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ART. I. A Comparative View of Protestants, we deprecate the day
the Two New Systems of Edu. when this 16 large discretionary cation for the Infant Poor ; in power” shall be entrusted to a Charge delivered to the Clergy gentlemen in the commission of of the Officialty of the Dean and ihe peace or in holy orders. Chapter of Durham, 1811. By That Dr. Bell is 's a most re. the Rev. Ř. G. Bowyer, LL. B. spectable presbyter” of the English Prebendary of Durham, and church, we are neither able nor Official. London. Rivingtons. inclined to question. As little 8vo. pp. 18 1811.
are we disposed to conceal or Art. II. A Vindication of Dr. colour the fact that Mr. Lancaster
Bell's System of Tuition, in a is “ a professed dissenter.” (8). ļ Series of Letters. By Herbert It is not with the men, but with
Marsh, D. D. F. R, S. Mar. their comparative exertions, that garet Professor of Divinity, in we are now concerned. Cambridge. London, Riving. “The Madras system,” says Ms. tons, Svo. pp. 32. 1811.
Bowyer, (ib.) “was read, talked of with
wonder and praise ; but the relation of In our views of the nature and it was soon laid aside, and almost forimportance of education, we agree, gotten. The men of the world had all, for the most part, with Mr. Bow. of them something else to do." yer: and we fear that numbers of And is it not strange, beyond indigent children are destitute of belief, that if the established its blessings. We doubt, nevera clergy, whom, however, he will theless, whether the evil is such as hardly include under " the men I to call for a remedy which " must of the world,' were then aware of owe its general efficacy to the sanc. the Madras system being particu. tion and support of the legislature:' larly calculated for the service of (p. 7.) nor can we approve of the the bierarchy, they did not bring intimation that the object-might it into public use? Either they perbaps he best accomplished by had no such persuasion, or they 66 vesting a large discretionary were criminally remiss, in disrepower in the hands of persons garding their convictions. Will whose residence and employments the Official of Durham also inform give them a competent knowledge us, why, in the mean time, num. of local peculiarities and exigen. bers of “5 the men of the world” cies.” (ib.) To make education were eager to patronize the Lan. the business of the state, is neither castrian plan of education ? requisite por adviseable: facts - From this general apathy,” he reshew that the efforts of individuals marks, “ two or three individuals must and of voluntary societies, at the be excepted; and one of them had the same time that they are safer, are tice in England, and of exh biting its
merit of first putting the plan in praclikely to be far more useful; and powerful operation in a suburb of the we confess that, as Britons and metropolis ; on which account, and for
the additions which he made to it, he these questions receive, every claimed the title of inventor, and soon thing of importance in this concollected a very great number of child
i troversy is involved. We suspect ren of both sexes. who received most" important benefit from his instructiou.” either thr sinciriy oi the justness (ib.)
of accusations proferied at a late The Prebendary's eulogium on and singular period; a period Mr. Lancaster, will not be sus. when our revered Monarcb, the pected of flowing from a partial generous patron of the Lancastrian pen. Yet he ought further to plan, is unhappily, in a situation have excepted from the apathy which forbids bin 10 hear and which he laments, the multitude silence the clamours virtually of persons, of every rank and raised against his patriotism, muname, who countenanced this nificence and disce'minent. most deserving man. Upon the 10, 11, 12. Some remarks points originally at issue between follow upon the supreme moment the friends of his plan and those and necessity of communicating of Dr. Bell's, our readers will find religious instruction to the young. their advantage in consulting what Few objects are dearer to our has been written by Sir Thomas hearts, However, if Mr. Bowyer Bernard, on the one side, and by proposes to contrast the two sysMr. Joseph Fox and the Edin. tems in this respect, his argunent, burgh reviewers, on the other.
on the other sound as it may be in the abstract, Ib. and 9. " But objections having
is neediess and in pertinent. arisen from the eircumstance of his Mi e re we to judge of the Lan. Lancaster ] being a professed dissenter, castrian system from the conversa. and from disapprobation of some of the tion or the wriungs of its oppoadditions which he had made to the original system, Dr. Bell was ac last pre
nents, we should inter that it does vailed upon to quit his retirement, and not provide for any kind or degree to organize some large schools, in strict of instruction in religion. Such conformity to his own tried plan : and are the extent and inveteracy of from that time forward he has piacti. this prejudice, that in a well edited cally displayed its advantages, and with indefatigable zeal and unbounded gener diurnal print, (the Globe of Dec. osity, he has devoted his time, his la- 19th, 1811.) the Madras system bour and his fortune, to this most im- is rejoresented as combining all portant object.”
the simplicity and economy of Mr. Bowyer will permit us to Mr. Lancaster's, while it so em. ask, what was the interval be. braces, in addition, the religious tween Dr. Bell's retiring to his principle of education." On readbenefice in Dorsetshire, and his ing such language, we are tempted quitting it, in order “ to organize to ask, is the Bible, or is it not, some large schools ?” When was the religion of Protestants? In his scheme first tried in England ? the Lancastrian schools, without How long was it before certain exception, the pupils are taught ministers and members of the to read from the Bible, and in church discovered, or thought some the church catechism is also they discovered, in Mr. Lancas. used. If, moreover, the value of ter's system an hostility to our religious instruction can be esti civil and ecclesiastical establish. mated by its efficacy, we may ments? In the answers which take high ground in our recommendation of what Mr. Lancas. spicuous objection, we oppose the ter imparts; none of the young single fact that Mr. Lancaster's persons éducated in his seminaries press furnished one of the schools having been charged with a crim. in the metropolis with the church inal offence in any of our courts catechism, printed after the man. of justice.
ner of his own cards. Now, plain. 13. After observing that the ly, what is done in one instance, expence of furnishing the means may be done in all : and they who of religious instructing is very require this catechism to be extrilling in the schools of Dr. Bell, clusively taught, may thus engraft Mr. Bowyer proceeds in the fol. it on the system of Lancaster, with lowing strain,
the same facility as on Dr. Bell's. " This brings me to the consideration So unfounded are Mr. Bouyer's of one of the additions to, or rather fears and insinuations! He ap. alteracions of, the original system upon pears indeed, to be as ignorant of which the person above alluded to, rests this part of his subject as he is his claim to the merit of invention. And the real and undeniable merit of inaccurate in another; since to his having first presented this most use the semicircles in the Lancastrian ful method of teaching to the ocular ob- Schools he assigns a diameter of servation of this country, by his early, nine or ten feet, instead of one of laborious and extensive practice of it, gives him so fair a title to the gratitude les
do less than half that length. and esteem of the public that I enter Ib. But contemplating Mr. with great reluctance, on a statement Lancaster as a dissenter,-and which must imply a censure on any part of his proceedings; but the danger with
“ The very head and front of his
" which, in my view of them, they mc
offending nace our church establishment, lays me under an inperious necessity of commu- _here,” exclaims the Official, nicating to you, as its appo nted guardians 66 new difficulties and dangers and watchmen, the nature and cause of
10 cause of arise.”' such my apprehens.ons."
Accordingly, having deIrrational fear magnifies its ob.
scribed the situation and duty of
dissenters in respect of the educa. ject: persons under its influence
ice tion of their own children, he com. are seldom distinctin their percep.
rep• plains of those members of the lions or conclusive in their rea.
established church, who 66 would sonings; and it is for his readers
volantarily send the children of to say, whether this be not our
the poor by hundreds to be edu. author's situation?
a cated by dissenters, or at least For what however is Mr. Lancaster censured? Whence the dissenter." (16).
• under the effectual controul of a apprehended danger? Why truly, the founder of the Borough Road
In his statement he is right, but
a faulty in his conclusion. When school employs reading cards and tables, and saves the expence of
churchmen and dissenters unite in binding and stitching! Therefore,
a scheme of general benevolence, so we must at once renounce all
without compromising their seve.
"ral tenets, it is unjust to say that expositions of the church cate
the children of the poor are educhism, and all tracts of a similar length.” 14, 15.
cated by dissenters. To this novel and not very per. 17. “ It seems,” observes Mr. Bow !
pu yer, "we are to suffer the children of
parents belonging to all sects (for our The controversy respecting Dr. establishment is only treated as one of them) to be admitted
Bell and Mr. Lancaster, bas turn.
ed upon four points, -Who is the We repeat that we wish such inventor of the improved system words* as sects and sectaries to be of instruction ? Which plan is pre. disused by Protestants. The ferable for simplicity, economy members of the church should and effect? Which is better appli. kuow, however, that it they apply cable to the uses and wants of the them to dissenters, they may be established church and.. Does Dr. reminded by dissenters of being Bell plead, or does he not, for af. themselves a sect from popery. fording to the children of the poor
He, afterwards, makes particu. the means of a thoroughly useful lar mention of Unitarians. Why education ? he distinguishes them, we presume On the last of these subjects the not to conjecture; except it be Profissor here employs himself. . from his persuasion that nuclass of Mr. Lancaster, in a letter printed Protestants are more conspicuous in a London newspaper, had for bringing their characteristic charged Dr. Bell with proscribing opinions to the test of the Bible. writing and arithmetic to the chilPerhaps, in the spirit of one of the dren of the lower classes. There orators in the conncil ot Trent, he is certainly a sentence to this effears that in proportion as the Sa- fect in the ibird edition of the cred Volume is read without the Elements of Tuition, which, how. Liturgy, Unitarian sentiments ever, is considerably modified in will advance.t.
a subsequent impression ; though So little does he himself adopt it is still very far trom uno scepii. the reasoning, the principles and onable. Now Dr. Marsh heavily the spirit of Protestantism, that his complains of Mr. Lancaster for concluding observations in this pa. not quoting the amended passage. ragraph are in substance, and al- Alas! We suspect that. Mr. most verbally, the same with those Lancaster is not quite so conver. of one of the ablest of the mudern sant with various editions as Dr. cbampions of the papal claims. Marsh. No doubt, he would
Thus much for Mr. Bowyer. have done well to pause, and ask, We add a few words concerning whether the author of the Ele. Professor Marsh's Vindication. ments, &c. relained, without any
qualification, the obnoxious senti.
ment ? On the other hand, Dr. • One of these is conventicle, the ori. ginal meaning of which may be seen in D
Bell would hardly have conceded Tertullian's Apology: ch. 3. and in Bp. so much as he stili does to the preTaylor's Preface to his Life of Christ, judices of some of the members $ 34; while the modern application of of his church, had his own better it is well exposed in Dr. Rees's Address, &c. affixed to the second volun e of his Juaginent and feelings been us very admirable Sermons. [M. Repos. guides. After all, the generalvol. v. pp. 85, 137, 193.)
merits of the case cannot be af+ F. Paolo's Hist. Con. Trid. 163. fected
d. 163. fected by any personal altercati. (2d. ed.)
I Milner's Consecration Sermon, at on. Birmingham, pp. 15, 29, 34, &c. im. The wisdom and the duty of Repos. vol. üi. p. 618, &c.]
teaching writing and arithmetic to
the poor, are excellently repre. Art. III. Conferences between the sented by Professor Marsh (14, Danish Christian Missionaries, 15). For the rest, there is no resident at Tranquebar, and thing in his pamphlet that should the Heathen Natives of Hindoo. detain our readers and ourselves. stan, now first rendered into It contains, indeed, like his Dis. English from the Original Ma. course, many assertions without nuscript, by an Officer in the Serproof; and we perceive that he rice of the Honourable East In. uses political rather than religious dia Company. 12mo. pp. 212. motives to accomplish his design. Johnson and Co. 1812.
The cry of danger to the state he This is a religious romance, de, repeatedly sounds. Yet Archbi. signed to explode orthodox Chrisshop Secker might have taught tianity. We doubt the moral prohim that " whenever religion priety of this mode of warfare, comes to be spoken of merely as which may be employer as well an instrument of policy, it will no against revealed religion itself as longer be so much as that:”* and against any corruption of it; and he might have learnt from obser. which in this instance, however vation that the Dissenters are designed, seems to us to militate among the most peaceable and in: against the Christian faith. We dustrious subjects of the realm. cannot deny to the author or au.
The leading members of the thors of the work before us the hierarchy, have, at lengih, formed praise of ingenuity, but we are re. a national society for the instruc- strained from higher commenda. tion of the children of the poor in tion by an authority to which we the principles of the established are accustomed to bow : “ If a church. Whatever we think of man also strive for masteries, yet, the time, the manner and the rea. is he not crowned, except he sons of the unólertaking, in the dif- strive lawfully,"") fusion of the advantages of education we ardently rejoice. The rival systems will now be practi. AR
Art, IV. Christian Liberty. A cally at issue: the public will Sermon, preached at St. Mary's, soon have ocular proof which is
before His Royal Highness the the simpler, the more economical
Duke of Gloucester (Chancellor and efficient. Zeal will be ani.
of the University) and the Uni. mated : vigilance will be increased.
versity of Cambridge, at the InBut we anticipate a still happier
stallation, June 30th, 1811. and more important result of the
By Samuel Butler, D. D. Late experiment. As we believe that
Fellow of St. John's College, the Bible can make men wise unto
Cambridge, and Head Master salvation, so we doubt not that of Shrewsbury School. 12mo. the religion of the Bible--the reli: pp. 129. Longman and Co. gion of Christians and Protestants An able sermon'we expected
will be ultimately promoted from the author and the occasion ; even by measures apparently in- but we have been agreeably surauspicious to its interests. N. prised on finding in Dr. Butler's