might respectable band, the Doctors probably contribute, together with Lardner, Fleming and Eaton, The peculiar cast of his temper, to and the Messrs. Cardale, Cappe, prevent bis making that open and Graham, Turner, &c. decided avowal of his opinion re. It is chiefly, however, as an specting the person of Christ, and exemplary Christian and a prac. the other ductrines connected with ical divine that he was known, and that article, which the friends of will be remembered. Few there truth could wish, and that would, ever were to whom the words of in all probability, have been of the apostle could be more strictly essential service in the promotion applied, “ He had a good report of that sacred cause, in the society of all men, and of the trutb itself." amongst whom be ministered, and His last days were, as might bave the town in which he resided. His been expected from his previous prayers and sermons were always habits and conduct, brightened by indeed consistent with his real the consolations of religion, and sentiments; and he did not usc especially the hope of immortality. the varnish of ambiguous phrase. The strain of his conversation in ology, to conceal his heretical the midst of intellectual wastes pravity. But yet how desirable was characteristic. The writer of was it that he should bave pre, this account, knowing that he was sented those views of scriptural gratified by conversation relating truth, which he himself deemed, to his residence at Glasgow, and however unpopular, of very con. his tutors and friends who were siderable importance, with that there, one day having introduced