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475 and including the members of the estabo sult to themselves or their ch.Jdren, by lished sect in Ireland, do not form a undermining the morality of the country. majority of the Protestants of this king. It is not a subject however for a duels dom: Whether they deserve the name and commending the gentleman for ex of Protestants, who belong co the sects pressing his abhorrence of this dance in called the Church or the Kirk, may proper terms, we lament his want of justly be doubted : and the Dissenicrs courage in suffering himself to be called will do well to examine what is their out into the field upon such an occasion. claim to this title. The word Protes. Death did not ensue to either party; but tant is deri ed indeed from some princes dreadful must have been the reflections and nobles of Germany, 'protesting in a of the challenger, if he had added to the diet against the power of the Pope, but folly of vindicating an immodest dance, it is of little consequence to protest the murder of a man, for standing up in against the power of one man, in matters defence of true order and decorum of religion, if they set up another power Duels are every day growing more and equally obnoxious, and equally contrary more out of fashion, and we congratulate to the allegiance we owe to our Lord and the age, chat the character of the duelist Saviour Jesus Christ. Popery is bad ceases to be honourable. War, how enough when adorned with all the mag. ever, stands its ground, and all eyes are nificence of St. Peter's; it is worse when turned to the new theatre, where the it presses you down in a meeting house, match is unequal between the big Beni whose minister, differing from the sects of Europe and his competitor. Buona. of Rome and England, has the insolence parte has been sufficiently often on the to call himself orthodox, and to send stage, to establish his character, and to every one to eternal perdition, who does give him a distinguished rank among the not subscribe to the traditions which he prize-fighters of the world. His talents received from his mother, nurse and in the art cannot be doubted, and the tutor.

Vistula and the Memel have witnessed 1. We are concerned to state that the the activity and the vigour of his power. troubles of the manufacturing counties It is not necessary to examinc in detail have not completely subsided, yet it may the reasons that have brought on this be doubled whether they called for any war. They are given in state-papers, new laws upon this subicct. An inquiry published by Buonaparte at the head of took place in both Houses by secret come his armies. The Emperor of Russia inittees, who had the inspection of pa- would not be subservient to all his views, pers delivered to them by government in and he was to be humbled. For this sealed bags, and on their report, after purpose troops were marched from all some discussion, a bill was passed, in directions to the Vistula, and laws are

reasing the power of the magistrates in to be divulged to the semi-barbarians of the disturbed counties. It is probable the north, by the mouth of the capnon. A that the return of employment may set When his army had crossed the Visa aside che necessity of using these powers, tula, Buonaparie, who had been feasta and the tamults themselves must be con- ing on chc road with his subjece kings, sidered as a temporary effervescence, not was seen at the head of them. They as a sertled system of disaffection to the were instantly marcbed on, and by one constitution and government of the coun. of his prompt and judicious measures

were passed over the Memel on three An extraordinary duel disgraces the bridges, the Russian Emperor being to account of our last month; it is stated the right of him at the disiance of only to have been between a general officer thirty leagues. The niovements of the and another gentleman on the subject French have been given in three bulof a dance, called the Waltz, which letins, and curiosity is on float for the certain persons in the fashionable world arrival of the next, to confirm or con. are endeavouring to introduce into this, fute the plins of politicians on the camcountry. This is a common dance in paign. It will be seen, whether hundreds Germany, a dance that English travellers of leagues have been laid waste by the used to look on with disgust, and they Russians themselves to impede the proat would have been shocked at the idea of gress of Buonaparte, or, which is more their wives or sisters exhibiting them- probable, whether he has not gos into selves in so indecent a manner. It is in the rear of the Russians, and compelled fact, a dance very improper for a modest them to a batile to ihcir disadvantage." wornan, and we trust that it will long An ambassador is gone from England to be considered so by the lower classes, Petersburg, but it is not clear chac, if whatever: 'countenance it receives from he arrives at that city, hc will not have thonc in higher life, who do not suffici. to open his credentials before its concatly reflect on the danger that will re- queror.

476

Stale of Public Affairs. Great expectations are formed of as War is a melancholy theme at all sistance from Sweden, and it is expect d times. We shall always represent it as that three powers, Sweden, Russia and the diagrace of Christians, and we parti. England will be united in the bonds of cularly lamend that there should be rea. friendship. How far the two powers sons for lielieving, that a nation on whom can really assist Russia, time will shew: we had placed letter hopes, should see but Buona parte cannot have laid his reason for entering into this unnatural plans wiib his usual prudenice, if he state. Provocations we can believe Amedoes not finish the campaign before either rica has received from England, but of the other powers can interfere with taking them at the greatest extent, howany effect. The ships of Brita n can as- ever they might be justifiable causes of sist the Russi:n army in no other way, war, according to the idle and ridiculous than by tran porting the Swedi h legions notions of European honour, we gavethe to the scene of action. They cannot Americans credit for more sense and prudefend the sea-poris, and it will be dence than to follow the foolish fashions of small satisfaction to Russia to see them the old world They have, however, in bartered down by our vessels, should their Congress declared for wai, but it Buonaparte enter them in triumph. was not proclaimed by sovereign

One of the most extraordinary things authority. We still therelore live a in this conflict is, that Buonaparte hopes, that when the account of the re. should be able to go so many hundred vocation of the Orders in Council has miles from his onn capital without fear reached America, more pacific measures of internal commotions, should make will be entertained, and that the United war upon a potent empire, and should States will not, on account of a few in leave the war in Spain to his generals, juries, enter on a course which, whether without any solicitude at the success of successful or not, will add to the cvils our arms in that guarier. The Spanish they have sustained. We speak the war, so burdensome to England, seems same common language, and are made to the French emperor a little episode to be friends. They who would instiof no consequence, and it almost leads gate either party to war, deserve to be us to imagine, that he is playing there stigmatized as enemies of mankind. with our finances, and wishes us to waste But America is not to be without our strength in a quarter, in which we war. The new state of Buenos Ayres can do him the least injury. Lord Wel is to commence under its ausp ces, and lington has advanced into Spain, and is to attack the Brazil ans, or we should taken Salamanca, and the French troops rather say the court of Brazils, for it retire from him. If we are to believe does not appear that the Brazilians and the papers, our army is received every the inhabitants of the banks of La Plata where with the greatest joy, and the have any reason whatever for cutting strongest aversion is entertained of the each others throats. The court, to be French. The gueriellas are represented be sure, entered into the contest between also to be very strong and successful all Buenos Ayres and Monte Video, but it over the kingdom ; and in such a case should be considered that this is an Eu. we onghe naturally to expect that the ropean court, and some allowances strength of the French must be daily should have been made for the follies of diminishing, and that our troops would the old world. We do not know what march to Madrid. The only thing ihat effect the convulsions of nature in the can excite contrary apprehensions, is that Caraccas have had upon the moral icelthe Inquisition, with the priesthood, fol- ings of the surviving inbabitants, but lows at our rear, whilst they disappear liberty has finished its round. very early, in every place where the French arms are and Miranda is become the dictator of triumphant: and, as no tyranny is equal the new republic. In the West Indics to that of the Inquisition, the attach- an awful phenomeuon gives credit to the ment of Spaniards to the government of stories of antient historians. The Cadiz may justly be doubled. The shower of dust at Barbadoes proceeded, Cortez is to surrender up its powers next it is now found, from a volcano is St. year, when the ordinary Cortez is to Vincents, whose terrific explosions filled meet; but a self-denying ordinance has the whole island with alarms. Thus been introduced, by which none of the the natural and the moral world display present are to be members of the ensu- works of horror, to excite a wful cocing Cortez. Such a measure after the templations in the scrious Christian, who ill success of a similar one in France was though the carth be troubled, and the not to have been expected, and this, mountains be carried into the midst of with several points in the new code, the sea, rejoices that there is a superior, gives us but a poor opinion of Spanish power to make every apparent evil for legislation.

ward his benevolent purposes.

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; Theology and General Literature. ;;
No. LXXX.
AUGUST.

(Vol. VII.
... ORIGINAL LETTERS.
Goswell Street, July 10, 1812. trying events of life; and, after
Sir,

the approbation of my owo mind, # The enclosed, which I found will stand among the firmest sup. lately, in examining some old let. ports of an inflexible fortitude. ters, came into my possession, did not think, my friend, to believe, among Mr. Wakefield's have quitted you so abruptly.-I papers, when his Memoirs were received assurances, through an preparing for publication, It was indirect channel, from ministerial not then printed with his corres. authority, that it was not their in pondence, for an obvious reason, tention to send me immediutely. which no longer exists. This let. But they knew that I was incapa. ter, is too interesting from the ble of making any submission, and character and story of the writer, therefore were determined to inž and too honourable to Mr. Wake. sults and deceive a man, whom field's memory, to be suppressed; even the iron austerity of their and I know not where it would be persecution was not able to subs read with more gratification than due. But the circle of their con. in your pages.

duct was well rounded. That no in : I remain, Şir, Yours, fund of human depravity, might

J. T. RUTT. remain untouched by them, the Original Letter from the late Jo. rankness of their duplicity was 'seph Gerreld, to Mr. Gilbert made to keep pace with the rigous Wakefield.

of their oppression; they attempted

to infuse hope, onlythat they might On board the Sovereign, lying enjoy the dæmon.like satisfaction off St. Helen's, May 17th, 1795. of blasting it; and I was hurried

I should wantonly repress the away, like the vilest of malefactors, warmest emotions of my heart, fettered and without the slightest and feel myself guilty of a breach notice, to the remote shores of the of moral duty, did I depart the Southern Ocean, without those country without bidding adieu to tender consolations of friendship, my respected friend Gilbert Wake. which all good men willingly affield. The tender altention which, ford to those who want, and those during my persecution he, à stran. who deserve them., The zealous ger to every thing but my princi. alacrity of my friends, however, ples, unsolicitedly paid to me, has deadened the blow which mig can never be erased from my mind. nisterial malignity had aimed at The recollection of it will be a my heart, and has supplied with sonsolation to me, under the most liberality those comforts which, --VOL. NII,

16

to á man enfeebled by long sick. During my exile, I hope to be ness, and macerated by a close supported by the consolation of imprisonment of fourteen months, your correspondence; though even were essentially necessary to the without it I should never cease to preservation of life. Without their cherish Gilbert Wakefield. May friendly and I must have wanted every happiness atteprt him. thésé comforts, and wanting them

JOSEPH GERRALD. must have perished. Among these P.S. My friend Mr. Morland, friends, the revered name of Sam. who has assiduously attended me uel Parr must ever be remembered, at Portsmouth, is the bearer of Upon my past conduci, and par. this letter. If you think that the ticularly upon that part of it, publication of it will do goort, you which marked me out as the vic. are welcome to publish it. tim of persecution, I look back Remember me kindly to George with triumph and exultation. Dyer. Having nothing in view but the good of mankind, my spirit feels Letter from Dr. Walts to Mt. its purity, and, therefore, must Clement Sharp, of Romsey. be happy. It may indeed be ex.

Stoke Neuington, tinguished, but can never be sub.

January 21, 1735-6. dued.

SIR, This system of terror, (which Your letter, dated about the however will counteract its own middle of Oct, should have been purposes, and which government answered tong ago bad I not been have adopted, is the base offspring withheld from my study by long of their cruelty, their cowardice illness, nor am I yet fully recovered. and their conscious guilt. They I take pleasure, Sir, to find yout scatter false alarms and act upon honest enquiries after truth, and them as if they were real. They that you are not willing either to infuse the panic which they feel, put off your children or to be cone and inflict the punishment which iented yourself with a mere set they fear.

of words, instead of clear and in. For myself, my friend, whatever telligible doctrines. destiny awaits me, I am content. I will therefore, write you my The cause which I have embraced thoughts in a few lines of that has taken deep root; and must, 1 impotency and inability of mau to feel, ultimately triumph.--I have believe and repent, and return to my reward.-I see through the God, wbich arises from the fall, cheering visto of future events, the and wbich is, I thiok, the test and overthrow of tyranny, and the per. only way to secure vur thoughts manent establishment of bencdo. from running into the extremes lence and peace. It is silent as of Antinomian opinions on the the lapse of time, but as certain one side, or Arminian on the other. and nevitable ; for though justice This impotency, though it may be steals along with woollen feet, she called latural or rather native, as strikes at last with iron hands. it comes to us by nature in its Obe bewy ANE807 udos, anesor de present corrupted state, yet it is not LETTO.

å want of natural powers, either . . . understanding or will, to know or 1. I I w $

13 to chuse that which is good : for ral powers, to do what Gud re. if there were pot natural powers quires ; but, at the same time, sufficient for this purpose, I do such a native aversion of will, that not see how men could be charged he never will do it without divine. as criminals in not receiving the grace; thus there is a fair way laid gracious offers of the gospel : for the necessity of divine grace, this impotence, therefore, is what and yet, at the same time, a just, our divines usually call a moral foundation for the condemnation impotence, i, e. their mind will of impenitent sinners. I have, nor learn divine things, because spoken something more largely to they shut their eyes; their wills this subject in the 11th sermon refuse to receive the proposals of amongst the Berry Street Sermons, grace, they shut it out of their which were published last year, hearts; they have a delight in sin, in two volumes, in octavo, and a dislike of Christ and his May the wisdom and the grace salvation; they have a rooted of our Lord Jesus Christ direct obstinacy of will against the me. you to walk in a safe way to eter. thods of divine mercy, and against nal life; and to lead your children that holiness which is connected therein; at the same time assure with happiness. And yet this ing you that the happening to take moral impotency is described by a little different turn of thought in snch 'metaphors in 'scripture, as some of these difficult enquiries is represent us blind or dead in sin, not of so vast importance as some and that we can no more change persons would make it to be, with our natures than the Ethiopian respect to our salvation, provided can change bis skin, or the leopard we do but maintain a constant de. his spots: and the reason of these pendence upon the grace of the strong expressions is, because God Spirit of God, in all our duties, knows this native aversion to grace to assist us ; and on the perfect And holiness is so strong and so righteousness or obedience and footed in their hearts, that they sufferings of Christ as our atone. will pever renounce sin and receive ment for sin, and the only effcc. the salvation of Christ, without tual ground of our acceptance the priwerful influences of the with God. I am, Sir, under frespirit of God, even that same quent returning weaknesses, renspirit which can cure those who dered unable to write much, and are naturally blind, or can raise therefore subscribe myself the dead. Now that this weakness Your friend & humble servant of man to do that which is good is a moral impotence, and not pro.

1. WATTS. perly natural, appears by the moral P.S. If you would apply the Femedies that are applied to cure general doctrine I have proposed, it ; ' viz. commands, promises, of natural and moral impotency; threatenings, &c. which sorts of to the particular question in your methods would be useless and ri. letter about praying for the Spirit diculous to apply to natural ime of God, it may be done thus:potence, that is, to make the blind every man has such natural powers see, or the dead arise. It must be of understanding and will, that if concluded, therefore, that man he will exert them so far as the has e natural ability, i. e: natu- powers of nature go in seeking the

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